103rd United States Congress
102nd ←
→ 104th
Clinton Inauguration 01 (3202043230).jpg

January 3, 1993 – January 3, 1995
Members100 senators
435 representatives
5 non-voting delegates
Senate MajorityDemocratic
Senate PresidentDan Quayle (R)[a]
(until January 20, 1993)
Al Gore (D)
(from January 20, 1993)
House MajorityDemocratic
House SpeakerTom Foley (D)
Sessions
1st: January 5, 1993 – November 26, 1993
2nd: January 25, 1994 – December 1, 1994

The 103rd United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from January 3, 1993, to January 3, 1995, during the final weeks of George H. W. Bush's presidency and the first two years of Bill Clinton's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Twenty-first Census of the United States in 1990.

Both chambers maintained a Democratic majority, and with Bill Clinton being sworn in as President on January 20, 1993, this gave the Democrats an overall federal government trifecta for the first time since the 96th Congress in 1979.

Major events

Main articles: 1993 in the United States, 1994 in the United States, and 1995 in the United States

Major legislation

See also: List of United States federal legislation

Senate

Senate party standings on the opening day of Congress .mw-parser-output .legend{page-break-inside:avoid;break-inside:avoid-column}.mw-parser-output .legend-color{display:inline-block;min-width:1.25em;height:1.25em;line-height:1.25;margin:1px 0;text-align:center;border:1px solid black;background-color:transparent;color:black}.mw-parser-output .legend-text{}  57 Democratic Senators   43 Republican Senators
Senate party standings on the opening day of Congress
  57 Democratic Senators
  43 Republican Senators
Party
(shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic
(D)
Republican
(R)
End of previous congress 58 42 100 0
Begin 57 43 100 0
End 53 47
Final voting share 53.0% 47.0%
Beginning of next congress 47 53 100 0

House of Representatives

Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Democratic Independent Republican Vacant
End of the previous Congress 267 1 166 434 1
Begin 258 1 176 435 0
End 256 177 434 1
Final voting share 59.2% 40.8%
Non-voting members 4 0 0 5 0
Beginning of the next Congress 204 1 230 435 0

Leadership

Senate

Senate President
Dan Quayle
Dan Quayle (R)
(until January 20, 1993)
Al Gore
Al Gore (D)
(from January 20, 1993)
Senate President pro tempore

Majority (Democratic) leadership

Minority (Republican) leadership

House of Representatives

Speaker of the House

Majority (Democratic) leadership

Minority (Republican) leadership

Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed by class, and representatives are listed by district.

Senate

Senators are popularly elected statewide every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress, In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1994; Class 2 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1996; and Class 3 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1998.

See also: 1992 United States Senate elections

House of Representatives

Changes in membership

Senate

See also: List of special elections to the United States Senate

Senate changes
State
(class)
Vacated by Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation[b]


Texas
(1)
Lloyd Bentsen (D) Resigned January 20, 1993, to become United States Secretary of the Treasury.
His successor was appointed.
Bob Krueger (D) January 21, 1993
Texas
(1)
Bob Krueger (D) Interim appointee lost special election June 6, 1993.
Successor elected to finish the term.
Kay Bailey Hutchison (R) June 14, 1993
Alabama
(3)
Richard Shelby (D) Changed party November 9, 1994 Richard Shelby (R) November 9, 1994
Oklahoma
(2)
David Boren (D) Resigned November 15, 1994, to become President of the University of Oklahoma.
Successor elected on November 8, 1994, to finish the term.
Jim Inhofe (R) November 17, 1994
Tennessee
(2)
Harlan Mathews (D) Interim appointee did not seek election.
Successor elected on November 8, 1994, to finish the term.
Fred Thompson (R) December 2, 1994

House of Representatives

See also: List of special elections to the United States House of Representatives

House changes
District Vacated by Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation[b]
Wisconsin's 1st Les Aspin (D) Resigned to January 20, 1993, become United States Secretary of Defense Peter W. Barca (D) May 4, 1993
Mississippi's 2nd Mike Espy (D) Resigned January 22, 1993, to become United States Secretary of Agriculture Bennie Thompson (D) April 13, 1993
California's 17th Leon Panetta (D) Resigned January 23, 1993, to become Director of the Office of Management and Budget Sam Farr (D) June 8, 1993
Ohio 2nd Bill Gradison (R) Resigned January 31, 1993, to become president of the Health Insurance Association of America Rob Portman (R) May 4, 1993
Michigan 3rd Paul B. Henry (R) Died July 31, 1993 Vern Ehlers (R) December 7, 1993
Oklahoma's 6th Glenn English (D) Resigned January 7, 1994, to become CEO of the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association Frank Lucas (R) May 10, 1994
Kentucky's 2nd William Natcher (D) Died March 29, 1994 Ron Lewis (R) May 24, 1994
New Jersey 11th Dean Gallo (R) Died November 6, 1994 Vacant for remainder of term
Oklahoma's 1st Jim Inhofe (R) Resigned November 15, 1994, when elected to the U.S. Senate Steve Largent (R) November 29, 1994

Committees

Lists of committees and their party leaders for members of the House and Senate committees can be found through the Official Congressional Directory at the bottom of this article. The directory after the pages of terms of service lists committees of the Senate, House (Standing with Subcommittees, Select and Special) and Joint and, after that, House/Senate committee assignments. On the committees section of the House and Senate in the Official Congressional Directory, the committee's members on the first row on the left side shows the chairman of the committee and on the right side shows the ranking member of the committee.

Senate

House of Representatives

Joint

Caucuses

Employees

Legislative branch agency directors

Senate

House of Representatives

See also

Notes

  1. ^ U.S. Vice President Dan Quayle's term as President of the Senate ended at noon on January 20, 1993, when Al Gore's term began.
  2. ^ a b When seated or oath administered, not necessarily when service began.