Role Trainer / Attack aircraft
National origin Iran
Manufacturer Iran Aircraft Manufacturing Industrial Company (HESA)
Designer Aviation University Complex
First flight 2017 (forecast, but not achieved)
Status Prototype
Primary user Iran
Number built One prototype
Developed from M-ATF

The HESA Shafaq or Shafagh (Persian: هواپیمای شفق, "Twilight" or "Aurora") is an Iranian subsonic stealth aircraft project being developed by the Iran Aircraft Manufacturing Industrial Company (HESA).[1]


According to reports, the Shafaq will be a subsonic aircraft, but this might be changed. Additionally, Iranian Officials have reported that the Shafaq will have a skin of radar-absorbing material.[2]

This two-seat advanced training and attack aircraft appears to be based[3] on the Russian-Iranian "Project Integral" and are fitted with Russian ejection seats. Reportedly, there are plans to produce three versions—one two-seat trainer/light strike version and two one-seat fighter-bomber versions.[1]

The Shafaq is designed by the Aviation University Complex (AUC), part of the Malek-Ashtar University of Technology (MUT). At the start of the program, Iran received help from Russia[3] and the aircraft was known as Integral. Russia later backed away from this project for several reasons[citation needed] and Iran carried on the project by itself renaming it Shafaq. The Shafaq is designed as a sub-sonic aircraft,[3] and made of radar-absorbing material. It has a large leading edge root extension (LERX) and a root aft of the wing which gives it an unusual circular sub-section.[1]

A 1/7 scale model of the Shafaq has already completed testing in the AUC's wind tunnel and pictures have already been revealed which show that a full-scale model has already been built.[3] The Shafaq will be built in different configurations including a two-seater trainer, a two-seater light Attack and a one-seater light attack variants. Roll-out of the first prototype was scheduled for 2008.[2] The Shafaq's advanced cockpit features color MFDs and a Russian-made K-36D ejection seat.

According to AIO (Aerospace Industries Organisation), the aircraft was expected to be flight tested during 2017, and featuring twin, outwardly canted vertical fins. This type of a tail design has become a favoured aerodynamic feature of Iranian designers that dates back to the development of the reverse-engineered Iranian version of the Northrop F-5, the HESA Saeqeh.[4]


Data from Trend[5]

General characteristics



See also

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era

Related lists


  1. ^ a b c "Shafaq". globalsecurity.
  2. ^ a b Johnson, Reuben. "Iran struggles to field a fighter". ainonline. Archived from the original on 26 February 2008.
  3. ^ a b c d Larkins Dsouza (22 September 2007). "Shafaq- Iranian Stealth Plane". defenceaviation.
  4. ^ "Iranian Shafaq jet trainer nears prototype testing | IHS Jane's 360". Retrieved 15 March 2017.
  5. ^ "Iran unveiled new indigenous fighter jet". Trend. 2 February 2013. Archived from the original on 4 February 2013. Retrieved 4 March 2016.