Jacob H. Gallinger
Chairman of the Senate Republican Conference
In office
March 4, 1913 – August 17, 1918
DeputyJames Wolcott Wadsworth Jr. (1915)
Preceded byShelby Moore Cullom
Succeeded byHenry Cabot Lodge
President pro tempore of the United States Senate
In office
February 12, 1912 – March 3, 1913
Preceded byAugustus O. Bacon
Succeeded byJames Paul Clarke
United States Senator
from New Hampshire
In office
March 4, 1891 – August 17, 1918
Preceded byHenry W. Blair
Succeeded byIrving W. Drew
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New Hampshire's 2nd district
In office
March 4, 1885 – March 3, 1889
Preceded byOssian Ray
Succeeded byOrren C. Moore
Member of the New Hampshire Senate
In office
Member of the New Hampshire House of Representatives
In office
Personal details
Born(1837-03-28)March 28, 1837
Cornwall, Ontario, British Canada
DiedAugust 17, 1918(1918-08-17) (aged 81)
Franklin, New Hampshire, U.S.
Political partyRepublican

Jacob Harold Gallinger (March 28, 1837 – August 17, 1918), was a United States senator from New Hampshire who served as President pro tempore of the Senate in 1912 and 1913.

Early life and career

Jacob Harold Gallinger was born in Cornwall, Ontario, British Canada on March 28, 1837. His father's family were German and his mother's was German American.[1]

He was home-schooled from an early age.[1]

Gallinger moved to the U.S. at an early age and first worked as a printer.[1]

Medical career

Gallinger studied medicine at the Cincinnati Eclectic Medical Institute and graduated at the head of his class in May 1858.[1] He studied abroad for three years, writing and working as a printer to cover his expenses.[1] In 1861, he returned to the United States and engaged in the practice of homeopathic medicine and surgery in Keene, New Hampshire before moving to Concord, New Hampshire in April 1862.[1] He practiced medicine actively until 1885.[1]

He was an active member of the American Institute of Homeopathy from 1868 to 1880, and throughout his political career, he was a forthright advocate of the homeopathic school of thought and practice. Besides the AIH, he was a member of many state and national medical societies and a frequent contributor to the journals of his profession. He was on the board of trustees of Columbia Hospital for Women, and a member of the board of visitors to Providence Hospital.

Early political career

State legislature

Gallinger was elected to the New Hampshire House of Representatives in 1872 and re-elected in 1873.[1] He served as a member of the state constitutional convention in 1876. He was then elected to the New Hampshire Senate and served from 1878 to 1880. In 1879, he was elected Senate President.[1]

He became surgeon general of New Hampshire under Governor Natt Head, with the rank of brigadier general, from 1879 to 1880. In 1882, he was elected chairman of the New Hampshire Republican Party and remained in that role until his resignation in 1890.[1]

United States House of Representatives

In 1884, Gallinger was elected to the United States House of Representatives, serving from March 4, 1885, to March 3, 1889, but declined to be a candidate for reelection in 1888.

In 1888, Gallinger served as chairman of the New Hampshire delegation to the Republican National Convention at Chicago, where he seconded the nomination of Benjamin Harrison of Indiana for president.

United States Senate

Gallinger circa 1903

In 1890, Gallinger was elected to the New Hampshire House again, but served only a short time before the legislature elected him to the United States Senate in 1891. He was reelected by the legislature without Republican opposition in 1897, 1903 and 1909,[1] and by popular vote in 1914. He served from March 4, 1891, until his death in Franklin, New Hampshire in 1918.

As Senator, Gallinger chaired the New Hampshire delegations to the Republican National Convention of 1888, 1900, 1904 and 1908, and for a time was a member of the Republican National Committee.

In 1898, Gallinger returned to the role of chairman of the New Hampshire Republican Party and was re-elected in 1900 and 1902.[1] In 1901, he was also elected to represent New Hampshire on the Republican National Committee.[1]

As Senator he was considered a master of parliamentary law and was frequently called upon to preside over the Senate. He was also an active public speaker in and out of the Senate.[1]

He was President pro tempore during the Sixty-second Congress and was also Republican Conference chairman. He also chaired the Committee on Transportation Routes to the Seaboard, Committee on Pensions, Committee on the District of Columbia, and the Merchant Marine Commission.[2] He was named a member of the National Forest Reservation Commission, established by the Weeks Act, which Gallinger sponsored in the Senate.[3]

Personal life and death

Gallinger received the honorary degree of A.M. from Dartmouth College in 1885 and served as trustee of George Washington University for several years. He was interred at Blossom Hill Cemetery, Concord.

See also


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Willey, George Franklyn (1903). State Builders; An Illustrated Historical and Biographical Record of the State of New Hampshire at the Beginning of the Twentieth Century. Manchester NH: New Hampshire Pub. Corp. p. 205. OCLC 7566342.
  2. ^ See: Report of the Merchant Marine Commission, together with the testimony taken at the Hearings, 1905, Vol. III. Hearings on the Southern Coast and at Washington, D.C. and General Index
  3. ^ "Protection and Restoration". Archived from the original on November 17, 2015. Retrieved November 21, 2015.


Party political offices First Republican nominee for U.S. Senator from New Hampshire(Class 3) 1914 Succeeded byGeorge H. Moses U.S. House of Representatives Preceded byOssian Ray U.S. Congressman from New Hampshire 1885–1889 Succeeded byOrren C. Moore U.S. Senate Preceded byHenry W. Blair United States Senator from New Hampshire 1891–1918 Succeeded byIrving W. Drew Political offices Preceded byWilliam P. Frye President pro tempore of the United States Senate Rotating pro tems Succeeded byJames P. Clarke Preceded byDavid H. Buffum President of the New Hampshire Senate 1879–1881 Succeeded byJohn Kimball Honorary titles Preceded byShelby Moore Cullom Dean of the United States Senate March 4, 1913 – August 17, 1918 Succeeded byHenry Cabot Lodge