Double First-Class Construction
Formation2015
Region
China

The World First-Class Universities and First-Class Academic Disciplines Construction (世界一流大学和一流学科建设), together known as Double First-Class Construction (双一流建设),[1][2][3][4] is a higher education development and sponsorship scheme of the Chinese central government, initiated in 2015.[5][6] There are 147 universities and colleges selected to be part of the program.[7][8]

History

In October 2015, the State Council of China published the "Overall Plan for Promoting the Construction of World First-Class Universities and First-Class Disciplines" (Double First-Class Construction), which made new arrangements for the development of higher education in China, replacing previous higher education projects.[5][9]

In June 2016, the Ministry of Education of China announced that the Project 211 and Project 985 had already been abolished and replaced by the Double First-Class Construction Initiative.[10][11]

In September 2017, the full list of the universities and their disciplines of the Double First-Class Construction was jointly published by the Ministry of Education of China, the Ministry of Finance of China and the National Development and Reform Commission of China. According to the list, 140 universities have been approved as ‘Double First-Class Construction Universities’ by the State Council of China. The Double First-Class Construction policy underlines that driving the overall development of universities by building and strengthening their faculties and departments, and ultimately develop the Double First-Class Construction Universities into world-class universities by 2050.[5][12][13]

In February 2022, the "Some Suggestions on Further Promoting the Construction of World First-Class Universities and First-Class Disciplines" were jointly published by the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Finance, and the National Development and Reform Commission.[14] In addition, with the approval of the State Council of China, the updated Phase 2 list of "Double First-Class Construction Universities" has been released. According to the Phase 2 List of the Double First-Class Construction, the previous university classifications have been abolished, and a total number of 147 universities have been included in the plan (accounted for 4.88% of 3,012 Chinese higher education institutions), after 7 universities newly adding into the list since February 2022.[15][16][17]

The purpose of the program is to "enhance the comprehensive strength and international competitiveness of China’s higher education." The phase-specific objectives include that "an increasing number of Chinese universities and their disciplines join the ranks of world-class institutions, and a number of universities enter the forefront of global excellence, with a group of disciplines reaching the forefront of world-class standings by 2030," and "developing the Double First-Class Construction Universities into world-class higher education institutions through building and strengthening their faculties and departments by the mid-21st century."[5][18][7]

List of the universities and colleges

See also: List of universities in China

The Phase 1 list of 140 Double First-Class Construction Universities were jointly issued by Chinese Ministry of Education, Ministry of Finance, and National Development and Reform Commission without any ranking within the lists (by "school code") in 2017.[13] In February 2022, the Ministry of Education of China announced that the classifications had been invalidated,[15] and the universities included in the Double First-Class Construction should be referred to as Double First-Class Construction Universities.[19][20] According to the updated Phase 2 list of the Double First-Class Construction (without any ranking within the list), a total of 147 universities have been approved and recognized as Double First-Class Construction Universities.[17]

Province City University
Beijing (34) Beijing (34)
Jiangsu (16) Nanjing (13)
Suzhou
Wuxi
Xuzhou
Shanghai (15) Shanghai (15)
Guangdong (8) Guangzhou (7)
Shenzhen
Shaanxi (8) Xi'an (7)
Xianyang
Sichuan (8) Chengdu (7)
Ya'an
Hubei (7) Wuhan (7)
Tianjin (6) Tianjin (6)
Hunan (5) Changsha (4)
Xiangtan
Heilongjiang (4) Harbin (4)
Liaoning (4) Shenyang (2)
Dalian (2)
Anhui (3) Hefei (3)
Jilin (3) Changchun (2)
Yanji
Shandong (3) Qingdao (2)
Jinan
Zhejiang (3) Hangzhou (2)
Ningbo
Chongqing (2) Chongqing (2)
Fujian (2) Xiamen
Fuzhou
Henan (2) Kaifeng
Zhengzhou
Shanxi (2) Taiyuan
Xinjiang (2) Shihezi
Ürümqi
Guizhou Guiyang
Gansu Lanzhou
Hainan Haikou
Jiangxi Nanchang
Qinghai Xining
Yunnan Kunming
Guangxi Nanning
Inner Mongolia Hohhot
Ningxia Yinchuan
Tibet Lhasa

* represent the newly added universities in the Phase 2 list of Double First-Class Construction.

Re-assessment

According to the 'Phase 2 List of the Double First-Class Construction Initiative' jointly published by the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Finance, and the National Development and Reform Commission in February 2022, 15 universities received warnings on their Double First-Class status revocation (including Anhui University, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Central China Normal University, Guangxi University, Inner Mongolia University, Liaoning University, Ningbo University, Ningxia University, Northeast Normal University, Shanghai University of Finance and Economics, Tibet University, Third Military Medical University, Xinjiang University, Yanbian University, and Zhongnan University of Economics and Law). These 15 universities were required to rectify and improve their research qualities and development, and if the universities failed to pass the final assessment in 2023, they would lose their Double First-Class Construction statuses.[21][22]

See also

References

  1. ^ Liu, Shengbo; Luo, Xiaoting; Liu, Miaomiao (2023). "Was Chinese Double-First Class Construction Policy Influential? Analysis Using Propensity Score Matching". Sustainability. 15 (8): 6378. doi:10.3390/su15086378. ISSN 2071-1050.
  2. ^ "The Double First-Class Construction Alliance established". english.pku.edu.cn. Retrieved January 13, 2024.
  3. ^ "第二轮'双一流'建设高校及建设学科名单 The second round of double first-class construction universities and construction disciplines list" (PDF). Ministry of Education of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved January 13, 2024.
  4. ^ "深入推进新一轮'双一流'建设 Deeply promote a new round of double first-class construction". Xinhua News Agency. Retrieved January 14, 2024.
  5. ^ a b c d "国务院关于印发统筹推进世界一流大学和一流学科建设总体方案的通知_政府信息公开专栏". www.gov.cn. Archived from the original on April 6, 2019. Retrieved December 24, 2021.
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  7. ^ a b "Implementation measures released for China's new world-class university policy". Archived from the original on March 17, 2020. Retrieved September 26, 2017.
  8. ^ "全国高等学校名单 - 中华人民共和国教育部政府门户网站". www.moe.gov.cn. Archived from the original on January 10, 2022. Retrieved December 26, 2021.
  9. ^ Li, Jian; Xue, Eryong (2021), Li, Jian; Xue, Eryong (eds.), "The Policy Analysis of Creating World-Class Universities in China", Creating World-Class Universities in China : Ideas, Policies, and Efforts, Exploring Education Policy in a Globalized World: Concepts, Contexts, and Practices, Singapore: Springer, pp. 1–33, doi:10.1007/978-981-16-6726-8_1, ISBN 978-981-16-6725-1, S2CID 240467383, archived from the original on April 17, 2022
  10. ^ "教育部 国务院学位委员会 国家语委关于 宣布失效一批规范性文件的通知 - 中华人民共和国教育部政府门户网站". www.moe.gov.cn. Archived from the original on March 7, 2019. Retrieved December 19, 2022.
  11. ^ ""985""211"工程将废除 教育部:年内启动"双一流"_新闻频道_中华网". news.china.com. Archived from the original on December 19, 2022. Retrieved December 19, 2022.
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  14. ^ "教育部 财政部 国家发展改革委关于深入推进世界一流大学和一流学科建设的若干意见 - 中华人民共和国教育部政府门户网站". www.moe.gov.cn. Archived from the original on February 14, 2022. Retrieved February 14, 2022.
  15. ^ a b 财经头条. "教育部: 双一流高校不再区分A类B类, 避免划分"三六九等"". cj.sina.com.cn. Archived from the original on February 14, 2022. Retrieved February 14, 2022.
  16. ^ "'World-class' universities list expanded - People's Daily Online". en.people.cn. Archived from the original on February 15, 2022. Retrieved February 19, 2022.
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