Hancock County
Egg Rock Light
Flag of Hancock County
Map of Maine highlighting Hancock County
Location within the U.S. state of Maine
Map of the United States highlighting Maine
Maine's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 44°30′46″N 68°24′57″W / 44.512741°N 68.41571°W / 44.512741; -68.41571
Country United States
State Maine
FoundedJune 25, 1789
Named forJohn Hancock
SeatEllsworth
Largest cityEllsworth
Area
 • Total2,345 sq mi (6,070 km2)
 • Land1,587 sq mi (4,110 km2)
 • Water758 sq mi (1,960 km2)  32%%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total55,478
 • Density24/sq mi (9.1/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district2nd
Websitewww.co.hancock.me.us
John Hancock of Massachusetts, the namesake of Hancock County
John Hancock of Massachusetts, the namesake of Hancock County
High tide near Thunder Hole in Acadia National Park; Hancock County, Maine, is a major tourist destination in the United States.
High tide near Thunder Hole in Acadia National Park; Hancock County, Maine, is a major tourist destination in the United States.
Ocean waves at Sand Beach in Acadia National Park
Ocean waves at Sand Beach in Acadia National Park
Jordan Pond (July 4, 2014)
Jordan Pond (July 4, 2014)

Hancock County is a county located in the U.S. state of Maine. As of the 2020 census, the population was 55,478.[1] Its county seat is Ellsworth.[2] The county was incorporated on June 25, 1789, and named for John Hancock,[3] the first governor of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,345 square miles (6,070 km2), of which 1,587 square miles (4,110 km2) is land and 758 square miles (1,960 km2) (32%) is water. The county high point is Cadillac Mountain, 1527 feet, the highest summit on the U.S. Atlantic seaboard.[4]

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
17909,542
180016,35871.4%
181030,03183.6%
182031,2904.2%
183024,336−22.2%
184028,60517.5%
185034,37220.2%
186037,7579.8%
187036,495−3.3%
188038,1294.5%
189037,312−2.1%
190037,241−0.2%
191035,575−4.5%
192030,361−14.7%
193030,7211.2%
194032,4225.5%
195032,105−1.0%
196032,2930.6%
197034,5907.1%
198041,78120.8%
199046,94812.4%
200051,79110.3%
201054,4185.1%
202055,4781.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790–1960[6] 1900–1990[7]
1990–2000[8] 2010–2016[9] 2018[10]

2000 census

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 51,791 people, 21,864 households, and 14,233 families living in the county. The population density was 33 people per square mile (13/km2). There were 33,945 housing units at an average density of 21 per square mile (8/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 97.61% White, 0.25% Black or African American, 0.37% Native American, 0.38% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.20% from other races, and 1.15% from two or more races. 0.65% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

The largest ancestry groups in Hancock County, Maine according to the 2000 census are:

96.8% spoke English, 1.5% French and 1.0% Spanish as their first language.

There were 21,864 households, out of which 28.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.50% were married couples living together, 8.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.90% were non-families. 27.90% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.81.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 22.30% under the age of 18, 7.40% from 18 to 24, 27.50% from 25 to 44, 26.80% from 45 to 64, and 16.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 95.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,811, and the median income for a family was $43,216. Males had a median income of $30,461 versus $22,647 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,809. About 7.00% of families and 10.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.90% of those under age 18 and 9.50% of those age 65 or over.

The 1990 Census counted 46,948, though the 1998 population estimate is 49,932.1 The gender division was 22,996 males, 23,952 females in 1989. Ninety-nine percent of the population was white (46,446), 121 American Indians, 249 Asians, 79 Blacks and 52 "other"

Sixty-six percent of the population of Hancock County are Mainers by birth, three percent were born outside the US.

Of the 31,475 persons over 25 years old, 83% (26,214) had a high school degree or higher. Twenty-one percent had a bachelor's degree or higher.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States census, there were 54,418 people, 24,221 households, and 14,834 families living in the county.[12] The population density was 34.3 inhabitants per square mile (13.2/km2). There were 40,184 housing units at an average density of 25.3 per square mile (9.8/km2).[13] The racial makeup of the county was 96.9% white, 0.8% Asian, 0.4% American Indian, 0.4% black or African American, 0.3% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.1% of the population.[12] In terms of ancestry, 24.0% were English, 19.8% were American, 15.2% were Irish, 9.0% were German, and 7.2% were Scottish.[14]

Of the 24,221 households, 24.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.9% were married couples living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 38.8% were non-families, and 30.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.20 and the average family size was 2.71. The median age was 46.3 years.[12]

The median income for a household in the county was $47,533 and the median income for a family was $60,092. Males had a median income of $41,046 versus $32,444 for females. The per capita income for the county was $26,876. About 6.8% of families and 11.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.2% of those under age 18 and 7.3% of those age 65 or over.[15]

Economy

Of employed persons 16 years and over in 1990, 1,108 indicated involvement in the "agriculture, forestry and fisheries" industry, though 1,206 indicated "farming, forestry and fishing occupations." The U.S. Census data are not dependable for determining the numbers of individuals involved in the fishing industry. Only firms with 10 or more employees must report their numbers, as well as firms paying workmen's compensation insurance. Because the majority of fishermen in Maine are considered self-employed, the statistics underreport fishing employment.

Cranberry Isles, Deer Isle, Frenchboro, Gouldsboro, Southwest Harbor, Stonington, Swans Island and Tremont (Bass Harbor) were identified by a key respondent as fisheries dependent. Bar Harbor, Brooklin, Brooksville, Hancock, Lamoine, Mount Desert, Penobscot, Sedgwick, Sorrento and Sullivan were also noted as having either significant fishing activity or a significant number of people who fish. Winter Harbor's fishing activities were once dwarfed by the economic activity associated with a naval base, but now that the naval base has closed, fishing activity will most likely be the dominant economic activity in the community. Salmon farming is also popular in the area and Maine Salmon is an important export.

Hancock County has the longest coastline of any Maine county. Commercial fishing and tourism are the county's most important industries. Hancock County is home to Acadia National Park (the only national park in Maine or the New England region, excluding the national sea shore on Cape Cod) and Cadillac Mountain (the highest point in Maine's coastal region). Jackson Laboratory, noted for cancer research, is located in Bar Harbor. Two institutions of higher education are located in Hancock County: Maine Maritime Academy at Castine and the College of the Atlantic at Bar Harbor.

Air pollution

The American Lung Association issues annual State of the Air reports. Their current score card gives Hancock county an "F" for ozone pollution, the only Maine county to receive an F score.[16]

Government and Politics

Voter registration and party enrollment as of May 2019 [needs update][17]
Unenrolled 15,457 33.8%
Democratic 14,875 32.53%
Republican 13,562 29.66%
Green Independent 1,828 4%
Libertarian 5 0.01%
Total 45,728 100%

The county's Commissioners are William F. Clark, John Wombacher and Paul Paradis.

United States presidential election results for Hancock County, Maine[18]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 14,982 42.41% 19,369 54.83% 974 2.76%
2016 13,705 44.13% 16,117 51.89% 1,235 3.98%
2012 12,324 40.01% 17,569 57.04% 906 2.94%
2008 12,686 39.44% 18,895 58.74% 584 1.82%
2004 14,405 43.49% 18,048 54.49% 669 2.02%
2000 12,732 44.56% 12,983 45.44% 2,859 10.01%
1996 8,345 31.55% 12,256 46.34% 5,847 22.11%
1992 8,657 30.05% 10,126 35.15% 10,022 34.79%
1988 12,957 56.07% 9,929 42.97% 221 0.96%
1984 14,660 65.12% 7,764 34.49% 87 0.39%
1980 11,435 53.60% 7,027 32.94% 2,872 13.46%
1976 12,064 61.40% 6,725 34.23% 858 4.37%
1972 11,889 73.90% 4,191 26.05% 7 0.04%
1968 8,929 62.95% 4,979 35.10% 277 1.95%
1964 6,304 45.89% 7,415 53.98% 18 0.13%
1960 12,119 78.27% 3,363 21.72% 1 0.01%
1956 11,316 86.91% 1,704 13.09% 0 0.00%
1952 10,596 83.21% 2,111 16.58% 27 0.21%
1948 6,863 77.72% 1,878 21.27% 89 1.01%
1944 7,143 68.71% 3,241 31.18% 12 0.12%
1940 8,539 66.36% 4,315 33.54% 13 0.10%
1936 9,151 72.06% 3,315 26.10% 234 1.84%
1932 7,942 64.07% 4,369 35.25% 85 0.69%
1928 8,140 81.84% 1,773 17.83% 33 0.33%
1924 5,474 77.37% 1,392 19.67% 209 2.95%
1920 5,604 71.68% 2,154 27.55% 60 0.77%
1916 3,192 48.14% 3,303 49.81% 136 2.05%
1912 1,399 22.70% 2,655 43.09% 2,108 34.21%
1908 3,169 61.50% 1,846 35.82% 138 2.68%
1904 3,430 67.15% 1,558 30.50% 120 2.35%
1900 3,432 63.70% 1,860 34.52% 96 1.78%
1896 4,306 68.69% 1,793 28.60% 170 2.71%
1892 3,300 53.42% 2,654 42.97% 223 3.61%
1888 4,160 58.94% 2,772 39.27% 126 1.79%
1884 4,043 55.76% 3,014 41.57% 194 2.68%
1880 4,314 52.94% 3,698 45.38% 137 1.68%
1876 3,376 55.72% 2,683 44.28% 0 0.00%
1872 2,971 65.88% 1,539 34.12% 0 0.00%
1868 3,520 59.13% 2,433 40.87% 0 0.00%
1864 3,143 59.45% 2,144 40.55% 0 0.00%
1860 3,322 60.35% 932 16.93% 1,251 22.72%
1856 3,667 61.42% 2,142 35.88% 161 2.70%
1852 1,809 38.97% 2,619 56.42% 214 4.61%
1848 2,075 44.72% 2,318 49.96% 247 5.32%
1844 1,849 40.53% 2,608 57.17% 105 2.30%
1840 2,434 49.24% 2,509 50.76% 0 0.00%
1836 634 36.67% 1,095 63.33% 0 0.00%


Communities

City

Towns

Unorganized territories

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated villages

Education

School districts include:[19]

K-12:

Secondary:

Elementary:

See also

References

  1. ^ "Census - Geography Profile: Hancock County, Maine". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 21, 2021.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 148.
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on September 9, 2014. Retrieved September 7, 2014.
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 7, 2014.
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved September 7, 2014.
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 7, 2014.
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 7, 2014.
  9. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved August 19, 2013.
  10. ^ "QuickFacts. Hancock County, Maine". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 26, 2019.
  11. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  12. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 21, 2016.
  13. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 21, 2016.
  14. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 21, 2016.
  15. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 21, 2016.
  16. ^ "Report Card: Maine". American Lung Association. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
  17. ^ Bureau of Corporations, Elections & Commissions (May 5, 2019). "Registered & Enrolled Voters - Statewide" (PDF). Department of the Secretary of State, State of Maine. p. 13. Retrieved November 13, 2019.
  18. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved August 25, 2018.
  19. ^ "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: Hancock County, ME" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 25, 2022. - Text list

Coordinates: 44°34′N 68°22′W / 44.57°N 68.37°W / 44.57; -68.37