Alma Adams
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from North Carolina's 12th district
Assumed office
November 4, 2014
Preceded byMel Watt
Member of the North Carolina House of Representatives
In office
April 1994 – November 4, 2014
Preceded byHerman Gist
Succeeded byRalph Johnson
Constituency26th District (1994–2003)
58th District (2003–2014)
Personal details
Alma Shealey

(1946-05-27) May 27, 1946 (age 77)
High Point, North Carolina, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
EducationNorth Carolina A&T State University (BS, MS)
Ohio State University (PhD)
WebsiteHouse website

Alma Shealey Adams (born May 27, 1946) is an American politician who represents North Carolina's 12th congressional district in the United States House of Representatives. A Democrat, Adams represented the state's 58th House district in Guilford County in the North Carolina General Assembly from her appointment in April 1994 until her election to Congress, succeeded by Ralph C. Johnson.[1]

Adams is a former college administrator and art professor from Greensboro. She is known for her distinctive hats.[2] She won the 2014 special election in North Carolina's 12th congressional district to fill the vacancy created by the resignation of Mel Watt, becoming the 100th woman serving in the 113th Congress. She won election to a full two-year term at the same time.[3][4]

Early life and education

Adams was born on May 27, 1946, in High Point, North Carolina. Her parents were Benjamin Shealey and the former Mattie Stokes. She graduated from West Side High School in Newark, New Jersey, in 1964. Adams received her B.S. degree in 1969 and her M.S. degree in 1972, both from North Carolina A&T University and both in art education. She received her Ph.D. in art education/multicultural education from Ohio State University in 1981.[5][6] Adams is a member of Alpha Kappa Alpha sorority.[7]

State legislature

Adams was a member of the Greensboro City School Board from 1984 to 1986 and a Greensboro City Council member from 1987 until her appointment to the House of Representatives in 1994.[5][8]

She was appointed to North Carolina House in 1994 to replace Herman Gist, who died in office. The district is in Guilford County and includes most of southeastern Greensboro. She had already announced that she was going to challenge Gist in the Democratic primary that year.[8] After being appointed to the seat, Adams faced conservative businessman and retired engineer O. C. Stafford in the Democratic primary. Stafford was a perennial candidate who had run for various offices, sometimes as a Democrat and sometimes as a Republican. He had challenged Gist as a Republican in the 1992 general election. In 1994, as a Democrat,[9] Stafford lost to Adams in the primary.

Adams won a full term in the general election, beating Republican Roger G. Coffer. She faced a rematch with Stafford in the general elections of 1996 and 1998 when Stafford ran as a Republican.[10] Adams won both elections.[11][12] In 2000 Adams did not have an opponent in the Democratic primary; she defeated Republican real estate broker Jim Rumley in the general election.[13][14]

In 2002, after redistricting, Adams's seat was changed from the 26th district to the 58th. Her only challenger that year was Libertarian lawyer David Williams, who withdrew from the race in October because he was moving to Colorado.[15] His name still appeared on the ballot, but Adams won with nearly 86% of the vote.[16]

Adams has been challenged for her seat for many years by Republican legal assistant and party activist Olga Morgan Wright.[17] Wright has run for the seat held by Adams in nearly every election since 2004. Adams defeated Wright and Libertarian challenger Walter Sperko with 66% of the vote in 2004.[18] In the next election Adams had no competition in the primary; she defeated Wright in the general election 66%–34%.[19] In 2008, the year Barack Obama was elected president, Democratic voters had a high rate of participation, and Adams defeated Wright 71.35%–28.65%[20]

In 2008, Adams was elected to a second term as chair of the North Carolina Legislative Black Caucus.[21]

Adams was vice-chair of the Government Committee in the state House.[22] Previously she was chair of the Appropriations Committee as well as vice-chair of the Commerce, Small Business and Entrepreneurship Committee.[5]

In 2010, Adams was challenged in the Democratic primary by Ralph C. Johnson. She defeated Johnson with 76.56% of the vote.[23] Adams next faced Republican Darin H. Thomas in the general election, beating him 63.15%–36.85%.[24] In 2012, Adams had no primary opposition and defeated Olga Wright in the general election, 79.86%–20.14%.[25]

U.S. House of Representatives


2014 special and general elections

See also: 2014 United States House of Representatives elections in North Carolina § District 12, and 2014 North Carolina's 12th congressional district special election

In April 2013, Mel Watt, the only congressman to have served the 12th District since its creation in 1993, was appointed director of the Federal Housing Finance Agency. Adams was one of the first to announce that if Watt were confirmed, she would run in the ensuing special election. Watt was confirmed in December 2013. Adams formally filed paperwork to run in both the Democratic primary for a full two-year term in the 114th Congress and the special election held in November 2014 to fill the balance of Watt's 11th term.[26] Adams was sworn in on November 12, 2014, to complete the remaining seven weeks of Watt's term.[27] After the swearing-in, Adams became the 100th female member of the congressional class, beating the previous record of 99.[27] Adams was reelected to the seat in 2016 and 2018.

Alma Adams in 2020

Analysts thought that Adams was at a geographic disadvantage in the five-way primary for both the special and regular elections (held on the same day in November 2014). She is from Greensboro, but the bulk of the district's population is in Charlotte. But with three Charlotteans in the race splitting that region's vote, Adams won both primaries with about 44% of the vote, a few thousand votes over the 40% threshold needed to avoid a runoff. She faced Republican Vince Coakley, a former television and radio broadcaster from Matthews, in the general and special elections, which were held on the same day. The 12th was a heavily Democratic district with a majority-black voting population and a Cook Partisan Voting Index of D+26, and Adams won both elections handily.

Adams is the second woman of color to represent North Carolina in the House. The first was Eva Clayton, who represented much of eastern North Carolina from 1992 to 2002.

In the 2016 presidential election, Adams endorsed Hillary Clinton and pledged her support as a superdelegate.[28]

Adams is a member of the Congressional Progressive Caucus,[29] the Congressional Black Caucus,[30] and the Congressional Arts Caucus.[31]

Adams decided not to attend the January 2017 Inauguration of Donald Trump.[32]


In February 2022, Adams and Representatives A. Donald McEachin and Brian Fitzpatrick introduced the African American Burial Grounds Preservation Act, would have the National Park Service work with local governments to identify, survey, research, and preserve historic African American cemeteries and burial grounds. The legislation has bipartisan support in the House.[33]

Adams voted to provide Israel with support following 2023 Hamas attack on Israel.[34][35]

In Congress, Adams has voted with President Joe Biden 100% of the time according to FiveThirtyEight. This gives her a Biden Plus/Minus score of +0.6 with higher support for Biden than would be expected given the makeup of her district.[36]

Adams's residency questioned

A court-ordered redistricting in 2016 made the 12th somewhat more compact. It now comprised nearly all of Mecklenburg County, home to Charlotte. Adams's home in Greensboro was drawn into the 13th district. She had already filed for a second full term, but announced she would move to Charlotte.[37] She claims a home in Charlotte's Fourth Ward neighborhood owned by Mary Gaffney,[38] one of her prominent supporters,[39] as her official residence in the district. Both Gaffney and Adams maintain active voter registrations at that address.[40] On May 31, WBTV in Charlotte reported that Adams filed campaign finance documents listing her longtime home in Greensboro as her residence, and also spends most weekends in her Greensboro home. WBTV also reported that Adams had scrubbed all references to her service as a local official in Greensboro from her campaign website, though her biography on her campaign's Facebook page still contained references to that service.[41] She drove away when a WBTV reporter confronted her in Greensboro.[41] While members of Congress are only required to live in the state they represent, convention calls for them to live in or near the district they represent.

Despite the controversy, with seven Charlotteans splitting the vote, Adams won the 2016 Democratic primary with 42%, just over the threshold to avoid a runoff.[42] This all but assured her of a second full term; due to Charlotte and Mecklenburg County's heavy swing to the Democrats in recent years, the reconfigured 12th is no less Democratic than its predecessor.

Committee assignments

Caucus memberships

Other work

Adams has been a professor of art at Bennett College in Greensboro, as well as the director of the Steel Hall Art Gallery.[5] In 1990, she and Eva Hamlin Miller co-founded the African American Atelier, an organization established to advance awareness and appreciation for visual arts and cultures of African Americans.[44]

Adams chairs the North Carolina Legislative Black Caucus Foundation, which gives scholarships to students who attend one of North Carolina's Historically Black Colleges and Universities.[45]

Personal life

Adams is divorced and has two children.[5][6] She is well known for her many distinctive hats.[46]

See also


  1. ^ "NC SBE Contest Results". Archived from the original on May 11, 2015. Retrieved December 12, 2016.
  2. ^ "U.S. Rep. Alma Adams To Be Sworn Into Office". Retrieved December 12, 2016.
  3. ^ "Women poised to break glass ceiling on Election Day". USA Today. Retrieved December 12, 2016.
  4. ^ "Milestone: Alma Adams Victory Means 100 Women in Congress",
  5. ^ a b c d e The North Carolina Manual 2009-2010 (PDF). Raleigh, North Carolina: North Carolina Secretary of State. 2009. p. 367. Retrieved December 11, 2023.
  6. ^ a b Beckwith, Ryan Teague. "Alma Adams". Raleigh News & Observer. Archived from the original on February 19, 2012. Retrieved June 18, 2012.
  7. ^ Rothacker, Jen (January 9, 2015). "Our congresswoman has made history. 10 things you should know about her". Charlotte Five. Archived from the original on November 18, 2020. Retrieved January 6, 2021.
  8. ^ a b Barstow, Thomas A. (March 31, 1994). "Alma Adams Gets Gist's Seat". Greensboro News & Record.
  9. ^ "O. C. Stafford: Running as a Democrat". Greensboro News and Record. January 27, 1994. p. B8.
  10. ^ Alexander, Lex (October 14, 1998). "Rematch Set for District 26". Greensboro News and Record. p. B1.
  11. ^ "NC House" (PDF). 1996 General Election Results. North Carolina State Board of Elections. Retrieved January 22, 2013.[permanent dead link]
  12. ^ "House 26" (PDF). 1998 General Election Results. North Carolina State Board of Elections. Retrieved January 22, 2013.[permanent dead link]
  13. ^ "A Key Year in the House". Greensboro News and Record. October 30, 2000. p. A8.
  14. ^ "House District 26" (PDF). 2000 General Election Results. North Carolina State Board of Elections. Retrieved January 19, 2013.[permanent dead link]
  15. ^ "Greensboro Lawyer is Dropping Out of House Race". Greensboro News and Record. October 9, 2002. p. B2.
  16. ^ "2002 General Election Results" (PDF). North Carolina State Board of Elections. Retrieved January 19, 2013.[permanent dead link]
  17. ^ "Olga Wright Biography". Project Vote Smart. Retrieved January 19, 2013.
  18. ^ "2004 General Election Results" (PDF). North Carolina State Board of Elections. Retrieved January 19, 2013.[permanent dead link]
  19. ^ "2006 General Election Results" (PDF). North Carolina State Board of Elections. Retrieved January 19, 2013.[permanent dead link]
  20. ^ "2008 General Election". North Carolina State Board of Elections. Retrieved January 19, 2013.
  21. ^ "Adams to chair Black Caucus again" Archived April 15, 2009, at the Wayback Machine, News & Observer
  22. ^ "Committee Assignments 2013-2014". North Carolina General Assembly. Retrieved January 19, 2013.
  23. ^ "2010 Primary Results". North Carolina State Board of Elections. Retrieved January 19, 2013.
  24. ^ "2010 General Election". North Carolina State Board of Elections. Retrieved January 19, 2013.
  25. ^ "2012 General Election Results". North Carolina State Board of Elections. Retrieved January 19, 2013.
  26. ^ Cahn, Emily. "Roll Call: Watt Confirmation Kicks Off North Carolina Special Election". Archived from the original on December 14, 2013. Retrieved December 16, 2013.
  27. ^ a b "Alma Adams - Ballotpedia". Retrieved May 21, 2018.
  28. ^ "The 2016 Endorsement Primary". FiveThirtyEight. July 14, 2015. Retrieved June 6, 2016.
  29. ^ "Caucus Members". Congressional Progressive Caucus. Retrieved January 30, 2018.
  30. ^ "Membership". Congressional Black Caucus. Retrieved March 7, 2018.
  31. ^ "Membership". Congressional Arts Caucus. Archived from the original on June 12, 2018. Retrieved March 21, 2018.
  32. ^ "NC Rep. Alma Adams among members of Congress not attending inauguration". January 17, 2017. Retrieved July 14, 2020.
  33. ^ Staff Writer (February 22, 2022). "McEachin, Adams, Fitzpatrick introduce African American Burial Grounds Preservation Act". Augusta Free Press. Retrieved February 23, 2022.
  34. ^ Demirjian, Karoun (October 25, 2023). "House Declares Solidarity With Israel in First Legislation Under New Speaker". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved October 30, 2023.
  35. ^ Washington, U. S. Capitol Room H154; p:225-7000, DC 20515-6601 (October 25, 2023). "Roll Call 528 Roll Call 528, Bill Number: H. Res. 771, 118th Congress, 1st Session". Office of the Clerk, U.S. House of Representatives. Retrieved October 30, 2023.((cite web)): CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  36. ^ Bycoffe, Anna Wiederkehr and Aaron (April 22, 2021). "Does Your Member Of Congress Vote With Or Against Biden?". FiveThirtyEight. Retrieved November 13, 2023.
  37. ^ "Rep. Alma Adams says she'll move to Charlotte". Retrieved December 12, 2016.
  38. ^ "Real Estate Lookup". Retrieved December 12, 2016.[permanent dead link]
  39. ^ "Sign our letter in support of Alma". Retrieved December 12, 2016.
  40. ^ "NC Public Voter Search". Retrieved December 12, 2016.
  41. ^ a b Ochsner, Nick (August 1, 2018). "Reporter's Notebook: Alma Adams". WBTV. Greensboro. Retrieved October 12, 2020.
  42. ^ "North Carolina's 12th Congressional District". Ballotpedia.
  43. ^ "Caucus Membrs". US House of Representatives. Retrieved January 3, 2021.
  44. ^ "Background". African American Atelier. Archived from the original on May 29, 2014. Retrieved May 28, 2014.
  45. ^ "About the NCLBCF". NC Legislative Black Caucus Foundation. Archived from the original on May 29, 2014. Retrieved May 28, 2014.
  46. ^ Hairston, Otis L. Jr (2003). Black America Series: Greensboro, North Carolina. Charleston, South Carolina: Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 0-7385-1525-6.
North Carolina House of Representatives Preceded byHerman Gist Member of the North Carolina House of Representatives from the 26th district 1994–2003 Succeeded byBilly Creech Preceded byRuth Easterling Member of the North Carolina House of Representatives from the 58th district 2003–2014 Succeeded byRalph Johnson U.S. House of Representatives Preceded byMel Watt Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from North Carolina's 12th congressional district 2014–present Incumbent U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial) Preceded byKatherine Clark United States representatives by seniority 151st Succeeded byDonald Norcross