Members of the Committee on Financial Services sit in the tiers of raised chairs (R), while those testifying and audience members sit below (L).

There are two main types of congressional committees in the United States House of Representatives, standing committees and select committees. Committee chairs are selected by whichever party is in the majority, and the minority party selects ranking members to lead them. The committees and party conferences may have rules determining term limits for leadership and membership, though waivers can be issued. While the Democrats and Republicans differ on the exact processes by which committee leadership and assignments are chosen, most standing committees are selected by the respective party steering committees and ratified by the party conferences.[1][2] The Ethics, House Administration, Rules and all select committees are chosen by the party leaders (Speaker in the majority and Minority Leader in the minority). Most committees are additionally subdivided into subcommittees, each with its own leadership selected according to the full committee's rules.[3][4] The only standing committee with no subcommittees is the Budget Committee.

The modern House committees were brought into existence through the Legislative Reorganization Act of 1946. This bill reduced the number of House committees, as well as restructured the committees' jurisdictions.[5]

Standing committees

Committee Chair Ranking Member Refs
Agriculture Glenn Thompson (R-PA) David Scott (D-GA)
Commodity Markets, Digital Assets and Rural Development Dusty Johnson (R-SD) Yadira Caraveo (D-CO)
Conservation, Research and Biotechnology Jim Baird (R-IN) Abigail Spanberger (D-VA)
Forestry Doug LaMalfa (R-CA) Andrea Salinas (D-OR)
General Farm Commodities, Risk Management and Credit Austin Scott (R-GA) Shontel Brown (D-OH)
Livestock, Dairy and Poultry Tracey Mann (R-KS) Jim Costa (D-CA)
Nutrition, Foreign Agriculture and Horticulture Brad Finstad (R-MN) Jahana Hayes (D-CT)
Appropriations Tom Cole (R-OK) Rosa DeLauro (D-CT)
Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration and Related Agencies Andy Harris (R-MD) Sanford Bishop (D-GA)
Commerce, Justice, Science and Related Agencies Hal Rogers (R-KY) Matt Cartwright (D-PA)
Defense Ken Calvert (R-CA) Betty McCollum (D-MN)
Energy and Water Development and Related Agencies Chuck Fleischmann (R-TN) Marcy Kaptur (D-OH)
Financial Services and General Government Dave Joyce (R-OH) Steny Hoyer (D-MD)
Homeland Security Mark Amodei (R-NV) Lauren Underwood (D-IL)
Interior, Environment and Related Agencies Mike Simpson (R-ID) Chellie Pingree (D-ME)
Labor, Health and Human Services, Education and Related Agencies Robert Aderholt (R-AL) Rosa DeLauro (D-CT)
Legislative Branch David Valadao (R-CA) Adriano Espaillat (D-NY)
Military Construction, Veterans Affairs and Related Agencies John Carter (R-TX) Debbie Wasserman Schultz (D-FL)
State, Foreign Operations and Related Programs Mario Díaz-Balart (R-FL) Barbara Lee (D-CA)
Transportation, Housing and Urban Development and Related Agencies Steve Womack (R-AR) Mike Quigley (D-IL)
Armed Services Mike Rogers (R-AL) Adam Smith (D-WA)
Cyber, Information Technologies and Innovation Mike Gallagher (R-WI) Ro Khanna (D-CA)
Intelligence and Special Operations Jack Bergman (R-MI) Ruben Gallego (D-AZ)
Military Personnel Jim Banks (R-IN) Andy Kim (D-NJ)
Readiness Michael Waltz (R-FL) John Garamendi (D-CA)
Seapower and Projection Forces Trent Kelly (R-MS) Joe Courtney (D-CT)
Strategic Forces Doug Lamborn (R-CO) Seth Moulton (D-MA)
Tactical Air and Land Forces Rob Wittman (R-VA) Donald Norcross (D-NJ)
Budget Jodey Arrington (R-TX) Brendan Boyle (D-PA)
Education and the Workforce Virginia Foxx (R-NC) Bobby Scott (D-VA)
Early Childhood, Elementary and Secondary Education Aaron Bean (R-FL) Suzanne Bonamici (D-OR)
Health, Employment, Labor and Pensions Bob Good (R-VA) Mark DeSaulnier (D-CA)
Higher Education and Workforce Development Burgess Owens (R-UT) Frederica Wilson (D-FL)
Workforce Protections Kevin Kiley (R-CA) Alma Adams (D-NC)
Energy and Commerce Cathy McMorris Rodgers (R-WA) Frank Pallone (D-NJ)
Communications and Technology Bob Latta (R-OH) Doris Matsui (D-CA)
Energy, Climate and Grid Security Jeff Duncan (R-SC) Diana DeGette (D-CO)
Environment, Manufacturing and Critical Materials Buddy Carter (R-GA) Paul Tonko (D-NY)
Health Brett Guthrie (R-KY) Anna Eshoo (D-CA)
Innovation, Data and Commerce Gus Bilirakis (R-FL) Jan Schakowsky (D-IL)
Oversight and Investigations Morgan Griffith (R-VA) Kathy Castor (D-FL)
Ethics Michael Guest (R-MS) Susan Wild (D-PA)
Cherfilus-McCormick Investigation Andrew Garbarino (R-NY) Chrissy Houlahan (D-PA) [6]
Cuellar Investigation Michael Guest (R-MS) Glenn Ivey (D-MD) [7]
Financial Services Patrick McHenry (R-NC) Maxine Waters (D-CA)
Capital Markets Ann Wagner (R-MO) Brad Sherman (D-CA)
Digital Assets, Financial Technology and Inclusion French Hill (R-AR) Stephen Lynch (D-MA)
Financial Institutions and Monetary Policy Andy Barr (R-KY) Bill Foster (D-IL)
Housing and Insurance Warren Davidson (R-OH) Emanuel Cleaver (D-MO)
National Security, Illicit Finance and International Financial Institutions Blaine Luetkemeyer (R-MO) Joyce Beatty (D-OH)
Oversight and Investigations Bill Huizenga (R-MI) Al Green (D-TX)
Foreign Affairs Mike McCaul (R-TX) Greg Meeks (D-NY)
Africa John James (R-MI) Sara Jacobs (D-CA)
Europe Tom Kean (R-NJ) Bill Keating (D-MA)
Global Health, Global Human Rights and International Organizations Chris Smith (R-NJ) Susan Wild (D-PA)
Indo-Pacific Young Kim (R-CA) Ami Bera (D-CA)
Middle East, North Africa and Central Asia Joe Wilson (R-SC) Dean Phillips (D-MN)
Oversight and Accountability Brian Mast (R-FL) Jason Crow (D-CO)
Western Hemisphere María Elvira Salazar (R-FL) Joaquin Castro (D-TX)
Homeland Security Mark Green (R-TN) Bennie Thompson (D-MS)
Border Security and Enforcement Clay Higgins (R-LA) Lou Correa (D-CA)
Counterterrorism, Law Enforcement and Intelligence August Pfluger (R-TX) Seth Magaziner (D-RI)
Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Protection Andrew Garbarino (R-NY) Eric Swalwell (D-CA)
Emergency Management and Technology Anthony D'Esposito (R-NY) Troy Carter (D-LA)
Oversight, Investigations and Accountability Dan Bishop (R-NC) Glenn Ivey (D-MD)
Transportation and Maritime Security Carlos Giménez (R-FL) Shri Thanedar (D-MI)
House Administration Bryan Steil (R-WI) Joe Morelle (D-NY)
Communications Standards Commission (Franking Commission) Mike Carey (R-OH) Joe Morelle (D-NY)
Elections Laurel Lee (R-FL) Terri Sewell (D-AL)
Modernization Stephanie Bice (R-SC) Derek Kilmer (D-WA)
Oversight Barry Loudermilk (R-GA) Norma Torres (D-CA)
Judiciary Jim Jordan (R-OH) Jerry Nadler (D-NY)
Administrative State, Regulatory Reform and Antitrust Tom Massie (R-KY) Lou Correa (D-CA)
Constitution and Limited Government Chip Roy (R-TX) Mary Gay Scanlon (D-PA)
Courts, Intellectual Property and the Internet Darrell Issa (R-CA) Hank Johnson (D-GA)
Crime and Federal Government Surveillance Andy Biggs (R-AZ) Sheila Jackson Lee (D-TX)
Immigration Integrity, Security and Enforcement Tom McClintock (R-CA) Pramila Jayapal (D-WA)
Responsiveness and Accountability to Oversight Ben Cline (R-VA) Eric Swalwell (D-CA)
Weaponization of the Federal Government (Select) Jim Jordan (R-OH) Stacey Plaskett (D-VI)
Natural Resources Bruce Westerman (R-AR) Raúl Grijalva (D-AZ)
Energy and Mineral Resources Pete Stauber (R-MN) Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez (D-NY)
Federal Lands Tom Tiffany (R-WI) Joe Neguse (D-CO)
Indian and Insular Affairs Harriet Hageman (R-WY) Teresa Leger Fernández (D-NM)
Oversight and Investigations Paul Gosar (R-AZ) Melanie Stansbury (D-NM)
Water, Wildlife and Fisheries Cliff Bentz (R-OR) Jared Huffman (D-CA)
Oversight and Accountability Jim Comer (R-KY) Jamie Raskin (D-MD)
Coronavirus Pandemic (Select) Brad Wenstrup (R-OH) Raul Ruiz (D-CA)
Cybersecurity, Information Technology and Government Innovation Nancy Mace (R-SC) Gerry Connolly (D-VA)
Economic Growth, Energy Policy and Regulatory Affairs Pat Fallon (R-TX) Cori Bush (D-MO)
Government Operations and the Federal Workforce Pete Sessions (R-TX) Kweisi Mfume (D-MD)
Health Care and Financial Services Lisa McClain (R-MI) Raja Krishnamoorthi (D-IL)
National Security, the Border and Foreign Affairs Glenn Grothman (R-WI) Robert Garcia (D-CA)
Rules Michael C. Burgess (R-TX) Jim McGovern (D-MA)
Legislative and Budget Process Michelle Fischbach (R-MN) Teresa Leger Fernández (D-NM)
Rules and Organization of the House Guy Reschenthaler (R-PA) Mary Gay Scanlon (D-PA)
Science, Space and Technology Frank Lucas (R-OK) Zoe Lofgren (D-CA)
Energy Brandon Williams (R-TX) Jamaal Bowman (D-NY)
Environment Max Miller (R-OH) Deborah Ross (D-NC)
Investigations and Oversight Jay Obernolte (R-CA) Valerie Foushee (D-NC)
Research and Technology Mike Collins (R-GA) Haley Stevens (D-MI)
Space and Aeronautics Brian Babin (R-TX) Eric Sorensen (D-IL)
Small Business Roger Williams (R-TX) Nydia Velázquez (D-NY)
Contracting and Infrastructure Nick LaLota (R-NY) Hillary Scholten (D-MI)
Economic Growth, Tax and Capital Access Dan Meuser (R-PA) Greg Landsman (D-OH)
Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Workforce Development Marc Molinaro (R-NY) Morgan McGarvey (D-KY)
Oversight, Investigations and Regulations Beth Van Duyne (R-TX) Kweisi Mfume (D-MD)
Rural Development, Energy and Supply Chains Wesley Hunt (R-TX) Marie Gluesenkamp Pérez (D-WA)
Transportation and Infrastructure Sam Graves (R-MO) Rick Larsen (D-WA)
Aviation Garret Graves (R-LA) Steve Cohen (D-TN)
Coast Guard and Maritime Transportation Daniel Webster (R-FL) Salud Carbajal (D-CA)
Economic Development, Public Buildings and Emergency Management Scott Perry (R-PA) Dina Titus (D-NV)
Highways and Transit Rick Crawford (R-AR) Eleanor Holmes Norton (D-DC)
Railroads, Pipelines and Hazardous Materials Troy Nehls (R-TX) Frederica Wilson (D-FL)
Water Resources and Environment David Rouzer (R-NC) Grace Napolitano (D-CA)
Veterans' Affairs Mike Bost (R-IL) Mark Takano (D-CA)
Disability Assistance and Memorial Affairs Morgan Luttrell (R-TX) Chris Pappas (D-NH)
Economic Opportunity Derrick Van Orden (R-WI) Mike Levin (D-CA)
Health Mariannette Miller-Meeks (R-IA) Julia Brownley (D-CA)
Oversight and Investigations Jen Kiggans (R-VA) Frank Mrvan (D-IN)
Technology Modernization Matt Rosendale (R-MT) Sheila Cherfilus-McCormick (D-FL)
Ways and Means Jason Smith (R-MO) Richard Neal (D-MA)
Health Vern Buchanan (R-FL) Lloyd Doggett (D-TX)
Oversight David Schweikert (R-AZ) Bill Pascrell (D-NJ)
Social Security Drew Ferguson (R-GA) John Larson (D-CT)
Tax Mike Kelly (R-PA) Mike Thompson (D-CA)
Trade Adrian Smith (R-NE) Earl Blumenauer (D-OR)
Work and Welfare Darin LaHood (R-IL) Danny Davis (D-IL)

Non-standing committees

Committee Chair Ranking Member Refs
Tom Lantos Human Rights Commission Chris Smith (R-NJ) Jim McGovern (D-MA)
Intelligence (Permanent Select) Mike Turner (R-OH) Jim Himes (D-CT)
Central Intelligence Agency Rick Crawford (R-AR) André Carson (D-IN)
Defense Intelligence and Overhead Architecture Trent Kelly (R-MS) Chrissy Houlahan (D-PA)
FISA 702 Working Group (Select) Darin LaHood (R-IL) André Carson (D-IN)
National Intelligence Enterprise Brian Fitzpatrick (R-PA) Stacey Plaskett (D-VI)
National Security Agency and Cyber Darin LaHood (R-IL) Josh Gottheimer (D-NJ)
Oversight and Investigations Brad Wenstrup (R-OH) Jimmy Gomez (D-CA)
Strategic Competition between the United States and the Chinese Communist Party (Select) John Moolenaar (R-MI) Raja Krishnamoorthi (D-IL) [8]

Party leadership

Each party determines their committees leads, who serve as chair in the majority and ranking member in the minority. The table below lists the tenure of when each member was selected for their current term as committee lead. The Republican party rules stipulate that their leads of standing committees may serve no more than three congressional terms (two years each) as chair or ranking member unless the full party conference grants them a waiver to do so.[9] The current majority party is listed first for each committee.

Committee Party Lead State Start Party
Agriculture Glenn Thompson PA January 3, 2021 Republican
David Scott GA January 3, 2021 Democratic
Appropriations Tom Cole OK April 10, 2024 Republican
Rosa DeLauro CT January 3, 2021 Democratic
Armed Services Mike Rogers AL January 3, 2021 Republican
Adam Smith WA January 3, 2011 Democratic
Budget Jodey Arrington TX January 3, 2023 Republican
Brendan Boyle PA January 3, 2023 Democratic
Education and the Workforce Virginia Foxx NC January 3, 2017 Republican
Bobby Scott VA January 3, 2015 Democratic
Energy and Commerce Cathy McMorris Rodgers WA January 3, 2021 Republican
Frank Pallone NJ January 3, 2015 Democratic
Ethics Michael Guest MS August 19, 2022 Republican
Susan Wild PA September 30, 2022 Democratic
Financial Services Patrick McHenry NC January 3, 2019 Republican
Maxine Waters CA January 3, 2013 Democratic
Foreign Affairs Mike McCaul TX January 3, 2019 Republican
Greg Meeks NY January 3, 2021 Democratic
Homeland Security Mark Green TN January 3, 2023 Republican
Bennie Thompson MS January 3, 2005 Democratic
House Administration Bryan Steil WI January 3, 2023 Republican
Joe Morelle NY January 3, 2023 Democratic
Human Rights (Lantos Commission) Chris Smith NJ January 3, 2019 Republican
Jim McGovern MA February 11, 2008 Democratic
Intelligence (Permanent Select) Mike Turner OH January 1, 2022 Republican
Jim Himes CT January 3, 2023 Democratic
Judiciary Jim Jordan OH March 12, 2020 Republican
Jerry Nadler NY December 17, 2017 Democratic
Natural Resources Bruce Westerman AR January 3, 2021 Republican
Raúl Grijalva AZ January 3, 2015 Democratic
Oversight and Accountability Jim Comer KY June 29, 2020 Republican
Jamie Raskin MD January 3, 2023 Democratic
Rules Michael C. Burgess TX April 10, 2024 Republican
Jim McGovern MA March 16, 2018 Democratic
Science, Space and Technology Frank Lucas OK January 3, 2019 Republican
Zoe Lofgren CA January 3, 2023 Democratic
Small Business Roger Williams TX January 3, 2023 Republican
Nydia Velázquez NY February 28, 1998 Democratic
Strategic Competition between the United States
and the Chinese Communist Party (Select)
John Moolenaar MI April 20, 2024 Republican
Raja Krishnamoorthi IL January 3, 2023 Democratic
Transportation and Infrastructure Sam Graves MO January 3, 2019 Republican
Rick Larsen WA January 3, 2023 Democratic
Veterans' Affairs Mike Bost IL January 3, 2021 Republican
Mark Takano CA January 3, 2019 Democratic
Ways and Means Jason Smith MO January 3, 2023 Republican
Richard Neal MA January 3, 2017 Democratic

See also


  1. ^ Crowley, Joe (July 18, 2017). "Rules of the Democratic Caucus – 115th Congress" (PDF). United States House of Representatives Democratic Caucus. Retrieved January 31, 2019.
  2. ^ Cheney, Liz. "Conference Rules of the 116th Congress". United States House of Representatives Republican Conference. Retrieved January 31, 2019.
  3. ^ Schneider, Judy (October 17, 2014). "House Committees: Categories and Rules for Committee Assignments" (PDF). Congressional Research Service. Retrieved January 30, 2019.
  4. ^ Heitshusen, Valerie (May 2, 2017). "Committee Types and Roles" (PDF). Congressional Research Service. Retrieved January 30, 2019.
  5. ^ "Revolt Against Cannonism". Retrieved April 8, 2007.
  6. ^ "Statement of the Chairman and Ranking Member of the Committee on Ethics Regarding Representative Sheila Cherfilus-McCormick". 27 December 2023.
  7. ^
  8. ^ Adragna, Anthony (December 8, 2022). "Kevin McCarthy has tapped Wisconsin's Mike Gallagher to lead a new panel examining China in the incoming Republican majority". Retrieved January 11, 2023.
  9. ^ "Conference Rules of the 118th Congress". House Republican Conference. Retrieved February 20, 2023. Rule 14(e)Term limitation.—No individual shall serve more than three consecutive terms as chair or Ranking Member of a standing, select, joint, or ad hoc Committee or Subcommittee.