Haymarket, Virginia
Town of Haymarket
Official seal of Haymarket, Virginia
"The Crossroads"
Location in Prince William County and the state of Virginia
Location in Prince William County and the state of Virginia
Haymarket is located in Prince William area
Haymarket is located in Northern Virginia
Haymarket is located in Virginia
Haymarket is located in the United States
Coordinates: 38°48′46″N 77°38′6″W / 38.81278°N 77.63500°W / 38.81278; -77.63500
Country United States
State Virginia
CountyPrince William
 • TypeMayor-council
 • MayorKen Luersen
 • Vice MayorTracy Lynn Pater
 • Total0.57 sq mi (1.49 km2)
 • Land0.57 sq mi (1.49 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
367 ft (112 m)
 • Total1,545
 • Density2,691.6/sq mi (1,039.2/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
Area code(s)571, 703
FIPS code51-35976[3]
GNIS feature ID1499541[4]

Haymarket is a town in Prince William County, Virginia, United States. The population was 1,545 as of the 2020 census.[2]


Built in 1883 in Greek Revival and Victorian style to serve as both a schoolhouse and town hall, in 2001 it was adapted as the Haymarket Museum.

Haymarket is built on land that used to be hunting grounds of the western Iroquois nations, who came from the New York and Pennsylvania area around the Great Lakes. They used hunting paths through the land until 1722, when they made a treaty with the colonies of Virginia and New York to move into the Blue Ridge Mountain region.

Due to the hunting paths, this location, and later the town, were given the nickname The Crossroads. The town of Haymarket began to be developed and built after the American Revolutionary War, formally founded in 1799 on the land of William Skinker. The Virginia General Assembly gave Skinker the rights to lay out the town, which he drew to consist of 13 streets and 140 lots. Shortly after, a clerk's office and jail were constructed in 1801, as the town had been selected as the site of what is now a district court. The town owed its early development to business and trade associated with the regular court sessions.

In 1807, the Virginia General Assembly abolished the district court in favor of the circuit court system, which established a court at each county seat. Until 1830 the court house remained the focal point of the town, while serving multiple purposes. In 1830, the court house was converted into and deeded as an Episcopal church; in 1833 it was consecrated as St Paul's.

During the Civil War, on November 4, 1862, Union troops invaded Haymarket and set the entire town on fire. Only four buildings survived: three small houses and St. Paul's Church. For the remainder of the war, Haymarket remained mostly uninhabited. A skirmish took place on October 19, 1863, involving the Second Brigade, Second Division, and Fifth Army Corps. Another skirmish took place on June 1863.[5] They both involved Union encounters with the Confederate cavalry. Following General Robert E. Lee's surrender, Haymarket began to recover. Slowly it regained its former prosperity and size.

Post-Reconstruction Era to Present

Haymarket was incorporated in 1882, the second town in Prince William County to do so. The first mayor elected was Garrett Hulfish and the first councilmen elected were T.A. Smith, Charles Jordan, and William W. Meade. In May 1882 during the council's second meeting, the rudimentary ordinances were drafted and adopted.[6]

On March 19, 1892, Lee Heflin and Joseph Dye were lynched in Haymarket. They had been convicted of the murder of a girl and sentenced to death, but the mob thought the legal system moved too slowly. The men were hanged from trees at the edge of woods; then the mob shot into their bodies. The Washington Post said, "mob law...is a dangerous thing to encourage. There is too much of it already throughout the country, and it spreads like a contagion so long as public sentiment tacitly approves it."[7] It was unusual that white men were lynched; in Virginia and the rest of the South, usually black men were victims of lynching.[8][9]

From 1882 to the present day, most of the buildings in central Haymarket have remained unchanged. The town borders U.S Route 15. Growth has occurred outside the town. While no schools are located within the town, the larger area has five schools – all part of the Prince William County School System.[10] In the 1970s during the construction of the Interstate System, Haymarket was served by Exit 40 of Interstate 66. Being connected to the interstate, during a period of growth in the Northern Virginia region, has produced a population boom in the area of suburban development.

St. Paul's Church in Haymarket

In 1994 The Walt Disney Company bought extensive amounts of land in Haymarket for a proposed Disney's America theme park.[11] Local resistance to the resort, because of perceived adverse effects on the Manassas Battlefield, resulted in the defeat of the park.[12]

William B. Snyder, a local businessman, convinced Disney to sell the property to him.[13] Snyder, in turn, sold off most of the land to developers, except for the 405 acres (1.64 km2) donated to the National Capital Area Council of the Boy Scouts of America. It used this land to develop Camp Snyder.[14]

In addition to St. Paul's Church, Evergreen, Locust Bottom, Mt. Atlas, and Old Town Hall and School are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[15][16]


Haymarket is located at 38°48′46″N 77°38′6″W / 38.81278°N 77.63500°W / 38.81278; -77.63500 (38.812670, −77.635084).[17] Haymarket is located in the Piedmont region of Virginia, sitting at the base of Bull Run Mountains. Haymarket is located just outside of the region considered "NOVA".[citation needed] Geographically, Haymarket serves as a marker to show the start of Virginia outside of the "NOVA" region.[citation needed]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.6 square miles (1.5 km2), all of it land.[1]

The greater town of Haymarket (ZIP code 20169) has a total area of 32.2 square miles (83.4 km2), with 0.2 square miles (0.5 km2) of water.[18]


Historical population
U.S. Decennial Census[19]

As of the 2020 census, there were 1,545 people living in the town.[2] The 2019 census reported 464 households, and 377 families residing in the town.[20] The population density was 1,725.2 people per square mile (665.5/km2). There were 337 housing units at an average density of 661.4 per square mile (255.1/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 92.04% White, 5.35% African American, 0.80% Asian, 0.68% from other races, and 1.14% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.73% of the population.

There were 464 households, out of which 52.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, an estimated 60.8% were married couples living together, 8.41% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.75% were non-families. 19.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 3.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.34 and the average family size was 3.67. In the town, the population was spread out, with 32.4% under the age of 18, 5.7% from 20 to 24, 12.2% from 25 to 34, 40.3% from 35 to 64, and 6.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33.7 years. For every 100 females, there were 109.2 males. For every 100 females aged 18 and over, there were 114.1 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $128,125; the per capita income was $46,943. Haymarket's zip code 20169 is the wealthiest in Prince William County. About 3.7% of the population was below the poverty line.[21]


Haymarket is home to several golf courses, with over 38 golf courses located within 20 miles of the town.[22] Notable courses include the Bull Run Golf Club and Raspberry Golf Academy,[23] both situated in the nearby Bull Run Mountain Estates.

Another recreational area, Silver Lake Regional Park, can be found just outside Haymarket. This park spans over 230 acres and features a 23-acre lake, which is fed by the Little Bull Run and is open to fishing and non-motorized boats.[24] The lake is home to various fish species, including trout, bass, and catfish. Additionally, the adjacent James S. Long Regional Park offers 4.6 miles of equestrian trails, which connect to Silver Lake Regional Park via a bridge.[25]

Haymarket is located within the piedmont region of Virginia, an area known for its wineries, such as La Grange.[26] The history of winemaking in Prince William County dates back to the 1800s and early 1900s, when several wineries were in operation.[6]


Public Safety

Haymarket, Virginia is considered one of the safest places in America, reporting a crime rate lower than 85% of all towns in America with a population of 1,000 or more residents. The crime rate in Haymarket is 14.7 times lower than the US average. In 2016, only 16 total offences were known to exist to law enforcement.[29]

View east along I-66 in Haymarket


Interstate 66 is the primary highway serving Haymarket. It extends westward to Interstate 81 near Front Royal, and eastward to Washington, D.C., with connections to Interstate 95 via Interstate 495. North-south travel is provided via U.S. Route 15, which skims the northwest side of town. US 15 connects north to Leesburg and south to Warrenton. Virginia State Route 55 also passes through Haymarket, serving as a local service road for I-66 and acting as Main Street within Haymarket.

See also


  1. ^ a b "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 19, 2024.
  2. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2020 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Haymarket town, Virginia". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 19, 2024.
  3. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  5. ^ Scharf, John Thomas (2003). History of Western Maryland: Being a History of Frederick, Montgomery, Carroll, Washington, Allegany, and Garrett Counties from the Earliest Period to the Present Day, Including Biographical Sketches of Their Representative Men. Genealogical Publishing Com. ISBN 978-0-8063-4565-9.: 312 
  6. ^ a b Historical Information, Town of Haymarket, retrieved October 30, 2013.
  7. ^ "Swifter than the Law," Washington Post, March 19, 1892, p.1
  8. ^ W. Fitzhugh Brundage, Lynching in the New South: Georgia and Virginia (Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1993), 87-92
  9. ^ "Mob Carries Out Death Sentence", History Engine, University of Richmond, 2008-2015
  10. ^ Prince William County Schools retrieved October 30, 2013.
  11. ^ Wines, Michael (November 12, 1993). "A Disneyland of History Next to the Real Thing". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved May 8, 2016.
  12. ^ Powell, Elizabeth A.; Stover, Sarah (July 26, 2010). The Third Battle of Bull Run: The Disney's America Theme Park (A). Charlottesville. pp. 1–19. ProQuest 872767379.
  13. ^ The Disney Drawing Board – Disney's America retrieved October 30, 2013.
  14. ^ Stewart, Nikita (April 5, 2006). "$17 Million Camp Pledges Cub Scout Nirvana in Va.: [FINAL Edition]". The Washington Post. Washington, D.C., United States. pp. –01. ISSN 0190-8286. ProQuest 410008043.
  15. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  16. ^ "National Register of Historic Places Listings". Weekly List of Actions Taken on Properties: 2/28/11 through 3/04/11. National Park Service. March 11, 2011.
  17. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  18. ^ US Census Bureau, retrieved October 30, 2013.
  19. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  20. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved October 26, 2021.
  21. ^ "Census profile: Haymarket, VA". Census Reporter. Retrieved October 26, 2021.
  22. ^ "43 Golf Courses near Haymarket, VA - Reviews & Ratings | GolfLink".
  23. ^ "Bull Run Golf Club | Public Course | Haymarket, VA - Home". www.golfbullrun.com.
  24. ^ "Silver Lake Regional Park".
  25. ^ "Saddle Up! It's Time to Ride". August 2017. Archived from the original on October 22, 2021.
  26. ^ "The Winery at La Grange - A taste of history". The Winery at La Grange.
  27. ^ "About Us". ronaldreaganms.pwcs.edu. Retrieved October 26, 2021.
  28. ^ a b "Elementary School Profiles". www.pwcs.edu. Retrieved October 26, 2021.
  29. ^ "Virginia". FBI.