Nancy Mace
Official portrait, 2020
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from South Carolina's 1st district
Assumed office
January 3, 2021
Preceded byJoe Cunningham
Member of the South Carolina House of Representatives
from the 99th district
In office
January 23, 2018 – November 8, 2020
Preceded byJames Merrill
Succeeded byMark Smith
Personal details
Nancy Ruth Mace

(1977-12-04) December 4, 1977 (age 45)
Fort Liberty, North Carolina, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Chris Niemiec
(m. 1999; div. 2002)

Curtis Jackson
(m. 2004; div. 2019)
EducationThe Citadel (BS)
University of Georgia (MS)
WebsiteHouse website

Nancy Ruth Mace (born December 4, 1977) is an American politician serving as the U.S. representative for South Carolina's 1st congressional district since 2021. Her district includes much of the state's share of the East Coast, from Charleston to Hilton Head Island.

In 1999, Mace was the first woman to graduate from the Corps of Cadets program at The Citadel. From 2018 to 2020, she represented the 99th district in the South Carolina House of Representatives, covering Hanahan, northeast Mount Pleasant, and Daniel Island. Mace is the first Republican woman to be elected to Congress from South Carolina.[1]

Mace worked for Donald Trump's 2016 presidential campaign,[2] but strongly condemned him after the January 6 U.S. Capitol attack, saying that his legacy had been "wiped out" and that he needed to be held "accountable" for his actions (though she ultimately voted against impeaching him).[3][4] She voted to hold Trump aide Steve Bannon in contempt of Congress for defying a subpoena to testify before the House Select Committee investigating the attack.[5]

Early life, education, and career

Mace was born at Fort Liberty, North Carolina, to United States Army officer James Emory Mace and schoolteacher Anne Mace. In 1999 she became the first woman to graduate from The Citadel's Corps of Cadets program,[6] receiving a degree in business administration.[7] Mace wrote In the Company of Men: A Woman at The Citadel (Simon & Schuster, 2001) about the experience.

Mace went on to earn a master's degree in journalism and mass communication from the Henry W. Grady College of Journalism and Mass Communication at the University of Georgia.[8]

In 2008, Mace started a public relations and consulting firm called The Mace Group.[9][10]

Early political career

In 2012, Mace volunteered for the campaign of presidential candidate Ron Paul.[11][12][13]

In August 2013, Mace announced her candidacy in the 2014 election for the Republican nomination for U.S. Senate in South Carolina.[14][15][16] She subsequently received 19,560 votes (or 6.2% of the vote) in the primary election on June 10, 2014, behind Lindsey Graham (56.4%), Lee Bright (15.4%), Richard Cash (8.3%), and Det Bowers (7.3%).[17][18]

Mace supported Donald Trump for president in 2016 as a coalitions director and field director for the campaign.[19]

South Carolina House of Representatives


2017 special

On September 18, 2017, Mace filed as a Republican to run in a special election for the South Carolina State House District 99 seat being vacated by Jimmy Merrill, who resigned earlier that month after an indictment and plea deal for several ethics violations.[20] She received 49.5% of the vote in the November 14 Republican primary, 13 votes short of winning the nomination outright. She defeated the second-place finisher, Mount Pleasant town councilman Mark Smith, in the November 28 runoff, 63–37%.

Mace defeated Democrat Cindy Boatwright in the January 16, 2018, general election, 2,066 votes to 1,587 (57–43%).[21] She took office on January 23, 2018.


Mace defeated the Democratic nominee, Mount Pleasant resident Jen Gibson, in the November 6, 2018 general election.


In 2019, Mace successfully advocated for the inclusion of exceptions for rape and incest in a bill for a six-week abortion ban that passed the South Carolina state house. In a speech on the state house floor, Mace revealed that she had been raped at age 16. She has said she opposes abortion but does not believe the government has the right to deny the procedure to a victim of rape or incest.[22]

Mace co-sponsored a bill to oppose offshore drilling off South Carolina's coast.[23] She opposed President Donald Trump's plan to offer oil drilling leases off South Carolina beaches.[24]

The Conservation Voters of South Carolina gave Mace a 100% Lifetime rating for her voting record against offshore drilling and seismic testing.[25][26] The South Carolina Club for Growth gave Mace its 2019 Tax Payer Hero Award.[27][28]

In May 2020, Governor Henry McMaster signed Mace's prison reform bill, which ends the shackling of pregnant women in prison, into law.[29][30]

U.S. House of Representatives



See also: 2020 United States House of Representatives elections in South Carolina § District 1

In June 2019, Mace announced that she would seek the Republican nomination for South Carolina's 1st congressional district, centered in Charleston, and at the time represented by Democrat Joe Cunningham. Cunningham had won the seat in 2018 in a surprise victory, winning a district Trump had carried by 13 percentage points two years earlier. Mace faced Mount Pleasant City Councilwoman Kathy Landing and Bikers for Trump founder Chris Cox in the June 9 Republican primary. During her primary campaign, she ran an advertisement stating she would "help President Trump take care of our veterans", and in which Vice President Mike Pence called her "an extraordinary American with an extraordinary lifetime of accomplishments—past, present and future."[31] She won the primary with 57.5% of the vote.[32]

Mace focused her campaign on banning offshore drilling off South Carolina's coast and restoring South Carolina's low country's economy.[1]

In the November general election, Mace defeated Cunningham. She assumed office on January 3, 2021.[33]


See also: 2022 United States House of Representatives elections in South Carolina § District 1

Mace did not vote to impeach President Trump, but she criticized him for his role in the January 6, 2021 attack on the U.S. Capitol. As a consequence, Trump endorsed former South Carolina representative Katie Arrington in the 2022 Republican primary for Mace's congressional seat. Mace defeated Arrington.[34]

In the November general election, Mace defeated her Democratic opponent Annie Andrews by 14 percentage points.[35]


Mace was one of seven Republicans who publicly refused to support their colleagues' efforts to challenge the results of the 2020 presidential election on January 6, 2021. These seven signed a letter that, while giving credence to Trump's allegations of electoral fraud, said Congress did not have the authority to influence the election's outcome.[36] Mace was so concerned by the hostile atmosphere Trump was generating in the District of Columbia that she sent her children home to South Carolina before the congressional vote to accept the Electoral College votes.[37] After the 2021 United States Capitol attack, Mace pled with Trump to condemn it. While locked down in her Capitol office she told CBS News' Red & Blue host Elaine Quijano, "I'm begging the president to get off Twitter."[38] Ultimately Mace voted against impeaching Trump, however, stating that due process had not been properly followed.[4]

Mace, along with all other Senate and House Republicans, voted against the American Rescue Plan Act of 2021.[39]

On May 18, 2021, Mace joined 61 other House Republicans to vote against the COVID-19 Hate Crimes Act, which condemned acts of hate against Asian-Americans and streamlined data collection and reporting about such occurrences. The bill previously passed the U.S. Senate on a 94–1 vote.[40][41][42] Mace said she opposed the bill because it did not address discrimination against Asian-Americans in higher education.[43]

In November 2021 Mace criticized fellow Republican Congresswoman Lauren Boebert for her anti-Muslim comments about Democrat Ilhan Omar.[44]

Committee assignments

Political positions

Mace during her campaign for the US Senate for South Carolina in 2013.

D.C. statehood

In April 2021, Mace voiced her opposition to a Democratic proposal to grant the District of Columbia statehood. She argued that D.C. was too small to qualify as a state, saying, "D.C. wouldn't even qualify as a singular congressional district."[48][49][50]

LGBT rights

In 2021, The Washington Examiner wrote that Mace "is a supporter of both religious liberty and gay marriage."[51] Later that year, she told The Washington Examiner, "I strongly support LGBTQ rights and equality. No one should be discriminated against." She opposed the Equality Act, instead co-sponsoring a Republican alternative called the Fairness for All Act.[52]

Mace was one of 31 Republicans to vote for the LGBTQ Business Equal Credit Enforcement and Investment Act.[53] Mace was the lone Republican to sponsor H.R.5776 - Serving Our LGBTQ Veterans Act, legislation establishing a Center for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer (LGBTQ) Veterans within the Department of Veterans Affairs. Among other functions, the center must serve as the department's principal adviser on adoption and implementation of policies and programs affecting veterans who are LGBTQ.[54]

In July 2022, Mace was among 47 Republican representatives who voted in favor of the Respect for Marriage Act, which protects existing same-sex and interracial marriages under federal law.[55] She later said, "If gay couples want to be as happily or miserably married as straight couples, more power to them. Trust me, I've tried it more than once."[56]

Abortion and contraception

On January 26, 2023, Mace introduced the Standing with Moms Act, which would create a website,, that would link women to crisis pregnancy centers that urge women to continue pregnancy and do not provide information about alternatives such as abortion.[57]

In 2021, Mace was one of 26 Republicans to vote for the Equal Access to Contraception for Veterans Act.[58] In 2022 she voted for H.R. 8373 ("The Right to Contraception Act"), a bill designed "to protect a person's ability to access contraceptives and to engage in contraception, and to protect a health care provider's ability to provide contraceptives, contraception, and information related to contraception".[59]

Mace has called on legislators to work on a compromise involving "gestational limits" on abortions, citing the example of European nations, but also exceptions for rape or incest,[60] stating: "In most countries in Europe you're looking at 12 to 15 weeks there. And there are other, you know, exceptions that we should be looking at. We should be ensuring that life of the mother in every instance is protected ... which is one of the reasons I was one of eight Republicans just a few weeks ago to vote to ensure that women have access to contraceptives. There are some basic things we could be doing that all of us agree on, the vast majority of people agree on, and aren't fringy on either side of the aisle. But that's not what we're doing right now."[61]

In 2021, Mace was among a handful of Republican representatives who did not sign onto an amicus brief to overturn Roe v. Wade.[62] She criticized states enacting abortion bans without exceptions in the wake of the Supreme Court overturning Roe v. Wade in 2022. In an interview on Face the Nation, she said she disagreed with the recently passed abortion ban in Florida, which was signed into law by Governor Ron DeSantis: "Signing a six-week ban that puts women who are victims of rape and girls who are victims of incest and in a hard spot isn't the way to change hearts and minds. It's not compassionate. The requirements [DeSantis] has for rape victims are too much, not something that I support. It's a non-starter. I am a victim of rape. I was raped by a classmate at the age of 16. I am very wary, and the devil is always in the details, but we've got to show more care and concern and compassion for women who've been raped. I don't like that this bill was signed in the dead of night".[63]

Mace speaking in support of the States Reform Act to legalize cannabis at the federal level (November 2021)

Marijuana legalization

In 2021, Mace introduced the States Reform Act to remove cannabis from the Controlled Substances Act and regulate it similarly to alcohol.[64] Mace said: "This bill supports veterans, law enforcement, farmers, businesses, those with serious illnesses, and it is good for criminal justice reform. ... The States Reform Act takes special care to keep Americans and their children safe while ending federal interference with state cannabis laws."[65]

Foreign policy

In June 2021, Mace was one of 49 House Republicans to vote to repeal the Authorization for Use of Military Force Against Iraq Resolution of 2002.[66][67]

During the 2021–2022 Russo-Ukrainian crisis, Mace wrote an article stating her opposition to military intervention in the conflict.[68]

Mace voted for H.R. 7691, the Additional Ukraine Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2022, which would provide $40 billion in emergency aid to the Ukrainian government.[69]

In 2023, Mace was among 47 Republicans to vote in favor of H.Con.Res. 21, which directed President Joe Biden to remove U.S. troops from Syria within 180 days.[70][71]

In 2023, Mace was among 52 Republicans who voted in favor H.Con.Res. 30, which would remove American troops from Somalia.[72][73]

In 2023, Mace voted for a ban on a Center of Excellence in Ukraine which enhances NATO activities.[74]

Liz Cheney

Mace opposed the first attempt to remove Liz Cheney as chair of the House Republican Conference, saying, "We should not be silencing voices of dissent. That is one of the reasons we are in this today, is that we have allowed QAnon conspiracy theorists to lead us."[75] In early May, Mace appeared at fundraiser events with Cheney. During the second attempt to remove Cheney as chair, however, Mace voted to remove her.[76]

Contempt of Congress

On October 21, 2021, Mace was one of nine House Republicans who voted to hold Steve Bannon in contempt of Congress for defying a subpoena to appear before the United States House Select Committee on the January 6 Attack. Explaining her vote, Mace said she was being "consistent" and wants "the power to subpoena" in the event that Republicans regain control of the House of Representatives in 2022.[5]

Race and criminal justice

Mace co-sponsored H.R.7394 ("Women in Criminal Justice Reform Act"), a bill addressing issues that women face under the criminal justice system.[77]

In 2021, Mace was the sole Republican sponsor of H.R.4827 ("Judiciary Accountability Act"), a bill applying to judicial branch employees laws that prohibit discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex (including sexual orientation or gender identity), national origin, age, or disability. It also encouraged representation that better reflects demographics.[78]

Debt ceiling

Mace was among 71 House Republicans who voted against final passage of the Fiscal Responsibility Act of 2023 to raise the debt ceiling.[79]


During her 2014 U.S. Senate campaign, Mace said "We must use any means possible to repeal, defund, and ultimately stop Obamacare" because it will "suffocate individual liberty and further stifle economic growth".[9]

Personal life

Mace resides in Charleston, South Carolina, on Daniel Island.[80] She has two children with her ex-husband Curtis Jackson, whom she divorced in 2019.[81] Mace was previously married to lawyer and JAG Corps officer in the United States Air Force Reserves, Chris Niemiec.[82] In May 2022, she was engaged to Patrick Bryant.[83]

On June 1, 2021, the Charleston Police Department opened an investigation after Mace's home was vandalized with profanity, three anarchy symbols, and graffiti in support of the PRO Act.[84]

Mace is a practicing Protestant.[85]

Electoral history

2014 United States Senate Republican primary election in South Carolina
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Lindsey Graham (incumbent) 178,833 56.42%
Republican Lee Bright 48,904 15.53%
Republican Richard Cash 26,325 8.30%
Republican Det Bowers 23,172 7.31%
Republican Nancy Mace 19,634 6.19%
Republican Bill Connor 16,912 5.34%
Republican Benjamin Dunn 3,209 1.01%
Total votes 316,989 100.00%
South Carolina State House District 99 Republican primary, 2017 (special)[86]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Nancy Mace* 1,290 49.5%
Republican Mark Smith* 714 27.4%
Republican Shawn Pinkston 373 14.3%
Republican Jarrod Brooks 228 8.8%
Total votes 2,605 100.%
South Carolina State House District 99 Republican primary runoff, 2017 (special)[87]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Nancy Mace 1,695 62.6%
Republican Mark Smith 1,012 37.4%
Total votes 2,707 100.0%
South Carolina House District 99 special election, 2018
South Carolina State House District 99 election, 2018 (special)[88]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Nancy Mace 2,066 56.6%
Democratic Cindy Boatwright 1,587 43.4%
Total votes 3,653 100.0%
Republican hold
Nancy Mace vs. Jen Gibson, general election in South Carolina 99th House District on November 6, 2018
South Carolina State House District 99 general election, 2018
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Nancy Mace 8,778 62.2%
Democratic Jen Gibson 4,640 35.8%
Working Families Jen Gibson 278 2.0%
Total votes 14,106 100.0%
Republican hold
South Carolina's 1st congressional district, Republican primary 2020
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Nancy Mace 48,411 57.48%
Republican Kathy Landing 21,835 25.92%
Republican Chris Cox 8,179 9.71%
Republican Brad Mole 5,800 6.89%
South Carolina's 1st congressional district, 2020[90]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Nancy Mace 216,042 50.6%
Democratic Joe Cunningham (incumbent) 210,627 49.3%
Write-in 442 0.1%
Total votes 427,111 100.0%
Republican gain from Democratic
South Carolina's 1st congressional district, Republican primary results, 2022
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Nancy Mace (incumbent) 39,470 53.14%
Republican Katie Arrington 33,589 45.22%
Republican Lynz Piper-Loomis 1,221 1.64%
Total votes 74,280 100%
2022 South Carolina's 1st congressional district election
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Nancy Mace (incumbent) 153,757 56.39%
Democratic Annie Andrews 115,796 42.47%
Alliance Joseph Oddo 2,634 0.97%
Write-in 494 0.18%
Total votes 272,681 100.00%

See also


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