Hepborn, circa 1904

George T. Hepbron (August 27, 1864 – April 30, 1946[1]) was a basketball referee. He is credited with writing the game's first book, How to Play Basketball, in 1904.[2][3]

Hepbron was born in Still Pond, Maryland. He was a close friend of James Naismith,[3] and subsequently played a major role in the early development of the game, especially in the area of rules. Hepbron held leadership roles with the Amateur Athletic Union Basketball Committee (1896) and the National Basketball Rules Committee (1915–1933).[4][2][3]

He died in Newark, New Jersey, and was enshrined in the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame in 1960 as a referee.[5]


  1. ^ New Jersey Trivia. Rutledge Hill Press. 1993. p. 163. ISBN 1-55853-223-4.
  2. ^ a b Sprechman, Jordan; Shannon, Bill (1998). This Day in New York Sports. Sports Publishing LLC. p. 121. ISBN 9781571672544.
  3. ^ a b c "Hall of Famers: George T. Hepbron". The Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on December 4, 2013. Retrieved 2013-12-02.
  4. ^ "Basketball Authority, Hepron Dies". Indiana Evening Gazette. AP. May 2, 1946. p. 16 – via Newspaperarchive.com.
  5. ^ "10 Named to Basketball Hall of Fame Honors". Weirton Daily Times. UPI. April 26, 1960. p. 12 – via Newspaperarchive.com.

Further reading