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Biola University
Former name
Bible Institute of Los Angeles (1908–1949)
Biola College (1949–1981)
MottoAbove All Give Glory to God
TypePrivate university
EstablishedFebruary 25, 1908; 116 years ago (February 25, 1908)
Religious affiliation
Nondenominational Evangelicalism
Academic affiliations
CCCU
Endowment$154.6 million (2018)[1]
PresidentBarry H. Corey
ProvostMatthew J. Hall
Academic staff
475 [citation needed]
Undergraduates3,596 (S 2022)
Postgraduates1,959 (S 2022)
Location, ,
United States
CampusSuburban, 96 acres (39 ha)
ColorsRed, White, Black
   
NicknameEagles
Sporting affiliations
NCAA Division IIPacWest
Websitebiola.edu

Biola University (/bˈlə/) is a private, nondenominational, evangelical Christian university in La Mirada, California. It was founded in 1908 as the Bible Institute of Los Angeles. It has over 150 programs of study in nine schools offering bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees.

History

Biola's former Los Angeles building: under construction (top) and complete in 1916 (bottom): It was demolished in 1988, after damage in an 1987 earthquake.[2]

Biola University was founded in 1908 as the Bible Institute of Los Angeles by Lyman Stewart, president of the Union Oil Company of California;[3] Thomas C. Horton, a Presbyterian minister and author; and Augustus B. Prichard, also a Presbyterian minister.[4][5][6]

In 1912, the institute appointed R. A. Torrey as dean, and in 1913 began construction on a building at the corner of Sixth and Hope St. in downtown Los Angeles, which included a 3,500-seat auditorium, two large neon signs (added later) on top of the building proclaiming "Jesus Saves", and a carillon of 11 bells on which hymns were played three times each day.[2][4][7][8] The early leaders wanted the institute to focus on training students in the Bible and missions rather than the broad approach to Christian education typical of Christian liberal arts colleges. The institute offered a diploma after completion of a two-year curriculum. This model was based largely on the Moody Bible Institute.[9] Beginning in the 1920s, attempts were made to broaden the curriculum,[10] but it was not until 1949 that the institution took the name "Biola College" and in 1981 was renamed "Biola University". Biola re-located to La Mirada, California in 1959.[2][4][7][11]

The school has a tradition of conservative theology, documented in the 1917 four-volume version of The Fundamentals: A Testimony To The Truth.[12][13]

As of 1925, John Murdoch MacInnis was the school's second dean. He was a Presbyterian minister who had been an instructor at the school for about two years. MacInnis served as dean until his forced resignation on December 31, 1928. His administration had been turbulent.[14] In 1927, Biola published a book by MacInnis entitled Peter the Fisherman Philosopher, which became the focus of an intense national controversy in which MacInnis was accused by fundamentalists of advocating liberal theological positions.[15][16] Eventually, MacInnis was forced to resign, and all remaining copies of the book, along with the printing plates, were destroyed.[17]

In 1929, Charles E. Fuller a businessman, evangelist, and graduate of Biola, was drafted as vice president to find a new dean and a president. Elbert McCreery and William P. White, both associated with Moody Bible Institute, were chosen to fill these posts.[18]

During the Great Depression, the institute suffered serious financial difficulties.[7] In 1932, Louis T. Talbot, pastor of the Church of the Open Door, assumed the presidency and helped raise much-needed funds.[7] During the next two decades, Talbot concentrated efforts on academic programs as the school's mission.[7] Talbot Theological Seminary became Biola's first graduate school and in 1977, Biola acquired the graduate programs of Rosemead Graduate School of Professional Psychology and relocated them to the La Mirada campus.[7] Biola added a School of Intercultural Studies in 1983, through funds from the abandoned property of the Hunan Bible Institute in China,[19] a School of Business in 1993,[7] and a School of Education in 2007.[20]

Presidents

Conferences

"The Word", mural by Kent Twitchell

Biola holds two annual student conferences, the Missions Conference during the spring semester and the Torrey Memorial Bible Conference during the fall semester.[21][22]

The Torrey Memorial Bible Conference is also a three-day conference dedicated to students' spiritual growth. Every year, a specific topic is chosen that is geared towards the typical college student's spiritual needs.[23]

The annual one-day Biola Media Conference seeks to advance the integration of faith and the arts. It brings together Christian media leaders and other Christians for education, inspiration, and networking.[24]

On November 16, 1996, the university hosted the first national conference on intelligent design. Later, Intervarsity Press published Mere Creation,[25] a collection of the papers presented at the conference. Subsequent intelligent-design conferences were held at the university in 2002 and 2004.[26]

Since 2015, Biola requires students to attend five conference sessions and twenty chapel services per semester, or face a financial penalty.[27]

Center for Messianic Jewish Studies

On October 8, 2007, Biola opened the Charles L. Feinberg Center for Messianic Jewish Studies in Manhattan. The center offers a master's degree in divinity in Messianic Jewish studies in cooperation with Chosen People Ministries.[28]

Academics

Schools

Academic rankings
National
Forbes[29]444 of 500
U.S. News & World Report[30]236 (tie) of 394
Washington Monthly[31]429 of 442
WSJ/College Pulse[32]501 (tie) of 600

Biola offers 47 undergraduate majors, 80 concentrations, and more than 150 professional fields of study. Degrees awarded include B.A., B.S., B.M., B.F.A., M.A., M.B.A., M.Div., Th.M., D.Min., D.Miss., Psy.D., Ed.D., and Ph.D. All are institutionally and professionally accredited and integrated with Christian doctrine.[33][34]

Lecture hall at Biola University in La Mirada, California

The schools are:

Crowell School of Business is an undergraduate and graduate business school located in La Mirada, California, at Biola University. In 1993, the school was established as the fifth school of Biola University. In 2005, the school was renamed the Crowell School of Business.

Crowell offers a Master of Business Administration (MBA) and a Masters in Professional Accountancy (MPAcc), both of which can be obtained through a full-time or part-time schedule. Both programs are accredited through the Western Association of Schools and Colleges; the MBA program is also accredited by the Accreditation Council for Business Schools and Programs. The undergraduate program at Crowell offers majors in accounting and in business administration with emphasis in international business, management, marketing, marketing management and business analytics. The school offers a minor in business administration available to all undergraduates at Biola University. The undergraduate program boasts approximately four hundred students, making it the largest undergraduate program at Biola.[citation needed]

The School of Education was established in 2007, originally started as the Education Department in 1952. It offers biblically integrated courses and programs that exist to train those who desire to make an impact as educators and administrators in public, private, homeschool, charter and international schools. At the undergraduate level, the School of Education is home to the elementary education, multidisciplinary majors and liberal studies, which consistently rank among the most popular undergraduate majors at Biola. At the graduate level, the School of Education offers Master of Arts in Teaching and Master of Arts in Education programs.

All undergraduate students are required to take 30 units of Bible classes, regardless of their major.[35]

In its 2017 college rankings, U.S. News & World Report placed Biola in its "Best National Universities" category,[36] ranking Biola 159 out of 311 national universities.[37] Biola was one of only two national universities in the Council for Christian Colleges and Universities (CCCU) to be included in the first tier.[38] In 2013, Biola was listed as one of nineteen "up-and-coming" national universities by U.S. News.[39] In 2017, Niche ranked Biola as #33 of 364 best Christian colleges in America and #11 of 90 safest college campuses in California.[40]

Honors program

Torrey Honors College, formerly Torrey Honors Institute, is a classical literature great books program started by Dr. John Mark Reynolds in 1995[41] and named after Reuben Archer Torrey.[42] Classes in the department are used to meet most of the general education requirements at Biola University in four years; the program does not offer a major or minor. The Torrey Honors College is patterned after the Oxford tutorial system, employing reading, discussion, writing, mentoring, and lectures among other opportunities.[42] The goal of the department is to "equip men and women to pursue truth, goodness and beauty in intellectual and spiritual community, enabling them to be strong Christian leaders."[42]

Student organizations

Biola has over 40 student organizations and clubs.

In May 2012, an underground LGBTQ community, calling themselves the Biola Queer Underground, launched a website in support of promoting dialogue and reconsideration of Biola's expulsion policy regarding homosexual behavior.[43] The covert group requested to be accepted as a facet of diversity within the campus, declaring that, despite traditional church teaching on homosexuality, they held similar Christian beliefs and values to the university.[43] The website garnered national attention from the mainstream media.[44][45] The Biola administration released a formal statement on their conservative Christian views on human sexuality shortly afterwards.[46] Since 2013, The Dwelling, a university-sanctioned LGBTQ organization, has been established. It seeks to support LGBT students without endorsing same-sex marriage and related policies.[47]

Athletics

Main article: Biola Eagles

The Biola athletic teams are called the Eagles. The university is a member of the Division II level of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA), primarily competing in the Pacific West Conference (PacWest) since the 2017–18 academic year; while its men's and women's swimming & diving teams compete in the Pacific Collegiate Swim and Dive Conference (PCSC).[48] They were also a member of the National Christian College Athletic Association (NCCAA), primarily competing as an independent in the West Region of the Division I level. The Eagles previously competed in the Golden State Athletic Conference (GSAC) of the National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics (NAIA) from 1994–95 to 2016–17.

Biola competes in 18 intercollegiate varsity sports: Men's sports include baseball, basketball, cross country, soccer, swimming, tennis, track & field and water polo; while women's sports include basketball, cross country, golf, soccer, softball, swimming, tennis, track & field, volleyball and water polo.[49] Former sports included men's golf and men's wrestling.

Hall of Fame

In 2012, Biola inducted three alumni into Inaugural Athletics Hall of Fame. The athletics department inducted Todd Worrell (baseball), Becky White (volleyball and women's basketball) and Wade Kirchmeyer (men's basketball). The school has since inducted 14 more alumni, including: Jim Blagg, Dr. Clyde Cook, Musa Dogonyaro, Ronn Johnson, Natasha Miller, Ben Orr, Jessica Pistole, Rianne Schorel and Tim Worrell.[50]

Club sports

Biola also has a club men's lacrosse team that competed Western Collegiate Lacrosse League (WCLL) from 2001-2009, and has since competed in the Southwestern Lacrosse Conference (SLC). A club women's lacrosse team began competition in 2012 in the Western Women's Lacrosse League (WWLL). Biola also has a club men's rugby team that began playing in the SCRFU in 2013.

Move to NCAA Division II

On July 20, 2016, Biola University's application for membership into the NCAA Division II had been approved for the three-year membership process. The Eagles continued as an active member of the GSAC and the NAIA for the 2016–17 school year while completing Provisional Year One with the NCAA. In Provisional Year Two (2017–18), Biola joined the PacWest Conference and competed primarily against NCAA opponents. With successful completion of Provisional Year Three (2018–19) of the membership process, the Eagles will gain full, active NCAA D-II membership and become eligible to compete for NCAA Division II championships beginning as early as 2019–20.[51]

Centers

Biola has four university centers:

In 2012, the Biola University Center for Christian Thought (CCT) was launched, funded by a $3.03 million grant from the John Templeton Foundation, the largest academic grant ever awarded to Biola University.[52] The CCT is a forum where leading Christian thinkers from around the world gather to research and discuss issues of significance to the academy, the church, and the broader culture.[53] In 2013, the Biola University Center for Christianity, Culture and the Arts (CCCA) was launched, funded with a grant from philanthropists Howard and Roberta Ahmanson's Fieldstead and Company.[54] The CCCA sponsors events and symposia, produces online resources and strives to facilitate thoughtful reflection on the interplay of Christian faith, the larger culture and the world of the arts.[55] In October 2014, Biola launched the Center for Marriage and Relationships (CMR). The center exists to build and sustain healthy relationships and marriages in the church and broader culture. In Fall of 2017, Biola launched the Center for the Study of the Work and Ministry of the Holy Spirit Today, funded by a $3 million donation.[56] Located within Talbot School of Theology, the center is a 10-year initiative that provides resources for students and scholars.[57]

Publications

The university has been involved in the publication of the following magazines and academic journals:

Notable alumni

Main page: Category:Biola University alumni

Notable current and previous faculty

Main page: Category:Biola University faculty

References

  1. ^ As of June 30, 2018. "U.S. and Canadian Institutions Listed by Fiscal Year (FY) 2018 Endowment Market Value and Change in Endowment Market Value from FY 2017 to FY 2018" (PDF). National Association of College and University Business Officers and Commonfund Institute. 2018. Retrieved June 29, 2019.
  2. ^ a b c Cory Stargel and Sarah Stargel, Early Downtown Los Angeles, Arcadia Publishing, 2009, ISBN 0738570036, p. 36.
  3. ^ Curwen, Thomas (June 10, 2022). "CRT, Trumpism and doubt roil Biola University. Is this the future of evangelical Christianity?". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 12, 2022.
  4. ^ a b c William Jeynes and David W. Robinson (2012), International Handbook of Protestant Education, Springer, ISBN 9400723865, p. 127.
  5. ^ William Deverell and Greg Hise (2010), A Companion to Los Angeles, Wiley, ISBN 1405171278, p. 196.
  6. ^ Draney, Daniel (2008). When Streams Diverge: John Murdoch MacInnis and the Origins of Protestant Fundamentalism in Los Angeles. Paternoster. p. 66.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g Randall Herbert Balmer (2002), Encyclopedia of Evangelicalism, Westminster John Knox Press, ISBN 978-0-664-22409-7, pp. 68-70.
  8. ^ David Kipen (2011), Los Angeles in The 1930s: The WPA Guide to the City of Angels, University of California Press, ISBN 978-0-520-26883-8, p. 159.
  9. ^ Brereton, Virginia (1990). Training God's Army:The American Bible School, 1880-1940. Indiana University Press. pp. 68, 103–105.
  10. ^ Draney, Daniel (2008). When Streams Diverge. pp. 91–100.
  11. ^ Hans Joachim Hillerbrand (2004) The Encyclopedia of Protestantism, Volume 1, Routledge, ISBN 0415924723, p. 388.
  12. ^ Mal Couch (2000), The Fundamentals for the Twenty-First Century: Examining the Crucial Issues of the Christian Faith, Kregel Academic, ISBN 0825423686, p. 16.
  13. ^ George M. Marsden (1982), Fundamentalism and American Culture: The Shaping of Twentieth Century Evangelicalism, 1870-1925, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0195030834, pp. 118-123.
  14. ^ Marsden, George (1987). Reforming Fundamentalism: Fuller Seminary and the New Evangelicalism. Eerdmans. pp. 39–40, 87, 95.
  15. ^ Williams, Robert; et al. (1983). Chartered for His Glory: Biola University, 1908-1983. La Mirada, CA: Biola University. pp. 48–51.
  16. ^ Fuller, Daniel P. (1972). Give the Winds a Mighty Voice: The Story of Charles E. Fuller. Waco, TX: Word Books. pp. 68–74.
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  20. ^ "About the School of Education". Retrieved March 21, 2014.
  21. ^ "FAQ". Archived from the original on July 22, 2014. Retrieved September 5, 2014.
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33°54′20″N 118°01′05″W / 33.905558°N 118.018117°W / 33.905558; -118.018117