Mariannette Miller-Meeks
Mariannette Miller-Meeks 117th U.S Congress.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Iowa's 2nd district
Assumed office
January 3, 2021
Preceded byDave Loebsack
Member of the Iowa Senate
from the 41st district
In office
January 14, 2019 – January 2, 2021
Preceded byMark Chelgren
Succeeded byAdrian Dickey
Director of the Iowa Department of Public Health
In office
January 15, 2011 – January 9, 2014
GovernorTerry Branstad
Preceded byTom Newton
Succeeded byGerd W. Clabaugh
Personal details
Born
Mariannette Jane Miller

(1955-09-06) September 6, 1955 (age 66)
Herlong, California, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)
Curt Meeks
(m. 1983)
Children2
EducationTexas Christian University (BSN)
University of Southern California (MS)
University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (MD)
Signature
WebsiteHouse website
Campaign website
Military service
Allegiance United States
Branch/service United States Army
RankLieutenant Colonel

Mariannette Jane Miller-Meeks (born September 6, 1955) is an American physician and politician serving as the U.S. representative for Iowa's 2nd congressional district. The district includes most of Iowa's southeastern quadrant, including Davenport, Bettendorf, Burlington, Iowa City, and Miller-Meeks's hometown of Ottumwa. She is a member of the Republican Party.

Miller-Meeks ran three unsuccessful campaigns for the U.S. House against Dave Loebsack. When Loebsack retired in 2020, she ran again and defeated Rita Hart by a margin of six votes. She also served as Iowa state senator for the 41st district from 2019 to 2021.

Early life

Miller-Meeks was born in Herlong, California in 1955.[1] She enlisted in the United States Army at the age of 18 and served for 24 years, including as a nurse, physician, and member of the United States Army Reserve. She retired at the rank of lieutenant colonel.

A first-generation college student, Miller-Meeks earned a Bachelor of Science in Nursing degree from Texas Christian University, a Master of Science in education from University of Southern California, and a Doctor of Medicine from University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston.[2]

Career

Miller-Meeks operated a private ophthalmology practice in Ottumwa, Iowa, until 2008. She also served as the first female president of the Iowa Medical Society. She was the first woman on the faculty of the University of Iowa's department of ophthalmology and visual sciences, and worked as a representative from Iowa to the American Academy of Ophthalmology.[2] In 2010, Governor Terry Branstad appointed Miller-Meeks director of the Iowa Department of Public Health; she resigned in 2014 to run for Congress.[3][4]

U.S. House of Representatives

Elections

2008–2014

Miller-Meeks was the Republican nominee for Iowa's 2nd congressional district in 2008, 2010 and 2014, losing to Dave Loebsack in all three races. When Mark Chelgren announced he was not running for reelection, she ran for Iowa Senate, District 41 in 2018, defeating Democratic nominee Mary Stewart.[5] Her term in the Iowa Senate began January 14, 2019.

In her 2014 campaign, Miller-Meeks opposed the Affordable Care Act (Obamacare).[1] She also stated her opposition to legalized abortion except in cases of rape, incest, or harm to the mother.[1] Of same-sex marriage, she said in 2014 that she favors "traditional marriage."[1] She criticized EPA regulation of waterways and coal plants, saying it creates uncertainty for farmers.[1]

2020

See also: 2020 United States House of Representatives elections in Iowa § District 2

Miller-Meeks ran to represent Iowa's 2nd congressional district again in 2020, following Loebsack's retirement.[6] She won the June 2 Republican primary election, defeating former Illinois Congressman Bobby Schilling.

During the COVID-19 pandemic, she said she "practices social distancing, wears a mask in public and sanitizes her hands" but does not support face mask mandates.[7]

She faced the Democratic nominee, former State Senator Rita Hart, in the November general election.[8] After Loebsack announced his retirement, journalists and election forecasters labeled the 2nd congressional district a swing district. Miller-Meeks defeated Hart in the general election by six votes, making this the closest election in 2020 and flipping Iowa's 2nd Congressional District from Democratic to Republican control in one of the closest races in 100 years; the state certified the victory.[9][10] Hart contested the certified result through a petition with the Committee on House Administration under the 1969 Federal Contested Elections Act, which sets forth procedures for contesting state election results in the House under the Constitution.[11] Hart did not contest the election in Iowa's courts.[11][12][13] In her petition, Hart contended, without evidence, that 22 legally cast votes were not counted. Had they been counted, per her petition, she would have won the race by nine votes.[14][15]

House Speaker Nancy Pelosi provisionally seated Miller-Meeks on January 3, 2021, pending adjudication of Hart's petition.[14][16] The Committee on House Administration reviewed Hart's petition, and Pelosi claimed the House had the authority to expel Miller-Meeks,[17][18] but on March 31, Hart withdrew her challenge.[19]

Miller-Meeks and Michelle Fischbach of Minnesota are the only Republican members of Congress to flip Democratic House districts that were not held by Republicans before 2018.

2022

See also: 2022 United States House of Representatives elections in Iowa § District 1

Miller-Meeks is running for reelection, this time in Iowa's 1st congressional district, for the 2022 elections.[20]

Tenure

Miller-Meeks, along with all other Senate and House Republicans, voted against the American Rescue Plan Act of 2021.[21]

On May 19, 2021, Miller-Meeks was one of 35 Republicans who joined all Democrats in voting to approve legislation to establish the January 6, 2021 commission meant to investigate the storming of the U.S. Capitol.[22]

Immigration

On July 21, 2021, Miller-Meeks and Deborah Ross co-sponsored the America's CHILDREN Act.[23] The bill would prevent the children of long-term visa holders who came to the U.S. legally with their parents from having their visas expire the day they turn 21. If they have maintained legal status in the U.S. for 10 years and graduated from an institution of higher education, they are eligible to apply for permanent residency.[23]

LGBT rights

In 2021, Miller Meeks was one of 29 Republicans to vote to reauthorize the Violence Against Women Act.[24] This bill expanded legal protections for transgender people, and contained provisions allowing transgender women to use women's shelters and serve time in prisons matching their gender identity.[25]

Committee assignments

Caucus memberships

Personal life

Miller-Meeks is a resident of Ottumwa, Iowa. She is married to Curt Meeks, the Compliance Officer at Otumwa Regional Health Center, and has two children.[27][28] She is Roman Catholic.[1] Miller-Meeks organized a physician recruitment and retention organization to help bring physicians to southeast Iowa and has served as a court-appointed special advocate volunteer for children.[2]

Electoral history

2008

Main article: 2008 United States House of Representatives elections in Iowa

2008 Iowa's 2nd congressional district election
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Dave Loebsack (incumbent) 175,218 57.19
Republican Mariannette Miller-Meeks 118,778 38.77
Green Wendy Barth 6,664 2.18
Independent Brian White 5,437 1.78
No party Others 261 0.09
Total votes 306,358 100.00
Turnout  
Democratic hold

2010

Main article: 2010 United States House of Representatives elections in Iowa

2010 Iowa's 2nd congressional district election
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Dave Loebsack (incumbent) 115,839 50.99
Republican Mariannette Miller-Meeks 104,319 45.92
Libertarian Gary Joseph Sicard 4,356 1.92
Constitution Jon Tack 2,463 1.08
No party Others 198 0.09
Total votes 227,175 100.00
Turnout  
Democratic hold

2014

Main article: 2014 United States House of Representatives elections in Iowa

2014 Iowa's 2nd congressional district election
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Dave Loebsack (incumbent) 143,431 52.48
Republican Mariannette Miller-Meeks 129,455 47.36
Write-ins 443 0.16
Total votes 273,329 100
Democratic hold

2018

Main article: 2018 Iowa Senate election

2018 Iowa's 41st senate district primary elections[29]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Mariannette Miller-Meeks 1,706 85.39
Republican Daniel Cesar 279 13.96
Write-ins 13 0.65
Total votes 2,134 100
2018 Iowa's 41st senate district general election
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Mariannette Miller-Meeks 11,451 51.77
Democratic Mary Stewart 10,632 48.07
Write-ins 36 0.16
Total votes 22,119 100
Republican hold

2020

Main article: 2020 United States House of Representatives elections in Iowa

Iowa's 2nd congressional district, 2020
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Mariannette Miller-Meeks 196,964 49.912
Democratic Rita Hart 196,958 49.910
Write-ins 703 0.178
Total votes 394,625 100.0
Republican gain from Democratic

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f Jackson, Sharyn (October 12, 2014). "Hot issues dominate 2nd District". Des Moines Register. Retrieved October 25, 2020.
  2. ^ a b c "Mariannette Miller-Meeks". Archives of Women's Political Communication. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  3. ^ "Mariannette Miller-Meeks Archives of Women's Political Communication". Iowa State University. Retrieved February 26, 2021.
  4. ^ Leys, Tony (January 10, 2014). "Iowa health director quits, weighs third run for Congress". The Des Moines Register. Retrieved February 26, 2021.
  5. ^ "Miller-Meeks elected state senator; Gaskill, Huit, Parker win their races". Ottumwa Courier. November 7, 2018. Retrieved November 12, 2018.
  6. ^ "Miller-Meeks kicks off race for Iowa's 2nd District". The Gazette. October 1, 2019. Retrieved October 1, 2019.
  7. ^ Payne, Marissa. "U.S. House rivals Hart and Miller-Meeks focus on health care, pandemic in second debate". The Gazette. Retrieved October 25, 2020.
  8. ^ Smith, Zachary Oren. "Mariannette Miller-Meeks wins Republican nomination in Iowa's 2nd District to face Democrat Rita Hart". Iowa City Press-Citizen. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  9. ^ "2nd District Candidates Spar Over Conservative Credentials In Largest Republican Primary In Years". Iowa Public Radio. May 28, 2020. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  10. ^ Hartnett, Mary. "Iowa's 2nd Congressional District Could Swing Right, 5:04". www.kwit.org. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  11. ^ a b Bridget Bowman & Herb Jackson, Iowa Democrat Rita Hart to appeal 2nd District results to House, Roll Call (December 2, 2020).
  12. ^ Pfannenstiel, Brianne; Zachary Oren Smith. "Iowa certifies Republican Mariannette Miller-Meeks won Iowa's 2nd Congressional District seat — by 6 votes". Des Moines Register. Retrieved December 11, 2020.
  13. ^ "Iowa Democrat will challenge election results with House". POLITICO. Retrieved December 14, 2020.
  14. ^ a b Brianne Pfannenstiel and Ian Richardson (January 3, 2021). "Iowa Republican Mariannette Miller-Meeks provisionally seated in 117th Congress as new session begins". Des Moines Register.
  15. ^ Rogers, Alex; Raju, Manu (March 18, 2021). "House Democrats weigh ejecting GOP winner of contested Iowa race, dismissing comparisons to Trump's efforts to overturn election". CNN. Retrieved March 18, 2021.
  16. ^ "Pelosi to seat Republican in contested Iowa race". POLITICO. Retrieved January 18, 2021.
  17. ^ "Pelosi defends possible expulsion of Iowa Republican who won by 6 votes". New York Post. Retrieved March 26, 2021.
  18. ^ "Pelosi downplays concerns from moderates about reviewing contested Iowa race". The Hill. Retrieved March 27, 2021.
  19. ^ Schultz, Marisa (March 31, 2021). "Dem Rita Hart backs down in Iowa election challenge to Miller-Meeks amid mounting GOP pressure". Fox News. Retrieved March 31, 2021.
  20. ^ "Candidate List" (PDF). Iowa Secretary of State. Retrieved March 18, 2022.
  21. ^ Carl Hulse (March 6, 2021). "After Stimulus Victory in Senate, Reality Sinks in: Bipartisanship Is Dead". New York Times.
  22. ^ LeBlanc, Paul (May 19, 2021). "Here are the 35 House Republicans who voted for the January 6 commission". CNN. Retrieved May 19, 2021.
  23. ^ a b "Miller-Meeks, Ross, Kim, Krishnamoorthi Introduce Bipartisan America's CHILDREN Act". Representative Mariannette Miller-Meeks. 2021-07-01. Retrieved 2021-09-27.
  24. ^ "Roll Call 86 Roll Call 86, Bill Number: H. R. 1620, 117th Congress, 1st Session". Office of the Clerk, U.S. House of Representatives. 2021-03-17. Retrieved 2021-06-04.
  25. ^ "House Renews Violence Against Women Act, But Senate Hurdles Remain". NPR. Retrieved 2021-06-04.
  26. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah "Committees and Caucuses". Representative Mariannette Miller-Meeks. Retrieved 20 September 2021.
  27. ^ "Curt Meeks". linkedin.com. Curt Meeks. Retrieved 19 June 2021.
  28. ^ "Senator Mariannette Miller-Meeks". The Iowa Legislature. Retrieved February 5, 2020.
  29. ^ "State of Iowa – Primary Election 2018 – Canvass Summary (6/5/2018)" (PDF). Secretary of State of Iowa. June 6, 2018. p. 149. Retrieved November 12, 2018.
Iowa Senate Preceded byMark Chelgren Member of the Iowa Senatefrom the 41st district 2019–2021 Succeeded byAdrian Dickey U.S. House of Representatives Preceded byDave Loebsack Member of the U.S. House of Representativesfrom Iowa's 2nd congressional district 2021–present Incumbent U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial) Preceded byMary Miller United States representatives by seniority 404th Succeeded byBarry Moore