Institut européen d'administration des affaires
MottoThe Business School for the World
TypeGrande école de commerce et de management
(Private research university Business school)
Established1957; 66 years ago (1957)
Academic affiliations
Conférence des Grandes Écoles;[1]
INSEAD-Wharton Alliance[2][3]
Endowment€370 million[4]
ChairmanAndreas Jacobs[5]
DeanIlian Mihov[6]
Academic staff
98% PhD.;[7]
22% female;[7]
91% international[7]
(~1,000 in MBA)
(~300 in EMBA)
(~130 in MIM)
(~30 in MFin)
(~80 in Ph.D.)
LanguageEnglish-only & French-only instruction

INSEAD, a contraction of "Institut Européen d'Administration des Affaires" (lit.'European Institute of Business Administration'),[8] is a non-profit graduate-only business school that maintains campuses in Europe (Fontainebleau, France), Asia (Singapore), the Middle East (Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates), and North America (San Francisco). INSEAD offers a full-time Master of Business Administration, an Executive MBA (EMBA), a Master of Finance, a PhD in management, a Master in Management,[9] Business Foundations Post-Graduate degrees, and executive education programmes.

Its MBA programme, which is taught in English, is consistently ranked among the best in the world.[10][11] The MBA has produced the second-most CEOs of the world's 500 largest companies, only behind Harvard Business School[12] and the sixth most billionaires.[13] Despite its relatively small size as a specialist, graduate-only university, INSEAD educated the second-most C-suite executives of listed companies in the world's 19 biggest economies, behind Harvard University.[14] INSEAD is among the top 20 universities globally that produced most of the world's ultra high-net-worth individuals.[14][15]

The school has a strong reputation in entrepreneurship. Notable companies founded by INSEAD alumni include Admiral Group,[16] Wise,[17] Nubank,[18] MongoDB Inc.,[19] Asklepios Kliniken,[20] L'Occitane,[21] Gorillas, Blablacar,[22] Tudou,[23] Ecovadis,[24] Light Chaser Animation Studios and Business Insider.

INSEAD admits no more than 12% of students of the same nationality[25] and requires each student to speak two languages on entry and three languages by graduation.[26]


The Château de Fontainebleau

INSEAD was founded in 1957 by venture capitalist Georges Doriot,[27] Claude Janssen, and Olivier Giscard d'Estaing. Original seed money was provided by the Paris Chamber of Commerce.[28] The school was originally based in the Château de Fontainebleau, before moving to its current Europe Campus in 1967.[29]

Georges Doriot, a professor at Harvard Business School and a General in US Army during World War II, wanted an institution that would introduce business education to Europe and bring European businessmen together post-war. In 1955, he presented his idea of creating a new school of management and business administration to the Paris Chamber of Commerce, whose presidents, Jean Marcou and Philippe Dennis, not only funded the venture but also became first presidents of the school. The welcoming ceremony of the first promotion for the Master of Business Administration at the Château de Fontainebleau was held on 12 September 1959. Almost 110 candidates had applied, 62 were admitted and 57 attended the first course. The official inauguration took place on 9 October 1959, at the Château de Fontainebleau 5.

INSEAD emphasises international collaboration from day one. Therefore, the school imposes a quota on percentage of students with the same nationality. Proficiency in multiple languages is also considered a critical enabler for its objectives. Initial classes were taught in three languages: English, French and German, interchangeably. Until the 1990s, classes could still be taught in any of the three languages. As of now, all classes are taught in English, but the school still requires students to know any three languages for graduation.

In 2000, the school opened another campus in Singapore. In 2012, INSEAD became a founding member of the Sorbonne University Alliance, moving toward a merger with leading specialist institutions in other fields to create a top-tier multidisciplinary university.



The original campus (the INSEAD Europe Campus) is located in Fontainebleau, near Paris, France. INSEAD's second campus (the INSEAD Asia Campus) is in the one-north district of the city-state of Singapore next to one-north MRT station. The third campus (the INSEAD Middle East Campus) is located in Abu Dhabi. INSEAD expanded its presence to North America in 2020 with the opening of the INSEAD San Francisco Hub for Business Innovation. INSEAD follows the US model of a business school.[39] INSEAD has been a pioneer in setting up a multi-campus business school as a way to increase the global presence and nature of its faculty and curriculum and to reflect the global diversity of its international student and participant population.[40][41] A Harvard Business School case study, for instance, explores its approach to business education in a global context and how it functions with a multi-campus setting.[42]

Grande École System

INSEAD is a Grande école, a French institution of higher education that is separate from, but parallel and connected to the main framework of the French public university system. Similar to the Ivy League in the United States, Oxbridge in the UK, and the C9 League in China, Grandes Écoles are elite academic institutions that admit students through an extremely competitive process.[43][44][45] Alums go on to occupy elite positions within government, administration, and corporate firms in France.[46][47]

Although they are more expensive than public universities in France, Grandes Écoles typically have much smaller class sizes and student bodies, and many of their programs are taught in English. International internships, study abroad opportunities, and close ties with government and the corporate world are a hallmark of the Grandes Écoles. Many of the top-ranked business schools in Europe are members of the Conférence des Grandes Écoles (CGE), as is INSEAD, and out of the 250 business schools in France, only 39 are CGE members.[48][49] In addition to the French Ministry of Education (French: Le Ministère de L'éducation Nationale), INSEAD is further accredited by the elite international business school accrediting organizations and it holds the much coveted Triple accreditation: The European Foundation for Management Development (EQUIS),[50] The Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business (AACSB),[50] and Association of MBAs (AMBA)[50]

Degree programmes

Master in Management (MIM)

The Master in Management programme is targeted to younger individuals with 0–2 years of experience and consists of coursework in both the Europe and Asia Campuses, with optional field trips to China, Abu Dhabi, and San Francisco. The programme ranked 4th in the 2022 QS Business Masters Rankings for Management.[51]

MBA programme

INSEAD MBA participants can take the MBA core courses at either or both of its Europe and Asia Campuses[52] (as well as an MBA period at its Middle East Campus). They follow the same core courses in parallel regardless of campus, and there are faculty who teach on both the Europe and Asia Campuses as well as permanent faculty at each of the three campuses who live and work in the respective regions.[53] Approximately 20% of the class entered the MBA programme with other graduate or professional degrees; including medical doctors, lawyers, and PhDs.

INSEAD offers two MBA schedules per year: one starting in September which takes ten months to complete, and a 12-month promotion starting in January for students who want to complete a summer internship.[54]

The INSEAD MBA curriculum comprises required core courses and electives. The core covers traditional management disciplines including finance, economics, organisational behavior, accounting, ethics, marketing, statistics, operations management, international political environment, public policy, supply chain management, leadership and corporate strategy. There are 75 electives on offer[55] in areas such as accounting and control, decision sciences, economics and political science, entrepreneurship and family enterprise, finance, and organisational behavior, strategy, marketing, technology and operations management. Students are required to speak two languages upon entry and a third by graduation.

Executive MBA programme

INSEAD has two Executive MBA programmes. The Global Executive MBA (GEMBA)[56] and the Tsinghua INSEAD EMBA (TIEMBA).[57] Both EMBA programmes are master-level degree programmes that take place on a part-time, modular basis.

The programmes offer experienced business executives an intensive 14–17-month modular course that takes place in modular periods (approximately every six to seven weeks). Each period on campus is between one and two weeks' duration. For the GEMBA programme the physical time on campus represents 12 weeks in total with participants going to all three campuses (Fontainebleau (France), Abu Dhabi and Singapore). For the TIEMBA programme the physical time on campus represents 12 weeks in total with participants alternating between Tsinghua's campus in Beijing, China[58] and the INSEAD campus in Singapore.

Both the GEMBA and TIEMBA programmes include a schedule of group coaching, 360-degree assessments and team activities designed to develop a leadership style, called the Leadership Development Programme.[59]

Executive Master in Change (EMC)

The Executive Master in Change is a specialised master's degree. It provides a grounding in basic drivers of human behavior and the hidden dynamics of organisations.[60]

Master in Finance

INSEAD Master in Finance (EMFin) teaches participants finance and accounting skills on a par with those taught in an MBA programme, and also offers leadership and management perspectives. The programme is offered in a modular format over a 20-month period to allow professionals to study while continuing to work. Participants take time off from work for each of the six modules (two–three weeks each) to take classes on campus and continue working in between.[61]

PhD programme

The INSEAD PhD in Management is a doctoral degree in business to prepare students for a career in academia. It requires four to five years of full-time study – the first two years devoted to coursework, while from the third and fourth (or sometimes fifth) years dedicated to research and dissertation.[62] Students have the option to start their studies on either the Asia (Singapore) or Europe (France) Campus[63] and do an exchange in North America (USA) through the INSEAD-Wharton Alliance.[64] There are eight areas of specialisation: Accounting, Decision Sciences, Entrepreneurship, Finance, Marketing, Organisational Behavior, Strategy, and Technology and Operations Management.[65] INSEAD offers fellowships, whereby students receive full tuition fee waiver, annual stipend and research support funding.[66]

Business Foundations programme

INSEAD in collaboration with Sorbonne Université offers the dual degree: Business Foundations (BFC) programme which is one of INSEAD's most selective degrees. "BFC" is tailored for recent master or PhD graduates from the sciences, medicine, humanities, engineering and law. Both universities offer fellowships to selected students.[citation needed]

Executive Education

INSEAD holds both company/firm specific and open enrolment executive education programmes at its locations in Europe, Asia, the Middle East and North America, as well as in partnership with corporate universities. The school offers programmes in-person, online, and virtually. Participants usually come from senior or top management, with many years of experience within their company or industry and younger 'high-potentials' identified as being key in succession strategies within their companies. Approximately 12,000 executives of around 130 nationalities undertake courses or programmes at INSEAD each year.[67]

Since the establishment of its executive education programmes in 1967, 195,000 participants have undertaken a programme at INSEAD.[citation needed]

In 2011, INSEAD launched an Executive Certificate in Global Management which is a formal recognition awarded to participants who complete at least three INSEAD global management and leadership programmes within a four-year period.[68]

Open Programmes

The INSEAD Executive Education Open Programmes, include more than 60 offerings, covering all business disciplines as well as specific industries and world regions.[citation needed]

Customised Programmes


INSEAD offers six certificates: The Certificate in Global Management, the Certificate in Negotiation, two Certificates in Corporate Governance, the INSEAD Online Certificate: Leading in a Transforming World and the new INSEAD LEAD Certificate.[citation needed]

Rankings and reputation

Business Rankings
Europe MBA
QS (2023)[69]3
Financial Times (2023)[70]1
Global MBA
QS (2023)[71]7
Financial Times (2023)[72]2

INSEAD positions on Financial Times Global Rankings
2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023
Global MBAs Ranking 1st 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 1st 3rd[73] 2nd
Tsinghua—INSEAD EMBA (TIEMBA) 2nd 3rd 3rd 9th 5th 11th 3rd
INSEAD Global EMBA (GEMBA) 4th 8th 13th 19th 9th 15th 17th
European Business Schools 3rd[74] 5th[74] 3rd[74] 5th[75] 3rd[75] 3rd[75] 15th[76]

The INSEAD MBA programme ranked first in 2021, 2017 and 2016 in the Financial Times Global MBA Ranking.[77] The dual degree Executive MBA with Tsinghua University is consistently ranked in the top ten by the Financial Times.[78]

The school has a strong reputation for entrepreneurship. In 2021, INSEAD was ranked fourth globally in PitchBook's ranking of MBA programmes for founders and seventh for female founders. Approximately 700 alumni of the school founded more than 600 companies, which in total raised $23 billion.[79] As of 2022, 15% of European unicorns were founded by an INSEAD alumnus, making the school the #1 unicorn producing university in the continent.[80] As of 2022, Harvard University, Stanford University, and INSEAD are the only three universities ever to top Poets and Quants’s list of most-funded startup by MBA students. [81] Notable companies founded by INSEAD alumni include Admiral Group,[82] Wise,[83] Nubank,[84] MongoDB,[85] Asklepios Kliniken,[86] L’Occitane,[87] Gorillas, Blablacar,[88] Tudou,[89] Ecovadis[90] and Business Insider.

The school also educated four heads of state/governments,[91][92] a few heads of legislature, dozens of cabinet members, and dozens of members of legislatures of countries around the world.

Partnerships and alliances

INSEAD is in alliance with:

INSEAD has exchange programmes with:

INSEAD has degrees partnership with:


Centres of excellence

INSEAD has research centres conducting research in different business and geographical areas.[citation needed]

Case studies

The case method is largely used in the classroom as a teaching method. Business case studies authored by INSEAD professors are the second most widely used in classrooms by business schools globally, after Harvard Business School's case studies.[citation needed]

The business cases that have been designed at INSEAD have received many awards,[106][better source needed] are made available in case clearing houses and are used by many other business schools.

Business simulation games

Business simulation games are used by INSEAD. Many of them have been designed by INSEAD faculties, and used in many institutions, including:[107]

Innovation in education

A lot of research and initiatives are conducted at INSEAD to incorporate innovative learning approaches.

Centrse conduct research in learning technologies and approaches such as:


Main article: List of INSEAD alumni

The INSEAD alumni community consists of 66,555 individuals across 180 countries with 169 nationalities.[113]

The INSEAD Alumni Association (IAA) was founded by alumni in 1961 and represents all INSEAD alumni.

See also


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48°24′19″N 2°41′07″E / 48.4054°N 2.6853°E / 48.4054; 2.6853