This is a complete list of current members of the United States House of Representatives based on seniority. For the most part, representatives are ranked by the beginning of their terms in office. Representatives whose terms begin the same day are ranked alphabetically by last name.

How seniority is calculated

Members of the House are arranged by the number of terms they have served, before being arranged by the beginning date of their most recent continuous service. Where members have served the same number of terms and have the same date of service, they are arranged alphabetically by last name.[1]

Representatives who return to the House after having previously served in the House may be credited with service equal to one less than the number of terms they served. For example, Rep. Pete Sessions had previously served eleven terms, from 1997 to 2019, when he was once again elected in 2020. Instead of holding seniority with others whose terms began January 3, 2021, he was credited with ten terms, and holds seniority above all representatives whose terms began on or after January 3, 2001. When a representative has served a prior tenure of fewer than two terms (i.e., elected in a special election to fill a vacancy, so their prior tenure length measured in terms, minus one, equals less than one), they are ranked above all others whose service begins on the same day.[citation needed]

Benefits of seniority

Committee leadership in the House is often associated with seniority, especially in the Democratic Caucus. The Republican leadership, in comparison with the Democratic Party, prioritizes voting records and campaign fundraising over seniority for committee leadership.[2] Party leadership in the House is not strictly associated with seniority.

The more senior a representative is, the more likely the representative is to receive desirable committee assignments or leadership posts. Seniority also affects access to more desirable office space in the House Office Buildings. [3]

Vacancies

Current seniority list

Rank Member Party District Seniority date Previous service [a]
Committee and leadership positions
1 Hal Rogers R Kentucky 5 January 3, 1981 Dean of the House
2 Chris Smith R New Jersey 4  
3 Steny Hoyer D Maryland 5 May 19, 1981
4 Marcy Kaptur D Ohio 9 January 3, 1983
5 Nancy Pelosi D California 11 June 2, 1987
6 Frank Pallone D New Jersey 6 November 8, 1988 Ranking Member: Energy and Commerce
7 Richard Neal D Massachusetts 1 January 3, 1989 Ranking Member: Ways and Means
8 Rosa DeLauro D Connecticut 3 January 3, 1991 Ranking Member: Appropriations
9 Maxine Waters D California 43 Ranking Member: Financial Services
10 Jerry Nadler D New York 12 November 3, 1992 Ranking Member: Judiciary
11 Sanford Bishop D Georgia 2 January 3, 1993  
12 Ken Calvert R California 41
13 Jim Clyburn D South Carolina 6 Assistant Democratic Leader
14 Anna Eshoo D California 16  
15 Bobby Scott D Virginia 3 Ranking Member: Education and the Workforce
16 Nydia Velázquez D New York 7 Ranking Member: Small Business
17 Bennie Thompson D Mississippi 2 April 13, 1993 Ranking Member: Homeland Security
18 Frank Lucas R Oklahoma 3 May 10, 1994 Chair: Science, Space and Technology
19 Lloyd Doggett D Texas 37 January 3, 1995  
20 Sheila Jackson Lee D Texas 18
21 Zoe Lofgren D California 18 Ranking Member: Science, Space and Technology
22 Earl Blumenauer D Oregon 3 May 21, 1996  
23 Robert Aderholt R Alabama 4 January 3, 1997
24 Danny K. Davis D Illinois 7
25 Diana DeGette D Colorado 1
26 Kay Granger R Texas 12 Chair: Appropriations
27 Jim McGovern D Massachusetts 2 Ranking Member: Rules
28 Bill Pascrell D New Jersey 9  
29 Brad Sherman D California 32
30 Adam Smith D Washington 9 Ranking Member: Armed Services
31 Gregory Meeks D New York 5 February 3, 1998 Ranking Member: Foreign Affairs
32 Barbara Lee D California 12 April 7, 1998  
33 John B. Larson D Connecticut 1 January 3, 1999
34 Grace Napolitano D California 31
35 Jan Schakowsky D Illinois 9
36 Mike Simpson R Idaho 2
37 Mike Thompson D California 4
38 Pete Sessions R Texas 17 January 3, 2021 1997–2019
39 Sam Graves R Missouri 6 January 3, 2001 Chair: Transportation and Infrastructure
40 Rick Larsen D Washington 2 Ranking Member: Transportation and Infrastructure
41 Betty McCollum D Minnesota 4  
42 Adam Schiff D California 30 Ranking Member: Intelligence
43 Stephen F. Lynch D Massachusetts 8 October 16, 2001  
44 Joe Wilson R South Carolina 2 December 18, 2001
45 Michael C. Burgess R Texas 26 January 3, 2003
46 John Carter R Texas 31
47 Tom Cole R Oklahoma 4 Chair: Rules
48 Mario Díaz-Balart R Florida 26  
49 Raúl Grijalva D Arizona 7 Ranking Member: Natural Resources
50 Mike Rogers R Alabama 3 Chair: Armed Services
51 Dutch Ruppersberger D Maryland 2  
52 Linda Sánchez D California 38
53 David Scott D Georgia 13 Ranking Member: Agriculture
54 Mike Turner R Ohio 10 Chair: Intelligence
55 Darrell Issa R California 48 January 3, 2021 2001–2019  
56 Emanuel Cleaver D Missouri 5 January 3, 2005
57 Jim Costa D California 21
58 Henry Cuellar D Texas 28
59 Virginia Foxx R North Carolina 5 Chair: Education and the Workforce
60 Al Green D Texas 9  
61 Brian Higgins D New York 26
62 Michael McCaul R Texas 10 Chair: Foreign Affairs
63 Patrick McHenry R North Carolina 10 Chair: Financial Services
64 Cathy McMorris Rodgers R Washington 5 Chair: Energy and Commerce
65 Gwen Moore D Wisconsin 4  
66 Debbie Wasserman Schultz D Florida 25
67 Doris Matsui D California 7 March 8, 2005
68 Gus Bilirakis R Florida 12 January 3, 2007
69 Vern Buchanan R Florida 16
70 Kathy Castor D Florida 14
71 Yvette Clarke D New York 9
72 Steve Cohen D Tennessee 9
73 Joe Courtney D Connecticut 2
74 Hank Johnson D Georgia 4
75 Jim Jordan R Ohio 4 Chair: Judiciary
76 Doug Lamborn R Colorado 5  
77 Kevin McCarthy R California 20 Speaker of the House
78 John Sarbanes D Maryland 3  
79 Adrian Smith R Nebraska 3
80 Bob Latta R Ohio 5 December 11, 2007
81 Rob Wittman R Virginia 1
82 André Carson D Indiana 7 March 11, 2008
83 Steve Scalise R Louisiana 1 May 3, 2008 Majority Leader
84 Gerry Connolly D Virginia 11 January 3, 2009  
85 Brett Guthrie R Kentucky 2
86 Jim Himes D Connecticut 4
87 Blaine Luetkemeyer R Missouri 3 Chair: Small Business
88 Tom McClintock R California 5  
89 Chellie Pingree D Maine 1
90 Bill Posey R Florida 8
91 Glenn Thompson R Pennsylvania 15 Chair: Agriculture
92 Paul Tonko D New York 20  
93 Mike Quigley D Illinois 5 April 7, 2009
94 Judy Chu D California 28 July 14, 2009
95 John Garamendi D California 8 November 3, 2009
96 Tim Walberg R Michigan 5 January 3, 2011 2007–2009
97 Bill Foster D Illinois 11 January 3, 2013 2008–2011
98 Kweisi Mfume D Maryland 7 April 28, 2020 1987–1996
99 Larry Bucshon R Indiana 8 January 3, 2011
100 David Cicilline D Rhode Island 1
101 Rick Crawford R Arkansas 1
102 Scott DesJarlais R Tennessee 4
103 Jeff Duncan R South Carolina 3
104 Chuck Fleischmann R Tennessee 3
105 Paul Gosar R Arizona 9
106 Morgan Griffith R Virginia 9
107 Andy Harris R Maryland 1
108 Bill Huizenga R Michigan 4
109 Bill Johnson R Ohio 6
110 Bill Keating D Massachusetts 9
111 Mike Kelly R Pennsylvania 16
112 David Schweikert R Arizona 1
113 Austin Scott R Georgia 8
114 Terri Sewell D Alabama 7
115 Daniel Webster R Florida 11
116 Frederica Wilson D Florida 24
117 Steve Womack R Arkansas 3
118 Mark Amodei R Nevada 2 September 13, 2011
119 Suzanne Bonamici D Oregon 1 January 31, 2012
120 Suzan DelBene D Washington 1 November 6, 2012
121 Thomas Massie R Kentucky 4
122 Donald Payne Jr. D New Jersey 10
123 Dina Titus D Nevada 1 January 3, 2013 2009–2011
124 Andy Barr R Kentucky 6
125 Joyce Beatty D Ohio 3
126 Ami Bera D California 6
127 Julia Brownley D California 26
128 Tony Cárdenas D California 29
129 Matt Cartwright D Pennsylvania 8
130 Joaquin Castro D Texas 20
131 Lois Frankel D Florida 22
132 Richard Hudson R North Carolina 9
133 Jared Huffman D California 2
134 Hakeem Jeffries D New York 8 Minority Leader
135 David Joyce R Ohio 14  
136 Dan Kildee D Michigan 8
137 Derek Kilmer D Washington 6
138 Annie Kuster D New Hampshire 2
139 Doug LaMalfa R California 1
140 Grace Meng D New York 6
141 Scott Perry R Pennsylvania 10
142 Scott Peters D California 50
143 Mark Pocan D Wisconsin 2
144 Raul Ruiz D California 25
145 Chris Stewart R Utah 2
146 Eric Swalwell D California 14
147 Mark Takano D California 39 Ranking Member: Veterans' Affairs
148 Juan Vargas D California 52  
149 Marc Veasey D Texas 33
150 Ann Wagner R Missouri 2
151 Randy Weber R Texas 14
152 Brad Wenstrup R Ohio 2
153 Roger Williams R Texas 25
154 Robin Kelly D Illinois 2 April 9, 2013
155 Jason Smith R Missouri 8 June 4, 2013 Chair: Budget
156 Katherine Clark D Massachusetts 5 December 10, 2013 Minority Whip
157 Alma Adams D North Carolina 12 November 4, 2014  
158 Donald Norcross D New Jersey 1
159 Ed Case D Hawaii 1 January 3, 2019 2002–2007
160 Pete Aguilar D California 33 January 3, 2015 Democratic Caucus Chair
161 Rick W. Allen R Georgia 12  
162 Brian Babin R Texas 36
163 Don Beyer D Virginia 8
164 Mike Bost R Illinois 12 Chair: Veterans' Affairs
165 Brendan Boyle D Pennsylvania 2 Ranking Member: Budget
166 Ken Buck R Colorado 4  
167 Buddy Carter R Georgia 1
168 Mark DeSaulnier D California 10
169 Debbie Dingell D Michigan 6
170 Tom Emmer R Minnesota 6 Majority Whip
171 Ruben Gallego D Arizona 3  
172 Garret Graves R Louisiana 6
173 Glenn Grothman R Wisconsin 6
174 French Hill R Arkansas 2
175 Ted Lieu D California 36
176 Barry Loudermilk R Georgia 11
177 John Moolenaar R Michigan 2
178 Alex Mooney R West Virginia 2
179 Seth Moulton D Massachusetts 6
180 Dan Newhouse R Washington 4
181 Gary Palmer R Alabama 6
182 David Rouzer R North Carolina 7
183 Elise Stefanik R New York 21 Republican Conference Chairwoman
184 Norma Torres D California 35  
185 Bonnie Watson Coleman D New Jersey 12
186 Bruce Westerman R Arkansas 4 Chair: Natural Resources
187 Trent Kelly R Mississippi 1 June 2, 2015  
188 Darin LaHood R Illinois 16 September 10, 2015
189 Warren Davidson R Ohio 8 June 7, 2016
190 James Comer R Kentucky 1 November 8, 2016 Chair: Oversight and Government Reform
191 Dwight Evans D Pennsylvania 3  
192 Brad Schneider D Illinois 10 January 3, 2017 2013–2015
193 David Valadao R California 22 January 3, 2021 2013–2019
194 Jodey Arrington R Texas 19 January 3, 2017
195 Don Bacon R Nebraska 2
196 Jim Banks R Indiana 3
197 Nanette Barragán D California 44
198 Jack Bergman R Michigan 1
199 Andy Biggs R Arizona 5
200 Lisa Blunt Rochester D Delaware at-large
201 Salud Carbajal D California 24
202 Lou Correa D California 46
203 Neal Dunn R Florida 2
204 Adriano Espaillat D New York 13
205 Drew Ferguson R Georgia 3
206 Brian Fitzpatrick R Pennsylvania 1
207 Matt Gaetz R Florida 1
208 Mike Gallagher R Wisconsin 8
209 Vicente Gonzalez D Texas 34
210 Josh Gottheimer D New Jersey 5
211 Clay Higgins R Louisiana 3
212 Pramila Jayapal D Washington 7
213 Mike Johnson R Louisiana 4
214 Ro Khanna D California 17
215 Raja Krishnamoorthi D Illinois 8
216 David Kustoff R Tennessee 8
217 Brian Mast R Florida 21
218 Jimmy Panetta D California 19
219 Jamie Raskin D Maryland 8 Ranking Member: Oversight and Government Reform
220 John Rutherford R Florida 5  
221 Lloyd Smucker R Pennsylvania 11
222 Darren Soto D Florida 9
223 Ron Estes R Kansas 4 April 11, 2017
224 Jimmy Gomez D California 34 June 6, 2017
225 Ralph Norman R South Carolina 5 June 20, 2017
226 John Curtis R Utah 3 November 7, 2017
227 Debbie Lesko R Arizona 8 April 24, 2018
228 Michael Cloud R Texas 27 June 30, 2018
229 Troy Balderson R Ohio 12 August 7, 2018
230 Kevin Hern R Oklahoma 1 November 6, 2018
231 Joseph Morelle D New York 25 Ranking Member: House Administration
232 Mary Gay Scanlon D Pennsylvania 5  
233 Susan Wild D Pennsylvania 7 Ranking Member: Ethics
234 Steven Horsford D Nevada 4 January 3, 2019 2013–2015  
235 Colin Allred D Texas 32
236 Kelly Armstrong R North Dakota at-large
237 Jim Baird R Indiana 4
238 Tim Burchett R Tennessee 2
239 Sean Casten D Illinois 6
240 Ben Cline R Virginia 6
241 Angie Craig D Minnesota 2
242 Dan Crenshaw R Texas 2
243 Jason Crow D Colorado 6
244 Sharice Davids D Kansas 3
245 Madeleine Dean D Pennsylvania 4
246 Veronica Escobar D Texas 16
247 Lizzie Fletcher D Texas 7
248 Russ Fulcher R Idaho 1
249 Chuy García D Illinois 4
250 Sylvia Garcia D Texas 29
251 Jared Golden D Maine 2
252 Lance Gooden R Texas 5
253 Mark E. Green R Tennessee 7
254 Michael Guest R Mississippi 3 Chair: Ethics
255 Josh Harder D California 9  
256 Jahana Hayes D Connecticut 5
257 Chrissy Houlahan D Pennsylvania 6
258 Dusty Johnson R South Dakota at-large
259 John Joyce R Pennsylvania 13
260 Andy Kim D New Jersey 3
261 Susie Lee D Nevada 3
262 Mike Levin D California 49
263 Lucy McBath D Georgia 7
264 Dan Meuser R Pennsylvania 9
265 Carol Miller R West Virginia 1
266 Joe Neguse D Colorado 2
267 Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez D New York 14
268 Ilhan Omar D Minnesota 5
269 Chris Pappas D New Hampshire 1
270 Greg Pence R Indiana 6
271 Dean Phillips D Minnesota 3
272 Katie Porter D California 47
273 Ayanna Pressley D Massachusetts 7
274 Guy Reschenthaler R Pennsylvania 14
275 John Rose R Tennessee 6
276 Chip Roy R Texas 21
277 Kim Schrier D Washington 8
278 Mikie Sherrill D New Jersey 11
279 Elissa Slotkin D Michigan 7
280 Abigail Spanberger D Virginia 7
281 Greg Stanton D Arizona 4
282 Pete Stauber R Minnesota 8
283 Bryan Steil R Wisconsin 1
284 Greg Steube R Florida 17
285 Haley Stevens D Michigan 11
286 William Timmons R South Carolina 4
287 Rashida Tlaib D Michigan 12
288 Lori Trahan D Massachusetts 3
289 David Trone D Maryland 6
290 Lauren Underwood D Illinois 14
291 Jeff Van Drew R[b] New Jersey 2
292 Michael Waltz R Florida 6
293 Jennifer Wexton D Virginia 10
294 Dan Bishop R North Carolina 8 September 10, 2019
295 Greg Murphy R North Carolina 3
296 Mike Garcia R California 27 May 12, 2020
297 Tom Tiffany R Wisconsin 7
298 Claudia Tenney R New York 24 February 11, 2021 2017–2019
299 Jake Auchincloss D Massachusetts 4 January 3, 2021
300 Cliff Bentz R Oregon 2
301 Stephanie Bice R Oklahoma 5
302 Lauren Boebert R Colorado 3
303 Jamaal Bowman D New York 16
304 Cori Bush D Missouri 1
305 Kat Cammack R Florida 3
306 Jerry Carl R Alabama 1
307 Andrew Clyde R Georgia 9
308 Byron Donalds R Florida 19
309 Pat Fallon R Texas 4
310 Randy Feenstra R Iowa 4
311 Michelle Fischbach R Minnesota 7
312 Scott L. Fitzgerald R Wisconsin 5
313 Scott Franklin R Florida 18
314 Andrew Garbarino R New York 2
315 Carlos A. Giménez R Florida 28
316 Tony Gonzales R Texas 23
317 Bob Good R Virginia 5
318 Marjorie Taylor Greene R Georgia 14
319 Diana Harshbarger R Tennessee 1
320 Ashley Hinson R Iowa 2
321 Ronny Jackson R Texas 13
322 Sara Jacobs D California 51
323 Young Kim R California 40
324 Jake LaTurner R Kansas 2
325 Teresa Leger Fernandez D New Mexico 3
326 Nancy Mace R South Carolina 1
327 Nicole Malliotakis R New York 11
328 Tracey Mann R Kansas 1
329 Kathy Manning D North Carolina 6
330 Lisa McClain R Michigan 9
331 Mary Miller R Illinois 15
332 Mariannette Miller-Meeks R Iowa 1
333 Barry Moore R Alabama 2
334 Blake Moore R Utah 1
335 Frank J. Mrvan D Indiana 1
336 Troy Nehls R Texas 22
337 Jay Obernolte R California 23
338 Burgess Owens R Utah 4
339 August Pfluger R Texas 11
340 Matt Rosendale R Montana 2
341 Deborah K. Ross D North Carolina 2
342 María Elvira Salazar R Florida 27
343 Victoria Spartz R Indiana 5
344 Michelle Steel R California 45
345 Marilyn Strickland D Washington 10
346 Ritchie Torres D New York 15
347 Beth Van Duyne R Texas 24
348 Nikema Williams D Georgia 5
349 Julia Letlow R Louisiana 5 March 20, 2021
350 Troy Carter D Louisiana 2 April 24, 2021
351 Melanie Stansbury D New Mexico 1 June 1, 2021
352 Jake Ellzey R Texas 6 July 27, 2021
353 Shontel Brown D Ohio 11 November 2, 2021
354 Mike Carey R Ohio 15
355 Sheila Cherfilus-McCormick D Florida 20 January 11, 2022
356 Mike Flood R Nebraska 1 June 28, 2022
357 Brad Finstad R Minnesota 1 August 9, 2022
358 Mary Peltola D Alaska at-large August 16, 2022
359 Pat Ryan D New York 18 August 23, 2022
360 Rudy Yakym R Indiana 2 November 8, 2022
361 Ryan Zinke R Montana 1 January 3, 2023 2015–2017
362 Mark Alford R Missouri 4
363 Becca Balint D Vermont at-large
364 Aaron Bean R Florida 4
365 Josh Brecheen R Oklahoma 2
366 Nikki Budzinski D Illinois 13
367 Eric Burlison R Missouri 7
368 Yadira Caraveo D Colorado 8
369 Greg Casar D Texas 35
370 Lori Chavez-DeRemer R Oregon 5
371 Juan Ciscomani R Arizona 6
372 Mike Collins R Georgia 10
373 Eli Crane R Arizona 2
374 Jasmine Crockett D Texas 30
375 Anthony D'Esposito R New York 4
376 Donald G. Davis D North Carolina 1
377 Monica De La Cruz R Texas 15
378 Chris Deluzio D Pennsylvania 17
379 John Duarte R California 13
380 Chuck Edwards R North Carolina 11
381 Mike Ezell R Mississippi 4
382 Valerie Foushee D North Carolina 4
383 Maxwell Frost D Florida 10
384 Russell Fry R South Carolina 7
385 Robert Garcia D California 42
386 Marie Gluesenkamp Pérez D Washington 3
387 Dan Goldman D New York 10
388 Harriet Hageman R Wyoming at-large
389 Erin Houchin R Indiana 9
390 Val Hoyle D Oregon 4
391 Wesley Hunt R Texas 38
392 Glenn Ivey D Maryland 4
393 Jeff Jackson D North Carolina 14
394 Jonathan Jackson D Illinois 1
395 John E. James R Michigan 10
396 Sydney Kamlager D California 37
397 Thomas Kean Jr. R New Jersey 7
398 Jen Kiggans R Virginia 2
399 Kevin Kiley R California 3
400 Nick LaLota R New York 1
401 Greg Landsman D Ohio 1
402 Nick Langworthy R New York 23
403 Mike Lawler R New York 17
404 Laurel M. Lee R Florida 15
405 Summer Lee D Pennsylvania 12
406 Anna Paulina Luna R Florida 13
407 Morgan Luttrell R Texas 8
408 Seth Magaziner D Rhode Island 2
409 Rich McCormick R Georgia 6
410 Morgan McGarvey D Kentucky 3
411 Rob Menendez D New Jersey 8
412 Max Miller R Ohio 7
413 Cory Mills R Florida 7
414 Marc Molinaro R New York 19
415 Nathaniel Moran R Texas 1
416 Jared Moskowitz D Florida 23
417 Kevin Mullin D California 15
418 Wiley Nickel D North Carolina 13
419 Zach Nunn R Iowa 3
420 Andy Ogles R Tennessee 5
421 Brittany Pettersen D Colorado 7
422 Delia Ramirez D Illinois 3
423 Andrea Salinas D Oregon 6
424 George Santos R New York 3
425 Hillary Scholten D Michigan 3
426 Keith Self R Texas 3
427 Eric Sorensen D Illinois 17
428 Dale Strong R Alabama 5
429 Emilia Sykes D Ohio 13
430 Shri Thanedar D Michigan 13
431 Jill Tokuda D Hawaii 2
432 Derrick Van Orden R Wisconsin 3
433 Gabe Vasquez D New Mexico 2
434 Brandon Williams R New York 22
Rank Member Party District Seniority date Previous service [a]
Committee and leadership positions

Delegates

Delegates are non-voting members of the United States House of Representatives.

Rank Delegate Party District Seniority date
(previous service, if any)
1 Eleanor Holmes Norton D District of Columbia at-large January 3, 1991
2 Gregorio Sablan D Northern Mariana Islands at-large January 3, 2009
3 Stacey Plaskett D United States Virgin Islands at-large January 3, 2015
4 Amata Coleman Radewagen R American Samoa at-large
5 Jenniffer González NPP/R Puerto Rico at-large January 3, 2017
6 James Moylan R Guam at-large January 3, 2023

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b Members elected with substantial prior service receive credit for part of that service when calculating seniority.
  2. ^ A party change does not affect seniority.

References

  1. ^ "Terms of Service for Members of the House of Representatives". Historian of the United States House of Representatives. Retrieved November 28, 2020.
  2. ^ "House Seniority and Committee Leadership". U.S. News & World Report. December 8, 2006.
  3. ^ Goodwin, George (1959). "The Seniority System in Congress". JSTOR. The American Political Science Review. pp. 412–436. doi:10.2307/1952154. Retrieved 15 August 2022.