Earl Lloyd
Lloyd, (right) shakes hands with Walter E. Gaskin in January 2006
Personal information
Born(1928-04-03)April 3, 1928
Alexandria, Virginia, U.S.[1]
DiedFebruary 26, 2015(2015-02-26) (aged 86)
Crossville, Tennessee, U.S.
Listed height6 ft 6 in (1.98 m)
Listed weight200 lb (91 kg)
Career information
High schoolParker-Gray (Alexandria, Virginia)
CollegeWest Virginia State (1946–1950)
NBA draft1950: 9th round, 100th overall pick
Selected by the Washington Capitols
Playing career1950–1960
PositionSmall forward
Number11, 8, 17
Coaching career1971–1972
Career history
As player:
1950–1951Washington Capitols
19521958Syracuse Nationals
19581960Detroit Pistons
As coach:
19711972Detroit Pistons
Career highlights and awards
Career statistics
Points4,682 (8.4 ppg)
Rebounds3,609 (6.4 rpg)
Assists810 (1.4 apg)
Stats Edit this at Wikidata at NBA.com
Stats at Basketball-Reference.com
Basketball Hall of Fame

Earl Francis Lloyd (April 3, 1928 – February 26, 2015) was an American professional basketball player and coach. He was the first African American player to play a game in the National Basketball Association (NBA).[2][3][4][5][6]

An All–American player at West Virginia State University, Lloyd helped lead West Virginia State to an undefeated season in 1948. As a professional, Lloyd helped lead the Syracuse Nationals to the 1955 NBA Championship. Lloyd was inducted into the Naismith Basketball Hall of Fame in 2003.

Early life

Earl Lloyd was born in Alexandria, Virginia, on April 3, 1928, to Theodore Lloyd, Sr. and Daisy Lloyd. His father worked in the coal industry and his mother was a stay-at-home mom. Being a high school standout, Lloyd was named to the All-South Atlantic Conference three times and the All-State Virginia Interscholastic Conference twice. Lloyd did attend a segregated school, but gives gratitude to his family and educators for helping him through the tough times and his success after school.[6]

Lloyd was a 1946 graduate of Parker–Grey High School, where he played for Coach Louis Randolph Johnson. He received a scholarship to play basketball at West Virginia State University, home of the Yellow Jackets. In school he was nicknamed "Moon Fixer" because of his size and was known as a defensive specialist.[7][8]

College career

Lloyd led West Virginia State to two Central Intercollegiate Athletic Association (CIAA) Conference and Tournament Championships in 1948 and 1949. He was named All–Conference three times (1948–50) and was All-American twice, as named by the Pittsburgh Courier (1949–50). As a senior, he averaged 14 points and 8 rebounds per game, while leading West Virginia State to a second–place finish in the CIAA Conference and Tournament Championship. In 1947–48, West Virginia State was the only undefeated team in the United States, with a 30–0 record.[9] Lloyd graduated from WVSU with his B.S. degree in physical education in 1950.[8]

Harlem Globetrotter

Prior to being drafted in the ninth round of the 1950 NBA Draft, Lloyd starred in the lineup of the Harlem Globetrotters. Lloyd led the team to two wins over the reigning Minneapolis Lakers; this proved his talents beyond his race. Except for racial segregation, he was one of the finest artists of his time.[10] Lloyd's talents were recognized amongst other black teammates, the two being Chuck Cooper and Nathaniel "Sweetwater" Clifton. All three would go on to be drafted by the NBA, Clifton in 1947, Cooper in 1950, and Lloyd in 1950, the 100th overall pick.

NBA career

Lloyd was drafted in the 9th round with pick #100 by the Washington Capitols in the 1950 NBA draft. Nicknamed "The Big Cat", Lloyd was one of three black players to enter the NBA at the same time. It was because of the order in which the team's season openers fell that Lloyd was the first to actually play in a game in the NBA, scoring six points on Halloween night.[11] The date was October 31, 1950, one day ahead of Chuck Cooper of the Boston Celtics and four days before Nat "Sweetwater" Clifton of the New York Knicks.

Lloyd, circa 1950

Lloyd played in over 560 games in nine seasons. The 6-foot-5, 225-pound forward played in only seven games for the Washington Capitols before the team folded on January 9, 1951. He was then drafted into the U.S. Army at Fort Sill, Oklahoma. While fulfilling his military duty, the Syracuse Nationals picked him up on waivers. Lloyd served time fighting in the Korean War before coming back to basketball in 1952. In the 1953–54 season, Lloyd led the NBA in both personal fouls and disqualifications.[12]

In 1954-1955, Lloyd averaged career highs of 10.2 points and 7.7 rebounds for Syracuse, which beat the Fort Wayne Pistons 4 games to 3 to win the 1955 NBA Championship. Lloyd and Jim Tucker became the first African–Americans to play on an NBA championship team. Lloyd spent six seasons with Syracuse and two with the Detroit Pistons before retiring in 1961.[13]

Regarding the racism black players faced in the early years of the NBA, Lloyd recalled being refused service multiple times and an incident where a fan in Indiana spit on him. He even went as far as to detail a time in which he was told to "go back" to Africa, and a plethora of times racial slurs were used towards him. However, Lloyd persevered and said that these instances only pushed him and made him play harder.[7] Saying he didn't encounter racial animosity from teammates or opposing players, Lloyd said of fans' antics, “My philosophy was: If they weren’t calling you names, you weren’t doing nothing. If they’re calling you names, you were hurting them.”[14]

"In 1950, basketball was like a babe in the woods; it didn't enjoy the notoriety that baseball enjoyed," Lloyd once said. "I don't think my situation was anything like Jackie Robinson's-a guy who played in a hostile environment, where some of his teammates didn't want him around. In basketball, folks were used to seeing integrated college teams. There was a different mentality."[15]

“He’s an unsung star. Anybody can score. Lloyd was an excellent defensive player. That was No. 1 on my roster,” said his Syracuse Coach Al Cervi.[14]

In his NBA career with the Washington Capitols (1950–1951), Syracuse Nationals (1952–1958) and Detroit Pistons (1958–1960), Earl averaged 8.4 points, 6.4 rebounds and 1.4 assists in 560 games over nine seasons.[16]

Coaching and scouting career

According to Detroit News sportswriter Jerry Green, in 1965 Detroit Pistons General Manager Don Wattrick wanted to hire Lloyd as the team's head coach.[citation needed] Dave DeBusschere was instead named Pistons player–coach. Lloyd was the first African–American assistant coach and was named head coach for the 1971–72 season, making him the third African–American head coach, after John McLendon and Bill Russell.[11] A 2–5 start to the following campaign resulted in Lloyd being relieved of his duties and replaced by assistant coach Ray Scott on October 28, 1972.[17] He had an overall record of 22–55 with the Pistons.[18]

Lloyd worked for the Pistons as a scout for five seasons. Lloyd is credited with helping draft Bailey Howell and discovering Willis Reed, Earl Monroe, Ray Scott and Wally Jones.[11][19][8]

Personal life

After his basketball career, Lloyd worked during the 1970s and 1980s as a job placement administrator for the Detroit public school system. During this time, Lloyd also ran programs for underprivileged children teaching job skills.

Lloyd served as Community Relations Director for the Bing Group, a Detroit manufacturing company in the 1990s.

Approached by a young African–American player who said he was indebted to Lloyd for opening the doors for future generations of black players, Lloyd replied that he owed him absolutely nothing.[20]

“You cannot understand what an honor this is,” Lloyd said in 2007 about the court at T. C. Williams High School being named in his honor. “There’s no better honor than being validated by people who know you best. I will always, always treasure this.”[21]

Lloyd and his wife, Charlita, had three sons and four grandchildren. Lloyd resided in Fairfield Glade, Tennessee, just outside Crossville, Tennessee, until his death on February 26, 2015.[22][23][24]


(2010) Lloyd meets Vice-President Joe Biden at the White House.

NBA career statistics

  GP Games played   GS  Games started  MPG  Minutes per game
 FG%  Field goal percentage  3P%  3-point field goal percentage  FT%  Free throw percentage
 RPG  Rebounds per game  APG  Assists per game  SPG  Steals per game
 BPG  Blocks per game  PPG  Points per game  Bold  Career high
 †  Won an NBA championship

Regular season

1950–51 Washington 7 .457 .846 6.7 1.6 6.1
1952–53 Syracuse 64 28.2 .344 .693 6.9 1.0 7.4
1953–54 Syracuse 72 30.6 .374 .746 7.3 1.6 9.1
1954–55 Syracuse 72 30.7 .365 .750 7.7 2.1 10.2
1955–56 Syracuse 72 25.5 .335 .772 6.8 1.6 8.5
1956–57 Syracuse 72 27.3 .373 .749 6.0 1.6 9.0
1957–58 Syracuse 61 17.1 .331 .745 4.7 1.0 5.2
1958–59 Detroit 72 24.9 .349 .753 6.9 1.3 8.4
1959–60 Detroit 68 23.7 .356 .800 4.7 1.3 8.9
Career 560 26.2 .356 .750 6.4 1.4 8.4


1953 Syracuse 2 36.5 .235 .700 4.5 2.5 7.5
1954 Syracuse 10 26.0 .342 .654 5.7 2.0 6.7
1955 Syracuse 11 32.3 .361 .750 8.1 3.2 11.5
1956 Syracuse 8 21.5 .321 .929 5.4 0.9 8.1
1957 Syracuse 5 16.6 .400 .636 4.2 1.0 6.2
1958 Syracuse 3 10.7 .357 2.7 0.0 3.3
1959 Detroit 3 29.0 .321 1.000 6.0 2.3 8.7
1960 Detroit 2 26.5 .250 .625 4.5 1.5 8.5
Career 44 25.3 .337 .744 5.8 1.9 8.1

Head coaching record

Regular season G Games coached W Games won L Games lost W–L % Win–loss %
Playoffs PG Playoff games PW Playoff wins PL Playoff losses PW–L % Playoff win–loss %
Team Year G W L W–L% Finish PG PW PL PW–L% Result
Detroit 1971–72 70 20 50 .286 6th in Midwest Missed Playoffs
Detroit 1972–73 7 2 5 .286 (fired)
Career 77 22 55 .286

See also


  1. ^ a b "Strong Men & Women in Virginia History biography page". Library of Virginia. Retrieved 2 March 2015.
  2. ^ Ramsey, David (February 16, 2005). "Earl Lloyd: A Basketball Pioneer". NBA.com/Sixers. Turner Sports Interactive, Inc. Retrieved September 23, 2009.
  3. ^ "Earl Lloyd | American basketball player". Encyclopedia Britannica.
  4. ^ "Earl Lloyd becomes first black player in the NBA - HISTORY". www.history.com.
  5. ^ "Earl Lloyd dies; helped break NBA race barrier". ESPN.com. February 27, 2015.
  6. ^ a b "Earl Francis Lloyd's Biography".
  7. ^ a b c Earl Lloyd, "Earl Lloyd National Visionary," National Visionary Leadership Project, accessed April 10, 2015
  8. ^ a b c "Earl Francis Lloyd's Biography". The HistoryMakers.
  9. ^ "The Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame :: Earl Lloyd". www.hoophall.com.
  10. ^ Miller, Baxter (2015). "Traces of Sport from the Harlem Renaissance: The Embedded Narrative" (PDF). CLA Journal. 59 (2): 131–145. JSTOR 44325568. Retrieved September 25, 2023.
  11. ^ a b c "Earl Lloyd. Britannica Online (n.d.) Britannica Online, EBSCOhost
  12. ^ The Official NBA Basketball Encyclopedia. Villard Books. 1994. p. 379. ISBN 0-679-43293-0.
  13. ^ Earl Lloyd and Sean Kirst, Moonfixer: The Basketball Journey of Earl Lloyd.Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 2010. Project Muse, EBSCOhost accessed March 26, 2015.
  14. ^ a b Goldstein, Richard (27 February 2015). "Earl Lloyd, N.B.A.'s First Black Player, Dies at 86". The New York Times.
  15. ^ "Earl Lloyd". Detroit Pistons.
  16. ^ "Earl Lloyd Stats". Basketball-Reference.com.
  17. ^ Goldaper, Sam. "Scott Is Named to Head Pistons," The New York Times, Monday, October 30, 1972. Retrieved December 3, 2020
  18. ^ Associated Press,-, "Earl Lloyd, first black player in NBA, dies at 86," AP Top News Package (Feb. 27, 2015): McClatchy-Tribune Collection, EBSCOhost, accessed March 25, 2015
  19. ^ a b "Earl Lloyd - Encyclopedia.com". www.encyclopedia.com.
  20. ^ Phil Taylor and Ted Keith, "Earl Lloyd 1928–2015," Sports Illustrated, March 9, 2015, 14. Corporate ResourceNet, EBSCOhost assessed March 24, 2015
  21. ^ Walker, Rhiannon (29 November 2017). "When T.C. Williams High School — yes, the one from 'Remember the Titans' — named its court after Earl Lloyd".
  22. ^ Goldstein, Richard (February 27, 2015), "Earl Lloyd, N.B.A.'s First Black Player, Dies at 86", The New York Times
  23. ^ a b c "Earl Lloyd".
  24. ^ a b "Courting the past - Alexandria Times :: Alexandria News, Real Estate, Autos and Classifieds". Archived from the original on 2008-06-09. Retrieved 2007-11-24.
  25. ^ a b "Hall of Fame Biography". Archived from the original on August 31, 2009.

Further reading