Gingham cloth with green and white checks

Gingham, also called Vichy check, is a medium-weight balanced plain-woven fabric typically with tartan (plaid), striped, or check duotone patterns, in bright colour and in white made from dyed cotton or cotton-blend yarns. It is made of carded, medium or fine yarns.[1][2]


The name may originate from Malay genggang 'ajar, separate.'[3][4] Alternatively, it is speculated that the fabric now known as gingham may have been made at Guingamp, a town in Brittany, France, and that the fabric may be named after the town.[5] Some sources say that the name came into English via Dutch.[6][7] When originally imported into Europe in the 17th century, gingham was a striped fabric, though now it is distinguished by its checkered pattern. From the mid-18th century, when it was being produced in the mills of Manchester, England, it started to be woven into checked or tartan (plaid) patterns (often blue and white). Checked gingham became more common over time, though striped gingham was still available in the late Victorian period.[8] The equivalent in French is the noun vichy, from the town of Vichy, France. The same word is used in Spain, where this pattern is called cuadro vichy or estampado vichy.

In the United States, the mass popularity of men's blue and white gingham-patterned shirts in the 2010s led to critical media coverage of the phenomenon.[9][10][11]


Gingham patterns in a 1911 Macy's catalogue

Gingham fabric was popular to use in various dress material such as shirts, skirts, maxi and also for some home furnishing such as towels and curtains. Along with muslin, gingham is often used as a test fabric while designing fashion or used for making an inexpensive fitting shell prior to making the clothing in fashion fabric. Gingham shirts have been worn by mods since the 1960s and continue to be identified with fans of indie and mod music with brands like Lambretta Clothing, Ben Sherman, Fred Perry, Penguin and Merc producing gingham shirts.[12][13]

In the United Kingdom, the gingham pattern is often used for younger girls' school uniforms.[14]

In popular culture

See also


  1. ^ Kadolph 2007, p. 325
  2. ^ "gingham noun - Definition, pictures, pronunciation and usage notes | Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary at". Retrieved 2020-10-23.
  3. ^ "Pusat Rujukan Persuratan Melayu" (in Malay). Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka. Retrieved 11 November 2011. genggang: (génggang) sj kain yg bercorak berjalur-jalur atau dam / fabric patterned in stripes or checkers.
  4. ^ "genggang : English to Malay dictionary online - Malaycube".
  5. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Gingham" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 12 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 28.
  6. ^ "Online Etymology Dictionary".
  7. ^ American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language
  8. ^ "Did old-fashioned gingham always have checks?". Archived from the original on 2010-01-03.
  9. ^ Fitzpatrick, Alex (August 22, 2014). "In Defense of That J-Crew Gingham Shirt". Time.
  10. ^ Gallagher, Jacob (8 March 2018). "Stop Dressing Like Every Other Guy: Give up Your Gingham Shirts". Wall Street Journal.
  11. ^ Woolf, Jake (August 21, 2014). "There's an Entire Instagram Account Dedicated to One J.Crew Shirt". GQ.
  12. ^ Hewitt, Paolo (2011). The Soul Stylists. Mainstream Publishing. p. 154. ISBN 9781780570235.
  13. ^ Laraine Porter, Justin Smith, I.Q. Hunter (2017). The Routledge Companion to British Cinema History. Taylor and Francis. p. 288. ISBN 9781315392172.
  14. ^ Roya Ferdows, Soosan Latham (2017). The Boarding School Girls. Routledge. p. 2017. ISBN 9781351745666.
  15. ^ "Manchester United 12/13 Nike Home Football Shirt". Archived from the original on 2020-03-26. Retrieved 2012-05-11.
  16. ^ Burns, Ken (September 2019). "Country Music (The Sons and Daughters of America)". PBS.
  17. ^ Oermann, Robert K.; Bufwack, Mary A. (2003). Finding Her Voice: Women in Country Music: 1800–2000. Nashville, TN: The Country Music Press & Vanderbilt University Press. p. 302. ISBN 0-8265-1432-4.
  18. ^ "My Woman My Woman My Wife lyrics chords - Marty Robbins".
  19. ^ "Grammy Award Nominees 1971 - Grammy Award Winners 1971".