HKT
Formerly
  • Hong Kong Telecommunications
  • Cable & Wireless HKT
  • PCCW-HKT
Company typePublic
SEHK6823
IndustryTelecommunications
Predecessor
  • Hongkong Telephone Company
  • Cable & Wireless (Hong Kong)
Founded
1925(as Hongkong Telephone)
1987(as Hong Kong Telecom)
HeadquartersHong Kong
Key people
Richard Li
BrandsNetvigator
Services
RevenueDecrease HK$33.258 billion (2017)
Increase HK$05.097 billion (2017)
Total assetsIncrease HK$95.365 billion (2017)
Total equitySteady HK$39.019 billion (2017)
OwnerPCCW (51.97%)
Number of employees
Decrease over 17,600 (2017)
ParentPCCW
Subsidiaries
Websitewww.hkt.com
Footnotes / references
in consolidated financial statement[1]

HKT Limited (Chinese: 香港電訊有限公司) and HKT Trust (Chinese: 香港電訊信託) is a pair of listed corporations of Hong Kong, which the two corporations were bundled as one single stapled security. HKT, via its subsidiaries, is one of the largest telecommunications company of Hong Kong. It was commonly known as Hong Kong Telecom (Chinese: 香港電訊) and had a dominant position in fixed-line, mobile, IDD and broadband services in Hong Kong. HKT Group is a subsidiary of PCCW since 2000.

Corporate identities

The former holding company of the group was Cable & Wireless HKT Limited (Chinese: 香港電訊有限公司; former ticker symbol: 8), it was a subsidiary of Cable & Wireless plc. It was taken over and privatized by PCCW in 2000.[2] PCCW also started to use the ticker symbol "8" after the takeover. Cable & Wireless HKT Limited was formerly known as Hong Kong Telecommunications Limited (Chinese: 香港電訊有限公司), which was incorporated in 1987;[3] it was renamed to Cable & Wireless HKT Limited in 1999,[3] but renamed again to PCCW-HKT Limited in 2000;[3] PCCW-HKT still use the same registered Chinese name (香港電訊有限公司) until 2011, which in the same year the Chinese name became the registered Chinese name of HKT Limited instead.[3]

PCCW-HKT had a major subsidiary PCCW-HKT Telephone Limited (Chinese: 香港電話有限公司),[4] which was incorporated in 1925 under the name Hongkong Telephone Company, Limited;[3] it was briefly known as Cable & Wireless HKT Telephone Limited (Chinese: 香港電話有限公司) from 1999 to 2000.[3] As of 31 December 2016, PCCW-HKT[5]: 70  as well as PCCW-HKT Telephone were still live, wholly owned subsidiaries of PCCW.[5]: 67  However, the telephone services is now provided by HKT's wholly owned subsidiary Hong Kong Telecommunications (HKT) Limited instead,[5] after a group restructure in 2008.[6]

In October 2011, PCCW shareholders approve a partial spin-off of the assets as HKT on the Hong Kong stock exchange (but excluding the two legal persons PCCW-HKT and PCCW-HKT Telephone, as well as the stake in Reach). HKT is successfully listed on 29 November 2011, as HKT Limited and HKT Trust.[7][8] HKT Limited was incorporated in the Cayman Islands, while its direct parent entity, HKT Trust, was set up in Hong Kong under the laws of Hong Kong.[5]

History

This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources in this section. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (March 2018) (Learn how and when to remove this message)

Domestic telecommunications facilities in Hong Kong became more advanced in 1925 when the Hong Kong Telephone Company Limited (HKTC) took over the interests of John Pender's China and Japan Telephone and Electric Company. The company's mandate included providing all the British colonies with local telephone services. Over the next six decades Hong Kong Telephone's line capacity grew to more than 2.5 million, with the company serving approximately six million people.[9]

Telecommunications became increasingly important following World War I, and in 1929 the British companies Marconi Wireless and Eastern Telegraph joined to establish Cable and Wireless (C&W). The company's strategy was to supply telephone and telegraph services in Britain's colonies, and it succeeded in securing an exclusive franchise to provide international communications services in Hong Kong.[9]

By 1972 the company's biggest operation was its subsidiary in rapidly growing Hong Kong. Hong Kong Telephone, meanwhile, built a new headquarters in 1972. The company's growth was said to typify the colony's transition from an economy based on manufacturing to one dependent on service industries, which created a demand for telecommunications services. In 1975 Hong Kong Telephone's franchise for domestic service in the colony was extended for an additional 20 years, to expire just ahead of Hong Kong's reversion to China's control in 1997.[9]

Chronology

Hong Kong Telephone Company

Cable and Wireless (Hong Kong)

The Eastern Telegraph Company network in 1901, on the right was the Asia-Pacific network of the company

Hong Kong Telecommunications

HKT Limited

Subsidiaries and services

Brands and services

Emergency telephone along a mountain trail
HKT Shop in Sha Tin, Hong Kong

HKT (Hong Kong Telecom)

Main article: Hong Kong Telecom

HKT Group Holdings Limited (HKT) was formed in 2008 to hold the telecommunications services, media and IT businesses of the PCCW Group in a reorganization designed to improve the Group's operational efficiencies. PCCW-HKT was the first quadruple play provider in Hong Kong, and offers media content and services for fixed-line, broadband Internet, TV and mobile. The group sells to local and international business customers, as technical services and project outsourcing to network operators and public and private sector organization.[27][28][29][non-primary source needed]

PCCW Engineering

PCCW announced the formation of wholly owned subsidiary CASCADE Limited in January 2003, and transferred almost a quarter of its workforce to Cascade. Cascade employed more than 3,000 staff as of June 2003. Cascade provides PCCW's telecommunications network operations with support and maintenance services. It provides also network infrastructure design, build-out and maintenance services, consulting solutions, customer installation and maintenance services, project management, operating systems development and maintenance and technical support to clients other than PCCW. Started from December 2008, Cascade became a Subsidiary of PCCW-HKT Limited, which PCCW-HKT is still 100% owned by PCCW. The name of Cascade is removed from now on, become a part of HKT and named as "Engineering", a business unit of PCCW-HKT, simply like Commercial group of PCCW. All staff in Cascade had transferred to PCCW-HKT without changing.[30][31][32]

Netvigator

Main article: Netvigator

Netvigator is a residential and commercial Internet service provider in Hong Kong, a HKT subsidiary. It is Hong Kong's largest Internet service provider (ISP).[33][34]

csl, 1O1O, Club SIM

Main article: CSL Mobile

CSL Mobile is a HKT subsidiary, which operates mobile network brands of "csl", "1O1O" and "Club SIM" in Hong Kong.[35]

SUN Mobile

Main article: Sun Mobile

SUN Mobile is a joint venture of HKT and Telecom Digital [zh]


PCCW Global

Main article: PCCW Global

PCCW Global (formerly Beyond The Network America[36]) is the international operating division of HKT, Hong Kong's premier telecommunications service provider, which is majority-owned by HKT Limited.[37]

YouTube incident

On 24 February 2008, Pakistan Telecom caused a major interruption of access to the video-sharing website YouTube.[38][39][40][41] Pakistani Government authorities directed Pakistan Telecom (PTCL) to "block" the YouTube site, to prevent access within Pakistan. PTCL engineers accidentally leaked a "black hole"[tone] announcement to PCCW. PCCW had recently provided temporary access to PTCL in order to restore the nation's loss of internet access due to a previous major submarine cable break event. PTCL began leaking the "black hole" BGP announcement to PCCW prior to PCCW's completion of the BGP validation and filtering policies process on the newly activated link. This allowed the announcement to propagate to other networks.[42]

Once detected, PCCW immediately blocked the leaked announcement from PTCL and access was restored to YouTube within 2 hours. [43][44]

HKT Teleservice

HKT Teleservices, a subsidiary of HKT, operates a contact centre outsourcing business along with an operation in the U.S. It handles inbound and outbound calls, emails and other transactions for customers.[45][46]


Former service

Controversy

In 2018, it was exposed that HKT breached the land leases for 4 of their telephone exchange buildings. They were illegally converted to [customers] service centers.[55]

References

  1. ^ "2017 Annual Report" (PDF). HKT Limited c/o HKT Trust. 28 March 2018. Retrieved 9 April 2018 – via Hong Kong Exchanges and Clearing website.
  2. ^ Telecommunications Authority makes interconnection determination to implement IDD liberalisation
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Data in Hong Kong Companies Registry
  4. ^ Report on the competition impact of the acquisition of shares in SUNDAY by PCCW (PDF). Hong Kong: Office of the Communications Authority. 5 July 2005. Retrieved 18 March 2018.
  5. ^ a b c d 2016 Annual Report (PDF). HKT Trust c/o HKT Limited. 14 February 2017. Retrieved 18 March 2018 – via Hong Kong Exchanges and Clearing website.
  6. ^ a b "Rating Action: Moody's assigns Baa2 rating to HKT; outlook negative" (Press release). Moody's. 28 November 2008. Retrieved 18 March 2018.
  7. ^ "HKT TRUST AND HKT LTD. – SS (6823)". Hong Kong Exchanges and Clearing. Retrieved 18 March 2018.
  8. ^ a b "PCCW spin-off raises HK$9.3b in global I.P.O." South China Morning Post. Hong Kong. 24 November 2011. Retrieved 18 March 2018.
  9. ^ a b c d e International Directory of Company Histories, Vol. 30. St. James Press, 2000.
  10. ^ a b 趙雨樂; 鍾寶賢; 李澤恩, eds. (2017) [written in Japanese circa 1920s]. 香港要覽(外三種) [Hong Kong crucial guide book plus three other sources] (in Chinese (Hong Kong)). Translated by 梁英杰; 高翔; 樊敏麗. Joint Publishing (Hong Kong). p. 101. ISBN 978-962-04-3454-9.
  11. ^ "Telephone Question. Terms new agreed upon. Must be confirm by council". The Hong Kong Telegraph. 19 February 1925. p. 1 – via Hong Kong Public Libraries MMIS.
  12. ^ 鄭, 宏泰; 高, 皓. 白手興家:香港家族與社會 1841-1941 (in Chinese (Hong Kong)). Chung Hwa Book Company (Hong Kong). p. 210.
  13. ^ a b c d e "Telecom Milestones". Hong Kong: Office of the Telecommunications Authority. Retrieved 18 March 2018.
  14. ^ 電話今後六年 投資逾五十億 將發展流動無線電電話 [Telephone will invest 5 billion in the next 6 years; will develop mobile radiotelephone]. The Kung Sheung Evening News (in Chinese (Hong Kong)). Hong Kong: Industrial and Commercial Daily Press. 30 March 1983 – via Hong Kong Public Libraries MMIS.
  15. ^ a b c d e 郭國燦. 香港中資財團 (in Chinese (Hong Kong)). p. 218–219.
  16. ^ a b 電話與大東電報合併 改名為香港電訊上市 兩股電話換一新公司股份另五送一股證 合併後總市值八百多億成本港最大上市公司. Ta Kung Pao (in Chinese (Hong Kong)). Hong Kong. 20 October 1987 – via Hong Kong Public Libraries MMIS.
  17. ^ Hong Kong: Telecoms and technology background [dead link]
  18. ^ "Broadband Interconnection" (PDF). Hong Kong: Office of the Communications Authority. 3 November 1999. p. 7. Retrieved 18 March 2018.
  19. ^ Milestones of Telecommunications in Hong Kong Archived 2009-07-08 at the Wayback Machine
  20. ^ Cable & Wireless HKT, CyberWorks fall after pact
  21. ^ http://www.hkexnews.hk/listedco/listconews/sehk/2016/1223/LTN20161223193.pdf
  22. ^ "Telstra and PCCW Launch Joint Ventures" (PDF) (Press release). Reach. 7 February 2001. Retrieved 18 March 2018.
  23. ^ Lau, Justine (13 June 2005). Written at Hong Kong. "PCCW returns to wireless with Sunday buy". Financial Times. London. Retrieved 28 February 2018.
  24. ^ Lee, Mark; Wong, Ka-chun (14 June 2005). "PCCW returns to mobiles with $1.94b bid for Sunday". The Standard. Hong Kong: Sing Tao News Corporation. Archived from the original on 24 August 2013. Retrieved 28 February 2018. ((cite news)): |archive-date= / |archive-url= timestamp mismatch; 9 March 2006 suggested (help)
  25. ^ "Results of spectrum auction for provision of CDMA2000 mobile services" (Press release). Hong Kong: Office of the Telecommunications Authority. 15 October 2007. Retrieved 18 March 2018.
  26. ^ Hong Kong's CDMA2000 Mobile Network Finally Launched
  27. ^ "HKT - Milestones". HKT. Retrieved 2018-04-07.
  28. ^ "HKT Trust, HKT Limited and PCCW Limited Joint Announcement - Major Transaction In Relation To The Acquisition Of The Entire Issued Share Capital Of CSL New World Mobility Limited and Major Transaction For PCCW Limited" (PDF). HKEX. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  29. ^ "PCCW Limited - Annual Report 2010" (PDF). HKEX. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  30. ^ "Cascade Limited: About Us". Cascade. 2003. Archived from the original on 18 February 2008. Retrieved 2008-03-18. ((cite web)): Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  31. ^ "Cascade Limited: Private Company Information - Bloomberg". www.bloomberg.com. Retrieved 2018-04-07.
  32. ^ "電盈重組網絡管理搶攻亞洲可能涉及裁員減薪" [Restructuring of PCCW leading to cutting down on staff number]. the-sun.on.cc. Retrieved 2018-04-07.
  33. ^ "More wireless hotspots open for Netvigator". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 2018-01-26.
  34. ^ "HKT unleashes more ultra-fast broadband connections in Hong Kong". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 2018-01-26.
  35. ^ "CSL Mobile Limited: Private Company Information - Bloomberg". www.bloomberg.com. Retrieved 2018-01-26.
  36. ^ DMCA PCCW Global
  37. ^ Ip, Janice. "PCCW Global to link Rodrigues with high speed undersea cable for Mauritius Telecom | PCCW Global". www.pccwglobal.com. Retrieved 2018-04-07.
  38. ^ McCullagh, Declan, "How Pakistan knocked YouTube offline (and how to make sure it never happens again) ", CNET News, 25 February 2008.
  39. ^ YouTube/Pakistan incident: Could something similar whack your site? Archived 24 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine. Networkworld.com (2008-03-10). Retrieved on 2013-12-23.
  40. ^ "Pakistan Hijacks YouTube: A Closer Look", Circleid.com (2008-02-25). Retrieved on 2013-12-23.
  41. ^ "Pakistan YouTube incident adds to international outage", Betanews.com (2008-02-25). Retrieved on 2013-12-23.
  42. ^ "Insecure routing redirects YouTube to Pakistan". Ars Technica. Retrieved 2018-04-07.
  43. ^ "YouTube outage blamed on Pakistan". BBC News. 2008-02-24. Retrieved 2008-02-25.
  44. ^ Stiennon, Richard (2008-02-24). "Pakistan removed from the Internet". Threat Chaos. ZDNet. Retrieved 2008-02-25.
  45. ^ "Global Footprint | HKT Teleservices". www.hktteleservices.com. Retrieved 2018-04-07.
  46. ^ "Customer Care | HKT Teleservices". www.hktteleservices.com. Retrieved 2018-04-07.
  47. ^ "The Club rewards HKT Premier customers for their loyalty". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 2018-01-26.
  48. ^ "The Club | An exciting rewards program | Offers you a variety of events and privileges to meet your lifestyle and entertainment needs". www.theclub.com.hk. Retrieved 2018-01-26.
  49. ^ "HKT debuts Tap & Go NFC payment service | ComputerWorld Hong Kong". www.cw.com.hk. Retrieved 2018-01-26.
  50. ^ "Hong Kong's HKT expands mobile payment service as part of fintech push". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 2018-01-26.
  51. ^ 香港電訊檢討固網月費. The Sun (in Chinese (Hong Kong)). Hong Kong: Oriental Press Group. 12 July 2013. Retrieved 19 March 2018.
  52. ^ 被游說裝 eye多媒睇得物無所用. Apple Daily (in Chinese (Hong Kong)). Next Media. 17 August 2008. Retrieved 19 March 2018.
  53. ^ "Lingering legacy of iTV". South China Morning Post. Hong Kong. Retrieved 19 March 2018.
  54. ^ "iTV chief expects to break even in 2 years". South China Morning Post. Hong Kong. 21 October 1998. Retrieved 19 March 2018.
  55. ^ "HKT slapped with warning after four service centres found in breach of land leases". South China Morning Post. Hong Kong. 15 March 2018. Retrieved 18 March 2018.