117th United States Congress
116th ←
→ 118th

January 3, 2021 – January 3, 2023
Members100 senators
435 representatives
6 non-voting delegates
Senate majorityRepublican
(until January 20, 2021)
Democratic
(from January 20, 2021)
Senate PresidentMike Pence (R)[a]
(until January 20, 2021)
Kamala Harris (D)
(from January 20, 2021)
House majorityDemocratic
House SpeakerNancy Pelosi (D)
Sessions
1st: January 3, 2021 – January 3, 2022
2nd: January 3, 2022 – January 3, 2023
117th U.S. Congress House of Representatives member pin

The 117th United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It convened in Washington, D.C., on January 3, 2021, during the final weeks of Donald Trump's presidency and the first two years of Joe Biden's presidency and ended on January 3, 2023.

The 2020 elections decided control of both chambers. In the House of Representatives, the Democratic Party retained their majority, albeit reduced from the 116th Congress. It was similar in size to the majority held by the Republican Party during the 83rd Congress (1953–1955).

In the Senate, Republicans briefly held the majority at the start; however, on January 20, 2021, three new Democratic senators – Jon Ossoff and Raphael Warnock of Georgia and Alex Padilla of California – were sworn in, resulting in 50 seats held by Republicans, 48 seats held by Democrats, and two held by independents who caucus with the Democrats. Effectively, this created a 50–50 split, which had not occurred since the 107th Congress in 2001. This was only the fourth time in U.S. history that the Senate has been evenly split—the first being in the 47th Congress (1881–1883)—and the longest lasting one ever.[1][2]

The new senators were sworn into office by Vice President Kamala Harris, just hours after her inauguration. With Harris serving as the tie breaker in her constitutional role as President of the Senate, Democrats gained control of the Senate, and thereby full control of Congress for the first time since the 111th Congress ended in 2011. Additionally, with the inauguration of Joe Biden as president that same day, Democrats assumed control of the executive branch as well, attaining an overall federal government trifecta, also for the first time since the 111th Congress.

Despite Democrats holding thin majorities in both chambers during a period of intense political polarization, the 117th Congress oversaw the passage of numerous significant bills,[3][4] including the Inflation Reduction Act, American Rescue Plan Act, Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act, Postal Service Reform Act, Bipartisan Safer Communities Act, CHIPS and Science Act, Honoring Our PACT Act, Electoral Count Reform and Presidential Transition Improvement Act, and Respect for Marriage Act.[4]

Major events

2021 United States Capitol attack (January 6, 2021)
Joe Biden takes the oath of office as the 46th president of the United States
President Biden during his 2021 speech to a joint session of Congress, with Vice President Kamala Harris and House Speaker Nancy Pelosi
President Biden during the 2022 State of the Union Address
Justice Ketanji Brown Jackson shortly after she was confirmed by the United States Senate, joined by President Biden and Vice President Harris.

Major legislation

Enacted

President Biden signed the American Rescue Plan Act of 2021 into law, March 11, 2021
President Biden signed the Juneteenth National Independence Day Act into law, June 17, 2021
President Biden signed the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act into law, November 15, 2021
President Biden signed the Emmett Till Antilynching Act into law, March 29, 2022
President Biden signed the Ukraine Democracy Defense Lend-Lease Act of 2022 into law, May 9, 2022
President Biden signed the Bipartisan Safer Communities Act into law, June 25, 2022
President Biden signed the CHIPS and Science Act into law, August 9, 2022
President Biden signed the Honoring Our PACT Act into law, August 10, 2022
President Biden signed the Inflation Reduction Act into law, August 16, 2022
President Biden signed the Respect for Marriage Act into law, December 13, 2022
President Biden signed the Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2023 into law, December 29, 2022

Main article: List of acts of the 117th United States Congress

Proposed (but not enacted)

Main article: List of bills in the 117th United States Congress

House bills
Senate bills

Major resolutions

Adopted

Proposed

Party summary

Resignations and new members are discussed in the "Changes in membership" section below.

Senate

  Party
(shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic Independent
(caucusing with
Democrats)
Republican
End of previous Congress 46 2 52 100 0
Begin (January 3, 2021)[b] 46 2 51 99 1
January 18, 2021[c] 45 98 2
January 20, 2021[c][d][e] 48[f] 2 50 100 0
Final voting share 50.0% 50.0%  
Beginning of the next Congress 48 3 49 100 0

House of Representatives

  Party
(shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic Independent Republican Libertarian
End of previous Congress 233 1 195 1 430 5
Begin (January 3, 2021)[g][h] 222 0 211 0 433 2
January 15, 2021[i] 221 432 3
February 7, 2021[j] 210 431 4
February 11, 2021[h] 211 432 3
March 10, 2021[k] 220 431 4
March 16, 2021[l] 219 430 5
April 6, 2021[m] 218 429 6
April 14, 2021[g] 212 430 5
May 11, 2021[i] 219 431 4
May 16, 2021[n] 211 430 5
June 14, 2021[l] 220 431 4
July 30, 2021[j] 212 432 3
November 4, 2021[k][n] 221 213 434 1
January 1, 2022[o] 212 433 2
January 18, 2022[m] 222 434 1
February 17, 2022[p] 211 433 2
March 18, 2022[q] 210 432 3
March 31, 2022[r][s] 221 209 430 5
May 10, 2022[t] 208 429 6
May 25, 2022[u] 220 428 7
June 14, 2022[o] 209 429 6
June 21, 2022[s] 210 430 5
July 12, 2022[r] 211 431 4
August 3, 2022[v] 210 430 5
August 12, 2022[p] 211 431 4
August 31, 2022[w] 219 430 5
September 13, 2022[q][u][t] 221 212 433 2
September 30, 2022[x] 220 432 3
November 14, 2022[v] 213 433 2
November 28, 2022[y] 219 432 3
December 9, 2022[z] 218 431 4
December 30, 2022[aa][ab] 217 430 5
December 31, 2022[ac] 216 429 6
Final voting share 50.3% 0.0% 49.7% 0.0%  
Non-voting members 4 0 2[ad] 0 6 0
Beginning of the next Congress 212 0 222 0 434 1

Leadership

Note: Democrats refer to themselves as a "caucus"; Republicans refer to themselves as a "conference".

Senate leadership

Senate President
VP Mike Pence
Mike Pence (R),
until January 20, 2021
VP Kamala Harris
Kamala Harris (D),
from January 20, 2021
Senate President pro tempore
Chuck Grassley
Chuck Grassley (R),
until January 20, 2021
Patrick Leahy
Patrick Leahy (D),
from January 20, 2021

Presiding

Democratic leadership

(minority until January 20, 2021, majority thereafter)

Republican leadership

(majority until January 20, 2021, minority thereafter)

House leadership

House Speaker

Presiding

See also: 2021 Speaker of the United States House of Representatives election

Majority (Democratic) leadership

Minority (Republican) leadership

Members

Senate members

For year of birth, when first took office, prior background, and education, see List of current United States senators.

The numbers refer to their Senate classes. All class 1 senators are in the middle of their term (2019–2025), having been elected in 2018 and facing re-election in 2024. Class 2 senators are at the beginning of their term (2021–2027), having been elected in 2020 and facing re-election in 2026. Class 3 senators are at the end of their term (2017–2023), having been elected in 2016 and facing re-election in 2022.

House members

All 435 seats for voting members, along with the six non-voting delegates were filled by election in November 2020.

Further information: List of current members of the United States House of Representatives

Changes in membership

See also: List of special elections to the United States Senate, List of special elections to the United States House of Representatives, 2021 United States House of Representatives elections, and 2022 United States House of Representatives elections § Special elections

Senate changes
State
(class)
Vacated by Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation[ah]
Georgia
(2)
Vacant David Perdue's (R) term expired January 3, 2021, before a runoff election could be held.
Successor elected January 5, 2021.[b]
Jon Ossoff
(D)
January 20, 2021
California
(3)
Kamala Harris
(D)
Incumbent resigned on January 18, 2021, to become U.S. Vice President.
Successor appointed January 20, 2021, to complete the term ending January 3, 2023, and later elected to finish in the final weeks of the Congress and a full six-year term.[79]
Alex Padilla
(D)
January 20, 2021
Georgia
(3)
Kelly Loeffler
(R)
Appointee lost election to finish the term.
Successor elected January 5, 2021, for the remainder of the term ending January 3, 2023.
Raphael Warnock
(D)
January 20, 2021
House changes
District Vacated by Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation[ah]
New York 22 Vacant Anthony Brindisi's (D) term expired January 3, 2021, and the seat remained vacant due to the result of the 2020 election being disputed.
On February 5, 2021, a judge declared a winner.[80]
Claudia Tenney
(R)
February 11, 2021[81][33]
Louisiana 5 Vacant Member-elect Luke Letlow (R) died from COVID-19 on December 29, 2020, before his term started.
A special election was held on March 20, 2021.[30]
Julia Letlow
(R)
April 14, 2021[31]
Louisiana 2 Cedric Richmond
(D)
Resigned January 15, 2021, to become Senior Advisor to the President and director of the Office of Public Liaison.[82][83]
A special election was held on March 20, 2021, and a runoff was held on April 24.[82]
Troy Carter
(D)
May 11, 2021
Texas 6 Ron Wright
(R)
Died from COVID-19 on February 7, 2021.[36]
A special election was held on May 1, 2021, and a runoff was held on July 27.[84][85]
Jake Ellzey
(R)
July 30, 2021[37]
Ohio 11 Marcia Fudge
(D)
Resigned March 10, 2021, to become U.S. Secretary of Housing and Urban Development.[86]
A special election was held on November 2, 2021.
Shontel Brown
(D)
November 4, 2021
New Mexico 1 Deb Haaland
(D)
Resigned March 16, 2021, to become U.S. Secretary of the Interior.[87]
A special election was held on June 1, 2021.[87]
Melanie Stansbury
(D)
June 14, 2021
Florida 20 Alcee Hastings
(D)
Died from pancreatic cancer on April 6, 2021.
A special election was held on January 11, 2022.[88]
Sheila Cherfilus-McCormick
(D)
January 18, 2022
Ohio 15 Steve Stivers
(R)
Resigned May 16, 2021, to become the president and CEO of the Ohio Chamber of Commerce.[89]
A special election was held on November 2, 2021.
Mike Carey
(R)
November 4, 2021
California 22 Devin Nunes
(R)
Resigned January 1, 2022, to become the CEO of Trump Media & Technology Group.[45]
A special election was held on June 7, 2022.[90]
Connie Conway
(R)
June 14, 2022
Minnesota 1 Jim Hagedorn
(R)
Died from kidney cancer on February 17, 2022.
A special election was held on August 9, 2022.[91]
Brad Finstad
(R)
August 12, 2022
Alaska at-large Don Young
(R)
Died on March 18, 2022.
A special election was held on August 16, 2022.[92]
Mary Peltola
(D)
September 13, 2022
Nebraska 1 Jeff Fortenberry
(R)
Resigned March 31, 2022, due to criminal conviction.
A special election was held on June 28, 2022.[93]
Mike Flood
(R)
July 12, 2022
Texas 34 Filemon Vela Jr.
(D)
Resigned March 31, 2022, to join Akin Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld.
A special election was held on June 14, 2022.[53]
Mayra Flores
(R)
June 21, 2022
New York 23 Tom Reed
(R)
Resigned May 10, 2022, to join Prime Policy Group.
A special election was held on August 23, 2022.[55]
Joe Sempolinski
(R)
September 13, 2022[56]
New York 19 Antonio Delgado
(D)
Resigned May 25, 2022, to become lieutenant governor of New York.
A special election was held on August 23, 2022.[57]
Pat Ryan
(D)
September 13, 2022[56]
Indiana 2 Jackie Walorski
(R)
Died in a car collision on August 3, 2022.
A special election was held on November 8, 2022.[94]
Rudy Yakym
(R)
November 14, 2022
Florida 13 Charlie Crist
(D)
Resigned August 31, 2022, to focus on the 2022 Florida gubernatorial election.[60] Vacant until the next Congress
Florida 22 Ted Deutch
(D)
Resigned September 30, 2022, to become CEO of the American Jewish Committee.[61] Vacant until the next Congress
Virginia 4 Donald McEachin
(D)
Died November 28, 2022, from colorectal cancer.[62] Vacant until the next Congress
California 37 Karen Bass
(D)
Resigned December 9, 2022, to become the Mayor of Los Angeles.[63] Vacant until the next Congress
North Carolina 1 G. K. Butterfield
(D)
Resigned December 30, 2022, to accept a lobbying position.[64] Vacant until the next Congress
Pennsylvania 18 Mike Doyle
(D)
Resigned December 31, 2022, to join K&L Gates.[65] Vacant until the next Congress

Committees

Section contents: Senate, House, Joint

Senate committees

Main article: List of United States Senate committees

Prior to the passing of an organizing resolution on February 3, 2021, chairs of Senate committees remained the same as in the 116th Congress. Where the chair had retired (as in the Agriculture, Budget, and HELP committees), the chair was vacant.[95]

Committee Chair Ranking Member
Aging (Special) Bob Casey Jr. (D-PA) Tim Scott (R-SC)
Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry Debbie Stabenow (D-MI) John Boozman (R-AR)
Appropriations Patrick Leahy (D-VT) Richard Shelby (R-AL)
Armed Services Jack Reed (D-RI) Jim Inhofe (R-OK)
Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs Sherrod Brown (D-OH) Pat Toomey (R-PA)
Budget Bernie Sanders (I-VT) Lindsey Graham (R-SC)
Commerce, Science and Transportation Maria Cantwell (D-WA) Roger Wicker (R-MS)
Energy and Natural Resources Joe Manchin (D-WV) John Barrasso (R-WY)
Environment and Public Works Tom Carper (D-DE) Shelley Moore Capito (R-WV)
Ethics (Select) Chris Coons (D-DE) James Lankford (R-OK)
Finance Ron Wyden (D-OR) Mike Crapo (R-ID)
Foreign Relations Bob Menendez (D-NJ) Jim Risch (R-ID)
Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Patty Murray (D-WA) Richard Burr (R-NC)
Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Gary Peters (D-MI) Rob Portman (R-OH)
Indian Affairs (Permanent Select) Brian Schatz (D-HI) Lisa Murkowski (R-AK)
Intelligence (Select) Mark Warner (D-VA) Marco Rubio (R-FL)
International Narcotics Control (Permanent Caucus) Sheldon Whitehouse (D-RI) Chuck Grassley (R-IA)
Judiciary Dick Durbin (D-IL) Chuck Grassley (R-IA)
Rules and Administration Amy Klobuchar (D-MN) Roy Blunt (R-MO)
Small Business and Entrepreneurship Ben Cardin (D-MD) Rand Paul (R-KY)
Veterans' Affairs Jon Tester (D-MT) Jerry Moran (R-KS)

House committees

Main article: List of United States House of Representatives committees

Committee Chair Ranking Member
Agriculture David Scott (D-GA) Glenn Thompson (R-PA)
Appropriations Rosa DeLauro (D-CT) Kay Granger (R-TX)
Armed Services Adam Smith (D-WA) Mike Rogers (R-AL)
Budget John Yarmuth (D-KY) Jason Smith (R-MO)
Climate Crisis (Select) Kathy Castor (D-FL) Garret Graves (R-LA)
Economic Disparity and Fairness in Growth (Select) Jim Himes (D-CT) Bryan Steil (R-WI)
Education and Labor Bobby Scott (D-VA) Virginia Foxx (R-NC)
Energy and Commerce Frank Pallone (D-NJ) Cathy McMorris Rodgers (R-WA)
Ethics Susan Wild (D-PA)[ai] Michael Guest (R-MS)[aj]
Financial Services Maxine Waters (D-CA) Patrick McHenry (R-NC)
Foreign Affairs Gregory Meeks (D-NY) Mike McCaul (R-TX)
Homeland Security Bennie Thompson (D-MS) John Katko (R-NY)
House Administration Zoe Lofgren (D-CA) Rodney Davis (R-IL)
Intelligence (Permanent Select) Adam Schiff (D-CA) Mike Turner (R-OH)
Judiciary Jerry Nadler (D-NY) Jim Jordan (R-OH)
Modernization of Congress (Select) Derek Kilmer (D-WA) William Timmons (R-SC)
Natural Resources Raúl Grijalva (D-AZ) Bruce Westerman (R-AR)
Oversight and Reform Carolyn Maloney (D-NY) Jim Comer (R-KY)
Rules Jim McGovern (D-MA) Tom Cole (R-OK)
Science, Space and Technology Eddie Bernice Johnson (D-TX) Frank Lucas (R-OK)
Small Business Nydia Velázquez (D-NY) Blaine Luetkemeyer (R-MO)
Transportation and Infrastructure Peter DeFazio (D-OR) Sam Graves (R-MO)
Veterans' Affairs Mark Takano (D-CA) Mike Bost (R-IL)
Ways and Means Richard Neal (D-MA) Kevin Brady (R-TX)

Joint committees

Main article: List of current United States congressional joint committees

Committee Chair Vice Chair Ranking Member Vice Ranking Member
Economic Rep. Don Beyer (D-VA) Sen. Martin Heinrich (D-NM) Sen. Mike Lee (R-UT) Rep. David Schweikert (R-AZ)
Inaugural Ceremonies (Special)
until January 20, 2021
Sen. Roy Blunt (R-MO) Rep. Nancy Pelosi (D-CA) Rep. Kevin McCarthy (R-CA) Sen. Amy Klobuchar (D-MN)
Library Rep. Zoe Lofgren (D-CA) Sen. Amy Klobuchar (D-MN) Sen. Roy Blunt (R-MO) Rep. Rodney Davis (R-IL)
Printing Sen. Amy Klobuchar (D-MN) Rep. Zoe Lofgren (D-CA) Rep. Rodney Davis (R-IL) Sen. Roy Blunt (R-MO)
Taxation[ak] Rep. Richard Neal (D-MA) Sen. Ron Wyden (D-OR) Sen. Mike Crapo (R-ID) Rep. Kevin Brady (R-TX)

Officers and officials

Senate officers and officials

House officers and officials

Legislative branch agency directors

See also

Notes

  1. ^ U.S. Vice President Mike Pence's term as President of the Senate ended at noon January 20, 2021, when Kamala Harris' term began.
  2. ^ a b c d The Congress began with 51 Republicans, 48 Democrats (including 2 independents who caucus with the Democrats) and 1 vacancy in the Senate. Georgia's class 2 seat was vacant from the start until Democrat Jon Ossoff was seated January 20, 2021. Georgia's class 3 Republican interim appointee Kelly Loeffler served until Democrat Raphael Warnock was seated also on January 20.[25]
  3. ^ a b c In California: Kamala Harris (D) resigned January 18, 2021, to become U.S. Vice President.
    Alex Padilla (D) was appointed to complete the unexpired term and began serving January 20.[26]
  4. ^ In Georgia: Kelly Loeffler (R) lost a special election to finish the term.
    Jon Ossoff (D) and Raphael Warnock (D) began their service January 20, 2021.[27][28]
  5. ^ Kamala Harris (D) became U.S. Vice President January 20, 2021, with the tie-breaking vote. The Senate elected Patrick Leahy to serve as President pro tempore also began on January 20.
  6. ^ a b In Arizona: Kyrsten Sinema declared that she left the Democratic Party to become an independent politician on December 9, 2022.[17] She was still recognized as a Democrat by the Senate throughout the Congress, and did not formally switch her affiliation until the beginning of the 118th Congress.[29]
  7. ^ a b c In Louisiana's 5th district: member-elect Luke Letlow (R) died December 29, 2020, before the term started, and Julia Letlow (R) was elected March 20, 2021. She was sworn in on April 14.[30][31]
  8. ^ a b c In New York's 22nd district: the term began with the previous election disputed; Claudia Tenney was declared the winner[32] and was sworn in February 11, 2021.[33]
  9. ^ a b c d In Louisiana's 2nd district: Cedric Richmond (D) resigned January 15, 2021, and Troy Carter (D) was elected April 14, 2021. He was sworn in on May 11.[34][35]
  10. ^ a b c d In Texas's 6th district: Ron Wright (R) died February 7, 2021, and Jake Ellzey (R) was elected July 27, 2021. He was sworn in on July 30.[36][37]
  11. ^ a b c d In Ohio's 11th district: Marcia Fudge (D) resigned March 10, 2021, and Shontel Brown (D) was elected November 2, 2021. She was sworn in on November 4.[38][39]
  12. ^ a b c d In New Mexico's 1st district: Deb Haaland (D) resigned March 16, 2021, and Melanie Stansbury (D) was elected June 1, 2021. She was sworn in on June 14.[40][41]
  13. ^ a b c d In Florida's 20th district: Alcee Hastings (D) died April 6, 2021, and Sheila Cherfilus-McCormick (D) was elected January 11, 2022. She was sworn in on January 18.[42][43]
  14. ^ a b c d In Ohio's 15th district: Steve Stivers (R) resigned May 16, 2021, and Mike Carey (R) was elected November 2, 2021. He was sworn in on November 4.[44][39]
  15. ^ a b c d In California's 22nd district: Devin Nunes (R) resigned January 1, 2022, and Connie Conway (R) was elected on June 7, 2022. She was sworn in on June 14.[45][46]
  16. ^ a b c d In Minnesota's 1st district: Jim Hagedorn (R) died February 17, 2022, and Brad Finstad (R) was elected August 9, 2022. He was sworn in on August 12.[47][48]
  17. ^ a b c d In Alaska's at-large district: Don Young (R) died March 18, 2022, and Mary Peltola (D) was elected August 16, 2022. She was sworn in on September 13.[49][50]
  18. ^ a b c d In Nebraska's 1st district: Jeff Fortenberry (R) resigned March 31, 2022, and Mike Flood (R) was elected June 28, 2022. He was sworn in on July 12.[51][52]
  19. ^ a b c d In Texas's 34th district: Filemon Vela Jr. (D) resigned March 31, 2022, and Mayra Flores (R) was elected June 14, 2022. She was sworn in on June 21.[53][54]
  20. ^ a b c d In New York's 23rd district: Tom Reed (R) resigned May 10, 2022, and Joe Sempolinski (R) was elected August 23, 2022. He was sworn in on September 13.[55][56]
  21. ^ a b c d In New York's 19th district: Antonio Delgado (D) resigned May 25, 2022, and Pat Ryan (D) was elected August 23, 2022. He was sworn in on September 13.[57][56]
  22. ^ a b c d In Indiana's 2nd district: Jackie Walorski (R) died August 3, 2022, and Rudy Yakym (R) was elected November 8, 2022. He was sworn in on November 14.[58][59]
  23. ^ a b In Florida's 13th district: Charlie Crist (D) resigned August 31, 2022.[60]
  24. ^ a b In Florida's 22nd district: Ted Deutch (D) resigned September 30, 2022.[61]
  25. ^ a b In Virginia's 4th district: Donald McEachin (D) died November 28, 2022.[62]
  26. ^ a b In California's 37th district: Karen Bass (D) resigned December 9, 2022.[63]
  27. ^ a b In North Carolina's 1st district: G. K. Butterfield (D) resigned December 30, 2022.[64]
  28. ^ Congress had already adjourned by the time of this resignation
  29. ^ a b In Pennsylvania's 18th district: Mike Doyle (D) resigned December 31, 2022.[65]
  30. ^ Includes a New Progressive Party member who is also affiliated as a Republican.
  31. ^ a b Caucuses with Democrats.
  32. ^ a b c d e f The Minnesota Democratic–Farmer–Labor Party (DFL) is the Minnesota affiliate of the U.S. Democratic Party and its members are counted as Democrats.
  33. ^ Miller-Meeks was provisionally seated with the rest of the 117th Congress, pending the challenge by her opponent Rita Hart.[77] Hart withdrew her challenge on March 31, 2021.[78]
  34. ^ a b When seated or oath administered, not necessarily when service began.
  35. ^ Wild was named chair when Ted Deutch resigned from office on September 30, 2022.
  36. ^ Guest was named ranking member when Jackie Walorski died in office on August 3, 2022.[96]
  37. ^ The Joint Taxation Committee leadership rotate the chair and vice chair and the ranking members between the House and Senate at the start of each session in the middle of the congressional term. The first session leadership is shown here.

References

  1. ^ "U.S. Senate: The Great Senate Deadlock of 1881". Senate.gov. Archived from the original on March 18, 2021. Retrieved July 25, 2021.
  2. ^ "U.S. Senate: President's Death Eases Senate Deadlock". Senate.gov. Archived from the original on October 9, 2022. Retrieved October 9, 2022.
  3. ^ Leonhardt, David (August 16, 2022). "A Functional Congress? Yes". The New York Times. Archived from the original on January 2, 2023. Retrieved January 2, 2023.
  4. ^ a b Binder, Sarah (December 29, 2022). "Goodbye to the 117th Congress, bookended by remarkable events". The Washington Post.
  5. ^ Pergram, Chad (January 3, 2021). "Pelosi faces trickiest speaker election yet as Democrats begin new Congress with slim majority". Fox News. Archived from the original on January 15, 2023. Retrieved January 3, 2021.
  6. ^ a b Sprunt, Barbara (May 12, 2021). "GOP Ousts Cheney From Leadership Over Her Criticism Of Trump". NPR. Archived from the original on May 13, 2021. Retrieved May 12, 2021.
  7. ^ Cathey, Libby (June 17, 2021). "Congress passes legislation to make Juneteenth a federal holiday". ABC News. Archived from the original on July 2, 2021. Retrieved June 26, 2021.
  8. ^ Johnson, Ted (October 21, 2021). "House Votes To Hold Steve Bannon In Contempt Of Congress; Case Goes To Justice Department For Possible Criminal Charge". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved October 21, 2021.
  9. ^ Johnson, Ted (February 4, 2022). "GOP Censures Liz Cheney And Adam Kinzinger For Participating In January 6th Investigation". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  10. ^ Johnson, Ted (February 24, 2022). "Joe Biden Announces "Severe" Sanctions Following Russian Invasion On Ukraine: "This Aggression Cannot Go Unanswered"". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved February 24, 2022.
  11. ^ Palmer, Ewan (March 25, 2022). "Jeff Fortenberry faces up to 15 years in jail over campaign donations". Newsweek. Archived from the original on March 26, 2022. Retrieved March 25, 2022.
  12. ^ Meyn, Colin (March 21, 2022). "Rep. Don Young to lie in state at the Capitol next week". The Hill. Archived from the original on March 25, 2022. Retrieved March 25, 2022.
  13. ^ Snell, Kelsey (July 27, 2022). "After spiking earlier talks, Manchin agrees to a new deal on climate and taxes". All Things Considered. NPR. Archived from the original on September 23, 2022. Retrieved September 20, 2022.
  14. ^ Foran, Clare; Zaslav, Ali (August 3, 2022). "Senate votes to ratify NATO membership for Sweden and Finland". CNN. Archived from the original on August 11, 2022. Retrieved August 8, 2022.
  15. ^ Diaz, Jaclyn (September 20, 2022). "For the first time in 230 years, Congress has full U.S. Indigenous representation". NPR. Archived from the original on September 26, 2022. Retrieved September 20, 2022.
  16. ^ Casiano, Louis (October 6, 2022). "Biden pardoning all prior federal offenses of simple marijuana possession". Fox News. Archived from the original on October 7, 2022. Retrieved December 3, 2022.
  17. ^ a b Herb, Jeremy (December 9, 2022). "Sinema leaving the Democratic Party and registering as an independent". CNN. Archived from the original on August 4, 2023. Retrieved December 9, 2022.
  18. ^ Johnson, Ted (October 21, 2021). "Volodymyr Zelensky, In Historic Speech To Congress, Says Ukraine Will "Never Surrender" To Russia". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved December 21, 2022.
  19. ^ Carrazana, Chabeli (June 10, 2021). "The Paycheck Fairness Act to close the gender wage gap failed in Congress. What comes next?". The 19th. Archived from the original on June 9, 2022. Retrieved June 7, 2022.
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