Covenant College
Motto"In All Things Christ Preeminent"
TypePrivate liberal arts college
Established1955; 69 years ago (1955)[1]
Religious affiliation
Presbyterian Church in America
Academic affiliations
Council for Christian Colleges and Universities, Covenant Theological Seminary, Southern Association of Colleges and Schools, IAPCHE
Endowment$42.7 million (2019)[2]
PresidentBrad Voyles
Location, ,
United States
CampusRural, 400-acre (160 ha) mountaintop
Blue & white
Sporting affiliations
Carter Hall in 2019, formerly Lookout Mountain Hotel

Covenant College is a private, liberal arts, Christian college in Lookout Mountain, Georgia, United States, located near Chattanooga, Tennessee. As the college of the Presbyterian Church in America, Covenant teaches subjects from a Reformed theological worldview. Approximately 1,000 students attend Covenant each year.


Founded in 1955 in Pasadena, California, as an agency of the Bible Presbyterian Church, Covenant College and Covenant Theological Seminary moved its campus to St. Louis, Missouri, the following year. Following a split among the Bible Presbyterians, it became affiliated with the Bible Presbyterian Church-Columbus Synod (renamed the Evangelical Presbyterian Church in 1961). In 1964, it separated from the seminary, moving to Lookout Mountain, in Georgia.[3][4] In 1965, it was the site of the merger between the Evangelical Presbyterian Church and the Reformed Presbyterian Church, General Synod to form the Reformed Presbyterian Church, Evangelical Synod. It became and remains an agency of the Presbyterian Church in America after the 1982 merger between the RPCES and the PCA. As such, Covenant stands in the Reformed and Presbyterian traditions.



The Lookout Mountain Hotel, now home to Covenant College

Covenant College offers liberal arts education from a Reformed Christian perspective. The focus of the college is found in its motto, "In All Things Christ Preeminent."[6] The purpose of this focus is to ground excellence in academic inquiry in a biblically grounded frame of reference.[7]

The college offers Bachelor of Arts, Master of Arts in Teaching, and Master of Education degrees, and academic certificates in Arts Administration, Entrepreneurship, Environmental Stewardship and Sustainability, Journalism and Society, Medical Ethics Consultation, Neuroscience, and Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL).[8]

The college has been accredited since 1971 by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools (SACS).[9]

Research Institutions

The Chalmers Center for Economic and Community Development (established 1999), which is a 501(c)3 non-profit, was founded at Covenant to offer courses and programs in community and economic development in the urban United States and throughout the majority world.[10]

Student publications

Students at Covenant publish a bi-weekly newspaper called The Bagpipe, which includes reporting on campus news, events, and local issues as well as art and media reviews, opinions, and more.[11] A satirical version is published annually on April 1 called The Windbag with takes on campus life and culture.[12]

Covenant's literary magazine is The Thorn and has been published annually since 1970.[13] The magazine features creative work from the students, including poetry, short stories, and personal essays.[14]


Covenant has 64 full-time faculty, 89% of whom have doctorates or other terminal degrees. The student-faculty ratio is 12:1.[15] This ratio allows "personal, small class size."[16]

Faculty are required to state their agreement with the Westminster Confession of Faith.[17]


The Covenant athletic teams are called the Scots. The college is a member of the NCAA Division III, primarily competing in the newly created Collegiate Conference of the South (CCS) since the 2022–2023 academic year. The Scots previously competed in the D-III USA South Athletic Conference (USA South) from 2013–2014 to 2021–2022; the defunct D-III Great South Athletic Conference (GSAC) from 2010–2011 to 2011–2012 (although its women's sports continued until 2012–2013);[18] as an NCAA D-III Independent during the 2009–2010 and 2012–2013 school years; and in the Appalachian Athletic Conference (AAC) of the National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics (NAIA) from 2001–2002 to 2008–2009.

Covenant competes in 14 intercollegiate varsity sports: Men's sports include baseball, basketball, cross country, golf, soccer, tennis and track & field; while women's sports include basketball, cross country, soccer, softball, tennis, track & field and volleyball. Former sports included women's golf.


The campus is located at the top of Lookout Mountain in Dade County, Georgia, near the city of Lookout Mountain, Georgia.

Carter Hall

Carter Hall is the signature building on campus. It was originally named The Lookout Mountain Hotel and was built in 1928 by the Dinkler Hotel Corporation and run by Paul Carter, for whom the building is now named. It has been rumored, although not confirmed, that Elizabeth Taylor and Eddie Fisher spent their honeymoon there.[19] It was popularly known as the "Castle in the Clouds." However, since it was completed less than a year before the Great Depression, the hotel soon went bankrupt. It opened and closed several times prior to 1960, when it shut down for the last time. Bill Brock, the grandfather of the college's fourth president, Frank Brock, served on the original board of the hotel.[20]

Both the exterior and interior of Carter Hall are Austro-Bavarian Gothic revival in style. The building has had two towers in its history. The first tower was similar in design to the Frauenkirche (Cathedral of Our Lady) in Munich. Poor maintenance before acquisition by the college required it to be rebuilt. The new tower, though considerably simpler in style, maintains the architectural style of the original tower.[21]

Covenant College bought the building in 1964, upon relocating to Lookout Mountain. During the first few years of Covenant's operation on the mountain, all the functions of the college were contained within Carter Hall. At that time, it housed the chapel, the library, the classrooms, the professors' offices, dorm rooms, the dining hall, and administrative offices. Today, it has all of these except the library and chapel, as well as a snack bar, the campus bookstore, and the mailroom.[22]

From 2015 to 2017, Carter underwent significant renovations. They included improving the stucco, fixing insulation and moisture issues, and renovating the tower.[23][24]

Notable alumni




  1. ^ Krakow, Kenneth K. (1975). Georgia Place-Names: Their History and Origins (PDF). Macon, GA: Winship Press. p. 52. ISBN 0-915430-00-2.
  2. ^ As of June 30, 2019. "U.S. and Canadian 2019 NTSE Participating Institutions Listed by Fiscal Year 2019 Endowment Market Value, and Percentage Change in Market Value from FY18 to FY19 (Revised)". National Association of College and University Business Officers and TIAA. Retrieved September 18, 2020.
  3. ^ Hull, William F. (2009). Lookout Mountain. Arcadia Publishing. p. 94. ISBN 978-0-7385-6644-3.
  4. ^ "Covenant College History". Archived from the original on July 19, 2007. Retrieved August 30, 2007.
  5. ^ "Reinemund to Keynote 2nd Annual Brock Lecture Series, Jan. 24". February 4, 2008.
  6. ^ Colossians 1:18
  7. ^ "Our Purpose as the Christian Liberal Arts College of the PCA". Covenant College. November 8, 2007. Retrieved February 17, 2014.
  8. ^ "Covenant College – Acalog ACMS™". Retrieved June 7, 2022.
  9. ^ "Institution Details: Covenant College". Southern Association of Colleges and Schools. 2006. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved January 27, 2007.
  10. ^ "Spring Training 2022". The Chalmers Center. Retrieved March 17, 2022.
  11. ^ "THE BAGPIPE". THE BAGPIPE. Retrieved March 17, 2022.
  12. ^ "The Windbag". Dribbble. Retrieved March 17, 2022.
  13. ^ "Thorn 2018/2019". Archived from the original on July 25, 2019.
  14. ^ "The Thorn (1970–Present)". Retrieved March 17, 2022.
  15. ^ "Faculty". Retrieved March 17, 2022.
  16. ^ "Covenant College – the Princeton Review College Rankings & Reviews".
  17. ^ "Faculty". Retrieved March 17, 2022.
  18. ^ Branton, B. B. (April 8, 2010). "Covenant College Joins Great South Athletic Conference – Sports –". The Chattanoogan. Archived from the original on April 11, 2010. Retrieved May 31, 2010.
  19. ^ "Covenant College Renovation Latest Chapter in Carter Hall's Storied History". October 5, 2015.
  20. ^ Dean Arnold (2006). "The Spirit of the Mountain". Old Money, New South. Chattanooga Historical Foundation.
  21. ^ "Carter Hall". Covenant College.
  22. ^ "Carter Hall". November 3, 2022.
  23. ^ "Rehabilitating Lookout Mountain's historic "Castle in the Clouds"". January 12, 2018.
  24. ^ "Covenant College Renovation Latest Chapter in Carter Hall's Storied History". October 5, 2015.
  25. ^ Robbins, Michael. "Suspicious Packages: The poetry of Aaron Belz". Books and Culture: A Christian Review. Retrieved July 25, 2015.
  26. ^ "John Lennon's Murderer Attended Covenant College". WDEF. December 1980. Archived from the original on December 22, 2021. Retrieved September 9, 2015.
  27. ^ Reed, Cara; Whitbeck, Michelle. "The Infamous Alumnus". The Bagpipe. 56 (18). Retrieved September 16, 2022.
  28. ^ Behnke, A. (2012). Death of a Dreamer: The Assassination of John Lennon. Nonfiction – Young Adult. Lerner Publishing Group. p. 87. ISBN 978-0-7613-8849-4. Retrieved September 16, 2022.
  29. ^ Evans, Nesha; Bassel, Kelsey. "Clubs & Organizations" (PDF). Covenant College. Retrieved November 1, 2023.

34°57′57.6″N 85°22′26.4″W / 34.966000°N 85.374000°W / 34.966000; -85.374000