Nancy Mace
Nancy Mace.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from South Carolina's 1st district
Assumed office
January 3, 2021
Preceded byJoe Cunningham
Member of the South Carolina House of Representatives
from the 99th district
In office
January 23, 2018 – November 8, 2020
Preceded byJames Merrill
Succeeded byMark Smith
Personal details
Nancy Ruth Mace

(1977-12-04) December 4, 1977 (age 44)
Fort Bragg, North Carolina, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Chris Niemiec
(m. 1999; div. 2002)

Curtis Jackson
(m. 2004; div. 2019)
EducationThe Citadel (BS)
University of Georgia (MS)
WebsiteHouse website

Nancy Ruth Mace (born December 4, 1977) is an American politician serving as the U.S. representative for South Carolina's 1st congressional district since 2021. Her district includes much of the state's share of the East Coast, from Charleston to Hilton Head Island.

In 1999, Mace was the first woman to graduate from the Corps of Cadets program at The Citadel. From 2018 to 2020, she represented the 99th district in the South Carolina House of Representatives, covering Hanahan, northeast Mount Pleasant, and Daniel Island. Mace is the first Republican woman to be elected to Congress from South Carolina.[1]

Mace worked on Donald Trump's 2016 presidential campaign.[2] In 2021, she voted against impeaching Trump,[3] but condemned him for the Capitol Riot[4] and voted to hold Trump aide Steve Bannon in contempt of Congress.[5]

Early life, education, and career

Mace was born at Fort Bragg, North Carolina, to United States Army officer James Emory Mace and schoolteacher Anne Mace. In 1999 she became the first woman to graduate from The Citadel's Corps of Cadets program,[6] receiving a degree in business administration.[7] Mace wrote In the Company of Men: A Woman at The Citadel (Simon & Schuster, 2001) about that experience.

Mace went on to earn a master's degree in journalism and mass communication from the Henry W. Grady College of Journalism and Mass Communication at the University of Georgia.[8]

In 2008, Mace started a consulting business called The Mace Group.[7]

Early political career

Mace campaigned for the Republican Party nomination for the United States Senate in South Carolina in the 2014 election.[9] During the campaign, she opposed the Affordable Care Act, saying, "We must use any means possible to repeal, defund and ultimately stop Obamacare."[10] Mace received 6.2% of the 19,560 votes cast in the Republican primary.[11]

Mace worked for Donald Trump's 2016 presidential campaign in South Carolina.[12]

South Carolina House of Representatives


2017 special

On September 18, 2017, Mace filed as a Republican to run in a special election for the South Carolina State House District 99 seat being vacated by Jimmy Merrill, who resigned earlier that month after an indictment and plea deal for several ethics violations.[13] She received 49.5% of the vote in the November 14 Republican primary, 13 votes short of winning the nomination outright. She defeated the second-place finisher, Mount Pleasant town councilman Mark Smith, in the November 28 runoff, 63–37%.

Mace defeated Democrat Cindy Boatwright in the January 16, 2018, general election, 2,066 votes to 1,587 (57–43%).[14] She took office on January 23, 2018.


Mace defeated the Democratic nominee, Mount Pleasant resident Jen Gibson, in the November 6, 2018 general election.


In 2019, Mace successfully advocated for the inclusion of exceptions for rape and incest in a bill for a six-week abortion ban that passed the South Carolina state house. In a speech on the state house floor, Mace revealed that she had been raped at age 16. She has said she opposes abortion but does not believe the government has the right to tell a victim of rape or incest they do not have the right to an abortion.[15]

Mace co-sponsored a bill to oppose offshore drilling off South Carolina's coast.[16] She opposed President Donald Trump's plan to offer oil drilling leases off South Carolina beaches.[17]

The Conservation Voters of South Carolina gave Mace a 100% Lifetime rating for her voting record against offshore drilling and seismic testing.[18][19] The South Carolina Club for Growth gave Mace its 2019 Tax Payer Hero Award.[20][21]

In May 2020, Governor Henry McMaster signed Mace's prison reform bill, which ends the shackling of pregnant mothers in prison, into law.[22][23]

U.S. House of Representatives



See also: 2020 United States House of Representatives elections in South Carolina § District 1

In June 2019, Mace announced that she would seek the Republican nomination for South Carolina's 1st congressional district, centered in Charleston, and at the time represented by Democrat Joe Cunningham. Cunningham had won the seat in 2018 in a surprise victory, winning a district Trump had carried by 13 percentage points two years earlier. Mace faced Mount Pleasant City Councilwoman Kathy Landing and Bikers for Trump founder Chris Cox in the June 9 Republican primary. During her primary campaign, she ran an advertisement stating she would "help President Trump take care of our veterans", and in which Vice President Pence called her "an extraordinary American with an extraordinary lifetime of accomplishments—past, present and future.”[24] She won the primary with 57.5% of the vote.[25]

Mace focused her campaign on banning offshore drilling off South Carolina's coast and restoring South Carolina's low country's economy.[1]

In the November general election, Mace defeated Cunningham. She assumed office on January 3, 2021.[26]


See also: 2022 United States House of Representatives elections in South Carolina § District 1

Mace did not vote to impeach President Trump, but she criticized him for his role in the January 6, 2021, attack on the U.S. Capitol. As a consequence, Trump endorsed former South Carolina representative Katie Arrington in the 2022 Republican primary for Mace's congressional seat. Mace defeated Arrington.[27]


Mace was one of seven Republicans who publicly refused to support their colleagues' efforts to challenge the results of the 2020 presidential election on January 6, 2021. These seven signed a letter that, while giving credence to Trump's election fraud allegations, said Congress did not have the authority to influence the election's outcome.[28] Mace was so concerned by the hostile atmosphere Trump was generating in the District of Columbia that she sent her children home to South Carolina before the congressional vote to accept the Electoral College votes.[29] After a rioting mob attacked the House and Senate buildings, Mace pleaded with Trump to condemn it. While locked down in her Capitol office she told CBSN's Red & Blue host Elaine Quijano, "I'm begging the president to get off Twitter."[30]

Mace, along with all other Senate and House Republicans, voted against the American Rescue Plan Act of 2021.[31]

On May 18, 2021, Mace joined 61 other House Republicans to vote against the Covid-19 Hate Crimes Act, which condemned acts of hate against Asian-Americans and streamlined data collection and reporting about such occurrences. The bill previously passed the U.S. Senate on a 94–1 vote.[32][33][34] Mace said she opposed the bill because it did not address discrimination against Asian-Americans in higher education.[35]

In November 2021 Mace criticized fellow Republican Lauren Boebert for her anti-Muslim comments about Democrat Ilhan Omar.[36]

Committee assignments

Political positions

An October 2021 profile in Politico magazine noted that Mace had worked on Donald Trump's 2016 campaign before disavowing him in the wake of the 2021 United States Capitol attack. She then softened her criticism of Trump before "slowly arcing her political trajectory back toward her post-Jan. 6 image as one of the few House Republicans skeptical of a Donald Trump-ruled GOP."[40]

D.C. statehood

In April 2021, Mace voiced her opposition to a Democratic proposal to grant the District of Columbia statehood. She argued that D.C. was too small to qualify as a state, saying, "D.C. wouldn't even qualify as a singular congressional district."[41][42][43]

LGBT and abortion

In 2021, The Washington Examiner wrote that Mace "is a supporter of both religious liberty and gay marriage."[44] Later that year, she told The Washington Examiner, "I strongly support LGBTQ rights and equality. No one should be discriminated against." She opposed the Equality Act, instead co-sponsoring a Republican alternative called the Fairness for All Act.[45]

Mace was one of 31 Republicans to vote for the LGBTQ Business Equal Credit Enforcement and Investment Act.[46][47] She was one of 26 Republicans to vote for the Equal Access to Contraception for Veterans Act.[48]

In 2021, Mace was among a handful of Republican representatives who did not sign onto an amicus brief to overturn Roe v. Wade.[49]

Mace has said she would oppose an abortion ban unless exceptions were covered.[50]

Mace was the lone Republican to sponsor H.R.5776 - Serving Our LGBTQ Veterans Act, legislation establishing a Center for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer (LGBTQ) Veterans within the Department of Veterans Affairs. Among other functions, the center must serve as the department's principal adviser on adoption and implementation of policies and programs affecting veterans who are LGBTQ.[51]

Marijuana legalization

In 2021, Mace introduced the States Reform Act to remove cannabis from the Controlled Substances Act and regulate it similarly to alcohol.[52] Mace said: "This bill supports veterans, law enforcement, farmers, businesses, those with serious illnesses, and it is good for criminal justice reform. ... The States Reform Act takes special care to keep Americans and their children safe while ending federal interference with state cannabis laws."[53]

Foreign policy

In June 2021, Mace was one of 49 House Republicans to vote to repeal the Authorization for Use of Military Force Against Iraq Resolution of 2002.[54][55]

During the 2021–2022 Russo-Ukrainian crisis, Mace wrote an article stating her opposition to military intervention in the conflict.[56] She later said she was open to a partial No Fly Zone.

Mace voted for H.R. 7691, the Additional Ukraine Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2022, which would provide $40 billion in emergency aid to the Ukrainian government.[57]

Gun rights

After the Robb Elementary School shooting in 2022, Mace called for bipartisan action on gun laws. She said, "If we can't even do the bare minimum, we're never going to keep our kids safe in school. Somewhere in the middle is the truth."[58]

Liz Cheney

Mace opposed the first attempt to remove Liz Cheney as chair of the House Republican Conference, saying, "We should not be silencing voices of dissent. That is one of the reasons we are in this today, is that we have allowed QAnon conspiracy theorists to lead us."[59] In early May, Mace did fundraiser events with Cheney. During the second attempt to remove Cheney as chair, Mace voted to remove her, calling her "too divisive" for the position.[60][better source needed]


In September 2021, Mace was among 135 House Republicans to vote in favor of the National Defense Authorization Act of 2022, which contains a provision that would require women to register for the draft.[61][62]

Contempt of Congress

On October 21, 2021, Mace was one of nine House Republicans who voted to hold Steve Bannon in contempt of Congress. Explaining her vote, Mace said she was being "consistent" and wants "the power to subpoena" in the event that Republicans regain control of the House of Representatives in 2022.[63]

Race and criminal justice

Mace and Representatives Karen Bass and Jackie Speier sponsored H.R.7394 - Women in Criminal Justice Reform Act, legislation to address issues that women face under the criminal justice system.[64]

Mace was the lone Republican sponsor of H.R.4827 - Judiciary Accountability Act of 2021. The bill applies to judicial branch employees laws that prohibit discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex (including sexual orientation or gender identity), national origin, age, or disability. It also encourages representation that better reflects demographics.[65]

Personal life

Mace resides in Charleston, South Carolina, on Daniel Island.[66] She has two children with her ex-husband Curtis Jackson, whom she divorced in 2019.[67] Mace was previously married to Chris Niemiec.[68]

On June 1, 2021, the Charleston Police Department opened an investigation after Mace's home was vandalized with profanity, three Antifa symbols, and graffiti in support of the PRO Act.[69]

Electoral history

South Carolina State House District 99 Republican primary, 2017 (special)[70]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Nancy Mace* 1,290 49.5%
Republican Mark Smith* 714 27.4%
Republican Shawn Pinkston 373 14.3%
Republican Jarrod Brooks 228 8.8%
Total votes 2,605 100.%
South Carolina House District 99 special election, 2018
South Carolina House District 99 special election, 2018
South Carolina State House District 99 Republican primary runoff, 2017 (special)[71]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Nancy Mace 1,695 62.6%
Republican Mark Smith 1,012 37.4%
Total votes 2,707 100.0%
South Carolina State House District 99 general election, 2018
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Nancy Mace 8,778 62.2%
Democratic Jen Gibson 4,640 35.8%
Working Families Jen Gibson 278 2.0%
Total votes 14,106 100.0%
Republican hold
Nancy Mace vs. Jen Gibson, general election in South Carolina 99th House District on November 6, 2018
Nancy Mace vs. Jen Gibson, general election in South Carolina 99th House District on November 6, 2018
South Carolina State House District 99 election, 2018 (special)[72]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Nancy Mace 2,066 56.6%
Democratic Cindy Boatwright 1,587 43.4%
Total votes 3,653 100.0%
Republican hold
South Carolina's 1st congressional district, Republican primary 2020
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Nancy Mace 48,411 57.48%
Republican Kathy Landing 21,835 25.92%
Republican Chris Cox 8,179 9.71%
Republican Brad Mole 5,800 6.89%
South Carolina's 1st congressional district, 2020[74]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Nancy Mace 216,042 50.6
Democratic Joe Cunningham (incumbent) 210,627 49.3
Write-in 442 0.1
Total votes 427,111 100.0
Republican gain from Democratic
South Carolina's 1st congressional district, Republican primary results, 2022
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Nancy Mace (incumbent) 39,955 53%
Republican Katie Arrington 34,046 45%
Republican Lynz Piper-Loomis 1,220 2%
Total votes 75,221 100%

See also


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  2. ^ "The curious case of Nancy Mace". POLITICO. Retrieved May 11, 2022.
  3. ^ Fortier-Bensen, Tony (January 13, 2021). "Rep. Nancy Mace votes against impeachment of Pres. Donald Trump". WCIV. Retrieved May 11, 2022.
  4. ^ "GOP Rep Nancy Mace says "more Republicans" would've backed impeachment if it wasn't rushed". Newsweek. January 17, 2021. Retrieved May 11, 2022.
  5. ^ Paul LeBlanc (October 21, 2021). "These are the 9 House Republicans who voted to hold Steve Bannon in contempt of Congress". CNN. Retrieved May 30, 2022.
  6. ^ "Maxine Hudson". The Citadel. May 29, 2020. Retrieved November 23, 2020.
  7. ^ a b "Nancy Mace". The Citadel. Retrieved August 19, 2020.
  8. ^ Brett, Jennifer (September 4, 2016). "Nancy Mace became first woman to graduate from The Citadel". Atlanta Journal Constitution. Retrieved August 19, 2020.
  9. ^ "Nancy Mace Will Seek Nomination for US Senate". August 3, 2013.
  10. ^ Harper, Scott (April 24, 2014). "Graham faces tough opponents". The Post and Courier. Retrieved September 29, 2020.
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  13. ^ "Suspended Lawmaker Jim Merrill Resigns Hours Before Court Hearing". WLTX.
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  18. ^ "Nancy Mace". Conservation Voters of South Carolina. Conservation Voters of South Carolina. Retrieved October 14, 2020.
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  47. ^[bare URL]
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  49. ^[bare URL PDF]
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