Lois Frankel
Member of the
U.S. House of Representatives
from Florida
Assumed office
January 3, 2013
Preceded byAllen West
Constituency22nd district (2013–2017)
21st district (2017–2023)
22nd district (2023–present)
Mayor of West Palm Beach
In office
March 27, 2003 – March 31, 2011
Preceded byJoel T. Daves III
Succeeded byJeri Muoio
Member of the
Florida House of Representatives
In office
November 4, 1986 – November 3, 1992
Preceded byEleanor Weinstock
Succeeded byRedistricted
Constituency83rd district
In office
November 8, 1994 – November 5, 2002
Preceded byMimi McAndrews
Succeeded byShelley Vana
Constituency85th district
Personal details
Lois Jane Frankel

(1948-05-16) May 16, 1948 (age 76)
New York City, New York, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
EducationBoston University (BA)
Georgetown University (JD)
WebsiteHouse website

Lois Jane Frankel (/ˈfræŋkəl/ FRANK-əl; born May 16, 1948) is an American politician and lawyer who has been the United States representative for Florida's 22nd congressional district since 2013 (numbered as the 21st from 2017 to 2023). She is a member of the Democratic Party.

Frankel was a member of the Florida House of Representatives for fourteen years, serving as Minority Leader of the Florida State House.[1] She was elected mayor of West Palm Beach, Florida, in 2003,[1] serving two terms in office until leaving office in 2011 due to term limits.

Early life and education

Frankel was born to a Jewish family on May 16, 1948[2] in New York City and received a bachelor's degree from Boston University in 1970. She earned a Juris Doctor from Georgetown University Law Center in 1973.[3] Frankel moved to West Palm Beach, Florida, in 1974.[1]

Florida House of Representatives (1987–2003)


In 1986 incumbent Democratic state representative Eleanor Weinstock of the 83rd district decided to run for a seat in the Florida Senate. Frankel ran for Weinstock's open seat in the Florida House and defeated Republican nominee Gerald Adams 69%–31%.[4] In 1988 she won reelection to a second term unopposed;[5] in 1990 she again was unopposed.[6]

In November 1991 Frankel resigned as state representative to run for Congress in 1992.[7] Mimi McAndrews, a former aide of Frankel's, was elected to replace her. Frankel lost to fellow Democratic representative Alcee Hastings in the 1992 congressional primary. In 1994 Frankel defeated McAndrews in the Democratic primary for her old State House seat.[8] Frankel won the November general election with 55% of the vote.[9] In 1996, she won reelection to a fifth term with 68% of the vote.[10]

In 1998 Frankel was reelected to a sixth term with 64% of the vote.[11] In 2000 she was reelected to a seventh term with 63% of the vote.[12]


During her first period as a state legislator, Frankel was State House Majority Whip.[13] While in office from 1995 to 2003, she became the first female House Minority Leader in Florida's history and co-authored a change to Florida's already existing AIDS omnibus law originally passed in 1988.[1] She left office due to term limits in 2002 after serving 14 years in the State House.[1][3]

Committee assignments

1992 congressional election

See also: 1992 United States House of Representatives elections § Florida

In 1992 Frankel retired from the State House to run for the newly created Florida's 23rd district. In the Democratic primary she came in first with 35% of the vote, but failed to reach the 50% threshold necessary to win outright and avoid a runoff election.[15] In the runoff, former U.S. District Court Judge Alcee Hastings defeated Frankel 57%–43%.[1][16]

2002 gubernatorial election

See also: Florida gubernatorial election, 2002

In 2002, Frankel entered and then dropped out of the 2002 election for Governor of Florida, in which Governor Jeb Bush won re-election.[1]

Mayor of West Palm Beach (2003–2011)

On March 11, 2003, Frankel defeated incumbent Democratic West Palm Beach Mayor Joel T. Daves III in the mayoral election.[1] She was endorsed in the race by former West Palm Beach Mayor Nancy Graham.[1] Frankel won with 56% of the vote to Daves's 38%.[1][17] She was sworn into office on March 27, 2003. In 2007 she was reelected, defeating Al Zucaro by 58%–42%.[18]

On March 31, 2011, due to term limits, Frankel left office after two terms. In the race to succeed her, West Palm Beach city commissioner Jeri Muoio was elected that month with 51% of the vote, on a platform of business development and pension reform.[19]

U.S. House of Representatives

Frankel in 2012



Main article: 2012 United States House of Representatives elections in Florida § District 22

On March 21, 2011, Frankel announced that she would run in the newly redrawn Florida's 22nd congressional district in the 2012 House election. She was initially due to face freshman incumbent Republican Allen West,[20] but redistricting had made the 22nd much more Democratic than its predecessor, prompting West to move to the neighboring 18th district and seek reelection there. On August 14 Frankel won the Democratic primary over Kristin Jacobs, and advanced to the general election against Republican Adam Hasner.[21]

Frankel was criticized for accepting $20,000 from Digital Domain Media Group for her campaign five months after the company was awarded a downtown project that included incentives from the city of West Palm Beach, and in response vowed to give the contribution to charity.[22] She won the general election on November 6, 2012, defeating Hasner 54.7% to 45.3%.[23]


Main article: 2014 United States House of Representatives elections in Florida § District 22

With no Democratic primary opponents, Frankel won the general election on November 4, 2014, defeating Republican Paul Spain, winner of his low-turnout primary, 58% to 42%.[24]


Main article: 2016 United States House of Representatives elections in Florida § District 21

For her first two terms, Frankel represented a district covering several coastal areas in southern Palm Beach County and northern Broward County, from West Palm Beach to Fort Lauderdale.

After a Florida Supreme Court-ordered redistricting, Frankel's district was renumbered the 21st. It lost its share of Broward County, becoming a more compact district in southern Palm Beach County. The justices suggested that it was more logical to have just one district splitting Broward and Palm Beach counties.[25] Her opponent was again Republican Paul Spain. The new 21st was no less Democratic than the old 22nd, and Frankel won with 63% of the vote to Spain's 35%.


Main article: 2018 United States House of Representatives elections in Florida § District 21

With no primary or general opponents, Frankel was reelected.[26]


Main article: 2020 United States House of Representatives elections in Florida § District 21

With 86% of the vote, Frankel won the Democratic primary against Guido Weiss, a former adviser to Representative Tulsi Gabbard.[27] Frankel went on to win the November general election, defeating Republican nominee Laura Loomer, a far-right activist and conspiracy theorist.[28][29] Loomer's candidacy was widely considered a long shot,[30][31][32] despite endorsements from high-profile Republicans including President Donald Trump, Representative Matt Gaetz, and former Trump adviser Roger Stone.[33][32]

Committee assignments

For the 118th Congress:[34]

Caucus memberships



Political positions

Frankel voted with President Joe Biden's stated position 100% of the time in the 117th Congress, according to a FiveThirtyEight analysis.[39]

Foreign policy

Frankel supported President Donald Trump's decision to recognize Jerusalem as Israel's capital, saying, "The President's announcement today is consistent with current U.S. law and reaffirms what we already know: Jerusalem is the eternal capital of the Jewish people and the State of Israel."[40]

Frankel voted to provide Israel with support following 2023 Hamas attack on Israel.[41][42]

Gun policy

Frankel supports gun control measures, which she calls "common-sense legislation." Specifically, she supports a high-capacity magazine ban, universal background checks, and a ban on bump stocks.[43] Frankel supports repealing the 1996 Dickey Amendment, which discourages the CDC from researching gun violence prevention.[44] Following the Pulse nightclub shooting, Frankel said, "This Congress offers lots of thoughts and sympathies when people are massacred by firearms, but no action to stop the carnage."[45] After the Sutherland Springs church shooting, Frankel expressed her frustration with gun lobbying organizations and the inaction of Congress, saying: "We’ll pause for a moment of silence and then this Congress will do nothing because the NRA has a stranglehold on it."[46] She has an "F" rating from the NRA, indicating that the organization does not believe that she protects gun rights.[47]

During her tenure in the House, Frankel has voted on several pieces of gun legislation. She voted against H. R. 38 (the Concealed Carry Reciprocity Act), which would enable concealed carry reciprocity among all states.[48] In March 2017 Frankel voted against the Veterans Second Amendment Protection Act, which would allow veterans who are considered "mentally incompetent" to purchase ammunition and firearms unless declared a danger by a judge.[49]

Government surveillance

Frankel has generally opposed measures to rein in government surveillance. Specifically, she voted against the Massie-Lofgren amendments to the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act to defund Section 702 surveillance and prevent "backdoor" warrantless FBI surveillance under that authority of US citizens. She voted for House cybersecurity information sharing bills that facilitate surveillance, and for the extension of USA PATRIOT Act financial surveillance (HR 5606). She voted against the USA RIGHTS Act, which would have helped to restore Americans' protections against government surveillance.

Impeachment of President Donald Trump

On December 18, 2019, Frankel voted to impeach President Donald J. Trump.[50] She did so again on January 13, 2021.[51]

Personal life

She is the chair of the Elect Democratic Women PAC.[52]

See also


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Frankel beats Daves for West Palm Mayor". Boca Raton News. Associated Press. 2003-03-12. Retrieved 2011-03-21.
  2. ^ "Lois Frankel". South Florida Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved 2011-03-23.
  3. ^ a b "Lois J. Frankel, Mayor of the City of West Palm Beach". City of West Palm Beach government. Archived from the original on 2011-04-05. Retrieved 2011-03-21.
  4. ^ "Our Campaigns – November 4, 1986". ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved September 9, 2015.
  5. ^ "Our Campaigns – – November 8, 1988". ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved September 9, 2015.
  6. ^ "Our Campaigns – November 6, 1990". ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved September 9, 2015.
  7. ^ Ashley Fantz (November 15, 2001). "Florida House minority leader Lois Frankel is waging an impossible campaign for governor". Broward/Long Beach New Times.
  8. ^ Steve Nichol; Robin Fields; Jane Musgrave & Glenn Singer (September 9, 1994). "Frankel Scores Victory In Bitter House Race". Sun Sentinel.
  9. ^ "Our Campaigns – November 8, 1994". ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved September 9, 2015.
  10. ^ "Our Campaigns – November 5, 1996". ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved September 9, 2015.
  11. ^ "Our Campaigns – November 3, 1998". ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved September 9, 2015.
  12. ^ "Our Campaigns – November 7, 2000". ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved September 9, 2015.
  13. ^ "Florida House of Representatives profile". myfloridahouse.gov. Retrieved September 9, 2015.
  14. ^ "Florida House of Representatives profile". myfloridahouse.gov. Retrieved September 9, 2015.
  15. ^ "Our Campaigns – September 1, 1992". ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved September 9, 2015.
  16. ^ "Our Campaigns – October 1, 1992". ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved September 9, 2015.
  17. ^ "Our Campaigns – March 11, 2003". ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved September 9, 2015.
  18. ^ "Our Campaigns – West Palm Beach, FL Mayor Race – Mar 13, 2007". ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved September 9, 2015.
  19. ^ Streeter, Angel (2011-03-08). "Jeri Muoio elected mayor of West Palm Beach". Sun Sentinel. Retrieved 2011-03-21.
  20. ^ Trygstad, Kyle (2003-03-21). "Lois Frankel Launches Bid Against Allen West". Roll Call. Retrieved 2011-03-21.
  21. ^ "2016 Florida Election Watch – U.S. Representative". Enight.dos.state.fl.us. 2016-08-30. Archived from the original on 2012-11-11. Retrieved 2016-09-11.
  22. ^ "Frankel to give Digital Domain's $20,000 in campaign..." Palmbeachpost.com. Retrieved 2016-09-11.
  23. ^ "Frankel beats out Hasner in race for U.S. Congress". nydailynews.com. Archived from the original on January 30, 2013. Retrieved November 8, 2012.
  24. ^ "November 4, 2014 General Election Official Results". Florida Department of State Division of Elections. Archived from the original on January 24, 2015. Retrieved April 20, 2016.
  25. ^ Man, Anthony; Sweeney, Dan (December 3, 2015). "Ted Deutch to run in Broward-based district, leaving Lois Frankel to run in all-Palm Beach County district". Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved August 9, 2016.
  26. ^ Man, Anthony (4 May 2018). "Lois Frankel wins re-election to Congress after no one comes forward to challenge her". sun-sentinel.com. Retrieved 2019-07-12.
  27. ^ "August 18, 2020 Primary Election Official Results". Florida Department of State - Division of Elections. Retrieved September 10, 2020.
  28. ^ "Florida Election Results: 21st Congressional District". The New York Times. November 4, 2020. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved November 4, 2020.
  29. ^ Watson, Kathryn (August 18, 2020). "Far-right candidate Laura Loomer wins GOP primary for district that covers Mar-a-Lago". CBS News. Retrieved August 19, 2020.
  30. ^ Spencer, Terry (August 20, 2020). "Meet Trump's long-shot candidate running for his Florida district". Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved November 4, 2020.
  31. ^ Blake, Andrew (November 4, 2020). "Laura Loomer, GOP candidate and activist, loses long-shot House campaign in Florida race". The Washington Times. Retrieved November 4, 2020.
  32. ^ a b Sommer, Will (November 4, 2020). "Far-Right Activist Laura Loomer Loses House Bid". The Daily Beast. Retrieved November 4, 2020.
  33. ^ Elfrink, Tim (August 19, 2020). "'Great going': Trump praises right-wing activist Laura Loomer after her Florida GOP primary win". The Washington Post. Retrieved November 4, 2020.
  34. ^ "Lois Frankel". Clerk of the United States House of Representatives. Retrieved 4 May 2023.
  35. ^ "Membership". Congressional Arts Caucus. Archived from the original on 12 June 2018. Retrieved 13 March 2018.
  36. ^ "Our Members". U.S. House of Representatives International Conservation Caucus. Archived from the original on 1 August 2018. Retrieved 1 August 2018.
  37. ^ "Members". U.S. - Japan Caucus. Retrieved 11 December 2018.
  38. ^ Grim, Ryan; Lacy, Akela (November 20, 2023). "Florida Democrat Who Voted to Censure Rep. Rashida Tlaib Quits Progressive Caucus". The Intercept. Retrieved November 21, 2023.
  39. ^ Bycoffe, Aaron; Wiederkehr, Anna (2021-04-22). "Does Your Member Of Congress Vote With Or Against Biden?". FiveThirtyEight. Retrieved 2023-11-15.
  40. ^ "Florida reaction to Trump's recognition of Jerusalem as capital of Israel". Tampa Bay Times. December 6, 2017.
  41. ^ Demirjian, Karoun (2023-10-25). "House Declares Solidarity With Israel in First Legislation Under New Speaker". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2023-10-30.
  42. ^ Washington, U. S. Capitol Room H154; p:225-7000, DC 20515-6601 (2023-10-25). "Roll Call 528 Roll Call 528, Bill Number: H. Res. 771, 118th Congress, 1st Session". Office of the Clerk, U.S. House of Representatives. Retrieved 2023-10-30.((cite web)): CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  43. ^ "Congresswoman Lois Frankel calls for action on gun control". Congresswoman Lois Frankel. U. S. Federal Government. 6 October 2017. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
  44. ^ Shabad, Rebecca (2 December 2015). "Democrats renew push to reverse gun violence research ban". CBS News. CBS Interactive, INC. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
  45. ^ "It is Time for Congress to Do its Job". Government Publishing Office. U. S. Federal Government. 15 June 2016. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
  46. ^ Bennett, George (6 November 2017). "Texas massacre: Lois Frankel offers prediction on congressional response". Palm Beach Post. Palm Beach, Florida. Retrieved 7 March 2017.
  47. ^ "Where South Floridians in Congress stand on gun legislation". Miami Herald. Miami, Florida. 20 February 2018. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
  48. ^ "FINAL VOTE RESULTS FOR ROLL CALL 663". clerk.house.gov. U.S. Federal Government. 6 December 2017. Retrieved 5 March 2018.
  49. ^ "FINAL VOTE RESULTS FOR ROLL CALL 169". clerk.house.gov. U.S. Federal Government. 16 March 2017. Retrieved 5 March 2018.
  50. ^ "WHIP COUNT: Here's which members of the House voted for and against impeaching Trump". Business Insider.
  51. ^ "Here's how the House voted on Trump's second impeachment". Politico. January 13, 2021. Retrieved 11 January 2023.
  52. ^ "Democratic Women in Congress Launch Campaign to Recruit More Female Candidates". Roll Call. 2018-09-20. Retrieved 2023-08-24.
Florida House of Representatives Preceded byEleanor Weinstock Member of the Florida House of Representativesfrom the 83rd district 1986–1992 Succeeded bySharon Merchant Preceded byMimi McAndrews Member of the Florida House of Representativesfrom the 85th district 1994–2002 Succeeded byShelley Vana U.S. House of Representatives Preceded byAllen West Member of the U.S. House of Representativesfrom Florida's 22nd congressional district 2013–2017 Succeeded byTed Deutch Preceded byTed Deutch Member of the U.S. House of Representativesfrom Florida's 21st congressional district 2017–2023 Succeeded byBrian Mast Member of the U.S. House of Representativesfrom Florida's 22nd congressional district 2023–present Incumbent U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial) Preceded byJoaquin Castro United States representatives by seniority 126th Succeeded byRichard Hudson