This is a complete list of current members of the United States House of Representatives based on seniority. For the most part, representatives are ranked by the beginning of their terms in office. Representatives whose terms begin the same day are ranked alphabetically by last name.

How seniority is calculated

Members of the House are arranged by the number of terms they have served, before being arranged by the beginning date of their most recent continuous service. Where members have served the same number of terms and have the same date of service, they are arranged alphabetically by last name.[1]

Representatives who return to the House after having previously served in the House may be credited with service equal to one less than the number of terms they served. For example, Rep. Steve Chabot had previously served seven terms, from 1995 to 2009, when he was once again elected in 2010. Instead of holding seniority with others whose terms began January 3, 2011, he was credited with six terms, and holds seniority above all representatives whose terms began on or after January 3, 1999. When a representative has served a prior tenure of fewer than two terms (i.e., elected in a special election to fill a vacancy, so their prior tenure length measured in terms, minus one, equals less than one), they are ranked above all others whose service begins on the same day.[citation needed]

Benefits of seniority

Committee leadership in the House is often associated with seniority, especially in the Democratic Caucus. The Republican leadership, in comparison with the Democratic Party, prioritizes voting records and campaign fundraising over seniority for committee leadership.[2] Party leadership in the House is not strictly associated with seniority.

The more senior a representative is, the more likely the representative is to receive desirable committee assignments or leadership posts. Seniority also affects access to more desirable office space in the House Office Buildings. [3]

Vacancies

Current seniority list

Rank Member Party District Seniority date Previous service [a]
Committee and leadership positions
1 Hal Rogers R Kentucky 5 January 3, 1981 Dean of the House
2 Chris Smith R New Jersey 4  
3 Steny Hoyer D Maryland 5 May 19, 1981 Majority Leader
4 Marcy Kaptur D Ohio 9 January 3, 1983  
5 Peter DeFazio D Oregon 4 January 3, 1987 Chair: Transportation and Infrastructure
6 Fred Upton R Michigan 6  
7 Nancy Pelosi D California 12 June 2, 1987 Speaker of the House
8 Frank Pallone D New Jersey 6 November 8, 1988 Chair: Energy and Commerce
9 Richard Neal D Massachusetts 1 January 3, 1989 Chair: Ways and Means
10 David Price D North Carolina 4 January 3, 1997 1987–1995  
11 Rosa DeLauro D Connecticut 3 January 3, 1991 Chair: Appropriations
12 Maxine Waters D California 43 Chair: Financial Services
13 Jerry Nadler D New York 10 November 3, 1992 Chair: Judiciary
14 Jim Cooper D Tennessee 5 January 3, 2003 1983–1995  
15 Sanford Bishop D Georgia 2 January 3, 1993
16 Ken Calvert R California 42
17 Jim Clyburn D South Carolina 6 Majority Whip
18 Anna Eshoo D California 18  
19 Eddie Bernice Johnson D Texas 30 Chair: Science, Space and Technology
20 Carolyn Maloney D New York 12 Chair: Oversight and Government Reform
21 Lucille Roybal-Allard D California 40  
22 Bobby Rush D Illinois 1
23 Bobby Scott D Virginia 3 Chair: Education and Labor
24 Nydia Velázquez D New York 7 Chair: Small Business
25 Bennie Thompson D Mississippi 2 April 13, 1993 Chair: Homeland Security
26 Frank Lucas R Oklahoma 3 May 10, 1994 Ranking Member: Science, Space and Technology
27 Lloyd Doggett D Texas 35 January 3, 1995  
28 Mike Doyle D Pennsylvania 18
29 Sheila Jackson Lee D Texas 18
30 Zoe Lofgren D California 19 Chair: House Administration
31 Earl Blumenauer D Oregon 3 May 21, 1996  
32 Robert Aderholt R Alabama 4 January 3, 1997
33 Kevin Brady R Texas 8 Ranking Member: Ways and Means
34 Danny K. Davis D Illinois 7  
35 Diana DeGette D Colorado 1
36 Kay Granger R Texas 12 Ranking Member: Appropriations
37 Ron Kind D Wisconsin 3  
38 Jim McGovern D Massachusetts 2 Chair: Rules
39 Bill Pascrell D New Jersey 9  
40 Brad Sherman D California 30
41 Adam Smith D Washington 9 Chair: Armed Services
42 Gregory Meeks D New York 5 February 3, 1998 Chair: Foreign Affairs
43 Barbara Lee D California 13 April 7, 1998  
44 Steve Chabot R Ohio 1 January 3, 2011 1995–2009
45 John B. Larson D Connecticut 1 January 3, 1999
46 Grace Napolitano D California 32
47 Jan Schakowsky D Illinois 9
48 Mike Simpson R Idaho 2
49 Mike Thompson D California 5
50 Pete Sessions R Texas 17 January 3, 2021 1997–2019
51 Sam Graves R Missouri 6 January 3, 2001 Ranking Member: Transportation and Infrastructure
52 James Langevin D Rhode Island 2  
53 Rick Larsen D Washington 2
54 Betty McCollum D Minnesota 4
55 Adam Schiff D California 28 Chair: Intelligence
56 Stephen F. Lynch D Massachusetts 8 October 16, 2001  
57 Joe Wilson R South Carolina 2 December 18, 2001
58 Michael C. Burgess R Texas 26 January 3, 2003
59 John Carter R Texas 31
60 Tom Cole R Oklahoma 4 Ranking Member: Rules
61 Mario Díaz-Balart R Florida 25  
62 Raúl Grijalva D Arizona 3 Chair: Natural Resources
63 Mike Rogers R Alabama 3 Ranking Member: Armed Services
64 Dutch Ruppersberger D Maryland 2  
65 Tim Ryan D Ohio 13
66 Linda Sánchez D California 38
67 David Scott D Georgia 13 Chair: Agriculture
68 Mike Turner R Ohio 10 Ranking Member: Intelligence
69 G. K. Butterfield D North Carolina 1 July 20, 2004  
70 Darrell Issa R California 50 January 3, 2021 2001–2019
71 Emanuel Cleaver D Missouri 5 January 3, 2005
72 Jim Costa D California 16
73 Henry Cuellar D Texas 28
74 Virginia Foxx R North Carolina 5 Ranking Member: Education and Labor
75 Louie Gohmert R Texas 1  
76 Al Green D Texas 9
77 Brian Higgins D New York 26
78 Michael McCaul R Texas 10 Ranking Member: Foreign Affairs
79 Patrick McHenry R North Carolina 10 Ranking Member: Financial Services
80 Cathy McMorris Rodgers R Washington 5 Ranking Member: Energy and Commerce
81 Gwen Moore D Wisconsin 4  
82 Debbie Wasserman Schultz D Florida 23
83 Doris Matsui D California 6 March 8, 2005
84 Albio Sires D New Jersey 8 November 7, 2006
85 Gus Bilirakis R Florida 12 January 3, 2007
86 Vern Buchanan R Florida 16
87 Kathy Castor D Florida 14
88 Yvette Clarke D New York 9
89 Steve Cohen D Tennessee 9
90 Joe Courtney D Connecticut 2
91 Hank Johnson D Georgia 4
92 Jim Jordan R Ohio 4 Ranking Member: Judiciary
93 Doug Lamborn R Colorado 5
94 Kevin McCarthy R California 23 Minority Leader
95 Jerry McNerney D California 9  
96 Ed Perlmutter D Colorado 7
97 John Sarbanes D Maryland 3
98 Adrian Smith R Nebraska 3
99 Peter Welch D Vermont at-large
100 John Yarmuth D Kentucky 3 Chair: Budget
101 Bob Latta R Ohio 5 December 11, 2007  
102 Rob Wittman R Virginia 1
103 André Carson D Indiana 7 March 11, 2008
104 Jackie Speier D California 14 April 8, 2008
105 Steve Scalise R Louisiana 1 May 3, 2008 Minority Whip
106 Gerry Connolly D Virginia 11 January 3, 2009  
107 Brett Guthrie R Kentucky 2
108 Jim Himes D Connecticut 4
109 Blaine Luetkemeyer R Missouri 3 Ranking Member: Small Business
110 Tom McClintock R California 4  
111 Chellie Pingree D Maine 1
112 Bill Posey R Florida 8
113 Kurt Schrader D Oregon 5
114 Glenn Thompson R Pennsylvania 15 Ranking Member: Agriculture
115 Paul Tonko D New York 20  
116 Mike Quigley D Illinois 5 April 7, 2009
117 Judy Chu D California 27 July 14, 2009
118 John Garamendi D California 3 November 3, 2009
119 Ted Deutch D Florida 22 April 13, 2010 Chair: Ethics
120 Tim Walberg R Michigan 7 January 3, 2011 2007–2009  
121 Bill Foster D Illinois 11 January 3, 2013 2008–2011
122 Kweisi Mfume D Maryland 7 April 28, 2020 1987–1996
123 Karen Bass D California 37 January 3, 2011
124 Mo Brooks R Alabama 5
125 Larry Bucshon R Indiana 8
126 David Cicilline D Rhode Island 1
127 Rick Crawford R Arkansas 1
128 Scott DesJarlais R Tennessee 4
129 Jeff Duncan R South Carolina 3
130 Chuck Fleischmann R Tennessee 3
131 Bob Gibbs R Ohio 7
132 Paul Gosar R Arizona 4
133 Morgan Griffith R Virginia 9
134 Andy Harris R Maryland 1
135 Vicky Hartzler R Missouri 4
136 Jaime Herrera Beutler R Washington 3
137 Bill Huizenga R Michigan 2
138 Bill Johnson R Ohio 6
139 Bill Keating D Massachusetts 9
140 Mike Kelly R Pennsylvania 16
141 Adam Kinzinger R Illinois 16
142 Billy Long R Missouri 7
143 David McKinley R West Virginia 1
144 Steven Palazzo R Mississippi 4
145 David Schweikert R Arizona 6
146 Austin Scott R Georgia 8
147 Terri Sewell D Alabama 7
148 Daniel Webster R Florida 11
149 Frederica Wilson D Florida 24
150 Steve Womack R Arkansas 3
151 Mark Amodei R Nevada 2 September 13, 2011
152 Suzanne Bonamici D Oregon 1 January 31, 2012
153 Suzan DelBene D Washington 1 November 6, 2012
154 Thomas Massie R Kentucky 4
155 Donald Payne Jr. D New Jersey 10
156 Dina Titus D Nevada 1 January 3, 2013 2009–2011
157 Andy Barr R Kentucky 6
158 Joyce Beatty D Ohio 3
159 Ami Bera D California 7
160 Julia Brownley D California 26
161 Cheri Bustos D Illinois 17
162 Tony Cárdenas D California 29
163 Matt Cartwright D Pennsylvania 8
164 Joaquin Castro D Texas 20
165 Rodney Davis R Illinois 13 Ranking Member: House Administration
166 Lois Frankel D Florida 21  
167 Richard Hudson R North Carolina 8
168 Jared Huffman D California 2
169 Hakeem Jeffries D New York 8 Democratic Caucus Chair
170 David Joyce R Ohio 14  
171 Dan Kildee D Michigan 5
172 Derek Kilmer D Washington 6
173 Ann McLane Kuster D New Hampshire 2
174 Doug LaMalfa R California 1
175 Alan Lowenthal D California 47
176 Sean Patrick Maloney D New York 18
177 Grace Meng D New York 6
178 Markwayne Mullin R Oklahoma 2
179 Scott Perry R Pennsylvania 10
180 Scott Peters D California 52
181 Mark Pocan D Wisconsin 2
182 Tom Rice R South Carolina 7
183 Raul Ruiz D California 36
184 Chris Stewart R Utah 2
185 Eric Swalwell D California 15
186 Mark Takano D California 41 Chair: Veterans' Affairs
187 Juan Vargas D California 51  
188 Marc Veasey D Texas 33
189 Ann Wagner R Missouri 2
190 Randy Weber R Texas 14
191 Brad Wenstrup R Ohio 2
192 Roger Williams R Texas 25
193 Robin Kelly D Illinois 2 April 9, 2013
194 Jason Smith R Missouri 8 June 4, 2013 Ranking Member: Budget
195 Katherine Clark D Massachusetts 5 December 10, 2013 Assistant Speaker
196 Alma Adams D North Carolina 12 November 4, 2014  
197 Donald Norcross D New Jersey 1
198 Ann Kirkpatrick D Arizona 2 January 3, 2019 2009–2011, 2013–2017
199 Ed Case D Hawaii 1 2002–2007
200 Pete Aguilar D California 31 January 3, 2015
201 Rick W. Allen R Georgia 12
202 Brian Babin R Texas 36
203 Don Beyer D Virginia 8
204 Mike Bost R Illinois 12 Ranking Member: Veterans' Affairs
205 Brendan Boyle D Pennsylvania 2  
206 Ken Buck R Colorado 4
207 Buddy Carter R Georgia 1
208 Mark DeSaulnier D California 11
209 Debbie Dingell D Michigan 12
210 Tom Emmer R Minnesota 6
211 Ruben Gallego D Arizona 7
212 Garret Graves R Louisiana 6
213 Glenn Grothman R Wisconsin 6
214 Jody Hice R Georgia 10
215 French Hill R Arkansas 2
216 John Katko R New York 24 Ranking Member: Homeland Security
217 Brenda Lawrence D Michigan 14  
218 Ted Lieu D California 33
219 Barry Loudermilk R Georgia 11
220 John Moolenaar R Michigan 4
221 Alex Mooney R West Virginia 2
222 Seth Moulton D Massachusetts 6
223 Dan Newhouse R Washington 4
224 Gary Palmer R Alabama 6
225 Kathleen Rice D New York 4
226 David Rouzer R North Carolina 7
227 Elise Stefanik R New York 21
228 Norma Torres D California 35
229 Bonnie Watson Coleman D New Jersey 12
230 Bruce Westerman R Arkansas 4 Ranking Member: Natural Resources
231 Lee Zeldin R New York 1  
232 Trent Kelly R Mississippi 1 June 2, 2015
233 Darin LaHood R Illinois 18 September 10, 2015
234 Warren Davidson R Ohio 8 June 7, 2016
235 James Comer R Kentucky 1 November 8, 2016 Ranking Member: Oversight and Government Reform
236 Dwight Evans D Pennsylvania 3  
237 Brad Schneider D Illinois 10 January 3, 2017 2013–2015
238 David Valadao R California 21 January 3, 2021 2013–2019
239 Jodey Arrington R Texas 19 January 3, 2017
240 Don Bacon R Nebraska 2
241 Jim Banks R Indiana 3
242 Nanette Barragán D California 44
243 Jack Bergman R Michigan 1
244 Andy Biggs R Arizona 5
245 Lisa Blunt Rochester D Delaware at-large
246 Anthony G. Brown D Maryland 4
247 Ted Budd R North Carolina 13
248 Salud Carbajal D California 24
249 Liz Cheney R Wyoming at-large
250 Lou Correa D California 46
251 Val Demings D Florida 10
252 Neal Dunn R Florida 2
253 Adriano Espaillat D New York 13
254 Drew Ferguson R Georgia 3
255 Brian Fitzpatrick R Pennsylvania 1
256 Matt Gaetz R Florida 1
257 Mike Gallagher R Wisconsin 8
258 Vicente Gonzalez D Texas 15
259 Josh Gottheimer D New Jersey 5
260 Clay Higgins R Louisiana 3
261 Trey Hollingsworth R Indiana 9
262 Pramila Jayapal D Washington 7
263 Mike Johnson R Louisiana 4
264 Ro Khanna D California 17
265 Raja Krishnamoorthi D Illinois 8
266 David Kustoff R Tennessee 8
267 Al Lawson D Florida 5
268 Brian Mast R Florida 18
269 Donald McEachin D Virginia 4
270 Stephanie Murphy D Florida 7
271 Tom O'Halleran D Arizona 1
272 Jimmy Panetta D California 20
273 Jamie Raskin D Maryland 8
274 John Rutherford R Florida 4
275 Lloyd Smucker R Pennsylvania 11
276 Darren Soto D Florida 9
277 Thomas Suozzi D New York 3
278 Ron Estes R Kansas 4 April 11, 2017
279 Jimmy Gomez D California 34 June 6, 2017
280 Ralph Norman R South Carolina 5 June 20, 2017
281 John Curtis R Utah 3 November 7, 2017
282 Conor Lamb D Pennsylvania 17 March 13, 2018
283 Debbie Lesko R Arizona 8 April 24, 2018
284 Michael Cloud R Texas 27 June 30, 2018
285 Troy Balderson R Ohio 12 August 7, 2018
286 Kevin Hern R Oklahoma 1 November 6, 2018
287 Joseph Morelle D New York 25
288 Mary Gay Scanlon D Pennsylvania 5
289 Susan Wild D Pennsylvania 7
290 Steven Horsford D Nevada 4 January 3, 2019 2013–2015
291 Colin Allred D Texas 32
292 Kelly Armstrong R North Dakota at-large
293 Cindy Axne D Iowa 3
294 Jim Baird R Indiana 4
295 Tim Burchett R Tennessee 2
296 Sean Casten D Illinois 6
297 Ben Cline R Virginia 6
298 Angie Craig D Minnesota 2
299 Dan Crenshaw R Texas 2
300 Jason Crow D Colorado 6
301 Sharice Davids D Kansas 3
302 Madeleine Dean D Pennsylvania 4
303 Veronica Escobar D Texas 16
304 Lizzie Fletcher D Texas 7
305 Russ Fulcher R Idaho 1
306 Chuy García D Illinois 4
307 Sylvia Garcia D Texas 29
308 Jared Golden D Maine 2
309 Anthony Gonzalez R Ohio 16
310 Lance Gooden R Texas 5
311 Mark E. Green R Tennessee 7
312 Michael Guest R Mississippi 3 Ranking Member: Ethics
313 Josh Harder D California 10  
314 Jahana Hayes D Connecticut 5
315 Chrissy Houlahan D Pennsylvania 6
316 Dusty Johnson R South Dakota at-large
317 John Joyce R Pennsylvania 13
318 Andy Kim D New Jersey 3
319 Susie Lee D Nevada 3
320 Andy Levin D Michigan 9
321 Mike Levin D California 49
322 Elaine Luria D Virginia 2
323 Tom Malinowski D New Jersey 7
324 Lucy McBath D Georgia 6
325 Dan Meuser R Pennsylvania 9
326 Carol Miller R West Virginia 3
327 Joe Neguse D Colorado 2
328 Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez D New York 14
329 Ilhan Omar D Minnesota 5
330 Chris Pappas D New Hampshire 1
331 Greg Pence R Indiana 6
332 Dean Phillips D Minnesota 3
333 Katie Porter D California 45
334 Ayanna Pressley D Massachusetts 7
335 Guy Reschenthaler R Pennsylvania 14
336 John Rose R Tennessee 6
337 Chip Roy R Texas 21
338 Kim Schrier D Washington 8
339 Mikie Sherrill D New Jersey 11
340 Elissa Slotkin D Michigan 8
341 Abigail Spanberger D Virginia 7
342 Greg Stanton D Arizona 9
343 Pete Stauber R Minnesota 8
344 Bryan Steil R Wisconsin 1
345 Greg Steube R Florida 17
346 Haley Stevens D Michigan 11
347 Van Taylor R Texas 3
348 William Timmons R South Carolina 4
349 Rashida Tlaib D Michigan 13
350 Lori Trahan D Massachusetts 3
351 David Trone D Maryland 6
352 Lauren Underwood D Illinois 14
353 Jeff Van Drew R[b] New Jersey 2
354 Michael Waltz R Florida 6
355 Jennifer Wexton D Virginia 10
356 Fred Keller R Pennsylvania 12 May 21, 2019
357 Dan Bishop R North Carolina 9 September 10, 2019
358 Greg Murphy R North Carolina 3
359 Mike Garcia R California 25 May 12, 2020
360 Tom Tiffany R Wisconsin 7
361 Chris Jacobs R New York 27 June 23, 2020
362 Claudia Tenney R New York 22 February 11, 2021 2017–2019
363 Jake Auchincloss D Massachusetts 4 January 3, 2021
364 Cliff Bentz R Oregon 2
365 Stephanie Bice R Oklahoma 5
366 Lauren Boebert R Colorado 3
367 Carolyn Bourdeaux D Georgia 7
368 Jamaal Bowman D New York 16
369 Cori Bush D Missouri 1
370 Kat Cammack R Florida 3
371 Jerry Carl R Alabama 1
372 Madison Cawthorn R North Carolina 11
373 Andrew Clyde R Georgia 9
374 Byron Donalds R Florida 19
375 Pat Fallon R Texas 4
376 Randy Feenstra R Iowa 4
377 Michelle Fischbach R Minnesota 7
378 Scott L. Fitzgerald R Wisconsin 5
379 Scott Franklin R Florida 15
380 Andrew Garbarino R New York 2
381 Carlos A. Giménez R Florida 26
382 Tony Gonzales R Texas 23
383 Bob Good R Virginia 5
384 Marjorie Taylor Greene R Georgia 14
385 Diana Harshbarger R Tennessee 1
386 Yvette Herrell R New Mexico 2
387 Ashley Hinson R Iowa 1
388 Ronny Jackson R Texas 13
389 Sara Jacobs D California 53
390 Mondaire Jones D New York 17
391 Kai Kahele D Hawaii 2
392 Young Kim R California 39
393 Jake LaTurner R Kansas 2
394 Teresa Leger Fernandez D New Mexico 3
395 Nancy Mace R South Carolina 1
396 Nicole Malliotakis R New York 11
397 Tracey Mann R Kansas 1
398 Kathy Manning D North Carolina 6
399 Lisa McClain R Michigan 10
400 Peter Meijer R Michigan 3
401 Mary Miller R Illinois 15
402 Mariannette Miller-Meeks R Iowa 2
403 Barry Moore R Alabama 2
404 Blake Moore R Utah 1
405 Frank J. Mrvan D Indiana 1
406 Troy Nehls R Texas 22
407 Marie Newman D Illinois 3
408 Jay Obernolte R California 8
409 Burgess Owens R Utah 4
410 August Pfluger R Texas 11
411 Matt Rosendale R Montana at-large
412 Deborah K. Ross D North Carolina 2
413 Maria Elvira Salazar R Florida 27
414 Victoria Spartz R Indiana 5
415 Michelle Steel R California 48
416 Marilyn Strickland D Washington 10
417 Ritchie Torres D New York 15
418 Beth Van Duyne R Texas 24
419 Nikema Williams D Georgia 5
420 Julia Letlow R Louisiana 5 March 20, 2021
421 Troy Carter D Louisiana 2 April 24, 2021
422 Melanie Stansbury D New Mexico 1 June 1, 2021
423 Jake Ellzey R Texas 6 July 27, 2021
424 Shontel Brown D Ohio 11 November 2, 2021
425 Mike Carey R Ohio 15
426 Sheila Cherfilus-McCormick D Florida 20 January 11, 2022
427 Connie Conway R California 22 June 7, 2022
428 Mayra Flores R Texas 34 June 14, 2022
429 Mike Flood R Nebraska 1 June 28, 2022
430 Brad Finstad R Minnesota 1 August 9, 2022
431 Mary Peltola D Alaska at-large August 16, 2022
432 Pat Ryan D New York 19 August 23, 2022
433 Joe Sempolinski R New York 23
Rank Member Party District Seniority date Previous service [a]
Committee and leadership positions

Delegates

Delegates are non-voting members of the United States House of Representatives.

Rank Delegate Party District Seniority date
(previous service, if any)
1 Eleanor Holmes Norton D District of Columbia at-large January 3, 1991
2 Gregorio Sablan D Northern Mariana Islands at-large January 3, 2009
3 Stacey Plaskett D United States Virgin Islands at-large January 3, 2015
4 Amata Coleman Radewagen R American Samoa at-large
5 Jenniffer González Colón NPP/R Puerto Rico at-large January 3, 2017
6 Michael San Nicolas D Guam at-large January 3, 2019

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b Members elected with substantial prior service receive credit for part of that service when calculating seniority.
  2. ^ A party change does not affect seniority.

References

  1. ^ "Terms of Service for Members of the House of Representatives". Historian of the United States House of Representatives. Retrieved November 28, 2020.
  2. ^ "House Seniority and Committee Leadership". U.S. News & World Report. December 8, 2006.
  3. ^ Goodwin, George (1959). "The Seniority System in Congress". JSTOR. The American Political Science Review. pp. 412–436. doi:10.2307/1952154. Retrieved 15 August 2022.