Wayland Baptist University (WBU)
Wayland Baptist University Plainview Texas 2019.jpg
Gates Hall at Wayland's Plainview, TX campus.
MottoGo Ye into All the World / Let There Be Light
TypePrivate university
Established1908
Religious affiliation
Baptist General Convention of Texas
EndowmentUS$68.5 million [1]
PresidentBobby Hall
Administrative staff
500
Students9,341 (all campuses 2021)
2,586 (Plainview campus 2021)
Undergraduates6,850 (2021)
Postgraduates2,491 (2021)
Location,
U.S.
CampusSuburban, 155 acres (63 ha)
Colors    Blue & gold
NicknamePioneers
Flying Queens (Women's Basketball)
Sporting affiliations
NAIASAC
MascotPioneer Pete
Websitewww.wbu.edu
Wayland-baptist-university-logo.png

Wayland Baptist University (WBU) is private Baptist university based in Plainview, Texas. Wayland Baptist has a total of 11 campuses in five Texas cities, six states, American Samoa, and Kenya. It was originally chartered in 1908 and currently has a total enrollment of approximately 900 students on its main campus and approximately 4,000 students across all sites.[2]

History

In 1906, the Staked Plains Baptist Association purposed the creation of a school. James Henry Wayland and his wife offered US$10,000 and 25 acres (100,000 m2) of land in Plainview if the Staked Plains Baptist Association and the citizens of the city would raise an additional $40,000.[3] In 1910, the school offered its first classes despite the administration building not yet being fully built. A total of 225 students were taking classes in primary education through junior college levels during the school's first term. After a public school system was well established in Plainview, the elementary grades were discontinued. Wayland Baptist gained membership to the American Association of Junior Colleges in 1926 and would later be approved as a senior college by the Texas Department of Education and the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools. The university is accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools and the Texas Education Agency for teacher education training.[3]

The school is the oldest institution of higher education in continuous existence on the High Plains of Texas due to the leadership of George W. McDonald, the fifth president of the school. When a run on the banks during the Great Depression threatened to close the school, the administration and faculty agreed to forgo pay to continue the task of educating students, trusting God to supply their needs.[4]

In 1951, a black teacher, Mrs. Annie Taylor of Floydada, Texas, approached the college asking if she could fulfill continuing education requirements at the college. James W. "Bill" Marshall, the school's sixth president, led the college to take the historic step to admit black students to the college, making Wayland the first four-year liberal arts college in the former Confederate states to integrate voluntarily.[5] This action came three years before the Supreme Court's decision to ban school segregation, Brown v. Board of Education.

The Malouf Abraham Family Arts Center on the Wayland campus was endowed by the family of the late State Representative Malouf Abraham Sr., and his son, Malouf Abraham Jr., a retired allergist and active art collector from Canadian, the seat of Hemphill County in the northeastern Texas Panhandle.

A musical scholarship has been established at Wayland in honor of Sybil Leonard Armes, a Christian writer and alternate poet laureate of Texas in 1969, who was the mother of Wayland President Paul Woodson Armes.

In 1979, the Hawaii campus opened as Wayland's first outside of Texas. Twelve satellite campuses are now located throughout the US.[6]

In May 2008, entertainer Jimmy Dean, a Plainview native, announced that he was making the largest ever gift to Wayland.[7]

In 2013, Wayland was ranked as the #72 university in the West Region by US News.[1]

In 2015, Wayland applied for and was granted an exception to Title IX allowing the university to discriminate against LGBT students for religious reasons. In 2016 the organization Campus Pride ranked the college among the worst schools in Texas for LGBT students.[8]

Schools

School of Math and Sciences

The School of Mathematics and Sciences at Wayland Baptist University administers all mathematics and science courses taught on the Plainview campus and also those taught online. Degrees are offered in math, math education, biology, molecular biology, chemistry, and geology, along with several preprofessional service course areas such as prenursing and pre-engineering. Currently, the school has 15 faculty members; 6 math and 9 sciences, with three emeritus faculty.[9] The School serves over 400 students each semester. On average, 20 to 30 students graduate with degrees from the school each year.

Initially, math and science courses were taught in several temporary locations on the WBU campus. Eventually, they, along with most other courses, were taught in Gates Hall, and later also in the library. The Division of Math and Science was formally designated in the 1940s. Science courses were moved to refurbished army barracks located on the north side of the campus in the 1960s. The Moody Science building was constructed in the early 1970s from a generous grant from the Moody Foundation. Several of the features in the new building were designed by faculty members. Since its completion, all Plainview campus math and science courses have been held there. In 2005, the university structure was reorganized, and the Division was redesignated as the School of Mathematics and Science.[10] The School is housed in the Moody Science Building at 1900 W 7th Street, Plainview, Texas 79072.

List of schools

External campuses

Athletics

Wayland Baptist athletic teams are called the Pioneers. The university is a member of the National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics (NAIA), primarily competing in the Sooner Athletic Conference (SAC) since the 1994–95 academic year. The Pioneers previously competed in the Texoma Athletic Conference from 1970–71 to 1977–78.

Wayland Baptist compete in 17 intercollegiate varsity sports: Men's sports include baseball, basketball, cross country, football, golf, soccer, track and field and wrestling; women's sports include basketball, cross country, golf, soccer, track and field, volleyball and wrestling; and co-ed sports include cheerleading and eSports. Until 2018, Wayland Baptist was the only college in Texas to offer a wrestling program.

Football

On April 1, 2010, Wayland Baptist announced its intention to bring back the football program and join the Central States Football League (CSFL) in 2012. On December 8, 2010, the Pioneers introduced Jeff Lynn, former head coach of New Mexico Military Institute, as the first head coach in over 70 years. On April 24, 2011, Lynn stepped down from head coach because of family reasons. He would be replaced by former Lubbock Coronado High School coach Butch Henderson. The football team has competed in the Sooner Athletic Conference since the 2017–2018 season which was the first season the SAC added football. The Pioneers all-time record is 29–61, as of September 18, 2021.

Cross country/track and field

The cross country and track and field program have won a total of 14 national championships. The programs compete at notable track meets and cross country events such as the Cowboy Jamboree, Texas Relays, Drake Relays, and the Micheal Johnson Classic. In 2012, Wayland's men's track team won the NAIA National Championship by a margin of 38 points, which was the largest margin of victory in 23 years. Four Wayland athletes won individual championships, in addition to Wayland winning the 4x400 relay championship.[11]

Women's basketball

Wayland's women's basketball program, The Hutcherson Flying Queens, has the distinction of being the winningest team in women's collegiate basketball history. On November 30, 2017, during the 2017–2018 season, the Flying Queens posted their 1,600th win, 300 plus more wins than any other women's collegiate basketball team in US history. By the end of the 2016–2017 season, Tennessee who leads all NCAA DI schools, had 1,252 wins, followed by Louisiana Tech with 1,199 and Connecticut with 1,118.[12] Wayland had 1595.[13][14][15][16]

The Wayland women's basketball team has also distinguished itself in the following ways:

Since the 1948–1949 season, when Wayland began keeping official statistics on the Queens, the Wayland Team has had the following affiliations:

The Wayland women's team has had 13 coaches:[13][24][25][26]

  1. Sam Allen (1947–1948 through 1950–1951; 1952–1953). Record: 71–28
  2. Hank Garland (1951–1952). Record: 30–10
  3. Caddo Matthews (1953–1954 through 1954–1955). Record: 52–0 (52 games of the 131 game winning streak)
  4. Harley Redin (1955–1956 through 1972–1973). Record: 429–63 (79 games of the 131 game winning streak)
  5. Dean Weese (1973–1974 through 1978–1979). Record: 190–30 (Left Wayland to coach the Dallas Diamonds in the Women's Professional Basketball League)
  6. Cathy Wilson (1979–1980 through 1982–1983). Record: 80–50
  7. Dave Ketterman (1983–1984 through December 1985–1986 season). Record: 65–17
  8. Floyd Evans (January 1985 – 1986 through 1988–1989). Record: 106–21
  9. Sheryl Estes (1989–1990 through 1995–1996). Record: 183–62
  10. Johnna Pointer (1996–1997 through 2002–2003). Record: 151–84
  11. Will Flemons (2003–2004 through 2006–2007). Record: 53–65
  12. Tory Bryant (2007–2008 through 2012–2013). Record: 96–89
  13. Alesha Robertson Ellis (2013–2014 through 2020–2021). Record: 187–52
  14. Jason Cooper (2021-22 through present). Record: 0-0

The women's team also has a rich history. Wayland's first women's basketball game was in 1910–1911, the same year that Wayland opened for classes. Women played club sport basketball against high schools from the 1910–1911 season through the 1947–1948 season when the Wayland women's team played its first game against another college, beating Texas Tech. The Wayland Team played its first AAU competition in 1948–1949, which is also when Wayland began keeping official game statistics. The Wayland Team played its first International Competition in 1949–1950 against Mexico. Beginning with the 1950–1951 season, the Wayland Team became the first women's basketball team to fly to all away games, as Claude and Wilda Hutcherson, owners of Hutcherson Flying Service, picked up sponsorship of the team and flew the team to away games in Hutcherson Flying Service planes. This tradition of flying resulted in the team being named the "Hutcherson Flying Queens".[20][27] In the early 1950s, Wayland became the first four-year collegiate program in history to provide 13 full scholarships annually to a women's collegiate team. [19, 20] The Wayland Team attracted 40 to 50 women to Plainview each year for tryouts.[20][27]

The mascot for the women's team is the Flying Queens. The original team name was the Wayland Lassies, but in 1948, a local company, Harvest Queen Mill provided uniforms for the team, so they became the Harvest Queens.[28] Before the 1950 season began, the team had a chance to play a game in Mexico City. A Wayland grad, Claude Hutcherson, was persuaded to fly the team to Mexico. Hutcherson became enamored with the team, and became a major sponsor, spending hundreds of thousands of dollars on the team.[28] When Hutcherson Air Service became a full sponsor of the team, they began calling the team the Hutcherson Flying Queens.[29] Hutcherson provided three sets of uniforms, plus traveling attire, and flew the team about 9,000 miles a year to games.[30] To this day, Hutcherson Air Service continues to provide travel for the women's road games.

Ironically, the strong support of Claude Hutcherson created problems for the school. Wayland considered dropping the team because the scholarships threatened their accreditation.[31] In 1961, the Wayland board of trustees voted unanimously to eliminate women's basketball. The school had difficulty funding the academic programs. The accrediting organization, the Southern Association of Colleges, was not interested in AAU championships. No plans were made to eliminate the men's scholarships, only the women's scholarships.[32] The local citizens did not accept the decision. Local businessmen, under the leadership of Claude Hutcherson, raised money to privately fund scholarships for a year. The trustees voted to reverse their position.[33]

The team was coached from 1955 to 1956 through 1972–1973 by Harley Redin. Redin served in the Marine Air Corp in WWII, logging 50 combat missions over the South Pacific. After the war, he became the athletic director of Wayland Baptist, and the coach of the men's basketball team. The men's teams were very successful, making the NAIA postseason tournament three separate years.[34] However, he became the coach of the women's team in 1955, and was even more successful—in 1954, under Coach Caddo Matthews, they began a winning streak that would stretch to 131 games, including four consecutive AAU national championships.[35] The winning streak would eclipse a prior winning streak of 102 games, held by Hanes Hosiery, which ended in 1954.[36] For 18 years under the coaching leadership of Redin, the team won 431 games against only 66 losses. The team won six national AAU championships, and finished second six other times.[34] Redin went on to coach the USA Women's Pan American Team in 1959 and 1971.[34] He was inducted into the inaugural class of the Women's Basketball Hall of Fame in 1999.[37] In 2018, the Naismith Basketball Hall of Fame presented Coach Redin the Bunn Lifetime Achievement award.[38] Outside of enshrinement, this award is the most prestigious presented by the Hall of Fame. Wayland Baptist teams from 1946 to 1982 were later announced to receive enshrinement on April 6, 2019.[39]

Notable alumni

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Rankings" (PDF). colleges.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com. Retrieved October 19, 2021.
  2. ^ "Wayland Baptist University - Profile, Rankings and Data". U.S. News.
  3. ^ a b "History Of The University". Wayland Baptist University. Retrieved November 7, 2009.
  4. ^ "presidents". Wayland Baptist University. Retrieved November 7, 2009.
  5. ^ "Pioneers With Minorities". Wayland Baptist University. Retrieved November 7, 2009.
  6. ^ "Christian Universities in Hawaii - Hawaii Campus of Wayland Baptist University". Retrieved February 24, 2017.
  7. ^ Helber, Steve (May 21, 2008). "Dean gives $1 million to Wayland". Lubbock Avalanche-Journal. Retrieved September 19, 2015.
  8. ^ Hacker, Holly K. (August 29, 2016). "9 Texas colleges rank among the 'absolute worst' for LGBT students, gay rights group says". The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved August 22, 2021.
  9. ^ "Wayland Baptist University - Academics - Schools - Mathematics and Science". Retrieved February 24, 2017.
  10. ^ Estelle Owens (2009) History of Wayland Baptist University, 167 p.
  11. ^ "2012 Indoor Championships - Final Day Recap". Retrieved February 24, 2017.
  12. ^ "GENO AURIEMMA". November 19, 2017. Archived from the original on April 2, 2009.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "Wayland Baptist University - Women s Basketball Records.pdf" (PDF). www.wbuathletics.com. Retrieved November 19, 2017.
  14. ^ "Flying Queens anxious to take next step next season". November 19, 2017.
  15. ^ "Queens enjoy incredible season; ultimate goal still ahead".
  16. ^ "Season a success despite disappointing end". November 19, 2017.
  17. ^ "Before UConn, There Was Wayland – NYTimes.com". mobile.nytimes.com. Archived from the original on December 1, 2017. Retrieved November 19, 2017.
  18. ^ "Trailblazers of the Game". November 19, 2017.
  19. ^ "About Our Documentary". November 19, 2017.
  20. ^ a b c d e f g h i Nadler S. F. (1980). A Developmental History of the Wayland Hutcherson Flying Queens from 1910 to 1979 (Doctoral Dissertation). East Texas State University.
  21. ^ "1969 CIAW Basketball Tournament – Varsity Pride". www.jonfmorse.com. November 19, 2017. Retrieved November 19, 2017.
  22. ^ "Women's Basketball Timeline". November 19, 2017.
  23. ^ Cooper, Gregory. "Women's College Basketball Championship Page". womenscollegebasketballhistory.com. Retrieved December 7, 2017.
  24. ^ "- NAIA – National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics". NAIA.org. Retrieved November 19, 2017.
  25. ^ "- NAIA – National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics". NAIA.org. Retrieved November 19, 2017.
  26. ^ "- NAIA – National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics". NAIA.org. Retrieved November 19, 2017.
  27. ^ a b "Hoop Queens". November 19, 2017.
  28. ^ a b Ikard 2005, pp. 105–106
  29. ^ Su 2002, p. 79
  30. ^ Festle 1996, p. 37
  31. ^ Festle 1996, p. 40
  32. ^ Shackelford & Grundy 2005, p. 109
  33. ^ Shackelford & Grundy 2005, p. 110
  34. ^ a b c Porter 2005, p. 388
  35. ^ Shackelford & Grundy 2005, p. 97
  36. ^ Ikard 2005, p. 72
  37. ^ "2002 Naismith Basketball Hall of Fame Induction Weekend Approaching!". WBCA. Archived from the original on December 19, 2005. Retrieved November 8, 2009.
  38. ^ WKYT. "Harley Redin & Jim Host to receive Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame's 2018 John W. Bunn Lifetime Achievement Award". Retrieved November 25, 2018.
  39. ^ Divac, Sikma, Moncrief headline Hall of Fame Class of 2019 | NBA.com
  40. ^ "Faces in the Crowd". Sports Illustrated.com, October 22, 2007. Retrieved September 19, 2009.
  41. ^ Goodman, Claire (August 6, 2021). "Bond between Olympic gold medalist Tamyra Mensah-Stock, ex-Katy ISD coach carries on beyond the ring". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
  42. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on August 6, 2018. Retrieved August 6, 2018.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

Further reading

34°11′12″N 101°43′34″W / 34.186796°N 101.72621°W / 34.186796; -101.72621Coordinates: 34°11′12″N 101°43′34″W / 34.186796°N 101.72621°W / 34.186796; -101.72621