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House Republican Conference
Part ofUnited States House of Representatives
Floor LeaderKevin McCarthy (CA)
Floor WhipSteve Scalise (LA)
ChairElise Stefanik (NY)
Vice ChairMike Johnson (LA)
AffiliationRepublican Party
Colors  Red
Seats
218 / 435
Website
https://www.gop.gov

The House Republican Conference is the party caucus for Republicans in the United States House of Representatives. It hosts meetings and is the primary forum for communicating the party's message to members. The Conference produces a daily publication of political analysis under the title Legislative Digest.

The conference has a chair who directs day-to-day operations and who is assisted by an elected vice chair and a secretary. The current chair is Elise Stefanik of New York, who assumed the position after a vote of the House Republican Conference on May 14, 2021.[1][2] Former chairs include Gerald Ford, John Boehner, Mike Pence, John B. Anderson, Dick Cheney, Jack Kemp, J. C. Watts, Deborah D. Pryce, Adam Putnam, Jeb Hensarling, Cathy McMorris Rodgers, and Liz Cheney.

Current hierarchy

Effective with the start of the 117th Congress, the conference leadership is as follows:

Leaders of the House Republican Conference

Congress Leader District Took office Left office House Speaker
36th
William Pennington portrait.jpg
William Pennington
(1796–1862)
New Jersey 5 February 1, 1860 March 3, 1861   Himself 1860–1861
37th
Galusha A. Grow restored.jpg
Galusha A. Grow
(1823–1907)
Pennsylvania 14 July 4, 1861 March 4, 1863   Himself 1861–1863
38th
Schuyler Colfax, photo portrait seated, c1855-1865.jpg
Schuyler Colfax
(1823–1885)
Indiana 9 December 7, 1863 March 3, 1869   Himself 1863–1869
39th
40th
Theodore Medad Pomeroy - Brady-Handy.jpg
Theodore M. Pomeroy
(1824–1905)
New York 24 March 3, 1869 March 4, 1869   Himself 1869
41st
James G. Blaine - Brady-Handy.jpg
James G. Blaine
(1830–1893)
Maine 3 March 4, 1869 March 4, 1875   Himself 1869–1875
42nd
43rd
44th
George Washington McCrary, Brady-Handy bw photo portrait, ca1860-1875.jpg
George W. McCrary
(1835–1890)
Iowa 1 March 4, 1875 March 3, 1877   Kerr 1875–1876
  Randall 1876–1881
45th
Eugene Hale - Brady-Handy.jpg
Eugene Hale
(1836–1918)
Maine 5 March 4, 1877 March 4, 1879
46th
William P. Frye - Brady-Handy.jpg
William P. Frye
(1830–1911)
Maine 2 March 4, 1879 March 3, 1881
47th
J. Warren Keifer - Brady-Handy.jpg
J. Warren Keifer
(1836–1932)
Ohio 8 December 5, 1881 March 4, 1883   Himself 1881–1883
48th
SpeakerCannon.png
Joseph Gurney Cannon
(1836–1926)
Illinois 15 March 4, 1883 March 3, 1889   Carlisle 1883–1889
49th
50th
51st
Thomas Brackett Reed by John Singer Sargent.jpg
Thomas Brackett Reed
(1839–1902)
Maine 1 December 4, 1889 March 3, 1891   Himself 1889–1891
52nd
ThomasJHenderson.jpg
Thomas J. Henderson
(1824–1911)
Illinois 7 March 4, 1891 March 3, 1895   Crisp 1891–1895
53rd
54th
Thomas Brackett Reed by John Singer Sargent.jpg
Thomas Brackett Reed
(1839–1902)
Maine 1 December 2, 1895 March 4, 1899   Himself 1895–1899
55th
56th
DavidBremmerHenderson.jpg
David B. Henderson
(1840–1906)
Iowa 3 December 4, 1899 March 4, 1903   Himself 1899–1903
57th
58th
SpeakerCannon.png
Joseph Gurney Cannon
(1836–1926)
Illinois 18 November 9, 1903 March 4, 1911   Himself 1903–1911
59th
60th
61st
62nd
James Robert Mann (Illinois) in 1916 (cropped).jpg
James Robert Mann Illinois 2 March 4, 1911 March 3, 1919   Clark 1911–1919
63rd
64th
65th
66th
Frederick Gillett.jpg
Frederick H. Gillett
(1851–1935)
Massachusetts 2 May 19, 1919 March 3, 1925   Himself 1919–1925
67th
68th
69th
Nick Longworth Portrait.JPG
Nicholas Longworth
(1869–1931)
Ohio 1 December 7, 1925 March 4, 1931   Himself 1925–1931
70th
71st
72nd
Bertrand Snell cph.3c04408.jpg
Bertrand Snell
(1870–1958)
New York 31 March 4, 1931 January 3, 1939   Garner 1931–1933
73rd   Rainey 1933–1934
74th   Byrns 1935–1936
  Bankhead 1936–1940
75th
76th
SPEAKER JWMartin.jpg
Joseph W. Martin Jr.
(1884–1968)
Massachusetts 14 January 3, 1939 January 3, 1959
  Rayburn 1940–1947
77th
78th
79th
80th   Himself 1947–1949
81st   Rayburn 1949–1953
82nd
83rd   Himself 1953–1955
84th   Rayburn 1955–1961
85th
86th
Rep. Charles A. Halleck of Ind., member of the Committee investigating the Nat
Charles A. Halleck
(1900–1986)
Indiana 2 January 3, 1959 January 3, 1965
87th
  McCormack 1962–1971
88th
89th
Gerald Ford presidential portrait (cropped).jpg
Gerald Ford
(1913–2006)
Michigan 5 January 3, 1965 December 6, 1973[a]
90th
91st
92nd   Albert 1971–1977
93rd
JohnRhodes.jpg
John Jacob Rhodes
(1916–2003)
Arizona 1 December 7, 1973 January 3, 1981
94th
95th   O'Neill 1977–1987
96th
97th
Robert H Michel.jpg
Robert H. Michel
(1923–2017)
Illinois 18 January 3, 1981 January 3, 1995
98th
99th
100th   Wright 1987–1989
101st
  Foley 1989–1995
102nd
103rd
104th
SpeakerGingrich.jpg
Newt Gingrich
(born 1943)
Georgia 6 January 3, 1995 January 3, 1999[b]   Himself 1995–1999
105th
106th
SpeakerHastert.jpg
Dennis Hastert
(born 1942)
Illinois 14 January 6, 1999 January 3, 2007   Himself 1999–2007
107th
108th
109th
110th
John Boehner Full House Portrait.png
John Boehner
(born 1949)
Ohio 8 January 3, 2007 October 29, 2015[b]   Pelosi 2007–2011
111th
112th   Himself 2011–2015
113th
114th
Paul-Ryan-2018-Portrait.jpg
Paul Ryan
(born 1970)
Wisconsin 1 October 29, 2015 January 3, 2019   Himself 2015–2019
115th
116th
Kevin McCarthy, official photo, 116th Congress.jpg
Kevin McCarthy
(born 1965)
California 23 January 3, 2019 Incumbent   Pelosi 2019–present
117th

Notes

  1. ^ Resigned to become vice president of the United States.
  2. ^ a b Resigned from office and from Congress.

Conference chairs

The conference chair is elected each Congress.[3]

Chairman State Congress Dates
Justin S. Morrill VT 38th39th 1863–1867
N/A 40th 1867–1869
Robert C. Schenck OH 41st 1869–1871
Nathaniel P. Banks MA
Austin Blair MI 42nd 1871–1873
Horace Maynard TN 43rd 1873–1875
George W. McCrary IA 44th 1875–1877
Eugene Hale ME 45th 1877–1879
William P. Frye ME 46th 1879–1881
George M. Robeson NJ 47th 1881–1883
Joseph G. Cannon IL 48th50th 1883–1889
Thomas J. Henderson IL 51st53rd 1889–1895
Charles H. Grosvenor OH 54th55th 1895–1899
Joseph G. Cannon IL 56th57th 1899–1903
William P. Hepburn IA 58th60th 1903–1909
Frank D. Currier NH 61st62nd 1909–1913
William S. Greene MA 63rd65th 1913–1919
Horace M. Towner IA 66th67th 1919–1923
Sydney Anderson MN 68th 1923–1925
Willis C. Hawley OR 69th72nd 1925–1933
Robert Luce MA 73rd 1933–1935
Frederick R. Lehlbach NJ 74th 1935–1937
Roy Woodruff MI 75th81st 1937–1951
Clifford Hope KS 82nd84th 1951–1957
Charles B. Hoeven IA 85th87th 1957–1963
Gerald Ford MI 88th 1963–1965
Melvin Laird WI 89th90th 1965–1969
John B. Anderson IL 91st95th 1969–1979
Samuel L. Devine OH 96th 1979–1981
Jack Kemp NY 97th99th 1981–1987
Dick Cheney WY 100th 1987–1989
Jerry Lewis CA 101st102nd 1989–1993
Dick Armey TX 103rd 1993–1995
John Boehner OH 104th105th 1995–1999
J. C. Watts OK 106th107th 1999–2003
Deborah Pryce OH 108th109th 2003–2007
Adam Putnam FL 110th 2007–2009
Mike Pence IN 111th 2009–2011
Jeb Hensarling TX 112th 2011–2013
Cathy McMorris Rodgers WA 113th115th 2013–2019
Liz Cheney WY 116th117th 2019–2021[a]
Elise Stefanik NY 117th 2021–present

Vice chairs

The vice chair is next in rank after the House Republican Conference Chair. Like the chair, the vice chair is elected by a vote of all Republican House members before each Congress. Among other duties, the vice chair has a seat on both the Steering and Policy Committees.[4]

Secretaries

List of successive secretaries of the House Republican Conference
Congress Name State Term start Term end
Position established
90th Dick Poff Virginia January 3, 1967 August 29, 1972
91st
92nd
Jack Edwards[5][6] Alabama August 29, 1972 January 3, 1979
93rd
94th
95th
96th Clair Burgener California January 3, 1979 January 3, 1985
97th
98th
99th Robert J. Lagomarsino January 3, 1985 January 3, 1989
100th
101st Vin Weber Minnesota January 3, 1989 January 3, 1993
102nd
103rd Tom DeLay Texas January 3, 1993 January 3, 1995
104th Barbara Vucanovich Nevada January 3, 1995 January 3, 1997
105th Jennifer Dunn Washington January 3, 1997 July 17, 1997
Tillie Fowler Florida July 17, 1997 January 3, 1999
106th Deborah Pryce Ohio January 3, 1999 January 3, 2001
107th Barbara Cubin Wyoming January 3, 2001 January 3, 2003
108th John Doolittle California January 3, 2003 January 3, 2007
109th
110th John Carter Texas January 3, 2007 January 3, 2013
111th
112th
113th Virginia Foxx North Carolina January 3, 2013 January 3, 2017
114th
115th Jason Smith Missouri January 3, 2017 January 3, 2021
116th
117th Richard Hudson North Carolina January 3, 2021 Present

References

  1. ^ Milman, Oliver (2021-05-14). "Trump loyalist Elise Stefanik wins Republican vote to replace Liz Cheney". The Guardian.
  2. ^ "Republican Conference Chairmen". US House of Representatives: History, Art & Archives. Retrieved 7 January 2019.
  3. ^ "Republican Conference Chairmen | US House of Representatives: History, Art & Archives". history.house.gov. Retrieved 2021-02-04.
  4. ^ "House Leadership Structure: Overview of Party Organization" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on November 29, 2006.
  5. ^ "Anniston Star, Sep 12, 1972, p. 10 | NewspaperArchive®". newspaperarchive.com. 1972-09-12. Retrieved 2021-02-04.
  6. ^ https://www.fordlibrarymuseum.gov/library/document/0054/12130699.pdf[bare URL PDF]