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Pennsylvania Republican Party
ChairpersonLawrence Tabas
Senate President pro temporeJake Corman
House SpeakerBryan Cutler
Founded1854 (1854)
Headquarters112 State Street
Harrisburg, Pennsylvania 17101-1024
Membership (May 2021)3,427,608[1]
Fiscal conservatism
Social conservatism
Political positionCenter-right to right-wing
National affiliationRepublican Party
Colors  Red
U.S. Senate Seats
1 / 2
U.S. House Seats
9 / 18
Statewide Executive Offices
2 / 5
Seats in the Senate of Pennsylvania
28 / 50
Seats in the Pennsylvania House of Representatives
112 / 203
State Supreme Court
2 / 7

The Pennsylvania Republican Party (PAGOP) is the affiliate of the Republican Party in the state of Pennsylvania. It is headquartered in Harrisburg.[2]


David Wilmot, Party Founder
David Wilmot, Party Founder


The party was founded on November 27, 1854, in Towanda (Bradford County) by former Congressman David Wilmot. Wilmot invited a small group of friends and political leaders to the organization's first meeting, which took place in his home. Among the attendees were Senator Simon Cameron, Congressman Thaddeus Stevens, Colonel Alexander McClure and future Governor Andrew Curtin. Wilmot convinced the group to form local Republican Clubs in their home counties. George Bloom made the Republican Party a statewide organization in 1959. He had the headquarters located in Harrisburg, where it remains to this day.[2]


Pennsylvania was dominated politically by the Democratic Party until around 1856. This is at least partially attributed to the desire of many in the state to promote its growing industries by raising taxes. From the period immediately preceding the Civil until the mid-1930s, political dominance in the state largely rested with the Republican Party. The party was led by a series of bosses, including Simon Cameron, J. Donald Cameron, Matthew Quay, and Boies Penrose.[3] Quay in particular was one of the dominant political figures of his era, as he served as chairman of the Republican National Committee and helped place Theodore Roosevelt on the 1900 Republican ticket.[4] During the period from the Civil War until the start of the Great Depression, Republican gubernatorial administrations outnumbered Democratic administrations by a margin of sixteen to two. Republican dominance was ended by the growing influence of labor and urbanization, and the implementation of the New Deal.[5] However, even after the New Deal, Republicans continued to control the governorship until George M. Leader's election in 1954,[3] and Republicans remain competitive in the state.

Flag of the Governor of Pennsylvania
Flag of the Governor of Pennsylvania


The last three Republican Governors, Mark Schweiker, Tom Ridge, and Tom Corbett
The last three Republican Governors, Mark Schweiker, Tom Ridge, and Tom Corbett

The first Republican governor was elected in 1861, and there was a Republican governor until 1883. The governorship alternated between Democrat and Republican every term until 1895. From 1895 until 1935, the GOP held an unbroken grip on the governor's office. Democrat George Howard Earle held the governorship for one term, from 1935 to 1939, after which time Republicans held the governorship until the 1954 election of state senator George Leader. Democrats continued to hold the governorship into 1963, following the 1958 election of Pittsburgh Mayor David Lawrence to succeed Leader.[6]

Republicans Bill Scranton and Ray Shafer followed Lawrence. In 1968, state law was changed to allow governors to run for a second four-year term. However, in the 1970 election (the first which allowed the winner the opportunity to run for a second term), Democrat Milton Shapp defeated Shafer's Lieutenant Governor, Ray Broderick. Shapp was re-elected over GOP nominee Drew Lewis in 1974.[7]

Recent political history

Presidential elections

After Democrat Jimmy Carter's victory in 1976 (in which he carried the state), Pennsylvania was carried by the Republican presidential nominee in three consecutive elections. In 1980, Ronald Reagan won 49.6% of the popular vote and Carter received 42.5%. In 1984 Reagan acquired 53% of the votes. In 1988 George Bush won with 50.7% of the popular vote against Michael Dukakis who obtained 48.4%. In 1992, Pennsylvania was carried by Democrat Bill Clinton, who received 45.1% of the popular vote and Republican Bush got 36.1%. In 1996 Clinton again carried the state with 49.2% of the vote against Bob Dole's 40%. Al Gore carried the state with 50.6% of the vote in 2000 and Bush only received 46.4%. Democrat John Kerry became the fourth straight Democratic presidential nominee to carry the state in 2004 receiving 51% and Bush obtained 48.3% of the votes.[7]

State and congressional elections

Republicans held both US Senate seats from 1968 to 1991. In 1991, after the death of Senator John Heinz, a special election was held. In the election, former Kennedy administration official and Democrat Harris Wofford defeated former governor Dick Thornburgh, who resigned as President Bush's Attorney General to run in the election. The Republican defeat was considered to be a major upset. Wofford went on to be defeated in his bid for a full six-year term in 1994 by Congressman Rick Santorum. Republicans would hold both of Pennsylvania's Senate seats until Santorum was defeated in his bid for a third term in 2006.[5]

In 1992, Democrats had the majorities in both houses of the General Assembly for the first time since 1978.[5] Following the 1994 state and federal elections, Republicans regained the majority in both houses of the General Assembly, as well as a majority of the state's Congressional seats.

In 1998, 42% of Pennsylvania's registered voters were Republican, 48% were Democrats, and the other 9% were either unaffiliated or with other parties.[citation needed]

By 2003, there were 12 Republicans and seven Democrats in the state's U.S. House delegation, as well as 29 Republicans and 21 Democrats in the state Senate, and 109 Republicans and 94 Democrats in the state House.[citation needed]

2006 general election

Two statewide elections took place in 2006. In the U.S. Senate race, State Treasurer Bob Casey, Jr., son of former Governor Bob Casey, Sr., won nearly 59% of the vote, defeating incumbent Republican Rick Santorum. Santorum's margin of defeat was 18 points—the largest for an incumbent Republican Senator in state history. Casey also became the first Democrat elected to a full Senate term from Pennsylvania since Joseph Clark was re-elected in 1962. In the gubernatorial election, incumbent Democratic Governor Ed Rendell won a comfortable re-election over Republican challenger Lynn Swann. Rendell took 60% of the votes cast, while Swann took the remaining 40%.[7]

Democrats also retook the majority in the State House this year, though the balance-of-power in the State Senate remained the same.[7]

2008 general election

In 2008, Democrat Barack Obama won Pennsylvania's 21 electoral votes with a total of about 3.2 million votes (54.7%). The Republican nominee, John McCain, won about 2.7 million votes (44.3%).[8]

There were also three other statewide elections that year. Republican State Attorney General Tom Corbett was re-elected with 52.4% of the vote, defeating Democrat John Morganelli. Republicans have held the office of Attorney General since it became an elected one in 1980. The State Auditor General, Democrat Jack Wagner, was re-elected with 59% of the vote, while Democrat Rob McCord was elected State Treasurer with 55% of the vote.[8]

2009 municipal election

There were three major statewide judicial contests in 2009. In the election for Justice of the State Supreme Court, Republican Joan Orie Melvin garnered about 900,000 votes (53.2%), defeating Democrat Jack Panella, who garnered about 800,000 votes (46.8%).[8]

The other two elections were for the state's two intermediate appellate courts. In the election for four judges to the State Superior Court, there were nine candidates. Of the winners, three were Republicans and one Democrat. Additionally, in the election for two judges to the Commonwealth Court, Republicans Patricia McCullough and Kevin Broboson came-out on top of a four-candidate field.[8]

2010 general election

There were two statewide elections held in Pennsylvania in 2010. In the election for United States Senate, Republican nominee Pat Toomey garnered about 2.2 million votes (51%), defeating Democrat Joe Sestak, who garnered about 1.9 million votes (49%). Sestak had defeated incumbent Senator Arlen Specter in the Democratic primary after Specter, who had been a Republican since his election to the Senate in 1980, switched his partisan affiliation to Democratic. Specter's partisan defection had briefly given Democrats control of both of Pennsylvania's Senate seats for the first time since before the Civil War. In the gubernatorial election, Tom Corbett garnered about 2.1 million votes (54.5%), defeating Democrat Dan Onorato, who garnered about 1.8 million votes (45.5%).[8]

Republicans also retook the majority in the State House, which was captured by Democrats in 2006.[8] The party maintained its majority in the State Senate, which it has held since 1994.

2014 general election

Main article: Pennsylvania gubernatorial election, 2014

Incumbent Republican Governor Tom Corbett ran for re-election to a second term but was defeated by Democrat Tom Wolf. This marked the first time an incumbent Governor running for re-election in Pennsylvania lost.[9]

Current elected officials

The Pennsylvania Republican Party control two of the five statewide offices and holds a majority in both the Pennsylvania State Senate and the Pennsylvania House of Representatives. Republicans also hold one of the state's U.S. Senate seats and 9 of the state's 18 House seats.[2]

Members of Congress

U.S. Senate

U.S. House of Representatives

District Member Photo
1st Brian Fitzpatrick
Brian Fitzpatrick official congressional photo (cropped).jpg
9th Dan Meuser
Rep. Dan Meuser official photo, 116th congress (cropped).jpg
10th Scott Perry
Scott Perry, official portrait, 116th congress (cropped).jpg
11th Lloyd Smucker
Lloyd Smucker Official Congressional Photo.jpg
12th Fred Keller
Fred Keller, official portrait, 116th Congress (cropped).jpg
13th John Joyce
John Joyce, official portrait, 116th Congress (cropped).jpg
14th Guy Reschenthaler
Guy Reschenthaler, official portrait, 116th Congress (cropped).jpg
15th Glenn Thompson
Glenn Thompson 116th Congress.jpg
16th Mike Kelly
Mike Kelly, Official Portrait, 112th Congress (cropped).jpg

Statewide offices

Legislative leadership

Party leadership



Current membership by county

Most members are elected every four years in the Republican primary election by county. Each county party chairman is a state committee member by virtue of office.

The breakdown of members per county, along with caucus of county is as follows:[2]

County Members Caucus
Adams 3 Central
Allegheny 21 Southwest
Armstrong 3 Southwest
Beaver 4 Southwest
Bedford 3 Central
Berks 9 Central
Blair 4 Central
Bradford 3 Northeast
Bucks 18 Southeast
Butler 6 Northwest
Cambria 3 Southwest
Cameron 2 Northwest
Carbon 2 NECRA
Clarion 2 Northwest
Centre 4 Central
Chester 15 Southeast
Clearfield 3 Northwest
Clinton 2 Central
Columbia 3 Central
Crawford 3 Northwest
Cumberland 8 Central
Dauphin 8 Central
Delaware 20 Southeast
Elk 2 Northwest
Erie 7 Northwest
Fayette 3 Southwest
Forest 2 Northwest
Franklin 5 Central
Fulton 2 Central
Greene 2 Southwest
Huntingdon 3 Central
Indiana 3 Southwest
Jefferson 2 Northwest
Juniata 2 Central
Lackawanna 4 Northeast
Lancaster 16 Central
Lawrence 3 Northwest
Lebanon 4 Central
Lehigh 8 NECRA
Luzerne 7 Northeast
Lycoming 5 Central
McKean 3 Northwest
Mercer 3 Northwest
Mifflin 2 Central
Monroe 4 Northeast
Montgomery 20 Southeast
Montour 2 Central
Northampton 7 NECRA
Northumberland 3 Central
Perry 3 Central
Philadelphia 16 Southeast
Pike 3 Northeast
Potter 2 Northwest
Schuylkill 5 NECRA
Snyder 2 Central
Somerset 3 Southwest
Sullivan 2 Central
Susquehanna 3 Northeast
Tioga 3 Northeast
Union 2 Central
Venango 3 Northwest
Warren 2 Northwest
Washington 4 Southwest
Wayne 3 Northeast
Westmoreland 8 Southwest
Wyoming 2 Northeast
York 12 Central

See also


  1. ^ "Commonwealth of Pennsylvania Voter Registration Statistics". Pennsylvania Department of State.
  2. ^ a b c d Morris, Dick. Republican Party of Pennsylvania | | Republican Party of Pennsylvania | Web. 01 Sept. 2011. [1].
  3. ^ a b Morgan, Alfred L. (April 1978). "The Significance of "Pennsylvania s 1938 Qubernatorial £lection". 102 (2): 184–210. Retrieved 26 November 2014. ((cite journal)): Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  4. ^ Reichley, A. James (2000). The Life of the Parties. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 127–131.
  5. ^ a b c "Pennsylvania History." The Pennsylvania General Assembly. Web. 07 Sept. 2011. [2].
  6. ^ "Governor of Pennsylvania." NNDB: Tracking the Entire World. Soylent Communications, 2011. Web. 08 Oct. 2011.
  7. ^ a b c d Lamis, Renée M. The Realignment of Pennsylvania Politics Since 1960: Two-Party Competition in a Battleground State. University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State UP, 2009. Print.
  8. ^ a b c d e f Commonwealth of PA - Elections Information. Pennsylvania Department of State, 2004. Web. 27 Sept. 2011. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-11-13. Retrieved 2012-10-14.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link).
  9. ^ "NBC News Projects: PA's Corbett Ousted by Democrat Tom Wolf". NBC News. November 4, 2014. Retrieved November 4, 2014.