Republic of Mauritius
The Four Bands, Les Quatre Bandes
UseNational flag
Proportion2:3
AdoptedMarch 12, 1968; 55 years ago (1968-03-12)
DesignFour horizontal bands of red, blue, yellow and green.
Designed byGurudutt Moher
UseCivil ensign
Proportion1:2
DesignA red field with the national flag in and the coat of arms in a white circle on the fly side.
UseState ensign
Proportion1:2
DesignA navy blue field with the national flag in the canton corner, with the coat of arms on the fly side of the flag.
UseNaval ensign
Proportion26:57
DesignA white field with a blue band on each side, followed by two red stripes with the middle red stripe being thinner, charged with an anchor with a gold five-pointed star above it.
UsePresidential standard
Proportion2:3
DesignThe national flag with a white circle, within it the coat of arms, below it, a golden wreath and the letters RM.

The national flag of Mauritius, also known as the Four Bands and Les Quatre Bandes (French for "the four bands"), was adopted upon independence, 12 March 1968. It consists of four horizontal bands of equal width, coloured (from top to bottom) red, blue, yellow, and green. The flag was recorded at the College of Arms in London on 9 January 1968.

The flag was designed by Gurudutt Moher whose contribution was recognised posthumously in March 2018 in the form of the national title Member of the Star and Key of the Indian Ocean (MSK).[1] Moher, who was a retired school teacher, died of a heart attack on 7 October 2017, at the age of 93.[2]

The civil ensign (for private vessels) and government ensign (for state vessels) are red and blue flags, respectively, each with the national flag in the canton and the coat of arms of Mauritius in the fly.

The naval ensign (used by coast guard vessels) is an unusual design consisting of red, white, and blue vertical stripes of unequal widths defaced by a central anchor/key emblem.

Colours

The flag of Mauritius consists of red, blue, yellow and green bands which officially stand for:[3]

In an attempt to unite the nation, especially following the deadly and divisive riots of 1965 and those of 1968, the colours also have political origins. Indeed, the colours also represent the main political parties which existed at the time, namely:[4]

The official colour codes of the flag are in accordance with the Mauritius Standard Bureau.[5]

Colour; Pantone Fashion home cotton


(1968–present)
Red Blue Yellow Green
Pantone 1788c 2756c 115c 2257c
CMYK 0-85-77-8 83-76-0-57 0-16-100-0 100-0-52-35
RGB 235-36-54 19-26-109 255-214-0 0-166-80
Hexadecimal #EB2436 #131A6D #FFD600 #00A650

Sizes

The official sizes of the flag are in accordance with the Mauritius Standard Bureau; standard MS.1-1:2011. The flag size is in the ratio of 2:3.

Type of Flag Width×Height
(mm)
Height of each colour Band
(mm)
Mast Flag 1800×1200 300
Desk Flag/hand held flag 150×100 25
Car Flag 300×200 50

Historical flags

See also

References

  1. ^ "Décorés de la République: le père de notre quadricolore enfin reconnu". L'Express. 12 March 2018. Retrieved 2018-03-12.
  2. ^ https://lexpress.mu/article/302077/gurudutt-moher-pere-quadricolore
  3. ^ The Government Gazette of Mauritius (2015). "THE NATIONAL FLAG ACT 2015" (PDF). The Government Gazette of Mauritius.
  4. ^ Mohamed, Yousuf. "Video 6: Interview of Yousuf Mohamed, Lawyer". Rogers Capital. Archived from the original on 2021-12-12. Retrieved 2018-02-25.
  5. ^ "MS 1 National Flag" (PDF). Mauritius Standard Bureau. October 2008. p. 6. Retrieved 26 May 2014.