Washington At Princeton
ArtistCharles Wilson Peale
Year1779
MediumOil on canvas
SubjectGeorge Washington
Dimensions236.2 x 148.6
OwnerPennsylvania Academy Of The Fine Arts
Charles Willson Peale's Washington at Princeton (on the right) sold for $21.5 million in 2005, the most ever paid in U.S. history for a portrait.
George Washington at the Battle of Princeton (1783)

Washington at Princeton is a 1779 painting by Charles Willson Peale, showing George Washington after the Battle of Princeton. The original was commissioned by the Supreme Executive Council of Pennsylvania for its council chamber in Independence Hall in Philadelphia. Peale made eight copies of the painting. The original, now owned by the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, was completed in early 1779, when Washington sat for Peale in Philadelphia.

In January 2006, the painting sold for $21.3 million, the highest price ever paid for an American portrait at the time.[1] (This record has since been broken by an Andy Warhol portrait of Marilyn Monroe.[2]) Six of the paintings are presently housed in U.S. institutions, including the United States Senate, the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City, the Yale University Art Gallery in New Haven, Connecticut, the National Portrait Gallery in Washington, D.C., Colonial Williamsburg, the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts in Philadelphia, and Nassau Hall at Princeton University, where it is titled George Washington after the Battle of Princeton.

Copies of 1779 painting

The success of George Washington at Princeton led to orders for as many replicas of the painting. In August 1779 Peale wrote: "I have on hand a number of portraits of Gen. Washington. One the ambassador had for the Court of France, another is done for the Spanish Court, one other has been sent to the island of Cuba, and sundry others, which I have on hand are for private gentlemen."[3] Copies of the painting vary in size and background, but they all feature Washington in the same posture leaning on the cannon, with a horse and a soldier in the back. Some are full-length, as the original, and some are three-quarter length. Other versions reside at Princeton University Art Museum, the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, Colonial Williamsburg, Virginia Museum of Fine Arts[3] and Cleveland Museum of Art.

1783 painting

The Princeton University Art Museum displays another original Peale painting, George Washington at the Battle of Princeton, which was commissioned in 1783 by the Trustees of the College of New Jersey, which is now Princeton University, the year that Princeton University Faculty Room served as the temporary U.S. capital. That painting, which used to hang in the Faculty Room of Nassau Hall, is displayed in a frame (with crown removed) which previously contained a portrait of King George II, which had been hung in the very same room during the Battle of Princeton, and was damaged (decapitated) by a cannonball. The location of the two Peale portraits of Washington owned by Princeton University was swapped in 2015.[4]

References

  1. ^ "George Washington portrait sells for $21.3M". NBC News. 2006-01-22. Retrieved 2023-09-06.
  2. ^ Pannett, Rachel (2022-05-10). "Andy Warhol's Marilyn Monroe portrait sells for record $195 million". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2023-09-06.
  3. ^ a b c "U.S. Senate: George Washington at Princeton". www.senate.gov. Archived from the original on 13 July 2019. Retrieved 2 August 2019.
  4. ^ "Princeton University Art Museum". Archived from the original on 2019-04-30. Retrieved 2019-04-30.
  5. ^ "The Athenaeum - Washington After the Battle of Princeton, New Jersey (Charles Willson Peale - )". www.the-athenaeum.org. Archived from the original on 14 August 2020. Retrieved 2 August 2019.
  6. ^ "George Washington at the Battle of Princeton| Yale University Art Gallery". artgallery.yale.edu. Archived from the original on 2 August 2019. Retrieved 2 August 2019.
  7. ^ "Réunion des Musées Nationaux-Grand Palais -". www.photo.rmn.fr. Archived from the original on 2 August 2019. Retrieved 2 August 2019.
  8. ^ "George Washington at the Battle of Princeton". Cleveland Museum of Art. 31 October 2018. Archived from the original on 2 August 2019. Retrieved 2 August 2019.
  9. ^ "George Washington – Works – Crystal Bridges Museum of American Art". Archived from the original on 2 August 2019. Retrieved 2 August 2019.