|Conference||Pac-12 Conference (primary)|
America East (field hockey)
Mountain Pacific Sports Federation (men's gymnastics, men's volleyball, water polo, fencing)
CSA (women’s squash)
|NCAA||Division I (FBS)|
|Athletic director||Bernard Muir|
|Football stadium||Stanford Stadium|
|Basketball arena||Maples Pavilion|
|Baseball stadium||Klein Field at Sunken Diamond|
|Softball stadium||Smith Family Stadium|
|Soccer stadium||Maloney Field at Laird Q. Cagan Stadium|
|Aquatics center||Avery Aquatic Center|
|Rowing venue||Arrillaga Family Rowing and Sailing Center|
|Sailing venue||Arrillaga Family Rowing and Sailing Center|
|Tennis venue||Taube Tennis Center|
|Mascot||Stanford Tree (unofficial)|
|Colors||Cardinal and white|
The Stanford Cardinal are the athletic teams that represent Stanford University. As of June, 2022, Stanford's program has won 131 NCAA team championships. Stanford has won at least one NCAA team championship each academic year for 46 consecutive years, starting in 1976–77 and continuing through 2021–22. Stanford won 25 consecutive NACDA Directors' Cups, from 1994-95 through 2018–19, awarded annually to the most successful overall college sports program in the nation. 177 Stanford-affiliated athletes have won a total of 296 Summer Olympic medals (150 gold, 79 silver, 67 bronze), including 26 medals at the 2020 Tokyo games. Stanford's teams compete at the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I (Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) for college football) level as a member of the Pac-12 Conference, along with other schools from the western third of the United States.
Cardinal red was chosen as Stanford's official color by an assembly of the university's first students in 1891. White was adopted as a secondary color in the 1940s.
Following Stanford's win over California in the first-ever Big Game on March 19, 1892, the team was metonymically referred to as the "Cardinal" by sportswriters in the next day's San Francisco Chronicle. The university's athletic teams continued to be referred to as the "Cardinal" or "Cardinals" even after the adoption of the "Indians" name.
On November 25, 1930, following a unanimous vote by the Executive Committee for the Associated Students, the athletic department adopted the mascot "Indian".
On March 3, 1972, a few months after the football team's second straight win in the Rose Bowl, the Indian symbol and name were dropped by Stanford president Richard Lyman after objections from Native American students and a vote by the student senate.
From 1972 to 1981, the official nickname returned to "Cardinals," a reference to the color, not the bird. During the 1970s, a number of suggestions were put forth as possible nicknames: Robber Barons (a sly reference to Leland Stanford's history), Sequoias, Trees, Railroaders, Spikes, Huns and Griffins. The last suggestion gained enough momentum to prompt the athletics department to move two griffin statues from the site of the former Stanford Home for Convalescent Children to near the athletic facilities.
On November 17, 1981, school president Donald Kennedy declared that the athletic teams be represented by the color cardinal in its singular form.
Stanford has no official mascot, but the Stanford Tree, a member of the Stanford Band wearing a self-designed tree costume, appears at major Stanford sports events. The Tree is based on El Palo Alto, a redwood tree in neighboring Palo Alto that appears in the Stanford seal and athletics logo.
|Men's sports||Women's sports|
|Cross country||Cross country|
|Swimming & diving||Rowing lightweight|
|Track and field†||Softball|
|Water polo||Swimming & diving|
|Track and field†|
|† – Track and field includes both indoor and outdoor.|
Stanford University sponsors 36 varsity sports teams — 15 men's, 20 women's, and two coed sports — competing primarily in the NCAA Division I and the Pac-12 Conference. The rowing program competes in the Intercollegiate Rowing Association, the men's and women's gymnastics, men's volleyball, men's and women's water polo, and women's lacrosse all compete in the Mountain Pacific Sports Federation, the field hockey program competes in the America East Conference, sailing in the Intercollegiate Sailing Association, squash program in the College Squash Association, and the synchro program in the USA Synchro.
In July 2020, due to increased financial constraints caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, Stanford Athletics announced they will be eliminating 11 varsity teams after the conclusion of the 2020–2021 academic year: men's and women's fencing, field hockey, lightweight rowing, men's rowing, co-ed and women's sailing, squash, synchronized swimming, men's volleyball and wrestling. These planned cuts were canceled in May 2021.
Main article: Stanford Cardinal football
Main article: Stanford Cardinal baseball
The Cardinal have appeared in the NCAA Division I Baseball Tournament 31 times, and appearing in the College World Series 16 times. They have won two National Championships, in 1987 and 1988.
Main article: Stanford Cardinal field hockey
The men's golf team has won nine NCAA Championships: 1938, 1939, 1941, 1942 (co-champions), 1946, 1953, 1994, 2007, 2019. They have crowned three individual national champions: Sandy Tatum (1942), Tiger Woods (1996), and Cameron Wilson (2014). They have won 11 Pac-12 Conference championships: 1960, 1968, 1970, 1974, 1977 (south), 1992, 1994, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2019. Other notable players include Tom Watson, Bob Rosburg, NFL quarterback John Brodie, and Notah Begay III.
In 1971 Shelley Hamlin won the women's national intercollegiate individual golf championship (an event conducted by the Division of Girls' and Women's Sports, which evolved into the current NCAA women's golf championship). In 2015, Stanford won the team title in the first match play championship. In 2021, Rachel Heck won the NCAA individual title. In 2022, Rose Zhang won the NCAA individual title, and Stanford won the team title.
Stanford Sailing has won the 1997 Intercollegiate Sailing Association (ICSA) Team Race Championship, the ICSA Men's Singlehanded Championship in 1963, 1967, and 2006, and the ICSA Women's Singlehanded Championship in 2000 and 2018.
In March 2019, John Vandemoer, Stanford University's head sailing coach for 11 years, pleaded guilty to one count of conspiracy to commit racketeering for accepting bribes in the 2019 college admissions bribery scandal, to hold open admission spots at the university for three applicants falsely portrayed as competitive sailors, in exchange for $770,000 in payments to the sailing program. Unlike others indicted in the scheme, he did not personally benefit financially. The university fired Vandemoer. Clinton Hayes was appointed interim head coach.
Main article: Stanford Cardinal men's soccer
The Cardinal have appeared in the NCAA Division I Men's Soccer Tournament 14 times since their inaugural season in 1973, including 11 times in the 20 seasons from 1997 to 2016. They have seven appearances in the College Cup, including winning the 2015, 2016, and 2017 national championships.
Main article: Stanford Cardinal women's soccer
The Cardinal won the NCAA women's soccer championship in 2011, 2017, and 2019.
Main article: Stanford Cardinal softball
The Cardinal softball team has appeared in two Women's College World Series, in 2001 and 2004. The Cardinal program was the co-champions of the PAC-10 conference in 2005, which is their only conference championship. The current head softball coach of the Stanford program is Jessica Allister.
The Cardinal have won 17 NCAA Men's tennis championships: 1973, 1974, 1977, 1978, 1980, 1981,1983, 1986, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1992, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 2000.
The Cardinal have won 20 of the 38 NCAA Women's tennis championships that have taken place: 1982, 1984, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1997, 1999, 2001, 2002, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2010, 2013, 2016, 2018, and 2019. Stanford has won more than half of all the NCAA women's tennis championships that have been held, and this has been true in every year except 1983, 1985, 2015, and 2017, when Stanford had won exactly half. Donna Rubin won the deciding doubles match which secured the 1978 AIAW championships, and in 1980 she was named an All-American.
Main article: Stanford Cardinal women's volleyball
The Cardinal have won 9 NCAA Women's volleyball national championships: in 1992, 1994, 1996, 1997, 2001, 2004, 2016, 2018 and 2019. Stanford appeared in the first 39 NCAA tournaments, failing to qualify for the postseason for the first time during the 2020-21 season. Only Penn State has appeared in more. Stanford has won 9 NCAA championships, the most of any team, and has appeared in 17 championship games, more than any other team.
The Stanford Wrestling team is coached by Rob Koll, replacing Jason Borelli after he took the head coaching job at American University in 2021. In his 13 years as head coach, Borelli led the Cardinal to 122 dual wins, making him Stanford's winningest coach. The Cardinal wrestlers practice in the Weintz Family Wrestling Room, and compete on campus at Burnham Pavilion, with a capacity of about 1,400. The Cardinal Wrestling team have placed in the top 20 at the NCAA Division I Wrestling Championships in 1967 (13th), 2004 (19th), 2008 (19th), 2011 (11th), and 2012 (16th). The team finished third in the Pacific Coast Conference placings in 1933 and 1935, second in the AAWU in 1965, third in the Pacific-10 Conference in 1985 and 1986 second in the Pac-10 in 2008, and third in the Pac-12 in 2012.
Stanford has two national champions in its history: Matt Gentry at 157 pounds in 2004 and Shane Griffith at 165 pounds in 2021.
Stanford's wrestling program was one of the eleven the school planned on eliminating after the 2020-21 season. In response, the team wore solid black singlets without the school logo. Wrestling fans also led a movement to keep the program afloat before the school reversed its decision.
See also: 1906–17 Stanford rugby teams
Stanford has fielded a college rugby team since 1906, and replaced football entirely until 1917. Stanford achieved one of the most surprising victories of American rugby's early history by beating a touring Australian club team in 1912. Rugby remained a varsity sport at Stanford until 1977. Despite the loss of varsity status, the Stanford Rugby Foundation covers many of the team's expenses from an endowment fund. Rugby is one of the largest sports programs on campus with over 100 players. Stanford Rugby is led by Director of Rugby Matt Sherman, who has served as an assistant coach for the U.S. men's national team.
From 1996 to 1998 Stanford reached the national semifinals in three consecutive years, finishing second in 1998. During the 2010–11 season, Stanford was champion of the Northern California conference, reached the national quarterfinals, and finished the season ranked 4th in D1-AA rugby. Following the 2011–12 season, Stanford were promoted to Division 1-A and played in the California conference, but have since returned to Division 1-AA and now play in the Pacific Western conference. Stanford won the Pacific Western conference in 2014, earning a berth in the D1-AA national playoffs, where they defeated Oregon 24–12 at home in front of a strong crowd, before losing to Arizona 27–24 in the quarterfinals.
Stanford has won 131 NCAA team national championships, the most of any Division 1 school in the NCAA. Stanford has won these NCAA team championships in 20 different sports.
Below are 39 national team titles in NCAA sports that were not bestowed by the NCAA:
Below are 42 national team titles won by Stanford varsity and club sports teams at the highest collegiate levels in non-NCAA sports:
See also: Intercollegiate sports team champions
Stanford has won at least one NCAA team championship each academic year for 46 consecutive years, starting in 1976-77 and continuing through 2021–22. This is the longest such streak in NCAA history. The second-longest NCAA championship streak ever was 19 years, achieved by USC from 1959-60 through 1977-78. As of June, 2022, the second-longest active streak is four years.
The most NCAA team championships Stanford has won in a single year is six in 1996-97 (men's and women's cross-country, men's and women's tennis, and men's and women's volleyball) and again in 2018-19 (men's golf and gymnastics and women's volleyball, swimming, tennis and water polo). Stanford has won five NCAA team championships in a year three times (1991–92, 1994–95, and 1997–98). In the 2019-2020 academic year, when collegiate athletics were cut short because of COVID, only seven NCAA team championships were held, all in fall sports, and Stanford won three of them.
Stanford has won two NCAA team championships in a single day three times: in men's and women's cross-country on November 25, 1996; in men's and women's cross-country on November 24, 2003; and in men's water polo and women's soccer on December 8, 2019.
Stanford athletes have won 529 NCAA individual championships as of January 1, 2022.
Stanford's 529 individual championships are the most individual championships won by any school in NCAA Division I. No other Division I school is within 100 of Stanford's total.
Stanford won the NACDA Directors' Cup in 25 consecutive academic years, from 1994-95 through 2018-19. Stanford was the runner-up in 1993-94 and 2020–21, the other two years the Directors' Cup has been awarded.
The Directors' Cup recognizes the most successful overall sports program in NCAA Division I. It is awarded annually by the National Association of Collegiate Directors of Athletics (NACDA). The Directors' Cup rewards broad-based success in both men's and women's college sports. Points are awarded based on post-season success in NCAA-sponsored sports.
Stanford finished second in the first Directors' Cup competition in 1993–94, behind North Carolina. Stanford won its first Directors' Cup the following year, 1994–95. From 1994-95 through 2018-19, Stanford won 25 Directors' Cups in a row. When the Directors' Cup was next awarded, in 2020-21, Stanford finished second, behind Texas.
The Cardinal's rivals consist of California, Notre Dame, San Jose State, and USC, which all primarily evolved from American football.
Stanford athletes have traditionally been very well represented at the Summer Olympics. 175 Stanford-affiliated athletes have won a total of 296 Summer Olympic medals (150 gold, 79 silver, 67 bronze). In the 2008 Beijing Olympics, Stanford sent 47 current or former student athletes, 32 of whom competed for the United States, 14 for other countries, and one as a coach for the United States softball team. In all, Stanford athletes won 25 medals: For the 2012 London Olympics, 39 athletes were from Stanford and 26 represented Team USA. Stanford athletes won 27 medals at the 2016 Rio de Janeiro games and 26 medals at the 2020 Tokyo games.
Stanford does not compete at the varsity level in any events contested at the Winter Olympics. Stanford alums who have won Winter Olympic medals include Eric Heiden, Sami Jo Small, John Coyle, and Debi Thomas.
The Stanford Athletics Hall of Fame was established on December 21, 1954. Envisioned by Walt Gamage, sports editor of the now-defunct Palo Alto Times, the first class of inductees consisted of 34 Stanford sports greats. New members are inducted annually and are recognized during halftime of a home Stanford football game. The Stanford Athletics Hall of Fame Room is located on the first floor of the Arrillaga Family Sports Center on the Stanford campus.
|Sport||Hall of Fame members|
|Baseball||Mike Aldrete, Jeff Austin, Jeff Ballard, Bob Boone, Bobby Brown, Paul Carey, Joe Chez, Steve Davis, Bert Delmas, Mike Dotterer, Frank Duffy, Steve Dunning, Chuck Essegian, Dutch Fehring (coach), John Gall, Warren Goodrich, Jeffrey Hammonds, Eric Hardgrave, Jim Hibbs, A. J. Hinch, Ralph Holding, Ken Lilly, Jim Lonborg, Rick Lundblade, Mark Marquess (player and coach), David McCarty, Jack McDowell, Dave Melton, Lloyd Merriman, Pete Middlekauff, Bob Murphy, Mike Mussina, Kyle Peterson, Larry Reynolds, Randy Rintala, Jack Shepard, Stan Spencer, Ed Sprague, Cook Sypher, Zeb Terry, Sandy Vance, Ray Young|
|Men's basketball||Forddy Anderson, John Arrillaga, Kimberly Belton, Mike Bratz, John Bunn (coach), Don Burness, Josh Childress, Jarron Collins, Jason Collins, Bill Cowden, Howie Dallmar (player and coach), Ken Davidson, Tom Dose, Everett Dean (coach), Don Griffin, Art Harris, Casey Jacobsen, Keith Jones, Adam Keefe, Rich Kelley, Brevin Knight, Todd Lichti, Hank Luisetti, Mark Madsen, Nip McHose, Mike Montgomery (coach), Bryan "Dinty" Moore, Paul Neumann, Jim Pollard, John Revelli, Swede Righter, Harlow Rothert, George Selleck, Art Stoefen, Claude Terry, Ron Tomsic, Sebron "Ed" Tucker, Ed Voss, Jim Walsh, Don Williams, Howard Wright, George Yardley|
|Women's basketball||Jayne Appel, Jennifer Azzi, Kristin Folkl, Sonja Henning, Jeanne Ruark Hoff, Nicole Powell, Olympia Scott, Kate Starbird, Katy Steding, Trisha Stevens, Val Whiting, Candice Wiggins|
|Men's cross country||Brad Hauser, Don Kardong, Bob King, Harry McCalla, Duncan Macdonald|
|Women's cross country||Monal Chokshi, Alicia Craig, Lauren Fleshman, Ceci Hopp, Arianna Lambie, PattiSue Plumer, Kim Schnurpfeil-Griffin, Alison Wiley Rochon|
|Men's diving||Rick Schavone (coach)|
|Women's diving||Cassidy Krug, Eileen Richetelli, Rick Schavone (coach)|
|Fencing||Nick Bravin, Al Snyder, Felicia Zimmermann|
|Field hockey||Nancy White-Lippe|
|Football||Frankie Albert, Frank Alustiza, Bruno Banducci, Benny Barnes, Guy Benjamin, John Brodie, Jackie Brown, George Buehler, Don Bunce, Chris Burford, Ernie Caddel, Gordy Ceresino, Jack Chapple, Toi Cook, Bill Corbus, Murray Cuddeback, Ed Cummings, Dud DeGroot, Steve Dils, Pat Donovan, Mike Dotterer, John Elway, Chuck Evans, Skip Face, Hugh Gallarneau, Bobby Garrett, Ron George, Toby Gerhart, Bobby Grayson, Bob "Bones" Hamilton, Ray Handley, Walt Heinecke, Tony Hill, Biff Hoffman, Brian Holloway, Dick Horn, Dick Hyland, Alex Karakozoff, Gary Kerkorian, Gordon King, Pete Kmetovic, Jim Lawson, Pete Lazetich, Vic Lindskog, James Lofton, John Lynch, Norm Manoogian, Ken Margerum, Ed McCaffrey, Bill McColl, Duncan McColl, Hal McCreery, Glyn Milburn, Phil Moffatt, Bob Moore, Sam Morley, Monk Moscrip, Wes Muller, Brad Muster, Darrin Nelson, Ernie Nevers, Dick Norman, Blaine Nye, Don Parish, John Paye, Jim Plunkett, Seraphim Post, John Ralston (coach), Bob Reynolds, Don Robesky, Ken Rose, Harlow Rothert, John Sande III, Clark Shaughnessy (coach), Harry Shipkey, Ted Shipkey, Jeff Siemon, Bob Sims, Malcolm Snider, Norm Standlee, Steve Stenstrom, Roger Stillwell, Bill Tarr, Chuck Taylor (player, coach and athletic director), Dink Templeton, Keith Topping, Tommy Vardell, Randy Vataha, Garin Veris, Bill Walsh (coach), Glenn "Pop" Warner (coach), Gene Washington, Bob Whitfield, Paul Wiggin (player and coach), Kailee Wong, Dave Wyman|
|Men's golf||Notah Begay, Warren Berl, Bud Brownell, Bob Cardinal, Art Doering, Don Edwards, Bud Finger (coach), Wally Goodwin (coach), Lawson Little, Dick McElyea, Malcolm MacNaughton, Bob Rosburg, Charles Seaver, Steve Smith, Frank "Sandy" Tatum, Eddie Twiggs (coach), Tom Watson, Tiger Woods|
|Women's golf||Patricia Cornett, Larissa Fontaine, Shelley Hamlin, Kathleen McCarthy-Scrivner, Mhairi McKay, Anne Quast-Sander, Mickey Wright|
|Men's gymnastics||Steve Hug, Jon Louis, Jair Lynch, Ted Marcy, Josh Stein|
|Women's gymnastics||Larissa Fontaine, Tabitha Yim|
|Men's rowing||Dan Ayrault, James Fifer, Conn Findlay (coach), Duvall Hecht, Kent Mitchell, Edward P. Ferry, Kurt Seiffert|
|Women's rowing||Elle Logan, Cathy Thaxton-Tippett|
|Rugby||Marty Feldman, Joe Neal, Dick Ragsdale|
|Men's soccer||Klas Bergman, Harry Maloney (coach), Ryan Nelsen|
|Women's soccer||Nicole Barnhart, Rachel Buehler, Jessica Fischer, Julie Foudy, Sarah Rafanelli, Kelley O'Hara, Christen Press|
|Softball||Jessica Mendoza, Dana Sorensen|
|Men's swimming||Bob Anderson, Ernie Brandsten (coach), Mike Bruner, Greg Buckingham, Emmet Cashin, Austin Clapp, Pete Desjardins, Dave Fall, John Ferris, Wade Flemons, James Gaughran, Kurt Grote, Paul Hait, George Harrison, Tom Haynie (coach), John Hencken, Marty Hull, Brian Job, Skip Kenney (coach), Jeff Kostoff, John Moffett, Robin Moore, Pablo Morales, Jay Mortenson, Anthony Mosse, Sean Murphy, Wally O'Connor, Clarence Pinkston, Brian Retterer, Jeff Rouse, Dick Roth, Ralph Sala, Al White, Ted Wiget|
|Women's swimming||Marjorie Gestring Bowman, Sharon Stouder Clark, Marybeth Linzmeier Dorst, Catherine Fox, Sharon Geary Gee, George Haines (coach), Brenda Helser De Morelos, Misty Hyman, Jenna Johnson-Younker, Janel Jorgensen, Tara Kirk, Lea Loveless Maurer, Susan Rapp von der Lippe, Eileen Richetelli, Shelly Ripple, Chris von Saltza Olmstead, Summer Sanders, Julia Smit, Jenny Thompson|
|Synchronized swimming||Sara Lowe, Heather Olson|
|Men's tennis||Bob Bryan, Mike Bryan, Joe Coughlin, Jim Davies, Laurence Dee, Jim Delaney, Bennett Dey, John Doeg, Jack Douglas, Jack Frost, Keith Gledhill, Dan Goldie, Dick Gould (coach), Alan Herrington, Cranston Holman, Alex Kim, Sam Lee, Alex Mayer, Tim Mayotte, Ralph McElvenny, John McEnroe, Patrick McEnroe, Matt Mitchell, R. Lindley Murray, Philip Neer, Alex O'Brien, Jared Palmer, Ted Schroeder, William Seward, Roscoe Tanner, James Wade, John Whitlinger|
|Women's tennis||Jane Albert Willens, Julia Anthony, Sandra Birch, Frank Brennan (coach), Patty Fendick-McCain, Linda Gates, Laura Granville, Debbie Graham, Susan Hagey Wall, Carol Hanks, Julie Heldman, Barbara Jordan, Kathy Jordan, Amber Liu, Diane Morrison Shropshire, Meredith McGrath, Alycia Moulton, Lilia Osterloh|
|Men's track and field||Terry Albritton, Gaylord Bryan, Otis Chandler, Ernie Cunliffe, Gordon Dunn, Hec Dyer, Ben Eastman, Ward Edmonds, Tiny Hartranft, Brad Hauser, Bud Held, Clyde Jeffrey, Gabe Jennings, Payton Jordan (coach), Don Kardong, Bob King, Morris Kirksey, Sam Klopstock, Eric Krenz, Henri Laborde, Hugo "Swede" Leistner, James Lofton, Leo Long, John Lyman, Harry McCalla, Duncan MacDonald, Ray Malott, Bob Mathias, August Meier, Bill Miller, Ted Miller, Larry Questad, Jim Reynolds, Bill Richardson, Harlow Rothert, Bud Spencer, Toby Stevenson, Bob Stoecker, Dink Templeton (coach), Jack Weiershauser, Dave Weill, Pete Zagar|
|Women's track and field||Carol Cady, Monal Chokshi, Alicia Craig, Pam Dukes, Jackie Edwards, Lauren Fleshman, Ceci Hopp, Arianna Lambie, Tracye Lawyer, Erica McLain, PattiSue Plumer, Kim Schnurpfeil-Griffin, Alison Wiley Rochon|
|Men's volleyball||Canyon Ceman, Scott Fortune, Dan Hanan, Michael Lambert, Jon Root|
|Women's volleyball||Foluke Akinradewo, Kristin Klein Keefe, Alix Klineman, Ogonna Nnamani, Beverly Oden, Kim Oden, Wendi Rush, Lisa Sharpley-Vanacht, Don Shaw (coach), Teresa Smith-Richardson, Logan Tom, Kerri Walsh, Cary Wendell Wallin|
|Men's water polo||Tony Azevedo, James Bergeson, Doug Burke, Jody Campbell, Austin Clapp, Dante Dettamanti (coach), Chris Dorst, Charles K. Fletcher, John Gansel, James Gaughran, Marty Hull, Craig Klass, Drew McDonald, Alan Mouchawar, Wally O'Connor, John Parker, Gary Sheerer, Ted Wiget|
|Women's water polo||Ellen Estes, Jackie Frank, Brenda Villa|
|Wrestling||Tanner Gardner, Matt Gentry, Vern Jones|
|Service||Ted Leland (athletic director), Don Liebendorfer (sports information director), Sam MacDonald (grounds superintendent), Al Masters (athletic director), George Shultz|
Ranked second by the experts were Stanford's Cardinals with 468 points