Fred Perry
Fred Perry 01.jpg
Full nameFrederick John Perry
Country (sports)United Kingdom Great Britain
Born(1909-05-18)18 May 1909
Portwood, Stockport, England
Died2 February 1995(1995-02-02) (aged 85)
Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Height6 ft (1.83 m)[1]
Turned pro1936 (amateur tour from 1929)
Retired1959
PlaysRight-handed (one-handed backhand)
Int. Tennis HoF1975 (member page)
Singles
Career record695–281 (71.2%)[2]
Career titles62[2]
Highest rankingNo. 1 (1934, A. Wallis Myers)[3]
Grand Slam singles results
Australian OpenW (1934)
French OpenW (1935)
WimbledonW (1934, 1935, 1936)
US OpenW (1933, 1934, 1936)
Professional majors
US ProW (1938, 1941)
Wembley ProQF (1951, 1952)
Doubles
Grand Slam doubles results
Australian OpenW (1934)
French OpenW (1933)
WimbledonF (1932)
Grand Slam mixed doubles results
French OpenW (1932)
WimbledonW (1935, 1936)
US OpenW (1932)
Team competitions
Davis CupW (1933, 1934, 1935, 1936)

Frederick John Perry (18 May 1909 – 2 February 1995) was a British tennis and table tennis player and former world No. 1 from England who won 10 Majors including eight Grand Slam tournaments and two Pro Slams single titles, as well as six Major doubles titles. Perry won three consecutive Wimbledon Championships from 1934 to 1936 and was World Amateur number one tennis player during those three years. Prior to Andy Murray in 2013, Perry was the last British player to win the men's Wimbledon championship, in 1936,[4] and the last British player to win a men's singles Grand Slam title, until Andy Murray won the 2012 US Open.

Perry was the first player to win a "Career Grand Slam", winning all four singles titles, which he completed at the age of 26 at the 1935 French Championships. He remains the only British player ever to achieve this.[5] Perry's first love was table tennis and he was World Champion in 1929. He began playing tennis aged 14 and his tennis career at 21, when in 1930 an LTA committee chose him to join a four-man team to tour the United States.[5]

In 1933, Perry helped lead the Great Britain team to victory over France in the Davis Cup; the team's first success since 1912, followed by wins over the United States in 1934, 1935, and a fourth consecutive title with victory over Australia in 1936.[5] But due to his disillusionment with the class-conscious nature of the Lawn Tennis Club of Great Britain, the working-class Perry turned professional at the end of the 1936 season and moved to the United States where he became a naturalised US citizen in 1939. In 1942, he was drafted into the US Army Air Force during the Second World War.[6]

Despite his unprecedented contribution to British tennis, Perry was not accorded full recognition by tennis authorities until later in life, because between 1927 and 1967 the International Lawn Tennis Federation ignored amateur champions who later turned professional.[4][7] In 1984, a statue of Perry was unveiled at Wimbledon, and in the same year he became the only tennis player listed in a survey of 2,000 Britons to find the "Best of the Best" British sportsmen of the 20th century.[7]

Early life

The house where Fred Perry was born, 33 Carrington Road, Stockport
The house where Fred Perry was born, 33 Carrington Road, Stockport

Perry was born in 1909 in Stockport, where his father, Samuel Perry (1877–1954), was a cotton spinner.[8] For the first decade of his life, he also lived in Bolton, Lancashire, and Wallasey, Cheshire, because his father was involved in local politics. When living in Wallasey he attended Liscard Primary School and Wallasey Grammar School. Perry moved to Brentham Garden Suburb in Ealing, west London aged eleven years when his father became the national secretary of the Co-operative Party after World War I.[8] His father became the Labour and Co-operative Party Member of Parliament (MP) for Kettering in 1929.

Perry first began to play tennis on the public courts near his family's housing estate.[8] He was educated at Ealing Grammar School for Boys.

Fred Perry
Nationality England
Medal record
Men's table tennis
Representing  England
World Championships
Gold medal – first place 1929 Budapest Singles
Bronze medal – third place 1929 Budapest Doubles
Bronze medal – third place 1929 Budapest Team
Silver medal – second place 1928 Stockholm Doubles
Bronze medal – third place 1928 Stockholm Mixed Doubles
Bronze medal – third place 1928 Stockholm Team

Amateur career

Further information: Fred Perry Grand Slam record

During his amateur playing career Perry trained with Arsenal football club to focus on his fitness.[1]

1927

Perry was an eighteen year old table tennis protege when he began his tennis career. He reached several quarter finals of tennis events in the London area at Herga club in Harrow, Blackheath, Fulham and Ealing. He also reached the semi finals at New Malden.[9]

1928

Perry reached the semi finals at the Herga club tournament in Harrow in July.[10] He also reached the semi finals of the Sidmouth tournament in September.[11]

1929

In 1929, a year when Perry won the World Table tennis championships, he continued his tennis career. He won the New Malden championships in August beating Wilfred Freeman in the final.[12] He also won Queens Evening Tournament in December in Queens Club, London, beating Horace Lester in the final.[13]

1930

Perry won the Middlesex championships in May beating Madan Mohan in the final[14] and the same month won the Harrogate championships beating John Olliff in the final.[15] In November, Perry beat Eric Peters in the final of the Argentine championships in Buenos Aires.[16]

1931

In April, Perry beat Ryuki Miki in the final of the Paddington championships in London.[17] In August, Perry won the Eastern grasscourt championships in Rye, New York beating Cliff Sutter in the semis and J. Gilbert Hall in the final.[18] In November, Perry beat Olliff in the final of the Cromer covered court autumn championships.[19]

1932

In January, Perry won the Coupe de Noel in Paris beating Marcel Bernard and Jean Borotra.[20] The following week, Perry beat Bernard in the final of the Flanders club event in Roubaix.[21] In February, Perry beat Pat Hughes in the final of the Kingston championships in Jamaica.[22] Then Perry beat Harry Lee in the final of the Bermuda championships.[23] Soon after returning to the U. K. in March, Perry beat Lee in the final of the Tally ho! Championships in Birmingham.[24] In April, Perry came from two sets down to beat George Lyttleton Rogers in the final of the British hardcourt championships in Bournemouth.[25] In May, Perry beat William Powell in the final of Harrogate championships.[26] In July, Perry won the Herga Club tournament beating Takeo Kuwabara in the final.[27] In September at the Pacific Southwest championships, Perry was 5-2 down in the final set and saved three match points before winning an epic quarter final 12–10 in the final set against Keith Gledhill.[28] He went on to beat Satoh to take the title.[29] Perry won the Pacific coast championships in October beating Bunny Austin in the final.[30]

1933

In May, Perry won the British hard court championships in Bournemouth over Adrian Quist,[31] Lee[32] and Austin[33] in the final three rounds. Perry denied Crawford the calendar Grand Slam and won his first Grand Slam title at the U. S. Championships. Crawford had a bad knee and "the Australian had to play a limping game at times on any quick starts or hard gets. In spite of this the tennis Fred Perry played deserved the title. He had the heart and used his head. His forcing strokes kept Crawford worried all afternoon. At any rate, leading two sets to one, Crawford had nothing left for the last two sets" according to The Hartford Courant.[34] In September, Perry won the Pacific Southwest championships beating Satoh in four sets in the final.[35] In November, whilst touring Australia, Perry played in the Victorian championships in Melbourne and beat Harry Hopman and Jack Crawford to take the title.[36]

1934

Fred Perry (right) with Pat Hughes at White City in Sydney, Australia, in 1934
Fred Perry (right) with Pat Hughes at White City in Sydney, Australia, in 1934

Perry beat Crawford in the final of the Australian championships in January and the British hardcourt championships in Bournemouth in May.[37] Perry won his first Wimbledon title beating defending champion Crawford in the final. Perry's success attracted the adoration of the crowds at Wimbledon particularly as he contrasted sharply with the privileged background of most patrons and players associated with the All England Club at the time. The upper echelons of the British tennis establishment greeted his success more coolly, regarding him as an "upstart". After winning his maiden Wimbledon title, Perry recalled overhearing a Wimbledon committee member remark that "the best man didn't win." His All England Club member's tie, awarded to all winners of the Championships, was left for him on a chair in his dressing room.[38] Perry faced Wilmer Allison in the final of the U. S. Championships and when Perry led 5–2 in the fifth set "the crowd sighed in unison and looked toward the exits, but the Texan still wasn't through. He ripped to the net after his service balls to win one at love, and then he broke through Perry in the ninth. Allison held his own service in the 10th game and the count was five-all". However Perry took the set and match 8–6.[39] Perry beat Stoefen in the final of the Pacific Southwest championships in September.[40] Perry beat Don Budge in five sets in the final of the Pacific Coast championships in October. Perry won "without going to the net more than a half dozen times in 50 games and when it was all over Budge had scored more points than his adversary, made fewer errors and many more placements".[41] Perry was ranked World No. 1 amateur by A. Wallis Myers,[42] Pierre Gillou,[43] Bernard Brown,[44] John R. Tunis,[45] Bill Tilden,[46] Ned Potter,[47] G.H. McElhone[48] (The Sydney Morning Herald), Harry Hopman,[49] R.O. Cummings (The Courier Mail),[50] and J. Brookes Fenno, Jr.[51] (The Literary Digest)

1935

Perry beat Abel Kay in the final of the New Zealand championships in January.[52] Perry beat Austin in five sets in the final of the British hardcourt championships in May.[53] Perry won the French championships in June to become the first man to win all four Grand Slam singles titles. In the final he beat Gottfried von Cramm in four sets. "The two hours final was conducted in perfect composure. It was essentially a sporting match, exhibiting beautiful tennis but lacking drama, because, after the second set. it was obvious that von Cramm could not pierce Perry's armour" according to a newspaper article.[54] Perry beat Herman Artens in the final of the Belgian championships in Brussels in June.[55] Perry retained his Wimbledon title beating von Cramm in the final. "The German didn't like Perry's speed today. Nor did he care for the Englishman's eternal hustle which forced him to hurry his shots. Perry stayed close to the baseline save in the second set, for he saw that he could triumph without going to the net, thus exposing his wings to the German's favorite shot a razor-like drive down the sidelines."[56] Perry was ranked World No. 1 amateur by A. Wallis Myers,[57] S. Wallis Merrihew,[58] Pierre Gillou,[59] Harry Hopman,[60] Ned Potter,[61] G. H. McElhone,[62] The Times and [63] "Forehand" (Ashburton Guardian).[64][65]

1936

Perry beat Max Ellmer in the final of two Cannes championship titles (the Beau site event in March and the Cannes handicap tournament in April).[66] Perry beat Ladislav Hecht in the final of the Czech championships in Prague in April.[67] Perry beat Austin in straight sets in the final of the British hardcourt championships in Bournemouth in May to win his fifth consecutive British hardcourt title.[68] His Wimbledon final triumph was a 6–1, 6–1, 6–0 victory over the German Baron Gottfried von Cramm which lasted less than 45 minutes. It became the quickest final in the 20th century and the second shortest of all time. Perry had been able to pick up the information from the Wimbledon masseur that von Cramm had been treated for a groin strain and was as a result having difficulty moving wide on the forehand.[69] Perry faced Budge in the final of the U. S. Championships. At 5-4 and 8–7 in the fifth set, Budge came within two points of victory at Deuce on Perry's serve. "Verging on victory, the pressure weighed heavily on the slightly built, elongated American, while Perry, an experienced campaigner, remained cool", according to Chicago Tribune. Perry won the fifth set 10-8 and with it his eighth and last Grand Slam singles title.[70]

In the Davis Cup, Perry led the Great Britain team to four consecutive victories from 1933 to 1936, with wins over France in 1933, the United States in 1934 and 1935, and Australia in 1936. Perry competed in a total of 20 Davis Cup matches, winning 34 of his 38 rubbers in singles, and 11 out of 14 in doubles.[5]

Perry was ranked World No. 1 amateur by A. Wallis Myers,[71] Pierre Gillou,[72] Ned Potter,[73] The Times,[74] Harry Hopman,[75] "Austral" (R.M. Kidston),[76] G.H. McElhone,[77] Mervyn Weston[74] (The Australasian) and Bill Tilden.[78]

Professional career

1937

After three years as the world No. 1 tennis amateur player, Perry turned professional in late 1936. This led to his being virtually ostracised by the British tennis establishment.[8] He made his professional debut on 6 January 1937 at the Madison Square Garden against the best professional player, Ellsworth Vines, winning in four sets.[79][80] For the next two years he played lengthy tours against Vines. In 1937, they played 61 matches in the United States on their big tour, with Vines winning 32 and Perry 29.[81] They then sailed to Britain, where they played a brief tour in U. K. and Ireland. Perry won the King George VI Coronation Cup over Vines.[82] Perry won six matches out of nine in UK and Ireland, so Vines and Perry finished the year tied at 35 victories each. Ray Bowers ranked Perry and Vines joint no. 1 pros for 1937.[83]

1938

The following year, 1938, the big tour was even longer, and this time Vines beat Perry 49 matches to 35, while a short tour of the Caribbean and Central and South America ended at four victories a piece. Perry won the U. S. Pro at Chicago beating Bruce Barnes in the final.[84]

1939

Don Budge won the Grand Slam in 1938 as an amateur and then turned professional and played a series of matches against both Vines and Perry in 1939, beating Vines 22 times to 17, and beating Perry by 28 victories to 8.[85][86][87] In October, Perry lost in the final of U. S. Pro to Vines in four sets.[88] Then Perry won a four-man round robin at Long Beach (he, Gorchakoff and Stoefen finished level on 2 wins each). He also won a four-man round robin in San Diego in November (where he and Stoefen finished on two wins each).[89] In December he won four man round robins at Phoenix[90] and Pasadena.[91]

1940

Perry won the Finnish relief event in New York in March, beating Vines and Budge.[92] Perry won West Coast Pro round robin in Los Angeles[93] in April. This was the last time Perry and Vines played each other before Vines embarked full time on a golf career. Perry won their final match. Perry lost in the final of the U. S. Pro in Chicago to Budge.[94]

1941

In April Perry won tournaments at Pinehurst (over Dick Skeen) and White Sulphur Springs (over Skeen).[94] Perry beat Skeen again in the final of the U. S. Pro at Chicago in June and also in June, Perry won a four-man round robin at Forest Hills over Budge, Skeen and Tilden and won an event at Rye (beating Skeen in the final).[94] In August Perry won a four-man round robin at St. Louis.[95] Perry was ranked World No. 1 pro by Ray Bowers.[96]

1942-1945

After breaking his elbow in a match against Bobby Riggs on the opening night of the Round robin World Series, Perry had to miss several matches of the tour. Perry finished fourth in the standings.[97] Soon after the pro circuit petered out in mid-1942, Perry was involved in World War 2, where he served in the U. S. Air force,[98] having already gained American citizenship in 1939.

1946

In 1946, Perry won events at Tucson in January (beating Bobby Riggs in the final), Omaha in February (beating Wayne Sabin in the final), Palm Springs in April (over Carl Earn) and El Paso in May (over Frank Kovacs).[99] Perry also played a series of matches against Tilden.[100]

1947

In June, Perry lost in the quarter finals of the U. S. Pro to Van Horn. In August Perry won the White Mountains Pro at Jefferson beating Sabin in the final.[101]

1948

Perry won the Slazenger Pro at Scarborough in July. In the final he won in four sets against Yvon Petra,[102] who had won the Wimbledon men's singles two years earlier. "Perry, noted one observer, had lost none of his zest, sting – or shrewdness. Perry assessed Petra's game while losing the first set of the final and won the next three for the loss of seven games. 'I knew a little bit more about the game than he did', said Perry afterwards."[103]

1949

Perry turned 40 in May. By now, Perry was playing on the pro circuit sporadically. Defending his title at Scarborough in July, Perry lost in the quarter finals to Dinny Pails in five sets.[104]

1950-1959

Perry won the Slazenger Pro at Scarborough in August 1950, beating Salem Khaled in the final.[105] In August 1951, aged 42, Perry won his final title at Scarborough beating Francesco Romanoni.[106] Perry won a tournament at Hagen in September 1953 beating fellow veteran Hans Nusslein in the final.[107] He continued playing until he was 50 in 1959, when he lost in the first round of the U. S. Pro at Cleveland.[108]

Table tennis career

"Perry took advantage of his athletic build and extraordinary physical capacity: he was highly mobile and fast, had a sound defence and placed his balls very well. Thanks to his very strong wrist he could hit a very hard forehand drive".[109] Perry reached the quarter finals of the men's singles in the 1928 Stockholm World championships, where he lost to Laszlo Bellak.[109] He was runner-up in the men's doubles with Charlie Bull. In 1929 Perry lost to Bull in the Czechoslovak Open and lost to Anton Malacek in the English Open.[109] At the Budapest World championships men's singles event, Perry beat Miklós Szabados 3 games to 1 to win the title.[110] He beat Szabados again in an exhibition in Paris. His final table tennis appearance was in 1932, in a team match in London against Hungary.[109]

Broadcasting career

Fred Perry had a long career as a tennis broadcaster. He worked as a summariser and reporter for BBC Radio from 1959[111] to 1994[112] and for many years was a familiar voice during BBC radio's coverage of Wimbledon. He also commentated on TV on the BBC from 1951 to 1952 and ITV's coverage of Wimbledon from 1956 to 1968, after which ITV stopped broadcasting the championships. ITV "employed me as a would-be counter-attraction to my old friend Dan Maskell on BBC Television. We were simply not able to compete and I wasn't unhappy when ITV gave it up as a bad job. The BBC had two channels to ITV's one, and were not inhibited by commercial breaks every fifteen minutes and the imposition of a strict time limit on the coverage, as ITV was", explained Perry in his autobiography.[113] In later years, Perry was sometimes interviewed by BBC Television during their Wimbledon coverage. In 1979 Perry spoke to Des Lynam at Wimbledon about his life in an episode of the TV series "Maestro". The programme was shown again as a tribute after his death.

Personal life

Perry was one of the leading bachelors of the 1930s and his off-court romances were reported in the world press. Perry had a romantic relationship with actress Marlene Dietrich and in 1934 he announced his engagement to British actress Mary Lawson, but the relationship fell apart after Perry moved to the US. In 1935 he married American film star Helen Vinson, but their marriage ended in divorce in 1940. In 1941 he was briefly married to model Sandra Breaux. Then, in 1945, he married Lorraine Walsh, but that marriage also ended quickly. Perry's final marriage to Barbara Riese (the sister of actress Patricia Roc) in 1952 lasted over forty years, until his death. They had two children, Penny and David. David led his father's clothing line prior to a buyout.

In July 1937, an England vs America pro-celebrity tennis doubles match was organized, featuring Perry and Charlie Chaplin playing against Groucho Marx and Ellsworth Vines, to open the new clubhouse at the Beverly Hills Tennis Club.[114]

Perry had an older sister, Edith; they were both born in Stockport, Cheshire. Edith greatly supported her younger brother throughout his sporting achievements. Perry had a half sister, Sylvia.[115]

Death

Perry died at Epworth Hospital in Melbourne, Australia, after breaking his ribs following a fall in a hotel bathroom.[116]

Sporting legacy

A statue of Fred Perry at the All England Lawn Tennis Club in Wimbledon
A statue of Fred Perry at the All England Lawn Tennis Club in Wimbledon

Perry is considered by some to have been one of the greatest players ever to have played the game. In his 1979 autobiography Jack Kramer, the long-time tennis promoter and great player himself, called Perry one of the six greatest players of all time.[117] In 1975, Don Budge ranked his top five players of all time and rated Perry number three behind Vines and Kramer.[118]

Kings of the Court, a video-tape documentary made in 1997 in conjunction with the International Tennis Hall of Fame, named Perry one of the ten greatest players of all time. But this documentary only considered those players who played before the Open era of tennis that began in 1968, with the exception of Rod Laver, who spanned both eras, so that all of the more recent great players are missing.

In 100 Greatest of All Time, a 2012 television series broadcast by the Tennis Channel, Perry was ranked the 15th greatest male player, just behind Boris Becker at 14th, and just ahead of Stefan Edberg at 16th. Perry's great rivals Vines (37th) and Crawford (32nd) were ranked well below him.[119]

Kramer, however, had several caveats about Perry. He says that Bill Tilden once called Perry "the world's worst good player". Kramer says that Perry was "extremely fast; he had a hard body with sharp reflexes, and he could hit a forehand with a snap, slamming it on the rise—and even on the fastest grass. That shot was nearly as good as Segura's two-handed forehand." His only real weakness, says Kramer, "was his backhand. Perry hit underslice off that wing about 90% of the time, and eventually at the very top levels—against Vines and Budge—that was what did him in. Whenever an opponent would make an especially good shot, Perry would cry out 'Very clevah.' I never played Fred competitively, but I heard enough from other guys that 'Very clevah' drove a lot of opponents crazy."

Perry, however, recalled his days on the professional tour differently. He maintained that "there was never any easing up in his tour matches with Ellsworth Vines and Bill Tilden since there was the title of World Pro Champion at stake." He said "I must have played Vines in something like 350 matches, yet there was never any fixing as most people thought. There were always people willing to believe that our pro matches weren't strictly on the level, that they were just exhibitions. But as far as we were concerned, we always gave everything we had."[120]

Another comment from Kramer is that Perry unwittingly "screwed up men's tennis in England, although this wasn't his fault. The way he could hit a forehand—snap it off like a ping-pong shot—Perry was a physical freak. Nobody else could be taught to hit a shot that way. But the kids over there copied Perry's style, and it ruined them. Even after Perry faded out of the picture, the coaches there must have kept using him as a model."

Clothing label

The Fred Perry Clothing Label
The classic Fred Perry design
The classic Fred Perry design

In the late 1940s, Perry was approached by Tibby Wegner, an Austrian footballer who had invented an anti-perspirant device worn around the wrist. Perry made a few changes to create the first sweatband.

Wegner's next idea was to produce a sports shirt, which was to be made from white knitted cotton pique with short sleeves and a buttoned placket like René Lacoste's shirts. Launched at Wimbledon in 1952, the Fred Perry tennis shirt was an immediate success.[8] Initially it was only available in two colours – white and black.[121] The brand's logo is a laurel wreath. It was based on the original symbol for Wimbledon.[8] The logo, which appears on the left breast of Fred Perry garments, is stitched into the fabric of the shirt.[122]

The white tennis shirt was supplemented in the late 1950s with coloured versions for table tennis, in which white shirts are not allowed. These became popular in the 1960s as a symbol of mod culture. The brand had been associated with skinheads and the National Front in the 1970s.[123] In France, the brand is popular with both the far-right and far-left.[124]

The brand was initially run by the Perry family, namely his son David, until it was bought by Japanese company Hit Union in 1995. However, the Perry family continued to work closely with the brand.[125][126]

The brand was the clothing sponsor of British tennis player Andy Murray from the start of his career until 2009.[127]

From September 2019,[128] Perry stopped selling its black and yellow polo shirts across North America after they became the "unofficial uniform" of the far-right organisation, the Proud Boys,[129][130][123] and called on Proud Boys members to stop wearing their clothing.[131][132]

Honours and memorials

UK

Fred Perry Way sign in the Metropolitan Borough of Stockport
Fred Perry Way sign in the Metropolitan Borough of Stockport

A bronze statue of Fred Perry was erected at the All England Lawn Tennis Club in Wimbledon, London, in 1984 to mark the 50th anniversary of his first singles championship. It is located at the Church Road gate.

English Heritage blue plaque at 223 Pitshanger Lane, Ealing, London
English Heritage blue plaque at 223 Pitshanger Lane, Ealing, London

Perry's home town of Stockport has numerous memorials to the former tennis champion. For instance there is a blue plaque commemorating the house where he was born. In September 2002, a designated walking route called the Fred Perry Way was opened through the Metropolitan Borough of Stockport. The 14 miles (23 km) route from Woodford in the south to Reddish in the north, combines rural footpaths, quiet lanes and river valleys with urban landscapes and parklands. Features along the route include Houldsworth Mill and Square, the start of the River Mersey at the confluence of the River Tame and River Goyt, Stockport Town Centre, Vernon and Woodbank Parks and the Happy Valley. The route also passes through Woodbank Park, where Perry played some exhibition tennis matches.

In November 2010, Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex and John Perry, Fred Perry's grandson, opened Fred Perry House in Stockport. The building, which is the borough's new civic headquarters, will be used by various local government agencies.[133] In June 2012, an English Heritage blue plaque was unveiled on the house at 223 Pitshanger Lane, Ealing, London, where Perry lived between 1919 and 1935.

World

Perry was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in Newport, Rhode Island, in 1975.

Perry received a Doctor of Laws degree, honoris causa, from Washington and Lee University on 4 June 1987.[134] He had coached the W&L tennis team in 1941 and again in 1947.[135]

In the United States, two drives in El Paso, Texas, and Baton Rouge, Louisiana, and a street in Springfield, Tennessee, are named after Fred Perry.

World Table Tennis Championships

Gold 1; Silver 1; Bronze 4

Major finals

Major tournaments

Singles: 10 (8 titles, 2 runners-up)

Result Year Championship Surface Opponent Score
Win 1933 U.S. Championships Grass Australia Jack Crawford 6–3, 11–13, 4–6, 6–0, 6–1
Win 1934 Australian Championships Grass Australia Jack Crawford 6–3, 7–5, 6–1
Win 1934 Wimbledon Championships Grass Australia Jack Crawford 6–3, 6–0, 7–5
Win 1934 U.S. Championships (2) Grass United States Wilmer Allison 6–4, 6–3, 3–6, 1–6, 8–6
Loss 1935 Australian Championships Grass Australia Jack Crawford 6–2, 4–6, 4–6, 4–6
Win 1935 French Championships Clay Germany Gottfried von Cramm 6–3, 3–6, 6–1, 6–3
Win 1935 Wimbledon Championships (2) Grass Germany Gottfried von Cramm 6–2, 6–4, 6–4
Loss 1936 French Championships Clay Nazi Germany Gottfried von Cramm 0–6, 6–2, 2–6, 6–2, 0–6
Win 1936 Wimbledon Championships (3) Grass Nazi Germany Gottfried von Cramm 6–1, 6–1, 6–0
Win 1936 U.S. Championships (3) Grass United States Don Budge 2–6, 6–2, 8–6, 1–6, 10–8

Doubles: 4 (2 titles, 2 runners-up)

Result Year Championship Surface Partner Opponents Score
Loss 1932 Wimbledon Championships Grass United Kingdom Pat Hughes French Third Republic Jean Borotra
French Third Republic Jacques Brugnon
6–0, 4–6, 3–6, 7–5, 7–5
Win 1933 French Championships Clay United Kingdom Pat Hughes Australia Vivian McGrath
Australia Adrian Quist
6–2, 6–4, 2–6, 7–5
Win 1934 Australian Championships Grass United Kingdom Pat Hughes Australia Adrian Quist
Australia Don Turnbull
6–8, 6–3, 6–4, 3–6, 6–3
Loss 1935 Australian Championships Grass United Kingdom Pat Hughes Australia Jack Crawford
Australia Vivian McGrath
6–4, 8–6, 6–2

Mixed doubles: 5 (4 titles, 1 runner-up)

Result Year Championship Surface Partner Opponents Score
Win 1932 French Championships Clay United Kingdom Betty Nuthall United States Helen Wills Moody
United States Sidney Wood
6–4, 6–2
Win 1932 U.S. Championships Grass United States Sarah Palfrey Cooke United States Helen Jacobs
United States Ellsworth Vines
6–3, 7–5
Loss 1933 French Championships Clay United Kingdom Betty Nuthall United Kingdom Margaret Scriven-Vivian
Australia Jack Crawford
2–6, 3–6
Win 1935 Wimbledon Championships Grass United Kingdom Dorothy Round Australia Nell Hall Hopman
Australia Harry Hopman
7–5, 4–6, 6–2
Win 1936 Wimbledon Championships Grass United Kingdom Dorothy Round United States Sarah Palfrey Cooke
United States Don Budge
7–9, 7–5, 6–4

Pro Slam tournaments

4 finals (2 titles, 2 runners-up)

Result Year Championship Surface Opponent Score
Win 1938 US Pro Indoor United States Bruce Barnes 6–3, 6–2, 6–4
Loss 1939 US Pro Hard United States Ellsworth Vines 6–8, 8–6, 1–6, 18–20
Loss 1940 US Pro Clay United States Don Budge 3–6, 7–5, 4–6, 3–6
Win 1941 US Pro Clay United States Dick Skeen 6–4, 6–8, 6–2, 6–3

Performance timeline

Fred Perry joined professional tennis in 1937 and was unable to compete in the Grand Slams tournaments.

Key
W  F  SF QF #R RR Q# DNQ A NH
(W) winner; (F) finalist; (SF) semifinalist; (QF) quarterfinalist; (#R) rounds 4, 3, 2, 1; (RR) round-robin stage; (Q#) qualification round; (DNQ) did not qualify; (A) absent; (NH) not held; (SR) strike rate (events won / competed); (W–L) win–loss record.
Tournament Amateur career Professional career SR W–L Win %
'29 '30 '31 '32 '33 '34 '35 '36 '37 '38 '39 '40 '41 '42 '43 '44 '45 '46 '47 '48 '49 '50 '51 '52 '53 '54 '55 '56 '57 '58 '59
Grand Slam tournaments: 8 / 23 101–15 87.07
Australian A A A A A W F A A A A A Not held A A A A A A A A A A A A A A 1 / 2 9–1 90.00
French A A 4R QF QF QF W F A A A Not held A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A 1 / 6 22–5 81.48
Wimbledon 3R 4R SF QF 2R W W W A A A Not held A A A A A A A A A A A A A A 3 / 8 36–5 87.80
U.S. A 4R SF 4R W W SF W A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A 3 / 7 34–4 89.47
Pro Slam tournaments: 2 / 11 19–9 67.86
U.S. Pro A A A A A A A A A W F F W A A NH A QF QF A A A A A A A QF A A 1R 1R 2 / 9 17–7 70.83
French Pro NH A A A NH A A A A A A Not held A NH A A 0 / 0 0–0 N/A
Wembley Pro Not held A A NH A NH A Not held A A QF QF A NH A A A A 0 / 2 2–2 50.00
Total: 10 / 34 120–24 83.33

See also

References

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Bibliography