Michelle Steel
박은주
MichelleSteel.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from California's 48th district
Assumed office
January 3, 2021
Preceded byHarley Rouda
Chair of the Orange County Board of Supervisors
In office
January 1, 2020 – January 1, 2021
Preceded byLisa Bartlett
Succeeded byAndrew Do
In office
January 1, 2017 – January 1, 2018
Preceded byLisa Bartlett
Succeeded byAndrew Do
Vice Chair of the Orange County Board of Supervisors
In office
January 1, 2019 – January 1, 2020
Preceded byShawn Nelson
Succeeded byAndrew Do
In office
January 1, 2016 – January 1, 2017
Preceded byLisa Bartlett
Succeeded byAndrew Do
Member of the
Orange County Board of Supervisors
from the 2nd district
In office
January 5, 2015 – January 3, 2021
Preceded byJohn Moorlach
Succeeded byKatrina Foley
Member of the
California State Board of Equalization
from the 3rd district
In office
January 5, 2007 – January 5, 2015
Preceded byClaude Parrish
Succeeded byDiane Harkey
Personal details
Born
Michelle Eunjoo Park

(1955-06-21) June 21, 1955 (age 67)
Seoul, South Korea
Political partyRepublican
Spouse
(m. 1981)
Children2
EducationPepperdine University (BA)
University of Southern California (MBA)
WebsiteHouse website
Korean name
Hangul
박은주[1]
Hanja
朴銀珠
Revised RomanizationBak Eunju
McCune–ReischauerPak Ŭn-ju

Michelle Eunjoo Steel (née Park, born June 21, 1955) is an American politician serving as the U.S. representative for California's 48th congressional district since 2021.[2] A member of the Republican Party, she concurrently serves as a member of House Minority Whip Steve Scalise's Whip Team for the 117th Congress.[3]

Steel served as the member of the Orange County Board of Supervisors from the 2nd district from 2015 to 2021 and of the California State Board of Equalization from the 3rd district from 2007 to 2015.[4][5][6] Steel, fellow California Republican Young Kim and Democrat Marilyn Strickland of Washington are the first Korean-American women to serve in Congress. Steel and Kim, along with David Valadao, also became the first Republican congressional candidates since 1994 to unseat incumbent House Democrats in California.

Early life and education

Steel was born in Seoul, South Korea.[6] Her father was born in Shanghai to Korean expatriate parents. Steel was educated in South Korea, Japan, and the United States. She holds a degree in business from Pepperdine University and an MBA from the University of Southern California. She is fluent in Korean and Japanese.[5]

California politics

Steel has been active in Republican Party politics and served on various commissions in the George W. Bush administration.[7]

California State Board of Equalization

Steel was elected to the California State Board of Equalization in 2006 when Republican incumbent Claude Parrish ran unsuccessfully for state Treasurer. Throughout her tenure, she served as the country's highest-ranking Korean American officeholder and California's highest-ranking Republican woman.[4] She represented more than eight million people in the 3rd district, which then included all of Imperial, Orange, Riverside and San Diego Counties and parts of Los Angeles and San Bernardino Counties.[citation needed] In 2011, she was elected vice chair of the Board of Equalization.[8]

Orange County Board of Supervisors

Steel during her tenure as Orange County Supervisor in 2014.
Steel during her tenure as Orange County Supervisor in 2014.

In 2014, Steel was elected to the Orange County Board of Supervisors representing the 2nd district, defeating state Assemblyman Allan Mansoor.[9]

In March 2018, Steel was the only elected official to greet President Donald Trump when he landed at LAX on his first official visit to California as president.[10] In 2019, Trump appointed her to the President's Advisory Commission on Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders.[11]

Steel chaired the Orange County Board of Supervisors in 2017 and again in 2020. During the COVID-19 pandemic, she opposed mandatory face masks in Orange County.[12][13] She voted against requiring face coverings for retail employees[14] and opposed mask mandates in public schools. She questioned masks' efficacy in preventing the virus spread.[15]

On September 15, 2020, the Orange County Board of Supervisors approved plans that could lead to increased private jet traffic at John Wayne Airport. Steel was criticized by her Democratic opponent, Harley Rouda, for taking campaign contributions from ACI Jet, the corporation that was awarded the contract.[16][17]

Steel and her husband Shawn supported the 2020-21 recall initiative against California Governor Gavin Newsom[18] and endorsed Larry Elder to replace him.[19]

U.S. House of Representatives

Elections

2020

See also: 2020 United States House of Representatives elections in California § District 48

In 2020, Steel ran for the U.S. House of Representatives in California's 48th congressional district.[20] She received 34.9% of the vote to advance from the primary and defeated incumbent Democrat Harley Rouda in the November 3 general election with 51.1% of the vote.[21] Steel raised $200,000 more than Rouda.[22]

During her campaign, Steel spoke out against COVID-19 mask mandates.[13] Her platform included opposition to abortion, same-sex marriage, and the creation of a pathway to citizenship for undocumented immigrants.[13][23] A conservative, she aligned herself with President Donald Trump.[24]

2022

See also: 2022 United States House of Representatives elections in California § District 45

On December 23, 2021, Steel announced that she would run in California's 45th congressional district in 2022 due to redistricting. She has been endorsed by Kevin McCarthy, Young Kim, Ken Calvert, Mimi Walters, Andrew Do, and the Republican Party of Orange County.[25]

During the campaign, Steel faced protests over her campaign ads aiming to portray her Democratic rival, Naval reserve officer and Taiwanese-American Jay Chen, as a Chinese Communist Party sympathizer.[26]

Steel defeated Chen in the November 8, 2022 general election.[27]

Tenure

2021 portrait of Steel during the 117th United States Congress.
2021 portrait of Steel during the 117th United States Congress.

Along with several other Republican U.S. House freshmen, Steel is a member of the Freedom Force, an informal group styled as a Republican counterpart to the Democratic group The Squad.[28][better source needed][29]

Steel tested positive for COVID-19 in January 2021.[30] She referenced her own mild symptoms from her bout with COVID to advocate for opening up schools and businesses.[31]

Due to her COVID-19 quarantine, Steel missed voting on the certification of Joe Biden's Electoral College victory.[32] She voted against the second impeachment of Donald Trump on January 13, 2021.[33]

In early February 2021, Steel called for the reopening of schools in California.[34][35][36]

On February 25, 2021, Steel voted against the Equality Act, a bill that would prohibit discrimination based on gender identity and sexual orientation by amending the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Fair Housing Act to explicitly include new protections.[37]

On February 27, 2021, Steel voted against the American Rescue Plan Act of 2021, a $1.9 trillion COVID-19 relief and stimulus bill.[38][39]

In March 2021, Steel introduced a bill that would block federal funding from being used to support California’s high-speed rail project, which she called a "failure."[40]

In June 2021, Steel was one of 49 House Republicans to vote to repeal the AUMF against Iraq.[41][42]

In 2021, Steel joined a majority of Republican representatives in signing onto an amicus brief to overturn Roe v. Wade.[43]

As of July 2022, Steel had voted in line with President Joe Biden's stated position 19.2% of the time.[44]

Committee assignments

Caucus memberships

Political positions

Abortion

As of 2020, Steel had a A+ rating from the Susan B. Anthony List for her voting history on bills to restrict abortion.[47]

LGBT rights

In July 2022, Steel voted against the Respect for Marriage Act, which would require the U.S. federal government to recognize the validity of same-sex marriages.[48][49]

Personal life

Steel with her husband, former California Republican Party Chair Shawn Steel, in 2018.
Steel with her husband, former California Republican Party Chair Shawn Steel, in 2018.

In 1981, Steel married Shawn Steel, who became California Republican Party chairman from 2001 to 2003 and Republican National Committeeman from California since 2008. They have two daughters and live in Seal Beach, California.[50] Steel is a Christian.[51]

At a 2014 Tea Party event in Newport Beach, Steel said she had withdrawn her younger daughter from the University of California, Santa Cruz, and sent her to Loyola Marymount University for a one-year "brainwash" after her daughter voiced support for same-sex marriage and President Barack Obama.[52][53][54]

Electoral history

2022 United States House of Representatives elections in California[55]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Michelle Steel (incumbent) 113,163 52.4
Democratic Jay Chen 102,802 47.6
Total votes 215,965 100
Republican hold
2020 United States House of Representatives elections in California[56]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Michelle Steel 201,738 51.1
Democratic Harley Rouda (incumbent) 193,362 48.9
Total votes 395,100 100
Republican gain from Democratic
Orange County Board of Supervisors 2nd district, 2018[57]
Candidate Votes %
Michelle Steel (incumbent) 80,854 63.4
Brendon Perkins 31,387 24.6
Michael Mahony 15,281 12.0
Total votes 127,522 100.0
Orange County Board of Supervisors 2nd district, 2014[58]
Candidate Votes %
Michelle Steel 62.5
Allan Mansoor (incumbent) 37.5
Total votes 100.0
2010 State Board of Equalization District 3 election
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Michelle Steel (incumbent) 1,325,538 54.9
Democratic Mary Christian Heising 836,057 34.6
Libertarian Jerry L. Dixon 117,783 4.8
Peace and Freedom Mary Lou Finley 79,870 3.3
American Independent Terri Lussenheide 59,513 2.4
Total votes 2,418,761 100.0
Republican hold
2006 State Board of Equalization District 3 election
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Michelle Steel 1,147,514 56.99
Democratic Mary Christian-Heising 774,499 38.47
Peace and Freedom Mary Finley 91,467 4.54
Total votes 2,013,480 100.00
Republican hold

See also

References

  1. ^ "'영옥씨' 영 김 후보도 당선…한국계 4명 미 의회 입성 (... Four Korean-Americans Enter U.S. Congress)". Korea Times (in Korean). November 13, 2020. Retrieved January 8, 2021.
  2. ^ "Rep. Harley Rouda Concedes to Republican Challenger in 48th District Congressional District Race". NBC Los Angeles. November 10, 2020. Retrieved August 9, 2022.
  3. ^ @RepSteel (February 2, 2021). "Today I joined @SteveScalise on our first Whip Team call of the 117th Congress! I am so honored to join this team and am ready to get to work supporting policies that help #CA48 families & businesses thrive" (Tweet). Retrieved February 2, 2021 – via Twitter.
  4. ^ a b Steel, Michelle Park. "Board Member Michelle Steel". California State Board of Equalization. Archived from the original on December 20, 2014. Retrieved February 20, 2007.
  5. ^ a b "亞裔支持朴銀珠選稅委" [Asian Americans support Park's election to tax board]. August 23, 2006. Archived from the original on September 26, 2007. Retrieved February 20, 2007.
  6. ^ a b Michelle Steel, JoinCalifornia.com, retrieved September 29, 2011
  7. ^ Hall, Madison; Panetta, Grace; Neilson, Susie (November 10, 2020). "Results: Republican Michelle Steel defeats first-term Rep. Harley Rouda in California's 48th Congressional District". Business Insider. Retrieved November 10, 2020.
  8. ^ Arie Dana (January 26, 2011). "Michelle Steel Named Vice Chair of the State Board of Equalization" (PDF). California Board of Equalization. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 8, 2011.
  9. ^ Shine, Nicole (November 5, 2014). "Two new faces join Board of Supervisors". The Orange County Register.
  10. ^ Gerda, Nick (March 15, 2018). "OC Supervisor Michelle Steel Welcomed President Trump at LAX". Voice of OC. Retrieved July 23, 2020.
  11. ^ "Trump names Michelle Park Steel co-chair of president's advisory commission on AAPIs". The Rafu Shimpo. February 3, 2019.
  12. ^ "Californians must wear face masks in public under coronavirus order issued by Newsom". Los Angeles Times. June 18, 2020. Retrieved July 23, 2020.
  13. ^ a b c Green, Miranda (October 21, 2020). "The Mask Backlash That Could Oust a Democratic Congressman". Intelligencer. Retrieved October 30, 2020.
  14. ^ "OC Supervisors Vote To Require Face Coverings For Many Retail Employees". MyNewsLA.com. April 22, 2020. Retrieved July 23, 2020.
  15. ^ Custodio, Spencer (May 26, 2020). "Orange County Public Health Officials Under Fire Over Mask Order". Voice of OC. Retrieved October 21, 2020.
  16. ^ Brandon Pho (September 15, 2020). "Private Jet Plan for John Wayne Airport Sparks Resident Concern and Corruption Allegations". Voice of OC. Retrieved December 6, 2020.
  17. ^ Siebenmark, Jerry. "With New SNA Lease in Hand, ACI Plans $85M Project". Aviation International News. Retrieved December 6, 2020.
  18. ^ Lara Korte; David Lightman (April 22, 2021). "Some of the biggest names in the California GOP are staying quiet on recalling Gavin Newsom". Sacramento Bee.
  19. ^ D'Urso, William (August 17, 2021). "Orange County GOP chair endorses Larry Elder for governor". spectrumnews1.com.
  20. ^ "O.C. Supervisor Michelle Steel to challenge Rep. Harley Rouda in 2020 election". Associated Press. May 3, 2019.
  21. ^ "Michelle Steel". Ballotpedia. Retrieved August 31, 2020.
  22. ^ Denkmann, Libby. Four Lessons From The Southern California House Seats Republicans Reclaimed In 2020, KPCC, 89.3 FM, Southern California Public Radio, Pasadena, California, December 3, 2020. Retrieved December 4, 2020.
  23. ^ "Race Heating Up For California's 48th District Seat As Rouda, Steel Face Off". September 14, 2020. Retrieved October 30, 2020.
  24. ^ "California Republican leaders go all in on Trump's election subterfuge, but some are more vocal than others". Los Angeles Times. November 20, 2020. Retrieved November 22, 2020.
  25. ^ "Rep. Michelle Steel to Run in California's New 45th Congressional District". Orange County Breeze. December 23, 2021. Retrieved January 1, 2022.
  26. ^ "California congresswoman faces accusations of 'McCarthyism' from AAPI groups over campaign ads". Los Angeles Times. October 28, 2022. Retrieved November 4, 2022.
  27. ^ Blood, Michael. California wins leave GOP poised to seize US House control, Associated Press, November 11, 2022.
  28. ^ Lapin, Tamir (November 29, 2020). "New group 'Freedom Force' vows to be GOP answer to AOC's 'Squad'". The New York Post. Retrieved December 9, 2020.
  29. ^ Noor, Poppy (November 30, 2020). "The 'Freedom Force': Republican group takes on the Squad and 'evil' socialism". The Guardian.
  30. ^ Ke, Bryan (January 8, 2021). "California Congresswoman Who Once Questioned Mask-Wearing Catches COVID-19". NextShark. Retrieved January 9, 2021 – via news.yahoo.com.
  31. ^ "Surfside Rep. Michelle Steel Scolded For COVID Joke By Political Opponent Harley Rouda". CBS Los Angeles. January 28, 2021. Retrieved May 28, 2021.
  32. ^ Nixon, Nicole (January 7, 2021). "Here's How California Representatives Voted On Certifying Biden's Election, And Who Is Calling For Trump's Removal". Sacramento, Calif.: Capital Public Radio. Retrieved January 20, 2021.
  33. ^ Cai, Weiyi; Daniel, Annie; Gamio, Lazaro; Parlapiano, Alicia (January 13, 2021). "Impeachment Results: How Democrats and Republicans Voted". The New York Times. Retrieved January 20, 2021.
  34. ^ Staggs, Brooke (February 9, 2021). "Here's what local House members are doing, so far, in the legislative fight against COVID-19". Orange County Register. Anaheim, Calif. Retrieved February 11, 2021.
  35. ^ @RepSteel (February 10, 2021). "How it started vs. How it's going: #opentheschools" (Tweet). Retrieved February 11, 2021 – via Twitter.
  36. ^ @RepSteel (February 11, 2021). "The science is clear: there is little evidence schools contribute meaningfully to increased community transmission of #COVID19. I joined over 60 of my @HouseGOP colleagues in a letter to @POTUS urging him to follow the science & #opentheschools. It's time to put our kids first" (Tweet). Retrieved February 11, 2021 – via Twitter.
  37. ^ "Here's every Republican who voted against the Equality Act". Metro Weekly. February 25, 2021.
  38. ^ "Rep. Steel: "Relief should be targeted, temporary and tied to COVID"" (Press release). Washington, DC: Cong. Michelle Steele. March 1, 2021. Retrieved May 27, 2021.
  39. ^ Staggs, Brooke (March 28, 2021). "Young Kim and Michelle Steel carve out different paths in Congress". Orange County Register. Retrieved May 27, 2021.
  40. ^ "Orange County Republicans take aim at California's bullet train". Orange County Register. March 1, 2021.
  41. ^ "Repeal the 2001, 2002 authorizations for use of military force". Los Angeles Daily News. June 19, 2021. Retrieved June 30, 2021.
  42. ^ "Final Vote Results for Roll Call 172". Office of the Clerk, U.S. House of Representatives. July 17, 2021.
  43. ^ "No. 19-1392" (PDF). US Senate. 2021. Archived from the original on October 17, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2022.
  44. ^ Bycoffe, Aaron; Wiederkehr, Anna (April 22, 2021). "Does Your Member Of Congress Vote With Or Against Biden?". FiveThirtyEight. Retrieved July 29, 2022.
  45. ^ "Conservative Climate Caucus". Congressman Curtis. Retrieved January 1, 2022.
  46. ^ "Homepage of Republican Governance Group". Republican Governance Group. December 14, 2019.
  47. ^ "Michelle Steel". SBA Pro-Life America. Retrieved June 29, 2022.
  48. ^ "These Are the 157 House of Representatives Members Who Voted Against Protecting Marriage Equality". Katie Couric Media. July 20, 2022. Retrieved July 21, 2022.
  49. ^ "H.R. 8404: Respect for Marriage Act -- House Vote #373 -- Jul 19, 2022". GovTrack.us. Retrieved September 18, 2022.
  50. ^ Steel, Michelle Park. "Vice Chair Michelle Steel". California State Board of Equalization. Archived from the original on December 20, 2014. Retrieved November 14, 2012.
  51. ^ Steel, Michelle Park. "Michelle Steel - House Candidate - California 48th District". Susan B. Anthony List. Archived from the original on November 24, 2020. Retrieved November 23, 2020.
  52. ^ "California GOP congressional candidate claimed she withdrew her daughter from college for supporting gay marriage". Metro Weekly. July 8, 2020. Retrieved August 21, 2020.
  53. ^ "Republican congressional candidate bragged about pulling daughter out of university for 'brainwashing' after she supported equal marriage". PinkNews. July 7, 2020. Retrieved January 9, 2021.
  54. ^ Michelle Steel: On Gay Marriage, retrieved August 29, 2022
  55. ^ "California Election Results: 45th Congressional District". The New York Times. Retrieved November 26, 2022.
  56. ^ "California Election Results: 48th Congressional District". The New York Times. Retrieved November 9, 2020.
  57. ^ "Orange County Statewide Direct Primary Election June 5, 2018". Orange County Elections.
  58. ^ "Two New Faces join Board of Supervisors". Orange County Elections. November 5, 2014.

Media related to Michelle Steel at Wikimedia Commons

U.S. House of Representatives Preceded byHarley Rouda Member of the U.S. House of Representativesfrom California's 48th congressional district 2021–present Incumbent U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial) Preceded byVictoria Spartz United States representatives by seniority 413th Succeeded byMarilyn Strickland Political offices Preceded byLisa Bartlett Chair of the Orange County Board of Supervisors 2020–20212017-2018 Succeeded byAndrew Do Preceded byLisa Bartlett Vice Chair of the Orange County Board of Supervisors 2019–20202016-2017 Preceded byShawn Nelson Preceded byJohn Moorlach Member of the Orange County Board of Supervisors from the 2nd district 2015–2021 Succeeded byKatrina Foley