Mark David Chapman
Mug shot of Chapman following his arrest
Born (1955-05-10) May 10, 1955 (age 68)
Known forMurder of John Lennon
Criminal statusIncarcerated at Green Haven Correctional Facility
Gloria Abe
(m. 1979)
MotivePersonal resentment against John Lennon and a desire to emulate Holden Caulfield[1][2]
Conviction(s)Second-degree murder
Criminal penalty20 years to life in prison

Mark David Chapman (born May 10, 1955) is an American man who murdered English musician John Lennon in New York City on December 8, 1980. As Lennon walked into the archway of The Dakota, his apartment building on the Upper West Side, Chapman fired five shots at the musician from a few yards away with a Charter Arms Undercover .38 Special revolver. Lennon was hit four times from the back. He was rushed to Roosevelt Hospital and pronounced dead on arrival. Chapman remained at the scene following the shooting and made no attempt to flee or resist arrest.

Raised in Decatur, Georgia, Chapman had been a fan of the Beatles, but was incensed by Lennon's lavish lifestyle and public statements, such as his remark about the band being "more popular than Jesus" and the lyrics of two of his later songs "God" and "Imagine". In the years leading up to the murder, the J. D. Salinger novel The Catcher in the Rye took on great personal significance for Chapman, to the extent that he wished to model his life after the novel's protagonist, Holden Caulfield. Chapman also contemplated killing other public figures, including David Bowie,[5] Johnny Carson, Elizabeth Taylor,[6] Paul McCartney, and Ronald Reagan. [citation needed] He had no prior criminal convictions and had recently resigned from a job as a security guard in Hawaii.

Following the murder, Chapman's legal team intended to mount an insanity defense based on the testimony of mental health experts who said that he was in a delusional psychotic state at the time of the shooting. However, he was more cooperative with the prosecutor, who argued that his symptoms fell short of a schizophrenia diagnosis. As the trial approached, Chapman instructed his lawyers that he wanted to plead guilty based on what he had decided was the will of God. The judge granted Chapman's request and deemed him competent to stand trial. He was sentenced to a prison term of twenty years to life with a stipulation that mental health treatment would be provided.

Chapman refused requests for press interviews during his first six years in prison; he later said that he regretted the murder and that he did not want to give the impression that he killed Lennon for fame and notoriety. He ultimately supplied audiotaped interviews to journalist Jack Jones, who used them to write the investigative book Let Me Take You Down: Inside the Mind of Mark David Chapman in 1992. In 2000, Chapman became eligible for parole, which has since been denied thirteen times. His life was dramatized in the films The Killing of John Lennon (2006) and Chapter 27 (2007).


Mark David Chapman was born on May 10, 1955, in Fort Worth, Texas.[3] His father, David Chapman, was a staff sergeant in the United States Air Force and his mother, Diane (née Pease), was a nurse. His younger sister, Susan, was born seven years later. As a boy, Chapman stated he lived in fear of his father, who he claimed was physically abusive towards his mother and unloving towards him. These assertions, however, were never substantiated. Chapman began to fantasize about having God-like power over a group of imaginary "little people" who lived in the walls of his bedroom.

Chapman moved to Decatur, Georgia, at an early age and attended Columbia High School. He later recalled being targeted by bullies due to his lack of athleticism. By the time he was 14, Chapman was using drugs and skipping classes, and at one point ran away from home to live on the streets of Atlanta for two weeks.[7]

In 1971, Chapman became a born-again Presbyterian and distributed Biblical tracts. He met his first girlfriend, Jessica Blankenship, and began work as a summer camp counselor at the YMCA in DeKalb County, Georgia. He was very popular with the children at the camp, who nicknamed him "Nemo" (after the protagonist of the Jules Verne novel Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Seas), and he was promoted to assistant director after winning an award for Outstanding Counselor.[8] Those who knew him in the caretaking professions unanimously called him an outstanding worker.[9]

On the recommendation of a friend, Chapman read J. D. Salinger's novel The Catcher in the Rye (1951). The novel eventually took on great personal significance for him, to the extent he reportedly wished to model his life after its main character, Holden Caulfield.[10] After graduating from high school, Chapman moved for a time to Chicago and played guitar in churches and Christian night spots while his friend did impersonations. He worked successfully for World Vision with Vietnamese refugees at a resettlement camp at Fort Chaffee in Arkansas, after a brief visit to Lebanon for the same work. He was named an area coordinator and a key aide to program director David Moore, who later said Chapman cared deeply for children and worked hard. Chapman accompanied Moore to meetings with government officials, and U.S. President Gerald Ford shook his hand.

Chapman joined Blankenship as a student at Covenant College, a Presbyterian liberal arts college in Lookout Mountain, Georgia. However, he fell behind in his studies and became racked with guilt over having a previous affair.[11][12] He started having suicidal thoughts and began to feel like a failure. He dropped out of Covenant College after just one semester, and his girlfriend broke off their relationship soon after. Chapman returned to work at the resettlement camp but left after an argument with a supervisor.

In 1977, Chapman relocated to Hawaii, where he attempted suicide by carbon monoxide asphyxiation. He connected a hose to his car's exhaust pipe, but the hose melted and the attempt failed. A psychiatrist admitted Chapman to Castle Memorial Hospital for clinical depression. Upon his release, he began working at the hospital as a janitor.[13] After Chapman's parents began divorce proceedings, his mother joined him in Hawaii.[12]

Chapman embarked on a six-week trip around the world in 1978. The vacation was partly inspired by the film and novel Around the World in 80 Days. He visited Tokyo, Seoul, Hong Kong, Singapore, Bangkok, New Delhi, Beirut, Geneva, London, Paris and Dublin. He also began a relationship with his travel agent, a Japanese American woman named Gloria Abe, whom he married on June 2, 1979. Chapman got a job at Castle Memorial Hospital as a printer, working alone rather than with staff and patients. He was fired by the hospital and later rehired; following an argument with a nurse he finally quit. After this, Chapman took a job as a night security guard at a high-end apartment complex and began drinking heavily to cope with his depression.[13]

As his psychological state worsened, Chapman developed a series of obsessions, including artwork, The Catcher in the Rye, music, and the English musician John Lennon. In September 1980 he wrote a letter to a friend, Lynda Irish, in which he stated, "I'm going nuts." He signed the letter, "The Catcher in the Rye."[14] Chapman had no criminal convictions prior to his trip to New York City to kill Lennon.[15]

Murder of John Lennon

Main article: Murder of John Lennon

Motive and planning

Chapman allegedly started planning to kill Lennon three months prior to the murder. A longtime fan of Lennon's former band the Beatles, Chapman turned against Lennon due to a religious conversion and Lennon's highly publicized 1966 remark about the Beatles being "more popular than Jesus."[16] Some members of Chapman's prayer group made a joke in reference to Lennon's song "Imagine": "It went, 'Imagine, imagine if John Lennon was dead.'"[12] Chapman's childhood friend, Miles McManushe, recalled that Chapman said that the song was "communist."[16]

Chapman had also been influenced by Anthony Fawcett's John Lennon: One Day at a Time, which detailed Lennon's lavish lifestyle in New York City. According to Gloria, "He was angry that Lennon would preach love and peace but yet have millions." Chapman later said: "He told us to imagine no possessions and there he was, with millions of dollars and yachts and farms and country estates, laughing at people like me who had believed the lies and bought the records and built a big part of their lives around his music."[2] He also recalled having listened to Lennon's solo albums in the weeks before the murder:[17]

I would listen to this music and I would get angry at him, for saying [in the song "God"] that he didn't believe in God, that he just believed in him and Yoko, and that he didn't believe in the Beatles. This was another thing that angered me, even though this record had been done at least ten years previously. I just wanted to scream out loud, "Who does he think he is, saying these things about God and heaven and the Beatles?" Saying that he doesn't believe in Jesus and things like that. At that point, my mind was going through a total blackness of anger and rage. So I brought the Lennon book home, into this The Catcher in the Rye milieu where my mindset is Holden Caulfield and anti-phoniness.[18]

Chapman's planning has been described as "muddled."[19] Over the years, he has both supported and denied whether he felt justified by his spiritual beliefs at the time or had the intention of acquiring notoriety.[1] The only time he made a public statement before his sentencing — and for several years afterward — was during a brief psychotic episode in which he was convinced that the meaning of his actions was to promote The Catcher in the Rye, which amounted to a single letter mailed to The New York Times asking the public to read the novel.[1]

Journalist James R. Gaines, who interviewed Chapman extensively, concluded that Chapman did not kill Lennon to gain fame and notoriety.[1] According to Chapman in a later parole hearing, he had a hit list of other potential targets in mind, including Lennon's bandmate Paul McCartney, talk show host Johnny Carson, actress Elizabeth Taylor, actor George C. Scott, former first lady Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis, recently elected U.S. President Ronald Reagan and Hawaii governor George Ariyoshi. In 2010, Chapman said that the only criterion for the list was being "famous," and that he chose Lennon out of convenience.[20] He had also cited feelings of envy.[21]

It is rumored that Chapman traveled to Woodstock, New York, during one of his visits to the state in search of the musician Todd Rundgren, another target of obsession. Chapman was wearing a promotional T-shirt for Rundgren's album Hermit of Mink Hollow when he was arrested and had a copy of Runt: The Ballad of Todd Rundgren in his Manhattan hotel room. Rundgren was not aware of the connections until much later.[22]

On the day of the murder, singer David Bowie was appearing on Broadway in the play The Elephant Man. "I was second on his list," Bowie later said. "Chapman had a front-row ticket to The Elephant Man the next night. John and Yoko were supposed to sit front-row for that show too. So the night after John was killed there were three empty seats in the front row. I can't tell you how difficult that was to go on. I almost didn't make it through the performance."[23]

October–December 1980

The Dakota, Lennon's residence and the location of the killing

Chapman went to New York City in late October 1980 intending to kill Lennon, but left to obtain ammunition from his unwitting friend Dana Reeves in Atlanta before returning in November.[14] While in New York, Chapman was inspired by the film Ordinary People to stop his plans. He returned to Hawaii and told his wife Gloria that he had been obsessed with killing Lennon, showing her the gun and bullets; Gloria did not inform the police or mental health services.[12] Chapman later said that the commandment "thou shalt not kill" flashed on the television at him and was on a wall hanging that his wife put up in their apartment.[2] He made an appointment to see a clinical psychologist, but he did not keep it and flew back to New York on December 6, 1980.[12] At one point, he considered ending his life by jumping from the Statue of Liberty.[24]

On December 7, Chapman accosted singer James Taylor at the 72nd Street subway station. According to Taylor, "The guy had sort of pinned me to the wall and was glistening with maniacal sweat and talking some freak speak about what he was going to do and his stuff with how John was interested and he was going to get in touch with John Lennon."[25] He also reportedly offered cocaine to a taxi driver.[12] That night, Chapman and his wife talked on the phone about getting help with his problems by first working on his relationship with God.[2]

On the morning of December 8, Chapman left his room at the Sheraton Hotel, leaving personal items behind that he wanted the police to find. He bought a copy of The Catcher in the Rye in which he wrote "this is my statement", signing it "Holden Caulfield." He then spent most of the day near the entrance to the Dakota apartment building where Lennon lived, talking to fans and the doorman. Early in the morning, Chapman was distracted and missed seeing Lennon step out of a taxi and enter the Dakota. Later in the morning, he met Lennon's housekeeper, who was returning from a walk with Lennon's five-year-old son Sean. Chapman reached in front of the housekeeper to shake Sean's hand and called him a beautiful boy, quoting Lennon's song "Beautiful Boy (Darling Boy)."[26]

Around 5 p.m., Lennon and his wife Yoko Ono were leaving the Dakota for a recording session at the Record Plant. As they walked toward their limousine, Chapman, without saying a word, held out a copy of Lennon's album Double Fantasy (1980) for Lennon to sign.[27] Amateur photographer Paul Goresh was standing nearby and took a picture as Lennon signed the album.[28] Chapman said in an interview that he tried to get Goresh to stay, and he asked another loitering Lennon fan to go out with him that night. He suggested that he would not have murdered Lennon that evening if the woman had accepted his invitation or if Goresh had stayed, but he probably would have tried another day.[26]

Around 10:50 p.m., Lennon and Ono returned to the Dakota in a limousine. They got out of the vehicle, passed Chapman, and walked toward the archway entrance of the building. From the street behind them, Chapman fired five hollow-point bullets from a .38 special revolver, four of which hit Lennon in the back and shoulder. One newspaper later reported that Chapman called out "Mr. Lennon" and dropped into a combat stance before firing.[29] Chapman said that he does not recall saying anything, and Lennon did not turn around.[30]

Chapman remained at the scene following the shooting and appeared to be reading The Catcher in the Rye when New York City police officers arrived and arrested him without incident. The officers recognized that Lennon's wounds were severe and decided not to wait for an ambulance; they rushed him to Roosevelt Hospital in a squad car. Lennon was pronounced dead on arrival. Three hours later, Chapman told the police, "I'm sure the big part of me is Holden Caulfield, who is the main person in the book. The small part of me must be the Devil."[31]

Legal process

Chapman was formally charged with second-degree murder. He confessed to police that he had used hollow-point bullets "to ensure Lennon's death."[32] Chapman's wife had known of her husband's preparations for killing Lennon, but took no action because Chapman did not follow through at the time; she did not face any charges.[33] Chapman later said that he harbored a "deep-seated resentment" toward his wife, "that she didn't go to somebody, even the police, and say, 'Look, my husband's bought a gun and he says he's going to kill John Lennon.'"[34]

Mental state assessment

More than a dozen psychologists and psychiatrists interviewed Chapman in the six months prior to his trial—three for the prosecution, six for the defense, and several more on behalf of the court—and they conducted a battery of standard diagnostic procedures and more than 200 hours of clinical interviews. All six defense experts concluded that Chapman was psychotic; five diagnosed paranoid schizophrenia, while the sixth felt that his symptoms were more consistent with manic depression. The three prosecution experts declared that his delusions fell short of psychosis and instead diagnosed various personality disorders. The court-appointed experts concurred with the prosecution's examiners that he was delusional yet competent to stand trial. In the examinations, Chapman was more cooperative with the prosecution's mental health experts than with those for the defense; one psychiatrist conjectured that he did not wish to be considered "crazy" and was persuaded that the defense experts declared him insane only because they were hired to do so.[1]

Charles McGowan, who had been the pastor of Chapman's church in Decatur, visited Chapman. "I believe there was a demonic power at work," he said. Chapman initially embraced his old religion with new fervor as a result; but McGowan revealed information to the press that Chapman had told him in confidence, so Chapman disavowed his renewed interest in Christianity and reverted to his initial explanation: he had killed Lennon to promote the reading of The Catcher in the Rye.[1]

Guilty plea

Chapman's court-appointed lawyer, Herbert Adlerberg, withdrew from the case amid threats of lynching. Police feared that Lennon fans might storm the hospital, so they transferred Chapman to Rikers Island for his personal safety.[35]

At the initial hearing in January 1981, Chapman's new lawyer, Jonathan Marks, instructed him to enter a plea of not guilty by reason of insanity. In February, Chapman sent a handwritten statement to The New York Times urging everyone to read The Catcher in the Rye, calling it an "extraordinary book that holds many answers."[36] The defense team sought to establish witnesses as to Chapman's mental state at the time of the killing.[37] However, Chapman told Marks in June that he wanted to drop the insanity defense and plead guilty. Marks objected with "serious questions" over Chapman's sanity and legally challenged his competence to make this decision. In the pursuant hearing on June 22, Chapman said that God had told him to plead guilty and that he would not change his plea or ever appeal, regardless of his sentence. Marks told the court that he opposed Chapman's change of plea, but Chapman would not listen to him. Judge Dennis Edwards Jr. refused a further assessment, saying that Chapman had made the decision of his own free will, and declared him competent to stand trial.[9][38][39]

Sentencing hearing

The sentencing hearing took place on August 24, 1981, in a crowded courtroom. Two experts gave evidence on Chapman's behalf. Judge Edwards interrupted Dorothy Lewis, a research psychiatrist who was relatively inexperienced in the courtroom, indicating that the purpose of the hearing was to determine the sentence and there was no question of Chapman's criminal responsibility. Lewis had maintained that Chapman's decision to change his plea did not appear reasonable or explicable, and she implied that the judge did not want to allow an independent competency assessment.[40] The district attorney argued that Chapman committed the murder as an easy venture to acquire fame. Chapman was asked if he had anything to say, and he rose and read a passage from The Catcher in the Rye in which Holden tells his little sister Phoebe what he wants to do with his life:

I keep picturing all these little kids playing some game in this big field of rye and all. Thousands of little kids, and nobody's around – nobody big, I mean – except me. And I'm standing on the edge of some crazy cliff. What I have to do, I have to catch everybody if they start to go over the cliff – I mean if they're running and they don't look where they're going I have to come out from somewhere and catch them. That's all I do all day. I'd just be the catcher in the rye and all.

The judge ordered psychiatric treatment for Chapman during his incarceration and sentenced him to twenty years to life, five years less than the maximum sentence of twenty-five years to life.[41]


Attica Correctional Facility in Attica, New York, where Chapman was imprisoned from 1981 to 2012

In 1981, Chapman was imprisoned at Attica Correctional Facility outside of Buffalo, New York. He fasted for twenty-six days in February 1982, so the New York State Supreme Court authorized the state to force-feed him. Central New York Psychiatric Center director Martin Von Holden said that Chapman refused to eat with other inmates but agreed to take liquid nutrients.[42] He was held in a solitary confinement unit for violent and at-risk prisoners, in part due to concern that he might be harmed by Lennon's fans in the general population. There were 105 inmates in the facility who were "not considered a threat to him," according to the New York State Department of Correctional Services. He had his own cell but spent "most of his day outside his cell working on housekeeping and in the library."[43]

Chapman worked in the prison as a legal clerk and kitchen helper. He was barred from participating in the Cephas Attica workshops, a charitable organization helping inmates adjust to life outside prison. He was also prohibited from attending the prison's violence and anger management classes due to concern for his safety. He told a parole board in 2000 what he would do if paroled: "I would immediately try to find a job, and I really want to go from place to place, at least in the state, church to church, and tell people what happened to me and point them the way to Christ." He also said that he thought that he could find work as a farmhand or return to his previous trade as a printer.[44]

Chapman is in the Family Reunion Program, and has been allowed regular conjugal visits since 2014 with his wife since he accepted solitary confinement. The program allows him to spend forty-four hours alone with his wife in a specially built prison home. He also gets occasional visits from his sister, clergy, and a few friends. In 2004, Department of Correctional Services spokesman James Flateau said that Chapman had been involved in three "minor incidents" between 1989 and 1994 which included delaying an inmate count and refusing to follow an order.[45] On May 15, 2012, he was transferred to the Wende Correctional Facility in Alden, New York, which is east of Buffalo.[46] On March 30, 2022, he was transferred to the Green Haven Correctional Facility in Beekman, New York, which is in Dutchess County.[47]

Book, interviews, and media appearances

Chapman declined all offers for interviews following the murder and during his first six years at Attica, later stating that he did not want to give the impression that he killed Lennon to acquire fame and notoriety.[31] Despite his claim that he refused all interviews during those six years, James R. Gaines interviewed him and wrote a three-part, 18,000-word People magazine series starting in 1981 and climaxing in February and March 1987.[1][48][49] Chapman subsequently told the parole board that he regretted the interview.[44] He gave a series of audio-taped interviews to Jack Jones of the Rochester Democrat and Chronicle, and Jones published Let Me Take You Down: Inside the Mind of Mark David Chapman, the Man Who Killed John Lennon in 1992.[50] Jones asked Chapman to tell his story for Mugshots, a CourtTV program in 2000, with his first parole hearing approaching. Chapman refused to go on camera but consented to tell his story in a series of audiotapes.[44]

On December 4, 1992, ABC's 20/20 aired an interview with Barbara Walters, Chapman's first television interview.[51] On December 17, 1992, Larry King interviewed Chapman on his CNN program Larry King Live.[52]

Parole applications, campaigns, and denials

Chapman first became eligible for parole in 2000 after serving twenty years in prison. Under New York state law, he is required to have a parole hearing every two years from that year onward. Since that time, a two- or three-member board has denied Chapman parole thirteen times. Before his first parole hearing, Yoko Ono sent a letter to the board requesting that Chapman should stay behind bars and serve out the remainder of his life sentence.[53][54] In addition, New York State Senator Michael Nozzolio, chairman of the Senate Crime Victims, Crime and Correction Committee, wrote to Parole Board Chairman Brion Travis saying: "It is the responsibility of the New York State Parole Board to ensure that public safety is protected from the release of dangerous criminals like Chapman."[55]


In film

Two biographical films center on Chapman and the murder: The Killing of John Lennon (2006), directed by Andrew Piddington and starring Jonas Ball as Chapman and Chapter 27 (2007), directed by J. P. Schaefer and starring Jared Leto as Chapman.

In music

Julian Cope released the song "Don't Call Me Mark Chapman" on his 1994 album Autogeddon.

In 1996, the Irish rock band The Cranberries released the song "I Just Shot John Lennon" on their third studio album, To the Faithful Departed.

...And You Will Know Us by the Trail of Dead released the song "Mark David Chapman" on their 1999 album Madonna.

The industrial band Mindless Self Indulgence released the song "Mark David Chapman" (also written as "Mark David Chapmen" on Spotify), on the 2008 album If.

The rock band Måneskin wrote the song "Mark Chapman" about a killer stalking a celebrity on the 2023 album Rush!

See also


  1. ^ a b c d e f g Gaines, James R. (March 9, 1987). "Mark Chapman Part III: the Killer Takes His Fall". People. Vol. 27, no. 10.
  2. ^ a b c d Schultz, Lynne H. (2001). "March 4, 1966: The Beginning of the End for John Lennon?". The Secular Web. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved December 26, 2006.
  3. ^ a b Hamill, Pete (December 20, 1980). "The Death and Life of John Lennon". New York. Retrieved January 12, 2015.
  4. ^ Greene, Leonard (December 17, 2014). "Wife of John Lennon's killer visits him for prison sex and pizza". New York Post. Retrieved January 12, 2015.
  5. ^ Doggett, Peter (2012). The Man Who Sold the World: David Bowie and the 1970s. New York City: HarperCollins. p. 389. ISBN 978-0-06-202466-4.
  6. ^ "John Lennon Killer Also Considered Shooting Johnny Carson And Elizabeth Taylor". ABC News. Retrieved April 15, 2024.
  7. ^ Chirko, David (November 2016). "Alienation: Antecedent to Mayhem" (PDF). General Psychologist. 51 (1). Worcester, Massachusetts: American Psychological Association: 33. Archived (PDF) from the original on June 26, 2018.
  8. ^ Gaines, James R. (June 22, 1981). "Descent Into Madness". People. Vol. 15, no. 24. New York City: Time, Inc.
  9. ^ a b Crime Library Two Marks Archived February 10, 2015, at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ Gaines, James (February 27, 1987). "Mark Chapman: The Man Who Shot John Lennon". People. New York City: Time, Inc. Archived from the original on January 31, 2019. Retrieved June 16, 2016.
  11. ^ Crime Library Escape to Paradise Archived February 10, 2015, at the Wayback Machine
  12. ^ a b c d e f Gaines, J.R. (June 22, 1981). "The Life and Crime of Mark David Chapman". People. Vol. 15, no. 24. New York City: Time, Inc.
  13. ^ a b "A Miracle Fades Away". Crime Library. Archived from the original on February 10, 2015.
  14. ^ a b McGunagle, Fred. "To the Brink and Back". Mark David Chapman, the Man Who Killed John Lennon. Atlanta, Georgia: Court TV. Archived from the original on April 7, 2004.
  15. ^ "John Lennon's Killer Denied Parole". ABC News. November 2, 2012.
  16. ^ a b Jones 1992, p. 118.
  17. ^ Jones 1992, p. 178.
  18. ^ Jones 1992, pp. 178–179.
  19. ^ Wilson, Michael (September 17, 2010). "Lennon's Killer Said He Wavered Over Plan". The New York Times. Retrieved December 23, 2011.
  20. ^ James, Michael S. (September 17, 2010). "Lennon's Killer: Elizabeth Taylor Also a Target". ABC News.
  21. ^ "Mark David Chapman, man who killed John Lennon, said in parole hearing he wanted 'glory'". ABC News. Retrieved August 14, 2023.
  22. ^ Lester, Paul (May 1, 2013). "Todd Rundgren: 'Every once in a while I took a trip and never came back'". The Guardian. Retrieved December 16, 2018.
  23. ^ "John Lennon's Assassin Had a Hit List, and David Bowie Was Next". In The Studio. Retrieved May 11, 2016.
  24. ^ McGunagle, Fred (December 8, 1980). "Exorcism at Attica". Archived from the original on May 13, 2008. Retrieved October 8, 2010.
  25. ^ Brook, Tom (December 8, 2010). "Lennon's death: I was there". BBC News. London, England: BBC. Retrieved September 9, 2011.
  26. ^ a b "Larry King Weekend: A Look Back at Mark David Chapman in His Own Words". CNN. Cable News Network. Retrieved September 24, 2015.
  27. ^ "1980 Year in Review: Death of John Lennon".'
  28. ^ Paul Goresh, author of John Lennon's photo with his killer, dies at 58
  29. ^ "Police Trace Tangled Path Leading to Lennon's Slaying at the Dakota" by Paul L. Montgomery, The New York Times, December 10, 1980, pp. A1, B6 [quotes attributed by the newspaper to NYPD Chief of Detectives James T. Sullivan regarding an unnamed witness]
  30. ^ Lovett, Kenneth (April 19, 2008). "Mark David Chapman tells his version of John Lennon slay". New York Daily News. Archived from the original on January 24, 2009. Retrieved May 10, 2009.
  31. ^ a b Crime Library Chapman's Statement Archived May 31, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  32. ^ "Chapman intended to kill Lennon". Santa Cruz Sentinel. Santa Cruz, California. June 24, 1981. p. 45 – via
  33. ^ Bucktin, Christopher (August 3, 2018). "John Lennon's killer Mark Chapman told his wife he was going to shoot him". mirror. Retrieved December 15, 2018.
  34. ^ Wife of John Lennon's assassin could have saved the ex-Beatle. December 8, 2012
  35. ^ McGunagle, F. Exorcism at Attica Archived September 30, 2013, at the Wayback Machine Tru Tv Crime Library.
  36. ^ Montgomery, P Lennon Murder Suspect Preparing Insanity Defense. The New York Times, February 9, 1981.
  37. ^ 4 Sought by Defense In Slaying of Lennon,The New York Times, February 26, 1981
  38. ^ The Guardian newspaper (June 23, 1981) Chapman admits murder
  39. ^ "1981: Chapman pleads guilty to Lennon murder". BBC News. June 22, 1981. Retrieved October 8, 2010.
  40. ^ Otnow Lewis, Dorothy (1998). Guilty By Reason Of Insanity. New York City: Random House. ISBN 978-1409007791.
  41. ^ The Guardian newspaper (August 25, 1981) Lennon's killer to serve twenty years
  42. ^ "Chapman Breaks His 26-Day Fast". The New York Times. March 2, 1982.
  43. ^ a b Wald, Jonathan (October 6, 2004). "Lennon killer denied parole". CNN. Retrieved October 8, 2010.
  44. ^ a b c "Transcript of Mark David Chapman's Parole Board hearing". Court TV. Archived from the original on February 21, 2009. Retrieved October 8, 2010.
  45. ^ "Lennon Killer Chapman Denied Parole". Archived from the original on April 27, 2009. Retrieved October 8, 2010.
  46. ^ "Mark David Chapman, John Lennon's killer, transferred from Attica to different max-security prison". Daily Freeman. May 16, 2012. Retrieved December 22, 2021.
  47. ^ "Mark David Chapman Custody Record". Commission of Correction. June 29, 2022. Retrieved June 29, 2022.
  48. ^ Gaines, James R. (February 23, 1987). "Mark Chapman Part I: the Man Who Shot Lennon". People. Vol. 27, no. 8. New York City: Meredith Corporation.
  49. ^ Gaines, James R. (March 2, 1987). "Mark Chapman Part II: In the Shadows a Killer Waited". People. Vol. 27, no. 9. New York City: Meredith Corporation.
  50. ^ Jones 1992
  51. ^ Excerpt from Chapman's Interview with Barbara Walters (1992) on YouTube. Retrieved on July 9, 2012.
  52. ^ Chapman's Interview with Larry King (1992) on YouTube. Retrieved on January 23, 2019.
  53. ^ CNN Assignment Editor Jonathan Wald writes on on October 6, 2004, about Ono's consistent opposition to parole
  54. ^ "Text of Ono's 2000 letter sent to parole hearings, from the BBC". BBC News. October 3, 2000. Retrieved October 8, 2010.
  55. ^ John Lennon's killer denied parole Archived March 25, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  56. ^ "Parole denied to Lennon killer Mark Chapman". Honolulu Star-Bulletin. October 3, 2000. Retrieved September 9, 2011.
  57. ^ "Lennon killer denied parole". BBC News. October 3, 2000. Retrieved October 8, 2010.
  58. ^ "". Archived from the original on October 18, 2006. Retrieved October 8, 2010.
  59. ^ Paul Harris in New York (September 26, 2004). "Lennon fans threaten his killer as release looms". The Guardian. London. Retrieved October 8, 2010.
  60. ^ "John Lennon's killer refused parole for the fourth time". The Scotsman. Edinburgh. October 11, 2006. Archived from the original on July 16, 2012. Retrieved October 8, 2010.
  61. ^ "Lennon killer fails in parole bid". BBC News. October 11, 2006. Retrieved October 8, 2010.
  62. ^ Irish Examiner news December 8, 2006, Yoko Ono not ready to forgive Lennon's killer
  63. ^ "Lennon's Killer Denied Parole". CNN Wire. Archived from the original on August 14, 2009. Retrieved October 8, 2010.
  64. ^ "Yoko Ono opposes parole for John Lennon's killer". July 27, 2010. Retrieved August 12, 2010.
  65. ^ Swash, Rosie (August 11, 2010). "John Lennon's killer has parole hearing date postponed". The Guardian. London. Retrieved August 11, 2010.
  66. ^ Thompson, Carolyn (September 7, 2010). "John Lennon Killer Chapman Denied Parole In NY". USA Today. Mclean, Virginia: Gannett Company. Retrieved December 23, 2011.
  67. ^ "Chapman denied parole". Huffington Post. August 23, 2012. Retrieved October 24, 2012.
  68. ^ Wulfhorst, Ellen (August 18, 2012). "John Lennon's killer to get seventh parole hearing this week". Reuters. Retrieved August 18, 2012.
  69. ^ Duke, Alan (August 28, 2014). "John Lennon's killer denied parole, talks about murder -". CNN. Retrieved April 21, 2016.
  70. ^ Campbell, Jon (August 27, 2014). "Lennon's killer: 'I'm sorry for being such an idiot'". USA TODAY. Retrieved April 21, 2016.
  71. ^ "John Lennon's killer Mark Chapman denied parole again". BBC News. August 29, 2016. Retrieved August 30, 2016.
  72. ^ "John Lennon's killer denied parole for 10th time". The Guardian. August 24, 2018. Retrieved August 25, 2018.
  73. ^ Lovett, Kenneth. "EXCLUSIVE: John Lennon's killer Mark David Chapman denied parole a 10th time; stays in jail at least 2 more years - NY Daily News". Retrieved August 27, 2018.
  74. ^ Southern, Keiran (August 24, 2018). "John Lennon's killer denied parole for tenth time". Liverpool Echo. Retrieved August 25, 2018.
  75. ^ Snyder, Alec (August 27, 2020). "John Lennon's killer denied parole for the 11th time". CNN. Retrieved August 27, 2020.
  76. ^ "John Lennon's killer apologises to his widow Yoko Ono for 'despicable' crime he committed for 'self-glory'". Sky News. September 21, 2020. Retrieved September 21, 2020.
  77. ^ "Mark David Chapman, man who killed John Lennon, said in parole hearing he wanted 'glory'". ABC News. Retrieved April 11, 2021.
  78. ^ "John Lennon's killer admits he knew the act was 'evil' but he 'wanted the fame too much'". The Hitmix. November 8, 2022. Retrieved November 8, 2022. [dead link]
  79. ^ "Parole Board Interview Calendar". Parole Board Calendar. March 15, 2024. Retrieved March 15, 2024.
  80. ^ "New York Inmate Search". Incarcerated Lookup. March 24, 2024. Retrieved March 24, 2024.

Works cited

Further reading