Indian Olympic Association
Indian Olympic Association logo
Country/Region India
CodeIND
Created1927; 97 years ago (1927)[1]
Recognized1927
Continental
Association
OCA
HeadquartersNew Delhi, India
PresidentP. T. Usha
Websiteolympic.ind.in Edit this at Wikidata

The Indian Olympic Association (IOA) or Indian Olympic Committee (IOC) is responsible for selecting athletes to represent India at the Olympic Games, Asian Games and other international sports competitions, and managing Indian teams at these events. It goes with the name of Team India. It also acts as the Indian Commonwealth Games Association, responsible for selecting athletes to represent India at the Commonwealth Games.[2]

History

text
Indian Olympic Association, 1942

The background behind the creation of the Indian Olympic Association was related to India's participation in the 1920 and 1924 Olympics. After the 1920 Games, the committee sending the team to these games met, and, on the advice of Sir Dorab Tata, invited Dr. Noehren (Physical Education Director of YMCA India) to be secretary, along with AS Bhagwat, of the provisional Indian Olympic Committee; Dorab Tata would serve as its president. Subsequently, in 1923–24, a provisional All India Olympic Committee was formed, and the All India Olympic Games (that later became the National Games of India) were held in Feb 1924. Eight athletes from these games were selected to represent India at the 1924 Paris Olympics, accompanied by manager Harry Crowe Buck. This gave impetus to the development and institutionalization of sports in India, and, in 1927, the Indian Olympic Association (IOA), was created at the initiative of Harry Crowe Buck and Dr. A. G. Noehren (both of the Madras (YMCA) College of Physical Education).[3] Sir Dorab Tata was important in financing and supporting the movement and became the first Indian Olympic Association president in 1927. Messrs Buck and Noehren travelled across India and helped many states organise their Olympic associations. Noehren was the first Secretary and G. D. Sondhi was the first assistant secretary of the Indian Olympic Association, and after Noehren resigned in 1938, Sondhi and S.M. Moinul Haq became the secretary and joint secretary of the Indian Olympic Association.

The Indian Olympic Association was formed in 1927, and since that year was officially recognised by the International Olympic Committee as India's national Olympic organisation.[1] In 1928, Maharaja Bhupindra Singh took over as Indian Olympic Association president.[4]

Early tasks:

Illustrating this, IOA President Yadavindra Singh's appeal for funding in 1948 stated: "We need about 3 lakh of rupees to finance" the Indian Olympic team for the London Olympics; that "the youth taking part in these games become ambassadors of goodwill" for India; and that "careful selection, intensive training and proper equipment is most essential" to field a competitive team, but that the Indian Olympic Association is "greatly handicapped for want of sufficient funds" for these tasks.[5]

The Indian Olympic Association thus undertook wider outreach with several national sports federations, and essentially became a clearing house that coordinated the sending of multiple sports teams – each selected by their respective sports federations – to the Olympics.

IOA presidents

S.No. Name Tenure
1. Sir Dorabji Tata 1927–1928
2. Maharaja Bhupinder Singh 1928–1938
3. Maharaja Yadavindra Singh 1938–1960
4. Bhalindra Singh 1960–1975
5. Om Prakash Mehra 1975–1980
6. Bhalindra Singh 1980–1984
7. Vidya Charan Shukla 1984–1987
8. Sivanthi Adithan 1987–1996
9. Suresh Kalmadi 1996–2011
* Vijay Kumar Malhotra 26 April 2011 – 5 December 2012
10. Abhay Singh Chautala 5 December 2012 – 9 February 2014
11. Narayana Ramachandran 9 February 2014 – 14 December 2017
12. Narinder Dhruv Batra 14 December 2017 – 25 May 2022
* Anil Khanna 25 May 2022 – 21 August 2022
* Adille Sumariwalla 27 August 2022 – 10 December 2022
13. P. T. Usha[6] 10 December 2022 – present[7]

* Acting President

IOA secretaries

S. No. Name Tenure
1. A. G. Noehren 1927–1938
2. Guru Dutt Sondhi 1938–1952
3. Moin-ul-Haq 1952–1956
4. Ashwini Kumar 1956–1960
5. Pankaj Gupta 1960–1970
6. Ashwini Kumar 1970–1974
7. J. C. Paliwal 1974–1975
8. Air Vice Marshal C. L. Mehta 1976–1986
9. Roshan Lal Anand 1986–1987
10. Randhir Singh 1987–2012
11. Lalit Bhanot 2012–2014
12. Rajeev Mehta 2014–2022

IOA executive council

Following is the IOA executive committee for the 2022–2026 term.[8]

Designation Name National sports federation / State olympic committee
President P. T. Usha Athletes Commission of the IOA
Senior Vice-President Ajay Patel National Rifle Association of India
Vice-Presidents Rajlaxmi Singh Deo Rowing Federation of India
Gagan Narang Athletes Commission of the IOA
Treasurer Sahdev Yadav Indian Weightlifting Federation
Joint Secretaries Kalyan Chaubey All India Football Federation
Alaknanda Ashok Badminton Association of India
Executive Council Members Amitabh Sharma Ice Skating Association of India
Bhupender Singh Bajwa Wushu Association of India
Lt. Gen. Harpal Singh Indian Golf Union
Rohit Rajpal Athletes Commission of the IOA
Dola Banerjee Athletes Commission of the IOA
Yogeshwar Dutt Athletes Commission of the IOA
Athletes' Commission Members Mary Kom
NA
Sharath Kamal
NA

State olympic associations

  1. Andaman and Nicobar Olympic Association
  2. Andhra Pradesh Olympic Association
  3. Arunachal Pradesh Olympic Association
  4. Assam Olympic Association
  5. Bihar Olympic Association
  6. Chandigarh Olympic Association
  7. Chhattisgarh Olympic Association
  8. Delhi Olympic Association
  9. Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu Olympic Association
  10. Goa Olympic Association
  11. Gujarat State Olympic Association
  12. Haryana Olympic Association
  13. Himachal Pradesh Olympic Association
  14. Jammu and Kashmir Olympic Association
  15. Jharkhand Olympic Association
  16. Karnataka Olympic Association
  17. Kerala Olympic Association
  18. Madhya Pradesh Olympic Association
  19. Maharashtra Olympic Association
  20. Manipur Olympic Association
  21. Meghalaya State Olympic Association
  22. Mizoram Olympic Association
  23. Nagaland Olympic Association
  24. Odisha Olympic Association
  25. Pondicherry Olympic Association
  26. Punjab Olympic Association
  27. Rajasthan Olympic Association
  28. Sikkim Olympic Association
  29. Tamil Nadu Olympic Association
  30. Olympic Association of Telangana
  31. Tripura State Olympic Association
  32. Uttarakhand Olympic Association
  33. Uttar Pradesh Olympic Association
  34. West Bengal Olympic Association
  35. Railways Sports Promotion Board
  36. Services Sports Control Board

National sports federations

Further information: List of national sports governing bodies in India for various sports.

National sports federations are categorized in two categories i.e. Olympic Sports and Other Recognized Sports

The IOC's membership currently includes 38 National Sports Federations.[9]

IOC permanent olympic sports

Sport National Federation
Aquatics Swimming Federation of India
Archery Archery Association of India
Athletics Athletics Federation of India
Badminton Badminton Association of India
Basketball Basketball Federation of India
Boxing Indian Boxing Federation
Canoeing Indian Kayaking and Canoeing Association
Cycling Cycling Federation of India
Equestrian Equestrian Federation of India
Fencing Fencing Association of India
Football All India Football Federation
Golf Indian Golf Union
Gymnastics Gymnastic Federation of India
Handball Handball Federation of India
Hockey Hockey India
Judo Judo Federation of India
Modern Pentathlon Modern Pentathlon Federation of India
Rowing Rowing Federation of India
Rugby Indian Rugby Football Union
Sailing Yachting Association of India
Shooting National Rifle Association of India
Table Tennis Table Tennis Federation of India
Taekwondo India Taekwondo
Tennis All India Tennis Association
Triathlon [Indian Triathlon Federation
Volleyball Volleyball Federation of India
Weightlifting Indian Weightlifting Federation
Wrestling Wrestling Federation of India

IOC Winter Olympic Sports

These all sports are under the Winter Games Federation of India.

Sport National Federation
Ice Hockey Ice Hockey Association of India
Ice Skating Ice Skating Association of India
Luge Indian Amateur Luge Association

IOC recognized sports

Sport National Federation
Billard Billiards and Snooker Federation of India
Bowling Bowling Federation of India
Karate Karate Association of India
Netball Netball Federation of India
Squash Squash Rackets Federation of India
Wushu Wushu Association of India

Others

Following are some sports which IOC does not recognise as a Sport.

Sport National Federation
Arm Wrestling Indian Arm Wrestling Federation
Kabaddi Amateur Kabaddi Federation of India
Kho Kho Kho Kho Federation of India
Yachting Yachting Association of India

Disputes

On 26 April 2011, after the arrest of its president Suresh Kalmadi, Vijay Kumar Malhotra was the acting president of the IOA up to 5 December 2012.[10] The election of Lalit Bhanot as Secretary General was considered controversial by some due to his alleged involvement in the Commonwealth Games Scam.[11]

On 4 December 2012, the International Olympic Committee suspended the IOA on the basis of corruption, government interference, and not following guidelines of the IOC. Several members of the IOA have been charged with crimes.[12][13] The IOA was formally banned for not following the Olympic Charter in their elections, instead following the Indian government's Sports Code. The IOA held elections under the Indian Sports Code due to a directive from the Delhi High Court.[14] On 15 May 2013, International Olympic Committee (IOC) decided to lift the ban on the Indian Olympic Association (IOA) as Indian representatives from the government and sports bodies reached an agreement with IOC officials.[15] India still did not have its three competitors play under the national flag at the Winter 2014 Olympics. On 9 February, an election was held to choose a head of the IOA. Abhay Singh Chautala and Lalit Bhanot were ineligible due to having court charges against them. With the support of Abhay Singh Chautala, the president of the World Squash Federation, Narayana Ramachandran, was instead elected.[16]

On 11 February 2014, the International Olympic Committee revoked the ban enforced on Indian Olympic Association. As a result, India returned to the Olympic fold after 14-months.[17]

Multi-sport events hosted by IOA

Media image

The IOA debuted a new logo and new campaign tag #EkIndiaTeamIndia in 2020, this was celebrated on India's independence day 15 August 2020.[18] The previous logo was created in 1924 at the inception of the IOA, the logo emphasized the Star of India. Through symbols of the Tiraṅgā the new logo celebrates the pride, dignity and lifetime of determined hard work given by India's finest athletes.[19] The logo was created by Smitten an international design firm founded in Chennai by Smita Rajgopal.[20][21]

Recognition of athletes and coaches

From 2016, Olympic medallists and their coaches have been given advance consideration for the National Sports Awards if they have not already received one.[22]

As of 2021, the Indian Olympic Association recognises Olympic medallists with the following cash prizes: 7.5 million (US$94,000) for gold medallists, 4 million (US$50,000) for silver and 2.5 million (US$31,000) for bronze. Coaches of Olympic medallists receive 1.25 million (US$16,000), 1 million (US$13,000) and 0.75 million (US$9,400), respectively.[23]

National level

Olympic medallists are rewarded by the Government of India with the following cash prizes as of 2021: 7.5 million (US$94,000) for gold medallists, 5 million (US$63,000) for silver and 3 million (US$38,000) for bronze.[24]

State and union territory level

At the state/territorial level, Olympians receive cash awards of various amounts, depending on their home region.

Monetary awards for Olympians and coaches by state/territory (as of 2021)
State/Union Territory Gold medal Silver medal Bronze medal Olympic qualifier Coach of gold medallist Coach of silver medallist Coach of bronze medallist Refs
Andhra Pradesh 7.5 million (US$94,000) 5 million (US$63,000) 3 million (US$38,000) 0.5 million (US$6,300) - - - [25][26]
Assam 10 million (US$130,000) 7.5 million (US$94,000) 5 million (US$63,000) 0.5 million (US$6,300) 1 million (US$13,000) 0.5 million (US$6,300) 0.3 million (US$3,800) [27]
Chandigarh 60 million (US$750,000) 40 million (US$500,000) 25 million (US$310,000) - - - - [24]
Chhattisgarh 60 million (US$750,000) 40 million (US$500,000) 25 million (US$310,000) - - - - [24]
Delhi 30 million (US$380,000) 20 million (US$250,000) 10 million (US$130,000) - - - - [24]
Goa 10 million (US$130,000) - - - - - - [28]
Gujarat 50 million (US$630,000) - - 1 million (US$13,000) - - - [24][29]
Haryana 60 million (US$750,000) 40 million (US$500,000) 25 million (US$310,000) 0.5 million (US$6,300) - - - [24][30]
Himachal Pradesh 20 million (US$250,000) - - - - - - [28]
Jammu and Kashmir 5 million (US$63,000) - - - - - - [28]
Jharkhand 20 million (US$250,000) - - - - - - [28]
Karnataka 50 million (US$630,000) - - - - - - [24]
Kerala 10 million (US$130,000) - - - - - - [28]
Maharashtra 10 million (US$130,000) 7.5 million (US$94,000) 5 million (US$63,000) - - - - [28]
Manipur 12 million (US$150,000) 10 million (US$130,000) 7.5 million (US$94,000) - - - - [31]
Meghalaya 7.5 million (US$94,000) - - - - - - [28]
Odisha 60 million (US$750,000) 40 million (US$500,000) 25 million (US$310,000) - - - - [24]
Punjab 22.5 million (US$280,000) - - 0.5 million (US$6,300) - - - [28]
Rajasthan 30 million (US$380,000) - - - - - - [28]
Sikkim 30 million (US$380,000) - - - - - - [28]
Tamil Nadu 30 million (US$380,000) 20 million (US$250,000) 10 million (US$130,000) 0.5 million (US$6,300) - - - [32]
Telangana 20 million (US$250,000) - - - - - - [28]
Uttarakhand 15 million (US$190,000) - - - - - - [28]
Uttar Pradesh 60 million (US$750,000) 40 million (US$500,000) 20 million (US$250,000) - - - - [24]
West Bengal 2.5 million (US$31,000) 1.5 million (US$19,000) 1 million (US$13,000) - - - - [28]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Foundation". Archived from the original on 12 November 2020. Retrieved 5 November 2020.
  2. ^ "India at the Commonwealth Games". Commonwealth Games Federation. Archived from the original on 16 January 2014. Retrieved 17 November 2012.
  3. ^ Dr A G Noehren was National Physical Education Director of the YMCAs in India, and H C Buck was Principal of the National YMCA school of physical education in Madras
  4. ^ Sharma, V. K. Physical Education Class 12. Saraswati House Pvt Ltd. p. 57. ISBN 978-93-5041-921-2.
  5. ^ Appeal by Yadavindra Singh, President, Indian Olympic Association, 1948
  6. ^ "Legendary athlete PT Usha elected as first woman president of IOA". livemint.com. 10 December 2022. Retrieved 10 December 2022.
  7. ^ "PT Usha becomes first woman president of IOA". www.timesofindia.com. Retrieved 10 December 2022.
  8. ^ "INDIAN OLYMPIC ASSOCIATION EXECUTIVE COUNCIL". Indian Olympic Association. Retrieved 29 December 2022.
  9. ^ "Member Units". Indian Olympic Association. Archived from the original on 13 July 2018. Retrieved 12 July 2018.
  10. ^ "Kalmadi has not been removed: Malhotra". Deccan Herald. 27 April 2011. Archived from the original on 30 April 2011. Retrieved 27 April 2011.
  11. ^ "Abhay Chautala becomes IOA President, Lalit Bhanot named Secretary General". Webindia123.com. Suni System (Pvt) Ltd. 30 November 2012. Archived from the original on 8 December 2012. Retrieved 30 November 2012.
  12. ^ "India outrage over IOA suspension from Olympics". BBC News. 5 December 2012. Archived from the original on 21 December 2017. Retrieved 5 December 2012.
  13. ^ "IOC wants fresh polls before it lifts ban on Indian Olympic Association". Yahoo! Sports Canada. The Canadian Press. 15 January 2013. Archived from the original on 12 April 2013.
  14. ^ PTI (4 December 2012). "IOA suspension is an 'unfortunate decision', says Jitendra Singh". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 10 September 2013. Retrieved 5 December 2012.
  15. ^ Srinivasan, Kamesh (16 May 2013). "IOC agrees to take India back in Olympic fold". The Hindu. Chennai, India. Archived from the original on 8 June 2013. Retrieved 16 May 2013.
  16. ^ "IOA polls on Sunday, India likely to return to Olympic fold". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 9 February 2014.
  17. ^ "India's Olympic exile ends as IOC revokes IOA's ban". timesofindia.indiatimes.com. Times of India. 11 February 2014. Archived from the original on 6 March 2014. Retrieved 11 February 2014.
  18. ^ "Indian Olympic Association reveals new logo". Olympic Council of Asia. 6 July 2020. Retrieved 5 September 2020.
  19. ^ "IOA adopts new identity on its 100-year milestone at Olympic Games". Sportstar. 6 July 2020. Retrieved 5 September 2020.
  20. ^ "IOA urges NSFs, SOAs to update websites with its new logo". The Times of India. 6 July 2020. Retrieved 5 September 2020.
  21. ^ "Smita Rajgopal, an engineer with MBA degree, opts for graphic designing as her career". The Economic Times. 14 November 2011. Retrieved 5 September 2020.
  22. ^ "Olympic medallists to be considered for Khel Ratna: Sports Ministry". Scroll.in. 24 May 2016. Retrieved 4 August 2021.
  23. ^ "Tokyo Olympics: Coaches of gold winners to get ₹12.5 lakh from IOA, Chanu coach to get ₹10 lakh". Hindustan Times. 24 July 2021. Retrieved 4 August 2021.
  24. ^ a b c d e f g h i Basu, Hindol (23 July 2021). "Tokyo Olympics: Indians to get highest cash award for winning medals". Times of India. Retrieved 4 August 2021.
  25. ^ "Andhra Pradesh Government Announces Rs 30 Lakh Cash Reward for PV Sindhu". News18. 3 August 2021. Retrieved 4 August 2021.
  26. ^ Pandey, Ashish (30 June 2021). "Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister YS Jagan Mohan Reddy gives Rs 5 lakh each to Olympic-bound athletes from state". India Today. Retrieved 4 August 2021.
  27. ^ "Integrated Sports Policy of Assam" (PDF). Government of Assam. 2018. Retrieved 4 August 2021.
  28. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Sharma, Nitin (12 July 2021). "Rs 6 crore or Rs 25 lakh for Olympics gold? Home state key to cash prize". The Indian Express. Retrieved 4 August 2021.
  29. ^ "Gujarat: Women Tokyo Olympics participants to get Rs 10 lakh each from govt". IndiaTV. 14 July 2021. Retrieved 4 August 2021.
  30. ^ Saini, Manvir (10 February 2021). "Gujarat: Women Tokyo Olympics participants to get Rs 10 lakh each from govt". Times of India. Retrieved 4 August 2021.
  31. ^ Leivon, Jimmy (28 June 2021). "Manipur govt announces Rs. 1.2 crore to athletes who win gold in Tokyo Olympics". Indian Express. Retrieved 4 August 2021.
  32. ^ "Chief Minister M.K. Stalin announces Rs 3 crore to Olympic gold medallists from Tamil Nadu". Times of India. 26 June 2021. Retrieved 4 August 2021.