Sun Yat-sen University
中山大学
Former names
National Guangdong University
Motto博学、审问、慎思、明辨、笃行[1]
Motto in English
Study Extensively, Inquire Accurately, Reflect Carefully, Discriminate Clearly, Practise Earnestly[2]
TypePublic research university
Established1924; 100 years ago (1924)
Endowment¥2.20 billion (2019) [3]
Budget¥17.51 billion (2019) [4]
PresidentGao Song
Academic staff
17,022
Undergraduates32,220
Postgraduates23,827
Address
135 XinGangxi Road, Haizhu District, Guangzhou
,
Guangzhou (South, North and East Campus)/ Zhuhai (Zhuhai Campus)/ Shenzhen (Shenzhen Campus)
, ,
510275
,
CampusUrban, 9.15 km²
AffiliationsProject 985
Project 211
APAIE
The Peking Union
Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao University Alliance
Websitesysu.edu.cn
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese中山大学
Traditional Chinese中山大學

Sun Yat-sen University (中山大学; SYSU) is a top[clarification needed] public university in Guangzhou, Guangdong, China. It is affiliated with the Ministry of Education, and co-funded by the Ministry of Education, SASTIND, and Guangdong Provincial Government. The university is part of Project 211, Project 985, and the Double First-Class Construction.

The university was founded in 1924 by and named after Sun Yat-sen, a revolutionary and the founder of the Republic of China. The university's main campus, commonly referred to as the South Campus, is located in Haizhu, Guangzhou, inheriting the campus from the former Lingnan University (est. 1888). The university has five campuses in the three cities of Guangzhou, Zhuhai and Shenzhen, and ten affiliated hospitals.

Sun Yat-sen Statue in front of Swasey Hall
North Gate of South Campus
Blackstone Lodge
Grand Hall
Yichou Scholar Memorial Gate

History

University Seal, 1932-1949
National Sun Yat-sen University
Wenming Road Campus, 1924-1935
Bell Tower, Hosting space of the 1st National Congress of Kuomintang (KMT).

In the beginning each the Sun Yat-sen Universities were adopted a statism educational model (中山大學模式)[5] and based on Sun Yat-sen's political philosophy,[6] present-day Sun Yat-sen University is the result of multiple mergers as well as splits and restructurings that have involved more than a dozen academic institutions over time. The most recent merger happened in 2001, when Sun Yat-sen University of Medical Science merged with Sun Yat-sen University and became Sun Yat-sen College of Medical Science.

Sun Yat-sen University

In 1924, Sun Yat-sen founded National Kwangtung University (國立廣東大學) in Canton and inscribed in his own handwriting the school motto of "Study Extensively, Enquire Accurately, Reflect Carefully, Discriminate Clearly, Practise Earnestly."[1][2] After the death of Sun Yat-sen, the Nationalist government that was set up during the first cooperation between the Communists and Nationalists formally decreed to change its name to National Sun Yat-sen University (國立中山大學) on July 17, 1926, in memory of Sun Yat-sen.[7] In 1926, there were four National Sun Yat-sen Universities: National First Sun Yat-sen University in Canton (the current Sun Yat-sen University), National Second Sun Yat-sen University in Wuhan (the current Wuhan University), National Third Sun Yat-sen University in Hangzhou (the current Zhejiang University), National Fourth Sun Yat-sen University in Nanking (the predecessor of the current Nanjing University, Southeast University, and National Central University). The Nationalist government also planned to organize the National Fifth Sun Yat-sen University in Zhengzhou, but end up naming it as the Henan Provincial Sun Yat-sen University (the current Henan University).

In the 1930s, there were seven schools in the University: the Schools of Arts, Sciences, Law, Engineering, Agricultural Studies, Medicine and Education.[8] In 1935, National Sun Yat-sen University, concurrently with National Tsinghua University and National Peking University, set up the first graduate schools in China and began to enroll graduate students.[9]

In 1949, the University removed its prefix "National" and has been thereafter referred directly to Sun Yat-sen University (中山大学). In the 1950s, colleges, schools and departments were readjusted nationwide, and Sun Yat-sen University became a national top-tier comprehensive university with the liberal arts and sciences as its backbone disciplines.[10]

Sun Yat-sen University of Medical Sciences

One of the predecessors of the Sun Yat-sen University of Medical Science was the Pok Tsai Medical School, which, founded in 1866, was the earliest institution of learning of western medicine in China, where Sun Yat-sen once studied and engaged in revolutionary activities.[11]

The Pok Tsai Medical School evolved into the College of Medicine of Lingnan University in 1936. The Kung Yee Medical School and Hospital in Guangzhou (Canton) was founded in 1908. In 1925, the Kung Yee institutions were taken over by the government and became the Medical Department of the National First Sun Yat-sen (Zhongshan) University.[12] In 1953, the Colleges of Medicine in Sun Yat-sen University and Lingnan University merged to form the College of Medicine of South China, which was joined by the Guangdong Guanghua College of Medicine in 1954. The university was renamed Guangzhou College of Medicine and Sun Yat-sen College of Medical Science successively, and finally Sun Yat-sen University of Medical Science in 1985, which has developed steadfastly into a comprehensive medical university with multi-schools and multiple levels, has reached national advanced level and achieved remarkable successes in scientific research in medical genetics, ophthalmology, tumor study, parasite study, the kidney disease of internal medicine, organ transplant, infectious liver disease, biological medical project and molecular medical science. In 2001, Sun Yat-sen University of Medical Science merged with Sun Yat-sen University and became Sun Yat-sen College of Medical Science.

Lingnan University

Main article: Lingnan University (Guangzhou)

Martin Hall of Lingnan University, 1907

Lingnan University (Chinese: 嶺南大學) was a private university established by Andrew Happer, MD and a group of American missionaries in Guangzhou in 1888. At its founding it was named Canton Christian College (格致書院).

The Hackett Medical College for Women (夏葛女子醫學院, the first medical college for women in China) and its affiliated hospital known as David Gregg Hospital for Women and Children[13] (柔濟醫院),[14][15][16][17][18][19] located in Guangzhou, China, were parts of a medical center that was founded by female medical missionary Mary H. Fulton (1854-1927). Fulton was sent by the Foreign Missions Board of the Presbyterian Church (USA), with the support of the Lafayette Avenue Presbyterian Church of Brooklyn, New York, of which David Gregg was pastor[20][21] The college was dedicated in 1902 and offered a four-year medical curriculum. At the end of 1932, the medical center was registered and put under the control of the Chinese government. Furthermore, it affiliated with Guangzhou Hospital and Lingnan University to form the Sun Yat-Sen Medical College in 1936.[22][23]

Lingnan University was incorporated into Sun Yat-sen University i[24]n 1953 under the order of the Communist Party's government. Members of the university moved to Hong Kong and founded the Lingnan School in Wan Chai in 1967, which was relocated to Tuen Mun in the mid-1990s and renamed Lingnan University in 1999. In 1988, Lingnan College was reestablished within Sun Yat-sen University and is now one of the top schools of economics and management in China.[25]

Rankings and reputation

University rankings
BCUR National[26] Domestic 11
Wu Shulian National[27] Domestic 7
CUAA National[28] Alumni 12
QS National[29] General 16
THE National[30] General 14–16
QS Asia
(Asia version)[31]
General =49
THE Asia
(Asia version)[32]
General 44
ARWU World[33] Research 73
QS World[34] General =323
THE World[35] General 201–250
USNWR World[36] General =129

Sun Yat-sen University is ranked as one of the top universities in China by all the most influential and widely observed international university rankings, for example, #7 nationwide in Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2015,[37] #6 nationwide in the Academic Ranking of World Universities 2015,[38] and #8 nationwide in U.S. News Global University Ranking 2015.[39]

The Times Higher Education 2011 placed Sun Yat-sen University 171st in the world and 5th in China,[40] and the university is regarded as one of the most reputable Chinese universities by the Times Higher Education World Reputation Rankings where it ranked 151st globally.[41] Sun Yat-sen graduates employability rankings placed at #191 in the world in the QS Graduate Employability Rankings.[42]

As of 2023. out of all universities worldwide, the university is ranked #72 by the Academic Ranking of World Universities,[43] #129 by U.S. News Global University Ranking,[44] #123 by Center for World University Rankings,[45] #267 by QS World University Rankings,[46] and #201 by Times Higher Education.[47]

Regarding scientific research output, the Nature Index 2023 ranked SYSU the No. 8 university in the Asia Pacific region, [48]and 11th in the world among the global universities.[49][50] The 2023 CWTS Leiden Ranking ranked SYSU 9th in the world by total publications and 40th in the world & 12th in Asia based on the number of their scientific publications belonging to the top 1% in their fields for the time period 2018–2021.[51]

Nature Index

Nature Index tracks the affiliations of high-quality scientific articles and presents research outputs by institution and country on monthly basis.

Year Rank Valuer
2023 11[50] Nature Index - Academic Institutions - Global
2023 8[49] Nature Index - Academic Institutions - China

Academics

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Statistics (2018)

Total Full-time Faculty 17,022
Professors 2,266
Associate Professors 2,898
Full-time Students 65,638
Undergraduate Students 32,220
Graduate Students for master's degree 13,351
Doctoral Students 5,961
Undergraduate Majors 130
Doctorate Programs 49
Master's Degree Programs 59
Professional Degree Programs 30
Post-doctoral Research Stations 41
Annual Research Funding (million USD) $454
Annual Budget (billion USD) $2.5

Faculties and Schools

Sun Yat-sen University has made several adjustments to its academic departments throughout its history. Starting from the end of 2022, Sun Yat-sen University has implemented a three-tier academic governance system consisting of "University-Faculties-Schools(Departments)." As of now, the university comprises a total of 67 schools (including directly affiliated departments and teaching units), which are divided among seven faculties: the Faculty of Humanities, the Faculty of Social Sciences, the Faculty of Economics and Management, the Faculty of Natural Sciences, the Faculty of Engineering, the Faculty of Information Science and Technology, and the Faculty of Medicine. These schools are spread across five campuses.[53]

Schools and Departments Faculties Campuses
Department of Chinese Language and Literature Faculty of Humanities Guangzhou South Campus
Department of History Faculty of Humanities Guangzhou South Campus
Department of Philosophy Faculty of Humanities Guangzhou South Campus
School of Foreign Languages Faculty of Humanities Guangzhou South Campus
School of Art Faculty of Humanities Guangzhou South Campus
Liberal Arts College (Boya College) Faculty of Humanities Guangzhou South Campus
Department of Chinese Language and Literature (Zhuhai) Faculty of Humanities Zhuhai Campus
Department of History (Zhuhai) Faculty of Humanities Zhuhai Campus
Department of Philosophy (Zhuhai) Faculty of Humanities Zhuhai Campus
School of International Studies Faculty of Humanities Zhuhai Campus
School of Sociology and Anthropology Faculty of Social Sciences Guangzhou South Campus
School of Government Faculty of Social Sciences Guangzhou East Campus
School of Law Faculty of Social Sciences Guangzhou East Campus
School of Marxism Faculty of Social Sciences Guangzhou South Campus
Department of Psychology Faculty of Social Sciences Guangzhou South Campus
School of Journalism and Communication Faculty of Social Sciences Guangzhou East Campus
School of Information Management Faculty of Social Sciences Guangzhou East Campus
School of International Relations Faculty of Social Sciences Zhuhai Campus
Department of Physical Education Faculty of Social Sciences Guangzhou South Campus
Lingnan (University) College Faculty of Economics and Management Guangzhou South Campus
School of Business (SYSBS) Faculty of Economics and Management Guangzhou East Campus
School of Tourism Management Faculty of Economics and Management Zhuhai Campus
International School of Business and Finance Faculty of Economics and Management Zhuhai Campus
Business School Faculty of Economics and Management Shenzhen Campus
School of Mathematics Faculty of Natural Sciences Guangzhou South Campus
School of Physics Faculty of Natural Sciences Guangzhou South Campus
School of Chemistry Faculty of Natural Sciences Guangzhou East Campus
School of Life Sciences Faculty of Natural Sciences Guangzhou South Campus
School of Geography and Planning Faculty of Natural Sciences Guangzhou South Campus
School of Mathematics (Zhuhai) Faculty of Natural Sciences Zhuhai Campus
School of Physics and Astronomy Faculty of Natural Sciences Zhuhai Campus
School of Science Faculty of Natural Sciences Shenzhen Campus
School of Earth Science and Geological Engineering Faculty of Natural Sciences Zhuhai Campus
School of Atmospheric Sciences Faculty of Natural Sciences Zhuhai Campus
School of Marine Sciences Faculty of Natural Sciences Zhuhai Campus
School of Ecology Faculty of Natural Sciences Shenzhen Campus
School of Agriculture Faculty of Natural Sciences Shenzhen Campus
School of Chemical Engineering and Technology Faculty of Engineering Zhuhai Campus
School of Materials Science and Engineering Faculty of Engineering Guangzhou East Campus
School of Environmental Science and Engineering Faculty of Engineering Guangzhou East Campus
School of Systems Science and Engineering Faculty of Engineering Guangzhou East Campus
The Sino-French Institute of Nuclear Engineering & Technology Faculty of Engineering Zhuhai Campus
School of Civil Engineering Faculty of Engineering Zhuhai Campus
School of Geospatial Engineering and Science Faculty of Engineering Zhuhai Campus
School of Marine Sciences Faculty of Engineering Zhuhai Campus
School of Aeronautics and Astronautics Faculty of Engineering Shenzhen Campus
School of Materials Faculty of Engineering Shenzhen Campus
School of Intelligent Systems Engineering Faculty of Engineering Shenzhen Campus
School of Biomedical Engineering Faculty of Engineering Shenzhen Campus
School of Advanced Energy Faculty of Engineering Shenzhen Campus
School of Advanced Manufacture Faculty of Engineering Shenzhen Campus
School of Computer Science and Technology Faculty of Information Science and Technology Guangzhou East Campus
School of Electronics and Information Technology Faculty of Information Science and Technology Guangzhou East Campus
School of Microelectronics Science and Technology Faculty of Information Science and Technology Zhuhai Campus
School of Artificial Intelligence Faculty of Information Science and Technology Zhuhai Campus
School of Software Engineering Faculty of Information Science and Technology Zhuhai Campus
School of Electronics and Communication Engineering Faculty of Information Science and Technology Shenzhen Campus
School of Integrated Circuits Faculty of Information Science and Technology Shenzhen Campus
School of Cyber Science and Technology Faculty of Information Science and Technology Shenzhen Campus
Zhongshan School of Medicine Faculty of Medicine Guangzhou North Campus
School of Public Health Faculty of Medicine Guangzhou North Campus
School of Pharmaceutical Sciences Faculty of Medicine Guangzhou East Campus
School of Nursing Faculty of Medicine Guangzhou North Campus
Guanghua School of Stomatology Faculty of Medicine Guangzhou North Campus
School of Medicine Faculty of Medicine Shenzhen Campus
School of Public Health (Shenzhen) Faculty of Medicine Shenzhen Campus
School of Pharmaceutical Science (Shenzhen) Faculty of Medicine Shenzhen Campus

Lingnan (University) College

Lingnan (University) College
Wing Kwong Hall

Since 2015, Lingnan (University) college is also triple-accredited by AACSB,[54] EQUIS[55] and AMBA.[56] The college is originated from Lingnan University (Chinese: 岭南大学), a renowned private university established by a group of American missionaries in 1888.

Affiliated hospitals

Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital

The university has the largest affiliated hospital system in China,[57] including Sun Yat-sen University First Hospital, Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital (or Sun Yat-sen University Second Hospital), Sun Yat-sen University Third Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University Fourth Hospital (has merged into the First Hospital), Sun Yat-sen University Fifth Hospital (or Zhuhai Hospital), Sun Yat-sen University Sixth Hospital (or Sun Yat-sen University Gastrointestinal & Anal Hospital), Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, Sun Yat-sen University Stomatologic Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University Ophthalmologic Center, Sun Yat-sen University Seventh Hospital (Shenzhen), Sun Yat-sen University Eighth Hospital (Shenzhen). All eight general hospitals, the Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center and Sun Yat-sen University Ophthalmology Center are 3A class hospitals.

The First Affiliated Hospital, SYSU

The First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University was established in 1910, initially called the Affiliated Hospital of Guangdong Public Institution of Medicine. As a 3A hospital (the top level in China), the hospital is the largest and the most comprehensive one among all affiliated hospitals of SYSU, as well as one of the largest hospitals in the country.[58]

Sun Yat-Sen Memorial Hospital, SYSU

Founded as Ophthalmic Hospital in Canton by American Peter Parker in 1835. It originally dealt with diseases of the eye, but later treated other ailments. It later became the Canton Hospital.

Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center

Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center is a level III (highest rank in China) and class A hospital. It was awarded as “key subject of China” in 2001. In 1980, SYSUCC was designated as World Health Organization (WHO) Collaborating Center for research on cancer. Since 2003, SYSUCC became a sister institution of the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center. In 2004, SYSUCC has set up a joint laboratory with Karolinska Institutet of Sweden for research in immunotherapy, molecular virology and oncological epidemiology.[60]

Sun Yat-sen University Ophthalmologic Center

Sun Yat-sen University Ophthalmologic Center is the first and leading advanced ophthalmic center and the last resort for advanced eye care in China, integrating eye care, teaching, eye research and blindness prevention. It is also one of the 20 largest general ophthalmic centers in the world. In 2006, Sun Yat-sen University Ophthalmic Center was approved to be the State Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology, the only one of its kind in China.[62]

Sun Yat-sen University Libraries

The university's system of libraries is one of the largest in China. By December 2012, it held more than 6 million paper volumes, including periodicals.[64]

The Hilles Collection

In June 2005, Harvard College Library of Harvard University donated 158,000 volumes in Hilles Library to Sun Yat-sen University. Developed over a century, the collection is composed of titles in the humanities and social sciences, primarily in English, but also in Western foreign languages.[65][66]

Confucius Institutes

Sun Yat-sen University has established five Confucius Institutes since 2006:

Research

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Martin Hall
Motto

Essential Science Indicators (ESI)

According to statistics of the Essential Science Indicators[67] (ESI) database from January 2003 to February 2013, the total number of citations of papers in 15 disciplines of Sun Yat-sen University entered global top 1%. Following Peking University, Sun Yat-sen University ranked 2nd in universities in China, tied with Fudan University, Shanghai Jiao Tong University and Zhejiang University. The 15 disciplines include Chemistry, Clinical Medicine, Physics, Biology and Biochemistry, Materials Science, Molecular Biology & Genetics, Engineering, Plant and Animal Science, Environment/Ecology, Pharmacology & Toxicology, Neuroscience & Behavior, Mathematics, Microbiology, Agricultural Sciences, and Social Sciences, General.[68]

Nature Publishing Index (NPI)

Nature Publishing Index shows both Research Articles (Articles, Letters & Brief Communications) and Reviews, published in Nature and/or Nature research journals. The rankings are based on the number of papers that were published during the last 12 months. In time range of 01.07.2013-06.30.2014, Sun Yat-sen University is ranked #5 among Chinese Universities.[69]

Postdoctoral Research Stations

Sun Yat-sen University has 39 postdoctoral research stations.

Journals

Sun Yat-sen University publishes altogether 25 scholarly journals, including

Campuses

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North Campus(Sun Yat-sen College of Medical Science)
Zhuhai Campus
East Campus

At present, the university covers a total area of 6.17 square kilometres (2.38 sq mi),[citation needed] and has 5 campuses: Guangzhou South Campus (广州校区南校园) in Haizhu District, Guangzhou North Campus (广州校区北校园) in Yuexiu District, Guangzhou East Campus (广州校区东校园) in Panyu District, Zhuhai Campus (珠海校区),[72] and Shenzhen Campus.[73]

Guangzhou South Campus

The south campus of Sun Yat-sen University is located in Haizhu District, Guangzhou, and covers a total area of 1.17 square kilometers. It mainly hosts disciplines in sciences and humanities.[74]

Add: No. 135, Xingang Road West, Guangzhou 510275, P. R. China

Guangzhou North Campus

The North Campus is located in Yuexiu District, Guangzhou, and covers an area of 0.39 square kilometers. It is a campus mainly for disciplines in medical sciences.

Add: No. 74, Zhongshan 2nd Road, Guangzhou 510085, P. R. China

Guangzhou East Campus

The East Campus is located at the north end of the Guangzhou Higher Education Mega Center in Xiaoguwei, Panyu, and covers an area of 1.13 square kilometers. The Guangzhou University City is a major development made by the People's Government of Guangdong Province in an effort to implement the strategy of building Guangdong through science and education. The first batch of students started school there in September 2004.

Add: Xiaoguwei Island, Panyu District, Guangzhou 510006, P. R. China

Zhuhai Campus

The Zhuhai Campus is located at Tang Jia Wan, Zhuhai City, and covers an area of 3.48 square kilometers. Freshmen and sophomores of some disciplines in liberal arts, natural sciences, and medical sciences are currently living and studying on campus with students from the School of Network Education and Continuing Education.

Add: Tang Jia Wan, Zhuhai 519082, P. R. China

Shenzhen Campus

The Shenzhen Campus is located at Guangming District in Shenzhen City, and covers an area of 3.217 square kilometers, it's under construction from 2016 and proposed to open at September 2018.[75][76]

Alumni

Since 2017, at least 36 billionaires graduated from Sun Yat-sen University, putting it the first place in the South Central China region and 7th nationally.[77]

See also

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