Brian Fitzpatrick
Brian Fitzpatrick official congressional photo.jpg
Member of the
U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania
Assumed office
January 3, 2017
Preceded byMike Fitzpatrick
Constituency8th district (2017–2019)
1st district (2019–present)
Personal details
Born
Brian Kevin Fitzpatrick

(1973-12-17) December 17, 1973 (age 48)
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
RelativesMike Fitzpatrick (brother)
EducationLa Salle University (BS)
Pennsylvania State University, University Park (MBA)
Pennsylvania State University, Carlisle (JD)
WebsiteHouse website

Brian Kevin Fitzpatrick (born December 17, 1973) is an American attorney and politician who is a Republican member of the U.S. House of Representatives, serving as the representative for Pennsylvania's 1st congressional district since 2017. The district, numbered as the 8th district during his first term, includes all of Bucks County, a mostly suburban county north of Philadelphia, as well as a sliver of Montgomery County.

A former FBI agent, he was elected in 2016 and took office on January 3, 2017. He was re-elected on November 6, 2018, to the newly redrawn 1st district.

Early life and education

Born in Philadelphia and raised in nearby Levittown, Pennsylvania, Fitzpatrick graduated from Bishop Egan High School in Fairless Hills in 1992.[1][2] He graduated from La Salle University in 1996 with a Bachelor of Science in Business Administration. In 2001, Fitzpatrick completed both a Master of Business Administration at Pennsylvania State University and a Juris Doctor at the Penn State Dickinson School of Law.[3][1]

Career

Fitzpatrick is a former Special Assistant United States Attorney and Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) supervisory special agent in California. At the FBI, he served as a national supervisor for the Bureau's Public Corruption Unit, and led the agency's Campaign Finance and Election Crimes Enforcement program. During his time in the FBI, he spent time in Kyiv, Ukraine; Mosul, Iraq; and Washington, D.C.[3] He was embedded with U.S. Special Forces as part of Operation Iraqi Freedom.

U.S. House of Representatives

Elections

2016

In 2016, Fitzpatrick ran for the open U.S. House of Representatives seat of his brother Mike Fitzpatrick, who retired from Congress to uphold a promise to limit himself to four terms.[4][5]

In the April 26, 2016, Republican primary, Fitzpatrick received 78.4% of the vote, defeating Andy Warren and Marc Duome. Meanwhile, state Representative Steve Santarsiero defeated Shaughnessy Naughton for the Democratic nomination, 59.8% to 40.2%. In the general election, Fitzpatrick received 54.4% of the vote, while Santarsiero received 45.6%.[6]

2018

After a court-ordered redistricting, Fitzpatrick's district was renumbered as the 1st district. It remained largely unchanged from the old 8th, but absorbed a larger slice of central Montgomery County. According to Nate Cohn of The New York Times, "the old 8th had been one of the more regularly drawn districts in a map that had been thrown out as an unconstitutional partisan Republican gerrymander.[7] The new 1st was slightly more Democratic than its predecessor. Had it existed in 2016, Hillary Clinton would have carried it with 49 percent of the vote to Donald Trump's 47 percent.[8] In contrast, Clinton and Trump finished almost tied in the old 8th, with Trump winning by 0.2 percentage points."[9]

In the Republican primary on May 15, 2018, he defeated Dean Malik by a margin of 68.85% to 31.15%. In the Democratic primary, Scott Wallace won with 55.97% of the vote, defeating Rachel Reddick, who tallied 35.85%, and Steve Bacher, who brought in 8.18%.[10] In the general election, Fitzpatrick defeated Democratic nominee Scott Wallace by a margin of 51.3% to 48.7%. He carried Bucks County by 12,000 votes, more than his overall margin of 8,300 votes.[11] Fitzpatrick thus became one of only three Republican U.S. Representatives to survive during the 2018 U.S. House elections in congressional districts that Democratic presidential nominee Hillary Clinton carried in 2016, along with Congressmen John Katko (R-NY) and Will Hurd (R-TX).[12]

2020

Fitzpatrick ran for a third term in 2020. In the Republican primary, he defeated Andrew Meehan, who ran as a more conservative candidate and a staunch supporter of President Donald Trump.[13] In the general election, his Democratic opponent was Ivyland City Councilwoman Christina Finello. Fitzpatrick was considered potentially vulnerable due to the fact that his district had voted for Hillary Clinton in 2016. However, he was ultimately reelected by a margin of 13 percentage points despite Democratic presidential nominee Joe Biden winning Pennsylvania and carrying the district by 6 points.[14] He was one of nine House Republicans to win in a district carried by Biden.

Tenure

In the first session of the 115th United States Congress, Fitzpatrick was ranked the third most bipartisan member of the House of Representatives by the Bipartisan Index, a metric created by The Lugar Center and Georgetown's McCourt School of Public Policy to assess congressional bipartisanship.[15] In the first session of the 116th United States Congress, Fitzpatrick was ranked first by the Bipartisan Index.[16] GovTrack noted that Fitzpatrick introduced the most bills among freshman Representatives, and, of the 274 bills he cosponsored, 35% were introduced by a non-Republican legislator.[17]

On February 4, 2021, Fitzpatrick joined 10 other Republican House members voting with all voting Democrats to strip Marjorie Taylor Greene of her House Education and Labor Committee, and House Budget Committee assignments in response to controversial political statements she had made.[18] On November 5, 2021, Fitzpatrick was among the 13 House Republicans who broke with their party and voted with a majority of Democrats in favor of the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act, a $1.2 trillion infrastructure spending bill.[19]

Abortion

Fitzpatrick has aligned himself with anti-abortion stances.[20] While abortion is not listed as an issue on his website,[21][22] he co-signed a letter to President Donald Trump in 2019 that requested Trump veto any efforts to weaken anti-abortion policies.[23] In 2017, he voted for the Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act, which would prohibit abortions performed after 20 weeks of pregnancy, except in situations of incest or rape.[24][25] Fitzpatrick voted against the Women's Health Protection Act of 2021, which aimed to protect health-care professionals by establishing a statutory right for them to provide abortions.[26][25]

Following the decision in Dobbs v. Jackson Women's Health Organization, which left abortion as an issue for the states to decide on, Fitzpatrick said in a statement to state legislatures, "Any legislative consideration must always seek to achieve bipartisan consensus that both respects a woman’s privacy and autonomy, and also respects the sanctity of human life. These principles are not mutually exclusive; both can and must be achieved."[20][27]

Fitzpatrick was one of three Republicans to vote for H.R. 8297: Ensuring Access to Abortion Act of 2022.[28]

Fitzpatrick voted for H.R. 8373: The Right to Contraception Act. This bill was designed "to protect a person’s ability to access contraceptives and to engage in contraception, and to protect a health care provider’s ability to provide contraceptives, contraception, and information related to contraception".[29]

Big Tech

In 2022, Fitzpatrick was one of 39 Republicans to vote for the Merger Filing Fee Modernization Act of 2022, an antitrust package that would crack down on corporations for anti-competitive behavior.[30][31]

Climate change

At a September 2018 forum hosted by the Bipartisan Policy Center and The Hill, Fitzpatrick highlighted man-made climate change as a serious issue. He stated that Republicans must "acknowledge reality and [not] deny it." He is a member of the bipartisan congressional Climate Solutions Caucus and cointroduced the Energy Innovation and Carbon Dividend Act of 2018,[32][33] which would impose a carbon tax with net revenue returned to households as a rebate.[34] He did not sponsor the 2019 version of the bill.[citation needed]

Fitzpatrick has a lifetime score of 81% on the National Environmental Scorecard of the League of Conservation Voters,[35] and is ranked as the most environmentally friendly Republican member of the House, rating higher than many Democrats.[36]

Gerrymandering

In September 2017, Fitzpatrick urged the U.S. Supreme Court to limit extreme partisan gerrymandering in the Gill v. Whitford case. He stressed that partisan redistricting had undermined the Founding Fathers' vision of the House of Representatives remaining the voice of the people.[37]

He was the only Republican Congressman from Pennsylvania who did not take part in a February 2018 lawsuit challenging a new district map drawn by Democrats. He explained that he opposes the drawing of congressional districts by elected officials of either party, saying instead that they should be drawn by independent, nonpartisan citizen panels.[38]

Gun policy

In 2018, Fitzpatrick was the only Republican to receive an endorsement from the Giffords Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence, the gun control organization founded by former U.S. Representative Gabby Giffords. Fitzpatrick voted to expand background checks and to restrict assault weapon sales. He voted against a bill that would require states to recognize concealed-carry permits issued by other states.[39]

In March 2021, Fitzpatrick was one of eight Republicans to join the House majority in passing the Bipartisan Background Checks Act of 2021.[40]

On July 29, 2022, Fitzpatrick and one other Republican, Chris Jacobs of New York, joined the Democrats in voting for a bill banning assault weapons.[41]

Health care

Fitzpatrick opposed the American Health Care Act, a bill to repeal and replace the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. In a statement, Fitzpatrick said, "After considering the current healthcare bill in a thorough and deliberate manner, I have concluded that, although the American Health Care Act focuses on several much-needed reforms to our healthcare system, in its current form I cannot support this legislation".[42] Fitzpatrick joined many of his Republican colleagues as well as every congressional Democrat in an effort to oppose the bill.

On May 4, 2017, Fitzpatrick also voted against the second attempt to pass the American Health Care Act. In a statement, he said, "We saw what happened when healthcare reform – an issue impacting 1/5 of our economy – was rushed through Congress along extremely partisan lines in 2009," referring to the ACA in 2010.[43] On December 12, he took part in the Democratic bill to lower drug costs, the Elijah Cummings Lower Drug Costs Now Act.[44]

Immigration

In 2017, Fitzpatrick was critical of President Obama's executive order establishing the DACA program, but said the immigration system was broken. In a 2018 debate, Fitzpatrick said that he supported a path to citizenship for DREAMers, but that "any immigration reform package has to deal with border security."[45][46] In 2019, he voted for the American Dream and Promise Act, which included no new border security measures.[47][48]

Fitzpatrick opposed President Donald Trump's 2017 executive order to impose a temporary ban on entry to the U.S. to citizens of seven Muslim-majority countries. He stated that "the president's policy entirely misses the mark."[49]

LGBT rights

Fitzpatrick supports same-sex marriage.[50] In 2019, he co-sponsored and voted for the Equality Act, which would extend anti-discrimination protections to LGBT-identifying adults and minors and repealing Title IX; seven other House Republicans joined him in voting for it and it passed the House 236-173.[51][52][53][54] He was one of three Republicans to vote for it in 2021 when it again passed the House.[55]

In 2022, Fitzpatrick was one of six Republicans to vote in favor of the Global Respect Act, which imposes sanctions on foreign persons responsible for violations of internationally recognized human rights against lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, and intersex (LGBTQI) individuals, and for other purposes.[56][57]

On July 19, 2022, Fitzpatrick and 46 other Republican Representatives voted for the Respect for Marriage Act, which would codify the right to same-sex marriage in federal law.[58]

Narcotics trafficking

Fitzpatrick sponsored the International Narcotics Trafficking Emergency Response by Detecting Incoming Contraband with Technology (INTERDICT) Act, which was signed into law by President Donald Trump in January 2018. The law directs $15 million to U.S. Customs and Border Patrol to expand screening for fentanyl and opioids at the U.S. border.[59]

Donald Trump

In July 2019, Fitzpatrick was one of four Republican House members to vote in support of a motion to condemn remarks by Trump made on Twitter calling on "'Progressive' Democrat Congresswomen who originally came from countries" that are described as failing to "go back and help fix the totally broken and crime infested places from which they came."[60][61]

Fitzpatrick voted against the impeachment of then-President Donald Trump on December 18, 2019 and again on January 13, 2021. Prior to the second impeachment vote, Fitzpatrick introduced a censure resolution against Trump, which condemned the rhetoric that led to the Capitol attack.[62]

On May 19, 2021, Fitzpatrick was one of 35 Republicans who joined all Democrats in voting to approve legislation to establish the January 6, 2021 commission meant to investigate the storming of the U.S. Capitol.[63]

Russia

In a 2018 debate, Fitzpatrick said that Russia held "by and large, sinister motives", noting that while he was stationed in Ukraine, twice Russia attempted to knock out the nation's electrical grids through cyber attacks.[45]

In July 2018, Fitzpatrick said that President Trump had been "manipulated" by Russian leader Vladimir Putin at the Helsinki Summit. Fitzpatrick said he was "frankly sickened by the exchange" between Trump and Putin. He criticized the "mixed signals" that the Trump administration was sending regarding Russian interference in the 2016 election.[64]

In April 2018, Fitzpatrick said that President Trump should stop attacking the FBI and allow Robert Mueller to complete his investigation, stating it was improper to "judge an institution based on the actions of a few bad actors."[65]

Taxes

In December 2017, Fitzpatrick voted in favor of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act in a party-line vote.[66]

Term limits and congressional perks

In April 2018, Fitzpatrick led a bipartisan group of freshmen House members in an Oval Office meeting at which they discussed with President Trump a proposed constitutional amendment imposing congressional term limits.[67]

In May 2018, Fitzpatrick and Stephanie Murphy (D-FL) introduced H.R. 5946, the Fostering Accountability, Integrity, Trust, and Honor (FAITH) in Congress Act, that would "end certain special perks reserved for Members of Congress, enact a lifetime ban preventing former Members of Congress from becoming lobbyists, and withhold Members' paychecks if they fail to pass a budget on time."[68]

Steve Bannon

On October 21, 2021, Fitzpatrick was one of nine House Republicans who voted to hold Steve Bannon in contempt of Congress.[69]

Committee assignments

Caucus memberships

References

  1. ^ a b "Fitzpatrick, Brian K. (1973- )". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. United States Congress. Retrieved July 22, 2018.
  2. ^ Tamari, Jonathan (January 22, 2016). "Fitzpatrick's brother aims to succeed him in U.S. House". Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved July 22, 2018.
  3. ^ a b "Brian Fitzpatrick announces candidacy for Congress in Pennsylvania's 8th District". BucksLocalNews.com. Retrieved November 11, 2016.
  4. ^ "PA-8: Report: Fitzpatrick's Brother to Seek Seat". PoliticsPA.com. January 21, 2016. Retrieved November 11, 2016.
  5. ^ Tamari, Jonathan (January 21, 2016). "Rep. Fitzpatrick's brother will run to replace him". Philly.com. Retrieved November 11, 2016.
  6. ^ "Pennsylvania's 8th Congressional District election, 2016 - Ballotpedia". Ballotpedia. Retrieved November 6, 2018.
  7. ^ Cohn, Nate (February 19, 2018). "The New Pennsylvania Congressional Map, District by District". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved February 23, 2018.
  8. ^ Presidential results by congressional district for districts used in 2018, from Daily Kos
  9. ^ Presidential results by congressional district for districts used in 2016, from Daily Kos
  10. ^ "Brian Fitzpatrick - Ballotpedia". Ballotpedia. Retrieved November 6, 2018.
  11. ^ "Pennsylvania Election Results: First House District". The New York Times. Retrieved November 20, 2018.
  12. ^ Hohmann, James. "The Daily 202: Late gains in California vindicate DCCC's intervention in House primaries". The Washington Post. Retrieved November 28, 2018.
  13. ^ Brennan, Chris. "Pa. Rep. Brian Fitzpatrick beats a Trump fan in Bucks County GOP primary". Philadelphia Inquirer.
  14. ^ "Daily Kos Elections' presidential results by congressional district for 2020, 2016, and 2012". Daily Kos.
  15. ^ "Full List: Where Every House Member Stands on Impeachment Against Trump". The New York Times. December 18, 2019. Retrieved December 18, 2019.
  16. ^ "Our Work". Thelugarcenter.org. Retrieved July 1, 2022.
  17. ^ "Rep. Brian Fitzpatrick's 2017 Report Card". Washington, D.C.: Govtrack.us. January 6, 2018. Retrieved July 2, 2018.
  18. ^ Clare Foran, Daniella Diaz and Annie Grayer (February 4, 2021). "House votes to remove Marjorie Taylor Greene from committee assignments". Cnn.com. Retrieved February 5, 2021.
  19. ^ Annie Grayer (November 6, 2021). "These 6 House Democrats voted against the infrastructure bill. These 13 Republicans voted for it". Cnn.com. Retrieved November 6, 2021.
  20. ^ a b McGinnis, James (June 24, 2022). "Abortion rights advocates rally outside office of Bucks County Congressman Fitzpatrick". Bucks County Courier Times. Retrieved July 2, 2022.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  21. ^ Zolfo, Kierstyn (April 18, 2022). "Don't let him fool you, Rep. Brian Fitzpatrick is anti-choice - Bucks County Beacon". Retrieved July 2, 2022.
  22. ^ "Issues". Brian Fitzpatrick For Congress -. January 3, 2020. Retrieved July 2, 2022.
  23. ^ "Pro Life Veto Request Letter" (PDF). House Republican Whip. January 15, 2019. Retrieved July 2, 2022.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  24. ^ "FINAL VOTE RESULTS FOR ROLL CALL 549". clerk.house.gov. October 3, 2017.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  25. ^ a b "Brian Fitzpatrick's Voting Records on Issue: Abortion". Vote Smart. Retrieved July 2, 2022.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  26. ^ "Roll Call 295 | Bill Number: H. R. 3755". Clerk.house.gov. September 24, 2021.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  27. ^ "Fitzpatrick Statement on Dobbs Decision". Congressman Brian Fitzpatrick. June 24, 2022. Retrieved July 2, 2022.
  28. ^ "H.R. 8297: Ensuring Access to Abortion Act of 2022 -- House Vote #362 -- Jul 15, 2022".
  29. ^ "H.R. 8373: To protect a person's ability to access contraceptives … -- House Vote #385 -- Jul 21, 2022".
  30. ^ "House passes antitrust bill that hikes M&A fees as larger efforts targeting tech have stalled". CNBC.
  31. ^ "H.R. 3843: Merger Filing Fee Modernization Act of 2022 -- House Vote #460 -- Sep 29, 2022".
  32. ^ "90 Current Climate Solutions Caucus Members". Citizen's Climate Lobby. Retrieved October 20, 2018.
  33. ^ "Republican Congressman Urges Colleagues to Act on Climate Change - Eos". Eos. Retrieved November 6, 2018.
  34. ^ "CLIMATE: Carbon tax backers grapple with 'Green New Deal'". Eeenews.net. Retrieved December 12, 2020.
  35. ^ "Representative Brian Fitzpatrick (R)". National Environmental Scorecard. League of Conservation Voters. Retrieved January 12, 2022.
  36. ^ "2018 National Environmental LCV Scorecard" (PDF). National Environmental Scorecard. Retrieved January 11, 2021.
  37. ^ "Fitzpatrick-Led Brief Pushes Supreme Court on Redistricting Reform". July 24, 2018. Archived from the original on July 24, 2018. Retrieved July 5, 2022.
  38. ^ Otterbein, Holly. "This Republican is bucking his party in the fight over Pa.'s new congressional map". The Philadelphia Inquirer.
  39. ^ Voght, Kara (July 6, 2018). "A Top Gun Control Group Just Endorsed a Republican Gun Rights Defender". Mother Jones. Retrieved October 26, 2018.
  40. ^ Juliegrace Brufke (March 11, 2021). "The eight Republicans who voted to tighten background checks on guns". The Hill.
  41. ^ Lee, Ella (July 30, 2022). "Who are the 7 House members who broke with their party in voting on assault weapons ban?". USA Today. Retrieved July 30, 2022.
  42. ^ "U.S. Rep. Fitzpatrick: 'I cannot support' Republican health care plan". PhillyVoice. March 19, 2017. Retrieved November 6, 2018.
  43. ^ "Bucks County Congressman Brian Fitzpatrick votes against American Health Care Act". The Advance of Bucks County.
  44. ^ Pallone, Frank (September 8, 2020). "H.R.3 - 116th Congress (2019-2020): Elijah E. Cummings Lower Drug Costs Now Act". Congress.gov.
  45. ^ a b "Bucks Republicans clash over Russia, immigration in congressional debate". Whyy.org. Retrieved July 5, 2022.
  46. ^ "Boyle, james; Rep. Brian Fitzpatrick, Pennsylvania lawmakers call for legislative DACA solution". Theintell.com. September 5, 2017. Retrieved July 5, 2022.
  47. ^ "FINAL VOTE RESULTS FOR ROLL CALL 240". Clerk.house.gov. Retrieved July 5, 2022.
  48. ^ Sonmez, Felicia. "House passes immigration bill to protect 'dreamers,' offer a path to citizenship". The Washington Post.
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  52. ^ Rambaran, Vandana (May 17, 2019). "House passes sweeping legislation to expand LGBTQ civil rights but GOP lawmakers worry it may threaten the rights of women". Fox News.
  53. ^ "Congressional Democrats, GOP moderates look to enshrine LGBTQ legal protections". Cbsnews.com. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
  54. ^ Rambaran, Vandana (May 17, 2019). "House passes sweeping legislation to expand LGBTQ civil rights but GOP lawmakers worry it may threaten the rights of women". Fox News. Retrieved March 5, 2021.
  55. ^ Cohn, Alicia (February 25, 2021). "Here are the three GOP lawmakers who voted for the Equality Act". TheHill.com. Retrieved March 5, 2021.
  56. ^ "FINAL VOTE RESULTS FOR ROLL CALL 43". Clerk.house.gov. Retrieved July 5, 2022.
  57. ^ "Global Respect Act (H.R. 3485)". Govtrack.us.
  58. ^ Schnell, Mychael (July 19, 2022). "These are the 47 House Republicans who voted for a bill protecting marriage equality". The Hill. Retrieved July 25, 2022.
  59. ^ Boyle, James (January 10, 2018). "Trump signs Brian Fitzpatrick's fentanyl screening bill". Bucks County Courier Times. Retrieved January 16, 2018.
  60. ^ Sonmez, Felicia; DeBonis, Mike (July 14, 2019). "Trump tells four liberal congresswomen to 'go back' to their countries, prompting Pelosi to defend them". The Washington Post.
  61. ^ LeBlanc, Paul (July 16, 2019). "Here are the 4 Republicans who voted to condemn Trump's racist tweets". CNN.com.
  62. ^ Ciavaglia, Jo. "Fitzpatrick votes against impeachment, favors censure of Trump". Bucks County Courier Times. Retrieved February 16, 2021.
  63. ^ LeBlanc, Paul (May 19, 2021). "Here are the 35 House Republicans who voted for the January 6 commission". Cnn.com. Retrieved May 19, 2021.
  64. ^ "GOP Rep. Brian Fitzpatrick: 'The President Was Manipulated By Vladimir Putin'". NPR.org. Retrieved July 24, 2018.
  65. ^ O'Malley, James. "Rep. Brian Fitzpatrick to Donald Trump: 'Stop attacking the FBI'". Bucks County Courier Times.
  66. ^ Almukhtar, Sarah. "How Each House Member Voted on the Tax Bill". Retrieved November 6, 2018.
  67. ^ Media, James O'Malley, GateHouse. "Fitzpatrick talks term limits with Trump". The Times.
  68. ^ "Stephanie Murphy sponsors 'congressional accountability' bill". Floridapolitics.com. May 24, 2018.
  69. ^ LeBlanc, Paul. "These are the 9 House Republicans who voted to hold Steve Bannon in contempt of Congress". CNN. Retrieved January 6, 2022.
  70. ^ "Mixed Bag of Republicans Vote Against Obamacare Repeal Vehicle". Roll Call. January 13, 2017. Retrieved May 24, 2020.
  71. ^ "MEMBERS". RMSP. Retrieved March 1, 2021.
  72. ^ "Featured Members". Problem Solvers Caucus. Retrieved March 1, 2021.
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U.S. House of Representatives Preceded byMike Fitzpatrick Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania's 8th congressional district 2017–2019 Succeeded byMatt Cartwright Preceded byBob Brady Member of the U.S. House of Representativesfrom Pennsylvania's 1st congressional district 2019–present Incumbent Party political offices Preceded byTom Reed Co-Chair of the Problem Solvers Caucus 2021–present Served alongside: Josh Gottheimer Incumbent U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial) Preceded byDrew Ferguson United States representatives by seniority 254th Succeeded byMatt Gaetz