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Gaming law is the set of rules and regulations that apply to the gaming or gambling industry. Gaming law is not a branch of law in the traditional sense but rather is a collection of several areas of law that include criminal law, regulatory law, constitutional law, administrative law, company law, contract law, and in some jurisdictions, competition law. At common law, gambling requires consideration, chance and prize, legal terms that must be analyzed by gaming lawyers within the context of any gaming operation.[1]

Gaming law is enormously complex. In the United States, it involves federal and state law considerations.[2][3] In Canada, it involves federal and provincial law considerations, in a variety of legal disciplines.[4]

United States

Main article: Gambling in the United States

See also: Gambling in New Jersey and Nevada gaming area

In the United States, each state has its own laws regarding the regulation or prohibition of gambling.[3] States that permit such gaming usually have a gaming control board established to oversee the regulation of the industry, such as licensing of those employed in the gaming industry. States that permit casinos and similar forms of gaming often have strict zoning regulations to keep such establishments away from schools and residential areas.

Ukraine

Main article: Gambling in Ukraine

Parliament outlawed gambling in 2009, after a May 2009 fire in a gambling hall in Dnipropetrovsk that killed nine people. The Ukrainian parliament passed the law "On Prohibition of Gambling Business in Ukraine" (Gambling Ban Law) banning gambling business and any participation in gambling in Ukraine on May 15. The President of Ukraine Viktor Yushchenko signed the law on June 23 and on June 25 it came into force. The Law On Prohibition of Gambling Business in Ukraine also applied to internet casinos, it did not apply to lotteries. The Parliament legalised gambling again on 14 July 2020, albeit with regulations and age restrictions (minimum age of 22).[5]

Japan

Main article: Gambling in Japan

Gaming (including kinds of lottery) is highly restricted in Japan. Penal Code of Japan 185 - 187 regulates Gamings and lottery and the regulation includes casual gaming within peoples. Because of this, there have been no legal casino or some kinds of that. Additionally, illegal gaming is one of the sources of income of the Yakuza. However, there are some exception such as official gaming(for example, horse racing), Takarakuji lottery and Pachinko.

In 2014, Ghana's ambassador to Japan Edmond Kofi Agbenutse Deh was recalled after a casino was raided in a property belonging to the Ghana Embassy. A contract was discovered that detailed the casino's payments of ¥500,000 per month to the Embassy, which had Edmond's name on it. The casino manager, Hiroyuki Yamanoi, was arrested along with nine employees and two customers.[6]

Other jurisdictions

See also

References

  1. ^ Rose, I. Nelson; Owens, Martin D. Jr. (2009). Internet Gaming Law (PDF) (2 ed.). Mary Ann Leibert, Inc. Publishers. pp. 11–13. ISBN 9781934854129. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  2. ^ For federal law, see, e.g., "18 U.S. Code § 1955 - Prohibition of illegal gambling businesses". Legal Information Institute. Cornell Law School. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  3. ^ a b Humphrey, Chuck. "State Gambling Laws". Gambling Law US. Archived from the original on 7 October 2011. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  4. ^ Hincer, Illkim (1 November 2016). "Gaming in Canada: overview". Practical Law. Thomson Reuters. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  5. ^ "Ukraine's parliament legalizes gambling". www.unian.info. Retrieved May 1, 2023.
  6. ^ "Ambassador Recalled Over Tokyo Gambling Scandal".