Tyndale University
MottoDouloi Cristou
Motto in English
Servants of Christ
Religious affiliation
Evangelical Christian
ChancellorHarriet Thornhill[1]
PresidentMarjory Kerr[2]
Location, ,

43°48′0″N 79°23′09″W / 43.80000°N 79.38583°W / 43.80000; -79.38583
Coloursblue   and gold  

Tyndale University is a Canadian private interdenominational evangelical Christian university in Toronto, Ontario, which offers undergraduate and graduate programs. Tyndale students come from over 40 different Christian denominations.[3]


Toronto Bible Training School 1898 (110 College Street, Toronto; 1898)
Toronto Bible Training School Main Hall 1898 (110 College Street, Toronto; 1898)
Tyndale's logo until 2012

The Toronto Bible Training School was founded in 1894 by a group of brethren under the supervision of Elmore Harris pastor of Walmer Road Baptist Church.[4] Elmore Harris became the first president. William Boyd Stewart (former pastor of Bond Street Baptist Church) was the first principal. Courses were held at the Walmer Road Church for the first four years until they relocated to new facilities the Gothic Revival building at 110 College Street (demolished after 1928 and now site of the University of Toronto's Banting and Best Department of Medical Research Building since 1930) in 1898 financed chiefly through generous contributions of the Harris family. (This land had been leased from the University of Toronto). The name of the school was changed to Toronto Bible College in 1912 and in September 1928 relocated to 16 Spadina Road (just north of Bloor Street and now Native Canadian Centre) when the lease expired.[5] It became the first permanent Canadian Bible school and only the third in North America.[6] The founders' vision of TBC was to train laypeople as "Sunday School teachers, Pastors' Assistants, and as City, Home and Foreign Missionaries."[7] The institution's leadership was largely Baptist and Presbyterian, but also included Methodists and Anglicans.[8] The TBC graduation service was always a significant Toronto event, held initially at Massey Hall, and then moved to the University of Toronto's Varsity Stadium to accommodate crowds as large as 6,000.[9]

In the 1940s, the school's president, John McNicol, steered a path between modernism and ultra-fundamentalism (specifically dispensationalism)--both of which McNicol denounced as threats to the health of the church.[10] This unique position gained TBC the support of evangelicals in a variety of mainline denominations.[11]

In 1968, Toronto Bible College merged with the London College of Bible and Missions from London, Ontario to form the Ontario Bible College.[12] LCBM began in 1935 as the London Bible Institute, led by J. Wilmot Mahood. The newly merged institution was named Ontario Bible College (OBC). This merger brought more students to the Toronto-based institution from other evangelical denominations including the Associated Gospel Churches, the Brethren, and the Mennonite Brethren.[13] In 1976 OBC relocated to a former Jesuit seminary (Regis College) on Ballyconnor Court in Willowdale, Toronto (formerly City of North York), designed by modernist architect Peter Dickinson.[14] In the same year, the institution also established a graduate school named Ontario Theological Seminary (OTS). OBC/OTS was given degree-granting powers by the Government of Ontario in 1986,[15] and received full accreditation by the Association of Theological Schools in 1989.[16]

By 1995, the institution had become insolvent and filed to make a proposal to creditors under the Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act in Canada. A new president, Brian Stiller,[17] and CFO, Winston Ling,[18] were brought on and a new board was chosen. In 1998 the school was renamed Tyndale College and Seminary after William Tyndale, a Reformation theologian of the sixteenth century. The leadership intended the name change to indicate their vision to build "a world-class centre of Christian higher education in Canada."[19]

William Tyndale

In 2003, the Ontario Legislature authorized Tyndale to change its name to Tyndale University College and Seminary. Tyndale was also given the right to confer the Bachelor of Arts degree in the humanities, social sciences and business, as well as undergraduate, graduate and doctoral level degrees in religion, theology, and divinity.[20] On December 5, 2007, Tyndale was given ministerial consent by the Province of Ontario to offer a Bachelor of Education program to prepare teachers for primary, junior, and intermediate grades.[21]

In June 2006, Tyndale entered into an agreement to acquire a neighbouring facility, St. Joseph's Morrow Park, 3377 Bayview Avenue, from the Sisters of St. Joseph of Toronto.[22] A key reason for Vatican approval of the pending transfer of the campus from Catholic to Protestant hands was Tyndale's commitment to maintain the aesthetically significant chapel as "sacred space".[23] The facility transfer was completed on March 31, 2013, and all departments and offices were moved to 3377 Bayview Avenue in the Spring of 2015 with the adjacent high school continued to operate in that building until December 2020.[24]

Tyndale University campus in Bayview Woods-Steeles, Toronto, 2013.

Tyndale Seminary is the largest accredited seminary in Canada with more than 700 students at the masters or doctoral level,[25] and the University College received high rankings in the 2009 Maclean's University issue's measure of student satisfaction (see below).[26] In 2011, student satisfaction was amongst the highest of all Canadian universities.[27] While students ranked the quality of teaching and classroom discussion above average,[28] the Maclean's study also found the institution below average in some educational practices, including active and collaborative learning.[29]

In January 2020, consent was granted by the Ontario Ministry of Training, Colleges and Universities for Tyndale to remove "& College" from its title.[30] Tyndale's corporate branding and logos were altered to reflect the change in name to Tyndale University.[31] Tyndale currently has legislation in Parliament to receive additional degree-granting capabilities, including a Doctor of Education and Doctor of Philosophy.[32]



The university offers the following degrees: Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Business Administration, Bachelor of Religious Education, and Bachelor of Education.[33]

Majors in business administration, English, history, philosophy, psychology, and religious studies receive a foundation of general knowledge before moving on to their areas of specialization. Tyndale offers a Bachelor of Arts degree in human services conjointly with Seneca College, which allows a student to earn a BA degree from Tyndale plus a diploma in either early childhood education or social service work from Seneca. Graduates of the sixteen-month Bachelor of Education (BEd) program are eligible for a Certificate of Qualification from the Ontario College of Teachers. The Bachelor of Religious Education (BRE) is a three-year professional degree for students preparing for various forms of Christian ministry. Tyndale also offer a one-year Certificate in Christian Studies.

In 2008 Tyndale received the top score in the Canadian University Survey Consortium survey of students who agreed or strongly agreed that they are satisfied with the quality of teaching they have received; the results were subsequently published in the Maclean's 2009 University issue.[34] Tyndale also ranked first overall in the number of students who strongly agreed that they are satisfied with their "decision to attend this university".[35]


The seminary is the largest theological school in Canada accredited by the Association of Theological Schools in the United States and Canada.[36] It is approved to grant the following graduate degrees: Doctor of Ministry (D.Min.), Master of Theology (Th.M.), Master of Divinity (M.Div.), Master of Arts (MA), and Master of Theological Studies (MTS). In addition, Tyndale Seminary also offers graduate diploma programs in six areas of concentration: Biblical studies, Theological studies, Leadership, Global missions & intercultural studies, Spiritual formation, Christian education & discipleship, Pastoral ministry, and Youth and family ministry. The seminary offers courses in the traditional day and evening format, as well as online and modular courses.

Tyndale Seminary offers all of the courses required by the American Association of Marriage and Family Therapy for certification as a Registered Marriage and Family Therapist.[37] Graduates of this program can move toward credentialing in the Province of Ontario to offer psychotherapy in agencies (secular or Christian) or in private practice.[38]

In 2006, an agreement was reached with the Association of Canadian Chinese Theological Education (ACCTE) to establish the Canadian Chinese School of Theology (CCST) at Tyndale Seminary for the training of Mandarin-speaking students and pastors. This led to a long-term agreement, which was signed in 2012.[39]


Tyndale University houses five centres: the Hudson Taylor Centre for Chinese Ministries, the Tyndale Centre for Leadership, the Tyndale Intercultural Ministries Centre, the Tyndale Family Life Centre, and the Tyndale Spiritual Formation Centre. The Hudson Taylor Centre for Chinese Ministries, named after Hudson Taylor, has a mission to advance Chinese ministries in North America and around the world.[40] The Tyndale Centre for Leadership is mandated to foster the development of Canadian Christian leaders in congregational contexts, Christian organizations, the marketplace and public sectors.[41] The Tyndale Intercultural Ministries Centre's mandate is to link a vast network of local churches, denominations and mission organizations, in partnership with church and para-church organizations by offering training seminars and professional development workshops.[42] The Tyndale Family Life Centre offers professional counselling and supportive workshops for the larger community and members of the general public.[43] The seminary is also home of the Tyndale Spiritual Formation Centre,[44] including the Tyndale Association of Spiritual Directors.[45]


Tyndale University is fully accredited by the Association of Theological Schools in the United States and Canada to award its graduate theological degrees.[46] The university is also accredited with the Ontario Ministry of Training, Colleges and Universities.[47] Tyndale is an affiliate of the Council for Christian Colleges and Universities[48] and the Christian Higher Education Canada (CHEC) association.[49]


The school is interdenominational and thus has various evangelical partner denominations.[50]


Tyndale University was scheduled to have former President of the United States, George W. Bush, speak at a breakfast hosted by Prem Watsa of Fairfax Financial Holdings on September 20, 2011.[51] According to Tyndale professor Craig Carter, Bush "was to speak on the role of faith-based institutions in the world of higher education."[52] Upon learning of the scheduled event, a group of alumni launched a website[53] protesting Tyndale's association with Bush. After two days of online protests, the event was canceled[54] "due to a scheduling change" but no other explanation was given.[55] Following the cancellation, former Tyndale president and vice chancellor Gary Nelson noted the need for Tyndale "to have clearer policies and guidelines in place so that diverse views can be expressed in a respectful and hospitable space."[56] He also expressed regret that Tyndale "did not have such a framework in place" and stated that "Tyndale will continue to host various people to speak on issues that matter."[56]

Notable alumni


  1. ^ Tyndale University College and Seminary, [1] March 13, 2023.
  2. ^ Tyndale University, "Dr. Marjory Kerr Appointed President of Tyndale University College & Seminary" Dec. 19, 2019.
  3. ^ Cf. About Tyndale, (official webpage).
  4. ^ George A. Rawlyk, Aspects of the Canadian Evangelical Experience, MQUP, Canada, 1997, p. 363
  5. ^ https://archive.org/stream/recorderdec1928351toro#page/4/mode/2up Recorder December 1928.
  6. ^ Cf. R. G. Sawatsky, Bible Schools, The Canadian Encyclopedia, Vol. 1, 2nd ed. (1988), p. 212; also W. Unger and G. Niebuhr, Bible Colleges and Institutes, Global Anabaptist-Mennonite Encyclopedia Online, 1990.
  7. ^ John Stackhouse, Jr., Canadian Evangelicalism in the Twentieth Century: An Introduction to Its Character (Vancouver: Regent College Publishing, 1998), 55. Early key supporters included Toronto Mayor William Holmes Howland and Elmore Harris, first President of TBC and heir to the Massey-Harris Company. See also Alvyn Austin, "'Hotbed of Missions': The China Inland Mission, Toronto Bible College, and the Faith Missions-Bible School Connections," in The Foreign Missionary Enterprise at Home: Explorations in North American Cultural History, eds. D. H Bays and G. Wacker (Tuscaloosa, Alabama: University of Alabama Press, 2010), pp. 134-151.
  8. ^ Cf. Stackhouse, Canadian Evangelicalism in the Twentieth Century, 55.
  9. ^ Cf. Stackhouse, Canadian Evangelicalism in the Twentieth Century, 58, with reference to graduation in 1937.
  10. ^ Stackhouse, Canadian Evangelicalism in the Twentieth Century, 61-64.
  11. ^ George A. Rawlyk and Mark A. Noll, Amazing Grace: Evangelicalism in Australia, Britain, Canada, and the United States (Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press, 1994), 337.
  12. ^ Randall Herbert Balmer, Encyclopedia of Evangelicalism: Revised and expanded edition, Baylor University Press, USA, 2004, p. 702
  13. ^ Cf. Stackhouse, Canadian Evangelicalism in the Twentieth Century, ch. 7; cf. also Timothy Larsen and Jon Vickery, For Christ in Canada: a history of Tyndale Seminary, 1976-2001 (Toronto: Tyndale University College and Seminary, 2004).
  14. ^ Tyndale University, Tyndale’s final move to the Bayview campus has begun, tyndale.ca, Canada, April 1, 2015
  15. ^ Province of Ontario, An Act respecting the Ontario Bible College and Ontario Theological Seminary, 1986 and 1982, Bill PR18, 1986.
  16. ^ George Rawlyk, The Canadian Protestant Experience, 1760-1990 (Montreal: McGill-Queens University Press, 1993), 231.
  17. ^ Jim Cantelon, "From Bankruptcy to Higher Education: Interview with Brian Stiller, June 2009.
  18. ^ John T. Zietlow, "Green Eyeshades Give Way to the Ministry's Executive Suite: The CFO Role as turnaround strategist," Christian Leadership Alliance, 2007.
  19. ^ Cf. Government of Ontario, Tyndale College & Seminary Act, 2003.
  20. ^ Province of Ontario, Tyndale College & Seminary Act, 2003; also Province of Ontario, Tyndale University College & Seminary Act, 2005; and Tyndale University College & Seminary Act, 2005.
  21. ^ Province of Ontario, PostSecondary Education Quality Assessment Board - Current Consents.
  22. ^ Patricia Paddy, Tyndale expands its territory: Catholic convent purchased for $40 million, Christian Week, July 21, 2006.
  23. ^ Lloyd Mackey, Ottawa Watch, Canadian Christianity, October 26, 2006.
  24. ^ [Cf. Tyndale press release, June 24, 2010: Tyndale and the Toronto Catholic District School Board finalize moving date; "Bayview Campus 2013: Tyndale Uncommon Ground Campaign; "Road to Bayview Blog.
  25. ^ Member Schools Offering Approved Degrees, Association of Theological Schools in the United States and Canada.
  26. ^ 2009 Student Surveys: Small schools excel, Canada lags behind the U.S. and the undergrad revolution, Maclean's, Feb. 4, 2009.
  27. ^ 2011 Student Surveys: Complete Results, Maclean's, February 28, 2011; 2011 Web-exclusive charts, Maclean's, February 24, 2011.
  28. ^ [2], Maclean's, February 24, 2011.
  29. ^ 2011 Student Surveys: NSSE benchmarks, Maclean's, March 14, 2011.
  30. ^ "Tyndale Consent Letter January 23 2020 (SIGNED)" (PDF). Postsecondary Education Quality Assessment Board (PEQAB). Retrieved 25 February 2020.[permanent dead link]
  31. ^ "Tyndale University Logos". Tyndale University.
  32. ^ "Bill 213 Text" (PDF).
  33. ^ "PEQAB". Retrieved 2015-09-21.
  34. ^ 2009 Student Surveys: Small schools excel, Canada lags behind the U.S. and the undergrad revolution, Maclean's, Feb. 4, 2009.
  35. ^ Ibid.
  36. ^ Association of Theological Schools, Member School List.
  37. ^ Ontario Association for Marriage and Family Therapy.
  38. ^ Master of Divinity: Counselling Major, Academic Calendar, Tyndale Seminary.
  39. ^ Canadian Chinese School of Theology at Tyndale Seminary, official website; also First Chinese Seminary in Canada to Equip Chinese Leaders for World Mission, Young Disciples of Jesus; Tyndale signs long term agreement with ACCTE, Gospel Herald Feb. 9, 2012.
  40. ^ Hudson Taylor Centre for Chinese Ministries (Official Website).
  41. ^ Tyndale Leadership Centre webpage.
  42. ^ Cf. Tyndale Intercultural Ministries (TIM) Centre webpage.
  43. ^ Tyndale Family Life Centre webpage.
  44. ^ Tyndale Spiritual Formation Centre webpage.
  45. ^ Tyndale Association of Spiritual Directors webpage.
  46. ^ "Member Schools: Tyndale University College and Seminary". Association of Theological Schools in the United States and Canada. Retrieved 2009-10-16.
  47. ^ Ontario Ministry of Training, Colleges and Universities, Privately Funded Ontario Institutions with Degree-Granting Authority.
  48. ^ "Search CCCU Institutions - CCCU". 26 July 2016.
  49. ^ Members, Christian Higher Education Canada.
  50. ^ Tyndale University, About, tyndale.ca, Canada, retrieved May 23, 2020
  51. ^ Wagner, Vit (2011-09-12). "Bush to make promotional appearance in Toronto for Christian college". The Toronto Star. ISSN 0319-0781. Retrieved 2018-03-05.
  52. ^ "The George W. Bush Fiasco at Tyndale: A Sad and Shameful Episode in Our History". politicsofthecrossresurrected.blogspot.ca. 17 September 2011. Retrieved 2018-03-04.
  53. ^ "Petition Against Relationship Between George W Bush and Tyndale University". 2011-09-21. Archived from the original on 2011-09-21. Retrieved 2018-03-05.((cite web)): CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  54. ^ Braun, Will (2011-10-13). "Canadian Evangelical School Cancels George W. Bush Visit". Huffington Post. Retrieved 2018-03-04.
  55. ^ Kennedy, Brendan (2011-09-14). "Bush's Toronto appearance cancelled". The Toronto Star. ISSN 0319-0781. Retrieved 2018-03-05.
  56. ^ a b "Message from the President | Tyndale". www.tyndale.ca. Retrieved 2018-03-05.
  57. ^ Fire, Catch The. "John & Carol Arnott". catchthefire.com.
  58. ^ Gameol.org
Post-secondary education in Ontario