Frederick Chapman Robbins
Born(1916-08-25)August 25, 1916
DiedAugust 4, 2003(2003-08-04) (aged 86)
Alma materUniversity of Missouri
Harvard University
AwardsE. Mead Johnson Award (1953)
Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1954)
Scientific career
InstitutionsCase Western Reserve University

Frederick Chapman Robbins (August 25, 1916 – August 4, 2003) was an American pediatrician and virologist. He was born in Auburn, Alabama, and grew up in Columbia, Missouri, attending David H. Hickman High School.

He received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1954 along with John Franklin Enders and Thomas Huckle Weller, making Robbins the only Nobel laureate born in Alabama. The award was for breakthrough work in isolating and growing the poliovirus in tissue culture, paving the way for vaccines developed by Jonas Salk and Albert Sabin. He attended the University of Missouri and Harvard University.

In 1952, he was appointed professor of pediatrics at Case Western Reserve University.[1] Robbins was elected a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1962.[2] From 1966 to 1980, Robbins was dean of the School of Medicine at Case Western.[3] He was elected to the American Philosophical Society in 1972.[4] In 1980, he assumed the presidency of the National Academy of Sciences' Institute of Medicine. He had been a member of the National Academy of Sciences since 1972.[5] Five years later, in 1985, Robbins returned to Case Western Reserve as dean emeritus and distinguished university professor emeritus.[6] He continued to be a fixture at the medical school until his death in 2003. The medical school's Frederick C. Robbins Society is named in his honor. His wife, Alice N. Robbins, died in 2016. She was the daughter of Nobel laureate John Howard Northrop.

Robbins received the Benjamin Franklin Medal for Distinguished Achievement in the Sciences of the American Philosophical Society in 1999.[7]

See also


  1. ^ Frederick C. Robbins on Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ "Book of Members, 1780–2010: Chapter R" (PDF). American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 6 April 2011.
  3. ^ "Professor Frederick C. Robbins". The Independent. London. August 8, 2003. Archived from the original on November 4, 2012. Retrieved May 2, 2010.
  4. ^ "APS Member History". Retrieved 2022-08-18.
  5. ^ "Frederick C. Robbins". Retrieved 2022-08-18.
  6. ^ Health Sciences Tour. 4. Frederick C. Robbins Building. Case Western Reserve University
  7. ^ "Benjamin Franklin Medal for Distinguished Achievement in the Sciences Recipients". American Philosophical Society. Retrieved November 27, 2011.

Further reading