Current senators

Texas was admitted to the United States on December 29, 1845, and elects its U.S. senators to Class 1 and Class 2. The state's current senators are Republicans John Cornyn (serving since 2002) and Ted Cruz (serving since 2013). A total of 27 Democrats, 7 Republicans, and 1 Liberal Republican have served or are serving as U.S. senators from Texas. Morris Sheppard was Texas's longest-serving senator (1913–1941).

List of senators

Class 1

Class 1 U.S. senators belong to the electoral cycle that has recently been contested in 2000, 2006, 2012, and 2018. The next election will be in 2024.

C

Class 2

Class 2 U.S. senators belong to the electoral cycle that has recently been contested in 2002, 2008, 2014, and 2020. The next election will be in 2026.

# Senator Party Dates in office Electoral history T T Electoral history Dates in office Party Senator #
Vacant Dec 29, 1845 –
Feb 21, 1846
Texas did not elect its senators until two months after statehood. 1 29th 1 Texas did not elect its senators until two months after statehood. Dec 29, 1845 –
Feb 21, 1846
Vacant
1
ThomasJeffersonRusk.jpg

Thomas Jefferson Rusk
Democratic Feb 21, 1846 –
Jul 29, 1857
Elected in 1846. Elected in 1846. Feb 21, 1846 –
Mar 3, 1859
Democratic
SHouston 2.jpg

Sam Houston
1
30th 2 Re-elected in 1847.
31st
Re-elected in 1851. 2 32nd
33rd 3 Re-elected in 1853.
Retired.
34th
Re-elected in 1857.
Died.
3 35th
Vacant Jul 29, 1857 –
Nov 9, 1857
 
2
James Pinckney Henderson-p.jpg

James Pinckney Henderson
Democratic Nov 9, 1857 –
Jun 4, 1858
Appointed to finish Rusk's term.
Died.
Vacant Jun 4, 1858 –
Sep 27, 1858
 
3
MattWard.jpg

Matthias Ward
Democratic Sep 27, 1858 –
Dec 5, 1859
Appointed to continue Rusk's term.
Lost nomination to finish Rusk's term.
36th 4 Elected in 1859.
Expelled following Texas's secession from the Union.
Mar 4, 1859 –
Jul 11, 1861
Democratic
John Hemphill.jpg

John Hemphill
2
4
Louis Trezevant Wigfall.jpg

Louis Wigfall
Democratic Dec 5, 1859 –
Mar 23, 1861
Elected to finish Rusk's term.
Withdrew.
37th
Vacant Mar 23, 1861 –
Mar 30, 1870
Civil War and reconstruction.
Civil War and reconstruction. Jul 11, 1861 –
Mar 31, 1870
Vacant
4 38th
39th 5
40th
5 41st
5
James W. Flanagan - Brady-Handy.jpg

James W. Flanagan
Republican Mar 30, 1870 –
Mar 3, 1875
Elected upon readmission.
Elected upon readmission. Mar 31, 1870 –
Mar 3, 1877
Republican
Morgan C. Hamilton - Brady-Handy.jpg

Morgan C. Hamilton
3
42nd 6 Re-elected in 1871.
Retired.
43rd Liberal Republican
6
Samuel B. Maxey - Brady-Handy.jpg

Samuel B. Maxey
Democratic Mar 4, 1875 –
Mar 3, 1887
Elected in 1875. 6 44th Republican
45th 7 Elected in 1876. Mar 4, 1877 –
Mar 3, 1895
Democratic
Richard Coke - Brady-Handy (cropped).jpg

Richard Coke
4
46th
Re-elected in 1881.
Lost re-election.
7 47th
48th 8 Re-elected in 1882.
49th
7
JHRegan.jpg

John H. Reagan
Democratic Mar 4, 1887 –
Jun 10, 1891
Elected in 1887.
Resigned to become chairman of the Railroad Commission of Texas.
8 50th
51st 9 Re-elected in 1888.
Retired.
52nd
8
Horace Chilton.jpg

Horace Chilton
Democratic Jun 10, 1891 –
Mar 22, 1892
Appointed to continue Reagan's term.
Lost election to finish Reagan's term.
9
Roger Q. Mills - Brady-Handy.jpg

Roger Q. Mills
Democratic Mar 23, 1892 –
Mar 3, 1899
Elected to finish Reagan's term.
Re-elected in 1893.
Retired.
9 53rd
54th 10 Elected in 1894.
Retired.
Mar 4, 1895 –
Mar 3, 1901
Democratic
Horace Chilton.jpg

Horace Chilton
5
55th
10
Charles Allen Culberson.jpg

Charles Allen Culberson
Democratic Mar 4, 1899 –
Mar 3, 1923
Elected in 1899. 10 56th
57th 11 Elected in 1901. Mar 4, 1901 –
Jan 3, 1913
Democratic
Joseph Weldon Bailey.jpg

Joseph Weldon Bailey
6
58th
Re-elected in 1905.[1] 11 59th
60th 12 Re-elected in 1907.
Resigned.
61st
Re-elected in 1911. 12 62nd
Appointed to continue Bailey's term.
Lost election to finish Bailey's term.
Retired.
Jan 4, 1913 –
Jan 29, 1913
Democratic
RienziMJohnston (cropped).jpg

Rienzi Melville Johnston
7
  Jan 29, 1913 –
Feb 3, 1913
Vacant
Elected in 1913 to finish Bailey's term. Feb 3, 1913 –
Apr 9, 1941
Democratic
Sheppard morris.jpg

Morris Sheppard
8
63rd 13 Elected in 1913 to the full term.
64th
Re-elected in 1916.
Lost re-election.
13 65th
66th 14 Re-elected in 1918.
67th
11
Earlebmayfield.jpg

Earle Bradford Mayfield
Democratic Mar 4, 1923 –
Mar 3, 1929
Elected in 1922.
Lost renomination.
14 68th
69th 15 Re-elected in 1924.
70th
12
TomconnallyTX.jpg

Tom Connally
Democratic Mar 4, 1929 –
Jan 3, 1953
Elected in 1928. 15 71st
72nd 16 Re-elected in 1930.
73rd
Re-elected in 1934. 16 74th
75th 17 Re-elected in 1936.
Died.
76th
Re-elected in 1940. 17 77th
  Apr 9, 1941 –
Apr 21, 1941
Vacant
Appointed to continue Sheppard's term.
Died.
Apr 21, 1941 –
Jun 26, 1941
Democratic
Andrew Jackson Houston.jpg

Andrew Jackson Houston
9
  Jun 26, 1941 –
Aug 4, 1941
Vacant
Elected to finish Sheppard's term. Aug 4, 1941 –
Jan 3, 1949
Democratic
Wilbert Lee O

W. Lee O'Daniel
10
78th 18 Re-elected in 1942.
Retired.
79th
Re-elected in 1946.
Retired.
18 80th
81st 19 Elected in 1948. Jan 3, 1949 –
Jan 3, 1961
Democratic
Senator Lyndon Johnson.jpg

Lyndon B. Johnson
11
82nd
13
Price Daniel.jpg

Price Daniel
Democratic Jan 3, 1953 –
Jan 14, 1957
Elected in 1952.
Resigned to become Governor of Texas.
19 83rd
84th 20 Re-elected in 1954.
Re-elected in 1960, but resigned to become U.S. Vice President.
85th
14
SenBlakley(T-TX).jpg

William A. Blakley
Democratic Jan 15, 1957 –
Apr 28, 1957
Appointed to continue Daniel's term.
Retired when his successor was elected.
15
RalphYarborough.jpg

Ralph Yarborough
Democratic Apr 29, 1957 –
Jan 3, 1971
Elected to finish Daniel's term.
Re-elected in 1958. 20 86th
87th 21 Appointed to begin Johnson's term.
Lost election to finish Johnson's term.
Jan 3, 1961 –
Jun 14, 1961
Democratic
SenBlakley(T-TX).jpg

William A. Blakley
12
Elected May 27, 1961 to finish Johnson's term. Jun 15, 1961 –
Jan 3, 1985
Republican
John Tower.jpg

John Tower
13
88th
Re-elected in 1964.
Lost renomination.
21 89th
90th 22 Re-elected in 1966.
91st
16
Lloyd Bentsen, bw photo as senator.jpg

Lloyd Bentsen
Democratic Jan 3, 1971 –
Jan 20, 1993
Elected in 1970. 22 92nd
93rd 23 Re-elected in 1972.
94th
Re-elected in 1976. 23 95th
96th 24 Re-elected in 1978.
Retired.
97th
Re-elected in 1982. 24 98th
99th 25 Elected in 1984. Jan 3, 1985 –
Nov 30, 2002
Republican
PhilGramm.jpg

Phil Gramm
14
100th
Re-elected in 1988.
Resigned to become U.S. Secretary of the Treasury.
25 101st
102nd 26 Re-elected in 1990.
103rd
Vacant Jan 20, 1993 –
Jan 21, 1993
 
17
Bob Krueger.jpg

Bob Krueger
Democratic Jan 21, 1993 –
Jun 14, 1993
Appointed to continue Bentsen's term.
Lost election to finish Bentsen's term.
18
Kay Bailey Hutchison, official photo 2.jpg

Kay Bailey Hutchison
Republican Jun 14, 1993 –
Jan 3, 2013
Elected in 1993 to finish Bentsen's term.
Re-elected in 1994. 26 104th
105th 27 Re-elected in 1996.
Retired, and resigned early to give successor preferential seniority.
106th
Re-elected in 2000. 27 107th
  Nov 30, 2002 –
Dec 2, 2002
Vacant
Appointed to finish Gramm's term, having been elected to the next term. Dec 2, 2002 –
present
Republican
John Cornyn official senate portrait.jpg

John Cornyn
15
108th 28 Elected in 2002.
109th
Re-elected in 2006.
Retired.
28 110th
111th 29 Re-elected in 2008.
112th
19
Ted Cruz official 116th portrait (cropped).jpg

Ted Cruz
Republican Jan 3, 2013 –
present
Elected in 2012. 29 113th
114th 30 Re-elected in 2014.
115th
Re-elected in 2018. 30 116th
117th 31 Re-elected in 2020.
118th
To be determined in the 2024 election. 31 119th
120th 32 To be determined in the 2026 election.
# Senator Party Years in office Electoral history T   T Electoral history Years in office Party Senator #
Class 1 Class 2

Living former senators

As of October 2022, there are two living former U.S. senators from Texas. The most recent and most recently serving senator to die was Bob Krueger (served 1993) on April 30, 2022.

Senator Term of office Date of birth (and age)
Phil Gramm January 3, 1985 – November 30, 2002 (1942-07-08) July 8, 1942 (age 80)
Kay Bailey Hutchison June 14, 1993 – January 3, 2013 (1943-07-22) July 22, 1943 (age 79)

Superlatives

Longest service

Senator First served Last served Length of service
Morris Sheppard February 3, 1913 April 9, 1941 28 years, 65 days
(10,292 days)
Charles Allen Culberson March 4, 1899 March 4, 1923 24 years, 0 days
(8,765 days)
Tom Connally March 4, 1929 January 3, 1953 23 years, 305 days
(8,706 days)
John Tower June 15, 1961 January 3, 1985 23 years, 202 days
(8,603 days)
Lloyd Bentsen January 3, 1971 January 20, 1993 22 years, 17 days
(8,053 days)

Shortest service

Senator First served Last served Length of service
Rienzi Melville Johnston January 4, 1913 January 29, 1913 3 weeks and 4 days
(25 days)
Andrew Jackson Houston April 21, 1941 June 26, 1941 2 months and 5 days
(66 days)
Bob Krueger January 21, 1993 June 14, 1993 4 months, 3 weeks and 3 days
(144 days)
James Pinckney Henderson November 9, 1857 June 4, 1858 6 months, 3 weeks and 5 days
(207 days)
William A. Blakley January 15, 1957 April 28, 1957 Combined total: 8 months, 24 days
(265 days)
January 3, 1961 June 14, 1961

Youngest at beginning of service

Senator Date of birth First served Age
John Tower September 29, 1925 June 15, 1961 35 years, 8 months and 17 days
Horace Chilton December 29, 1853 June 10, 1891 37 years, 5 months and 12 days
Morris Sheppard May 28, 1875 February 3, 1913 37 years, 8 months and 6 days
Joseph Weldon Bailey October 6, 1862 March 4, 1901 38 years, 4 months and 26 days
Lyndon B. Johnson August 27, 1908 January 3, 1949 40 years, 4 months and 7 days

Oldest at end of service

Senator Date of birth Last served Age
Andrew Jackson Houston June 21, 1854 June 26, 1941 87 years and 5 days
Tom Connally August 19, 1877 January 3, 1953 75 years, 4 months and 15 days
John Henninger Reagan October 8, 1818 June 10, 1891 72 years, 8 months and 2 days
Lloyd Bentsen February 11, 1921 January 20, 1993 71 years, 11 months and 9 days
John Cornyn February 2, 1952 Present 70 years, 8 months and 21 days

See also

References

  1. ^ The World Almanac and Encyclopedia 1906. New York: The Press Publishing Co. New York World. 1905. p. 108.