Center of Leesburg in 2012
Center of Leesburg in 2012
Official seal of Leesburg
Official logo of Leesburg
Leesburg is located in Northern Virginia
Leesburg is located in Virginia
Leesburg is located in the United States
Coordinates: 39°6′56″N 77°33′52″W / 39.11556°N 77.56444°W / 39.11556; -77.56444
CountryUnited States
FoundedOctober 12, 1758
Named forLee family
 • TypeCouncil–manager
 • MayorKelly Burk (D) [1]
 • Vice MayorFernando Martinez (D) [2]
 • Total12.47 sq mi (32.29 km2)
 • Land12.40 sq mi (32.11 km2)
 • Water0.07 sq mi (0.18 km2)
341 ft (104 m)
 • Total48,250
 • Estimate 
 • Density4,333.17/sq mi (1,673.07/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP Codes
Area code(s)703, 571
FIPS code51-44984
GNIS feature ID1498505[4]

Leesburg is a town in and the county seat of Loudoun County, Virginia, United States. It is part of both the Northern Virginia region of the state and the Washington metropolitan area, including Washington, D.C., the nation's capital.

European settlement in the area began around 1740[citation needed], when it was named for the Lee family, early colonial leaders of the town.[5] Located in the far northeast of the state, in the War of 1812 it was a refuge for important federal documents evacuated from Washington, D.C., and in the Civil War, it changed hands several times.

Leesburg is 33 miles (53 km) west-northwest of Washington, D.C., along the base of Catoctin Mountain and close to the Potomac River.[6] The town is the northwestern terminus of the Dulles Greenway, a private toll road that connects to the Dulles Toll Road at Dulles International Airport. Its population was 48,250 as of the 2020 Census[2] and an estimated 48,908 in 2021. It is Virginia's largest incorporated town within a county.

Like much of Loudoun County, Leesburg has undergone considerable growth and development over the last 30 years, transforming from a small, rural, Piedmont town to a suburban bedroom community for commuters to the national capital. Growth in the town and its immediate area to the east (Lansdowne/Ashburn) concentrates along the Dulles Greenway and State Route 7, which roughly parallels the Potomac River between Winchester to the west and Alexandria to the east.

Leesburg is home to professional soccer team Loudoun United FC of the USL Championship division who play their home matches at Segra Field.

The Federal Aviation Administration's Washington Air Route Traffic Control Center is in Leesburg.


Leesburg may have been named to honor the influential Thomas Lee[citation needed] or more generally for the Lee family. The name change was passed by an Act of Assembly in 1758.[5] Francis Lightfoot Lee and Phillip Ludwell Lee, two of Thomas' sons, were early town trustees.[4] The town is not named, as is sometimes thought, for Robert E. Lee (Thomas' great-grandnephew).


"Central View of Leesburg" c. 1845
The Wheat Building
Carlheim, also known as the Paxton mansion
The historic Leesburg courthouse serves as the seat of government for Loudoun County, Virginia.

Prior to European settlement, the area around Leesburg was occupied by various Native American tribes.

17th century

In 1670, John Lederer (1670) testified that the entire Piedmont region had once been occupied by the "Tacci, alias Dogi", but that the Siouan tribes, driven from the northwest, had occupied it for 400 years.[citation needed]

In 1699, the Algonquian Piscataway (Conoy) moved to an island in the Potomac in the environs of Leesburg, and were there when the first known Europeans visited what is now Loudoun County.[7]

18th century

What later became Old Carolina Road and is present day U.S. Route 15 was a major route of travel between north and south for Native tribes. According to local historians, a pitched battle was fought near present Leesburg between the warring Catawba and Lenape tribes, neither of whom lived in the area.

A war party of Lenape had traveled from their home in New Jersey and neighboring regions, all the way to South Carolina to inflict a blow on their distant enemies, the Catawba. As they were returning northward, a party of Catawbas overtook them before they reached the Potomac River, but were defeated in a pitched battle 2 miles (3 km) south of Leesburg. The surviving Lenape buried their dead in a huge burial mound, and early settlers reported that they would return to this mound to honor their dead on the anniversary of this battle for many years thereafter. The date of this conflict is unknown, but it seems the Lenape and Catawba were at war in the 1720s and 1730s.[8]

European settlement near Leesburg began in the late 1730s as Tidewater planters moved into the area from the south and east, establishing large farms and plantations.[citation needed] Many of the First Families of Virginia were among those to settle in the area, including the Carters, Lees and Masons.[citation needed] The genesis of Leesburg occurred sometime before 1755, when Nicholas Minor acquired land around the intersection of the Old Carolina Road and the Potomac Ridge Road on present-day Route 7 and established a tavern there.[citation needed]

Despite lack of growth around the tavern, upon Loudoun County's formation in 1757, Minor dubbed the sparse collection of buildings about his tavern "George Town" in honor of the reigning monarch of Great Britain.[citation needed] The village's prosperity changed the following year when the British Colonial Council ordered the establishment of the county courthouse at the crossroads.[citation needed]

Minor had a town laid out on the traditional Virginia plan of six criss-cross streets. On October 12 of that year (1758), the Virginia General Assembly founded the town of Leesburg upon the 60 acres (0.24 km2) that Minor laid out.[7] Leesburg was renamed to honor the influential Thomas Lee and not, as is popular belief, his son Francis Lightfoot Lee, who lived in Loudoun and brought up the bill to establish Leesburg.[9][failed verification] When the post office was established in Leesburg in 1803, the branch was named "Leesburgh"; the "h" persisted until 1894.[7]

19th century

During the War of 1812, Leesburg served as a temporary haven for the United States government and its archives, including the Declaration of Independence and the U.S. Constitution and portraits of early American leaders, including Benjamin Franklin, when it was forced to flee Washington in the face of the British Army.((citation needed|date=January 2017[10] When reconstruction began on the United States Capitol, Potomac marble from quarries just south of Leesburg was used.[7]

Early in the American Civil War, Leesburg was the site of the Battle of Ball's Bluff, a small but significant Confederate victory. The battlefield, along the Potomac River 2 miles (3 km) northeast of the town center, is marked by one of America's smallest national cemeteries. The town frequently changed hands over the course of the war as both armies traversed the area during the Maryland and Gettysburg campaigns.

The Battle of Mile Hill was fought just north of the town prior to its occupation by Robert E. Lee in September 1862.[11] Leesburg also served as a base of operations for Col. John S. Mosby and his partisan Raiders. The local courthouse is among the few courthouses in Virginia that was not burned during the Civil War; the present one was built in 1894.

In 1889, a 14-year-old black American Orion Anderson was killed by a white mob at the town's freight depot; his murder would be the second of three recorded lynchings in Loudoun County, Virginia, between 1880 and 1902.[12]

20th century

In the 20th century, Leesburg was the home of World War II General George C. Marshall, architect of the famous Marshall Plan that helped re-build Europe after the war, and radio personality Arthur Godfrey, who donated land for the town's first airport.

Leesburg continued to serve as the center of government and commerce for Loudoun County. The town's historic district was placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1970 and cited as one of the best preserved and most picturesque downtowns in Virginia.[13]

21st century

In the 21st century, Downtown merchants have recently labeled themselves "Loudoun's Original Town Center," largely in response to the growing number of mixed-use shopping areas in proximity.[14] Leesburg has served Loudoun's county seat continuously since the county's formation in 1757.[15]

Historic sites

The Leesburg area contains twenty-one entries on the National Register of Historic Places, including:

At least sixty-three historic markers are located in and near Leesburg.[23]


Leesburg is located northeast of the center of Loudoun County, Virginia, at 39°6′56″N 77°33′52″W / 39.11556°N 77.56444°W / 39.11556; -77.56444 (39.1155, −77.5644),[24] It is part of the northern Virginia Piedmont and sits at the base of the easternmost chain of the Blue Ridge Mountains, Catoctin Mountain. The town lies in the Culpeper Basin (an inland sea during the Jurassic period) and is adjacent to the valley of the Potomac River, so that the local relief is less pronounced than in other Virginia Piedmont towns.[citation needed] Elevation in town ranges from about 350 to 400 feet (110 to 120 m), with the ridge of Catoctin Mountain rising to 670 feet (200 m) just west of the town limits. The Town Branch of Tuscarora Creek passes through the center of town, flowing east to Goose Creek, a tributary of the Potomac.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 12.4 square miles (32 km2), of which 0.06 square miles (0.16 km2), or 0.54%, are water.[1]


Historical population

Census estimates as of July 1, 2018, showed the population of Leesburg at 53,917 people. According to the 2010 census, there were 42,616 people including 14,441 households, and 10,522 families residing in the town. The population density was 3,673 inhabitants per square mile (1,418/km2). There were 15,119 housing units at an average density of 1,220.2 per square mile (471.1/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 71.1% White, 9.5% African American, 0.4% Native American, 7.1% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 7.5% from other races, and 4.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 17.4% of the population.

Of all households, 44.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.8% were married couples living together, 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.1% were non-families. 21.1% were made up of individuals, and 4.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.93 and the average family size was 3.42.

By age, the population was 30.7% under the age of 18, 5.5% from 18 to 24, 32.9% from 25 to 44, 23.4% from 45 to 64, and 6.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33.3 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.7 males. For every 100 females aged 18 and over, there were 93.6 males.

The median income of the households in the town was $68,861, and the median income of the families was $78,111 (these figures had risen to $87,346 and $105,260 respectively as of a 2007 estimate). Males had a median income of $51,267 versus $35,717 for females. The per capita income for the town was $30,116. About 2.4% of families and 3.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.8% of those under age 18 and 8.2% of those age 65 or over.


Further information: Loudoun County Public Schools

Leesburg has four public high schools operated by the Loudoun County Public Schools: Loudoun County High School, Heritage High School, Tuscarora High School, and Riverside High School.[25]

Leesburg is also served by several private schools, including Providence Academy, a K–8 non-denominational Christian school; Leesburg Christian School, a K–12 non-denominational Christian school; and pre-K-8 Loudoun Country Day School.

Public services

The Leesburg Volunteer Fire Company provides fire protection services.[26] The Loudoun County Volunteer Rescue Squad provides rescue and emergency medical services.[27] Both the fire company and rescue squad are volunteer organizations supplemented with partial staffing from the Loudoun County Department of Fire, Rescue and Emergency Management.[28] The fire company can trace its roots back to 1803; the rescue squad was formed in 1952.[29]

Leesburg is served by a town police department.[30] The Leesburg Police Department (LPD) has an authorized strength of 90 sworn officers and provides 24/7 patrol service to the town, as well as handling criminal investigations, traffic control, and special operations within the town. The department is completely separate from the Loudoun County Sheriff's Office, which is Loudoun County's primary law enforcement agency and provides security for the courthouse in Leesburg. The LPD was formed in 1758.


The Loudoun Times-Mirror is a Leesburg-based weekly newspaper serving Loudoun County. There are no longer any local radio stations after the former WAGE (now WTSD) was shut down in 2007. Leesburg is assigned to the Washington, D.C. media market, and is covered by its major television and radio stations; broadcasters from Baltimore, Frederick, and Winchester are also readily available.


View north along US 15 and east along SR 7 on the Leesburg Bypass

The primary highways serving Leesburg include U.S. Route 15, Virginia State Route 7 and Virginia State Route 267.

US 15 enters Leesburg from the southwest, following King Street, then joins the Leesburg Bypass to pass southeast of downtown. It rejoins King Street as it leaves the bypass on the northeast end of town on its way toward Maryland. The old alignment of US 15 is now U.S. Route 15 Business. Via US 15, travelers can reach Warrenton 34 miles (55 km) to the southwest and Frederick, Maryland, 25 miles (40 km) to the northeast.

SR 7 enters Leesburg from the west along Market Street and immediately joins the Leesburg Bypass to pass southwest of downtown. It rejoins Market Street as it leaves the bypass southeast of downtown. The old alignment of SR 7 is now Virginia State Route 7 Business. SR 7 37 miles (60 km) west to Winchester and 35 miles (56 km) southeast to Alexandria.

SR 267 enters Leesburg from the south along the Dulles Greenway and terminates at the Leesburg Bypass (US 15 and SR 7). SR 267 functions as a high-speed bypass of SR 7 southeast of Leesburg but is also a toll road.

Loudoun County Transit provides public transportation services in Leesburg.

Business and industry

Leesburg operates the Leesburg Executive Airport at Godfrey Field, which serves Loudoun County with private and corporate aircraft operations. A designated reliever airport for Dulles International, the airport accounts for nearly $78 million per year in economic impact according to a 2011 study by the Virginia Department of Aviation.[31] It is home (as of 2005) to over 240 aircraft and hosts 20–30 jet operations per day. The airport was built in 1963 to replace the original Leesburg airport, which Arthur Godfrey owned and referred to affectionately as "The Old Cow Pasture" on his radio show.[citation needed] Godfrey, who, by the early 1950s, had purchased the Beacon Hill Estate west of Leesburg, used a DC-3 to commute from his farm to studios in New York City every Sunday night during the 1950s and 1960s. His DC-3 was so powerful and noisy that Godfrey built a new airport, funding it through the sale of the old field.[citation needed] Originally named Godfrey Field, it is now known as Leesburg Executive Airport at Godfrey Field.

Also located near Leesburg is the National Conference Center,[32] which the Xerox Corporation built in the 1970s. Government entities and private business use the Conference Center for meetings and conferences. Three main focal points connect this maze of underground buildings, one of which is currently the headquarters of Civilian Police International,[33] a government sub-contract company.

Market Station, located in the southeast portion of Leesburg's Historic District, contains a number of high-tech and legal offices, retail shops, and restaurants that are housed within seven restored historic buildings (a railroad freight station, a railroad stationmaster's house, a log house, two barns and two gristmills, some of which were reconstructed in or relocated to the site.[34] A plaza on the east side of the site contains several structures painted in the yellow and green colors of the stations of the Washington and Old Dominion Railroad, which served the town until 1968.

Iridium Communications Inc. (formerly Iridium Satellite LLC) system of satellites is "guided from the basement of a featureless two-story office building" located in Leesburg.[35]

Top employers

According to Leesburg's FY 2022 Annual Comprehensive Financial Report,[36] the top employers in the town are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Loudoun County Government 2,500-5,000
2 Loudoun County Public Schools 1,000-1,500
3 Federal Aviation Administration 500-1,000
4 Town of Leesburg 250-500
5 Wegmans 250-500
6 Commonwealth of Virginia 250-500
7 Target 250-500
8 Stryker Corporation 250-500
9 Costco 250-500
10 Loudoun Medical Group 100-250

Recreational facilities and events



Notable people

This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (July 2015) (Learn how and when to remove this message)


  1. ^ a b "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files –Virginia". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on March 18, 2021. Retrieved February 18, 2021.
  2. ^ a b "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Leesburg town, Virginia". data.census.gov. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved November 4, 2022.
  3. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Archived from the original on April 20, 2021. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  4. ^ a b "Leesburg". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior.
  5. ^ a b "Early Settlement & Founding". Town of Leesburg. Archived from the original on March 20, 2022. Retrieved February 17, 2021.
  6. ^ Head, James W. History and Comprehensive Description of Loudoun County, Virginia.
  7. ^ a b c d Scheel, Eugene (2002). Loudoun Discovered: Communities and Crossroads, Volume Two, Leesburg and the Old Carolina Road. Leesburg, VA: Friends of the Thomas Balch Library.
  8. ^ Williams, Harrison (1938). Legends of Loudoun. Richmond, VA: Garrett & Massie. pp. 63–64. Archived from the original on October 13, 2013. Retrieved August 10, 2013.
  9. ^ "Town of Leesburg: A Brief History of Leesburg". Official website of the Town of Leesburg, Virginia. Archived from the original on March 15, 2015. Retrieved May 11, 2015.
  10. ^ "Rokeby House Becomes Nation's Capital: Was Leesburg really the U.S. capital in 1814?". Archived from the original on January 11, 2015. Retrieved July 22, 2008.
  11. ^ Turner, Fitzhugh, ed. (1998). Loudoun County and the Civil War. Leesburg VA: Willow Bend Books.
  12. ^ "First Of Three Young, Black Lynching Victims In Loudoun County To Be Memorialized". WAMU. June 18, 2019. Archived from the original on November 20, 2020. Retrieved November 9, 2022.
  13. ^ "Leesburg, Virginia". Advisory Council on Historic Preservation. Archived from the original on November 4, 2019. Retrieved November 4, 2019.
  14. ^ "Official website for the Leesburg Downtown Business Association". Archived from the original on May 22, 2015. Retrieved May 11, 2015.
  15. ^ "Leesburg says county should stay". Loudoun Times-Mirror. September 12, 2007. p. A1.
  16. ^ "Dodona Manor: official website of the George C. Marshall International Center". Archived from the original on July 16, 2016. Retrieved September 30, 2008.
  17. ^ "Exeter History". Exeter Homeowners Association. Archived from the original on May 9, 2008. Retrieved September 30, 2008.
  18. ^ Inc, Miles LeHane Companies. "Tour the Historic Glenfiddich House!". www.mileslehane.com. Archived from the original on August 15, 2022. Retrieved August 2, 2022. ((cite web)): |last= has generic name (help)
  19. ^ "Morven Park - Historic Site Equestrian Center and Event Venue in Leesburg, VA". Archived from the original on May 16, 2015. Retrieved May 11, 2015.
  20. ^ "Oatlands Historic House and Gardens". Archived from the original on May 16, 2015. Retrieved May 11, 2015.
  21. ^ "WTOP: White's Ferry River Crossing in Montgomery County Ceases Operations After Court Decision". December 29, 2020. Archived from the original on January 30, 2021. Retrieved February 21, 2021.
  22. ^ "White's Ferry Purchased by Loudoun County Businessman and Landowne". February 12, 2021. Archived from the original on February 14, 2021. Retrieved February 21, 2021.
  23. ^ "Leesburg Markers". The Historical Marker Database. Archived from the original on March 12, 2012. Retrieved October 1, 2008.
  24. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Archived from the original on May 27, 2002. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  25. ^ "Schools | Leesburg, VA". www.leesburgva.gov. Archived from the original on November 10, 2018. Retrieved November 9, 2018.
  26. ^ "Leesburg Volunteer Fire Company 1". Archived from the original on December 22, 2008. Retrieved September 30, 2008.
  27. ^ "Loudoun County Volunteer Rescue Squad, Company 13, Leesburg, VA". Archived from the original on September 20, 2008. Retrieved September 13, 2008.
  28. ^ "Department of Fire, Rescue & Emergency Management". Loudoun County Government. Archived from the original on May 9, 2008. Retrieved September 30, 2008.
  29. ^ "History of Loudoun's Fire & Rescue Stations". Loudoun County Government. Archived from the original on May 28, 2010. Retrieved September 30, 2008.
  30. ^ "Leesburg Police Department". Retrieved May 11, 2015.
  31. ^ "Virginia Airport System Economic Impact Study: Executive Summary" (PDF). Virginia Department of Aviation. 2011. p. 11. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 23, 2015. Retrieved September 1, 2015.
  32. ^ "National Conference Center". Archived from the original on October 4, 2008. Retrieved September 30, 2008.
  33. ^ "Civilian Police International LLC: Private Company Information - Bloomberg". www.bloomberg.com. Archived from the original on March 11, 2018. Retrieved March 10, 2018.
  34. ^ "Leesburg, Virginia". Loudoun Times-Mirror. 2015. Archived from the original on June 27, 2015. Retrieved December 25, 2015.
  35. ^ Mellow, Craig (September 2004). "The Rise and Fall and Rise of Iridium". Air & Space Magazine by the Smithsonian Institution. Archived from the original on April 24, 2014. Retrieved April 24, 2014.
  36. ^ "Town of Leesburg ACFR". Archived from the original on August 7, 2023. Retrieved August 7, 2023.
  37. ^ "Ida Lee Park". Town of Leesburg, Virginia. Archived from the original on May 18, 2015. Retrieved May 11, 2015.
  38. ^ "Red Rock Wilderness Overlook - Trails and Map". Northern Virginia Regional Park Authority. Archived from the original on June 26, 2011. Retrieved May 2, 2011.
  39. ^ "Red Rock Wilderness Overlook Regional Park Marker". The Historical Marker Database. Archived from the original on October 10, 2012. Retrieved May 2, 2011.
  40. ^ "Rust Manor House and Nature Sanctuary". Archived from the original on February 2, 2009. Retrieved September 30, 2008.
  41. ^ "Leesburg Flower & Garden Festival". Archived from the original on May 18, 2015. Retrieved May 11, 2015.
  42. ^ "Independence Day". Archived from the original on May 18, 2015. Retrieved May 11, 2015.
  43. ^ "Festivals & Events". Archived from the original on March 15, 2015. Retrieved May 11, 2015.
  44. ^ "Leesburg AirShow". Archived from the original on September 12, 2015. Retrieved September 1, 2015.
  45. ^ "The History of Santa Rides Again – Leesburg Fire Company". Archived from the original on August 3, 2020. Retrieved May 18, 2020.
  46. ^ Hedgpeth, Dana (December 9, 1999). "A LuminaryIn Leesburg Dies at Age 94". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on December 6, 2017. Retrieved November 27, 2017.
  47. ^ "Entertainment Weekly". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on May 22, 2016. Retrieved May 20, 2016.