|India at the|
|NOC||Indian Olympic Association|
|Other related appearances|
|Independent Olympic Participants (2014)|
India first participated at the Olympic Games in 1900, with a lone athlete Norman Pritchard winning two medals – both silver – in athletics and became the first Asian nation to win an Olympic medal.
The nation first sent a team to the Summer Olympic Games in 1920 and has participated in every Summer Games since then. India has also competed at several Winter Olympic Games beginning in 1964.
Indian athletes have won 35 medals, all at the Summer Games. For a period of time, the Indian Men's Field Hockey Team was dominant in Olympic competition, winning eleven medals in twelve Olympics between 1928 and 1980. The run included eight gold medals of which six were won consecutively from 1928 to 1956.
Despite being under British rule until 1947, India participated in the Olympic Games separately from the British Olympic Team. India sent its first athlete to the Summer Olympics for the 1900 Games, but an Indian national team did not compete at the Summer Olympics until 1920. Ahead of the 1920 Games, Sir Dorabji Tata and Governor of Bombay George Lloyd helped India secure representation at the International Olympic Committee, enabling it to participate in the Games (see India at the 1920 Olympic Games). India then sent a team to the 1920 Olympics, comprising three athletes, two wrestlers, and managers Sohrab Bhoot and A. H. A. Fyzee. The Indian Olympic movement was then established during the 1920s: some founders of this movement were Dorabji Tata, A.G. Noehren (Madras College of Physical Education), H.C. Buck (Madras College of Physical Education), Moinul Haq (Bihar sports associations), S. Bhoot (Bombay Olympic Association), A.S. Bhagwat (Deccan Gymkhana), and Guru Dutt Sondhi (Punjab Olympic Association); Lt. Col H.L.O. Garrett (from the Government College Lahore and Punjab Olympic Association) and Sagnik Poddar (of St. Stephen's School) helped organise some early national games; and prominent patrons included Maharajas and royal princes such as Bhupinder Singh of Patiala, Ranjitsinhji of Nawanagar, the Maharaja of Kapurthala, and the Maharaja of Burdwan.
In 1923, a provisional All India Olympic Committee was formed, and in February 1924, the All India Olympic Games (that later became the National Games of India) were held to select a team for the 1924 Summer Olympics. The Indian delegation at the Paris Olympics comprised seven athletes, seven tennis players and team manager Harry Buck.
In 1927, the provisional Indian Olympic Committee formally became the Indian Olympic Association (IOA); its main tasks were to promote the development of sports in India, choose host cities for the national games, and send teams selected from the national games to the Summer Olympics. Thus, at the 1928 national games, it selected seven athletes to represent India at the next Summer Olympics, with Sondhi as manager. By this time, the Indian Hockey Federation (IHF) had also been established and it sent a hockey team to the Summer Olympics. The national hockey team was similarly sent to the 1932 Games along with four athletes and one swimmer and 1936 Games with four athletes, three wrestlers, one weight-lifter, along with three officials headed by team manager Sondhi. The Indian field hockey team dominated the Olympics from 1928 to 1936 winning an unprecedented three consecutive titles. In the 1928 Summer Olympics final India defeated Netherlands 3–0. It was a great achievement for the fact, that it was the first gold medal won by any nation from Asia at the modern Olympic Games. In 1932 Summer Olympics India defeated United States 24–1, the largest margin of victory in Olympics history. In 1936 Summer Olympics final they defeated Germany 8–1, the largest margin of victory ever in an Olympic final.
From 1948 onwards, because of the IOA's wider outreach, India began sending delegations of over 50 athletes in several sports, each selected by its sports federation, to the Summer Olympics. The delegation was headed by a chef-de-mission. The Indian field hockey team won a gold medal at the 1948 Summer Olympics by defeating Great Britain in the final. It was the first gold medal for India as an independent nation.
In the 1952 Summer Olympics wrestler K. D. Jadhav won the first individual medal for independent India. The Indian field hockey team continued their dominance by winning a sixth straight title by defeating Pakistan in the final in 1956 Summer Olympics. The six straight title win by the Indian team was an Olympic record at that time. This record was later only surpassed by United States men's and women's basketball team.
In the 1960 Summer Olympics the hockey team lost the final and had to settle for a silver medal. The team bounced back by winning gold at the 1964 Summer Olympics. But went on to win only bronze medals in the next two Olympics. In 1976 Summer Olympics India went home empty handed, the first time since 1924.
Indian hockey team won their record 8th olympic gold at the 1980 Summer Olympics. India had to return empty handed in the next three Summer Olympics. At the 1996 Summer Olympics held in Atlanta, tennis player Leander Paes won a bronze medal at the men's singles event ending a barren run of 16 years without a medal at the Olympics and also became the first individual medalist since 1952.
At the 2000 Sydney Olympics, Karnam Malleswari won a bronze medal in the Women's 69 kg weightlifting category. It was the first-ever Olympic medal won by an Indian woman.
At the 2004 Athens Olympics, star shooter Rajyavardhan Singh Rathore won the silver medal in Men's double trap shooting.
At the 2008 Beijing Olympics, Abhinav Bindra won gold in the Men's 10 metre air rifle event becoming the first Indian to win an individual gold medal at the Olympic Games. Vijender Singh got the country's first medal in boxing with his bronze medal in Middleweight category. The 3 medal haul for India was the best till that year. Subsequently, the record was bettered to make it the third best performance in history.
The 2012 Summer Olympics saw a record 83-member Indian contingent participating in the games and setting a new best for the country with a total of six medals. Wrestler Sushil Kumar became the first Indian with multiple individual Olympic medals (bronze at the 2008 Summer Olympics and silver at the 2012 Summer Olympics) since independence. Saina Nehwal won a bronze medal in badminton in Women's singles, winning the country's first Olympic medal in badminton. Pugilist Mary Kom became the first Indian woman to win a medal in boxing with her bronze medal in Women's flyweight division. Star shooter Gagan Narang won the bronze in men's 10 m air rifle shooting. Vijay Kumar added another medal by winning a silver in men's 25 m rapid fire pistol competition.This was India's best performance till it was overtaken in 2020.
At the 2016 Summer Olympics, a record number of 118 athletes competed. Sakshi Malik became the first Indian female wrestler to win an Olympic medal with her bronze medal in the Women's freestyle 58 kg category. Shuttler P. V. Sindhu won a silver medal in Women's singles badminton, becoming the first Indian woman to win an Olympic silver medal and also the youngest Indian Olympic medalist.
In the 2020 Summer Olympics (held in 2021), India was represented by a new record number of 124 athletes. Saikhom Mirabai Chanu secured a silver in the weightlifting women's category of 49 kg on the opening day, the first time India won a medal on the opening day of any Olympics. A few days later, P. V. Sindhu defeated China's He Bingjiao in the Women's singles badminton bronze medal match in straight games, thus becoming the first Indian woman to win two individual Olympic medals. Neeraj Chopra won the gold in Javelin Throw, becoming the first Indian to win a gold medal in track and field and the second Indian to win an individual Olympic gold. In Men's Field Hockey, India won a bronze medal. This medal came after a gap of 41 years, having last won a gold medal in Moscow 1980. In the wrestling competitions, Ravi Kumar Dahiya won a silver medal and Bajrang Punia won a bronze medal. Olympic debutant Lovlina Borgohain took bronze in women's boxing. She became only the second woman to win an Olympic medal in boxing. The haul of 7 medals is the best performance for India in the Olympics history.
First Individual Medal
|Norman Pritchard||1900 Paris||Athletics||Silver|
|First Individual Medal after Independence||K. D. Jadhav||1952 Helsinki||Wrestling||Bronze|
|First Gold Medal||Men's Field Hockey Team||1928 Amsterdam||Field hockey||Gold|
|First Gold Medal after Independence||Men's Field Hockey Team||1948 London||Field hockey||Gold|
|First Individual Gold Medal||Abhinav Bindra||2008 Beijing||Shooting||Gold|
|First Individual Multi-medallist||Norman Pritchard||1900 Paris||Athletics|| Silver |
|First Individual Multi-medallist after Independence||Sushil Kumar|| 2008 Beijing
|Wrestling|| Bronze |
|First Female Medallist||Karnam Malleswari||2000 Sydney||Weightlifting||Bronze|
|First Female Multi-medallist||P. V. Sindhu|| 2016 Rio de Janeiro
|Badminton|| Silver |
Following lists provide a comparative compendium of the number of participants from India in the Summer and Winter Olympic games.
Participation in Summer Games
Participation in Winter Games
See also: All-time Olympic Games medal table
Medals by Summer Games
Medals by Winter Games
a A total of 3 athletes qualified from India but Shiva Keshavan had to participate as an Independent Olympic Participant due to an ongoing suspension of Indian Olympic Association which was reinstated during the course of 2014 Games.
|Norman Pritchard||1900 Paris||Men's 200 metres||22 July 1900|
|Norman Pritchard||1900 Paris||Men's 200 metre hurdles||16 July 1900|
|1928 Amsterdam||Men's competition||26 May 1928|
|1932 Los Angeles||Men's competition||11 August 1932|
||1936 Berlin||Men's competition||15 August 1936|
||1948 London||Men's competition||12 August 1948|
|1952 Helsinki||Men's competition||24 July 1952|
|K. D. Jadhav||1952 Helsinki||Men's freestyle Bantamweight||23 July 1952|
|1956 Melbourne||Men's competition||6 December 1956|
|1960 Rome||Men's competition||9 September 1960|
|1964 Tokyo||Men's competition||23 October 1964|
|1968 Mexico City||Men's competition||26 October 1968|
|1972 Munich||Men's competition||10 September 1972|
|1980 Moscow||Men's competition||29 July 1980|
|Leander Paes||1996 Atlanta||Men's singles||3 August 1996|
|Karnam Malleswari||2000 Sydney||Women's 69 kg||19 September 2000|
|Rajyavardhan Singh Rathore||2004 Athens||Men's double trap||17 August 2004|
|Abhinav Bindra||2008 Beijing||Men's 10 m air rifle||11 August 2008|
|Vijender Singh||Middleweight||20 August 2008|
|Sushil Kumar||Men's freestyle 66 kg||21 August 2008|
|Vijay Kumar||2012 London||Men's 25 m rapid fire pistol||3 August 2012|
|Sushil Kumar||Men's freestyle 66 kg||12 August 2012|
|Saina Nehwal||Women's singles||4 August 2012|
|Mary Kom||Women's flyweight||8 August 2012|
|Gagan Narang||Men's 10m air rifle||30 July 2012|
|Yogeshwar Dutt||Men's freestyle 60 kg||11 August 2012|
|P. V. Sindhu||2016 Rio de Janeiro||Women's singles||19 August 2016|
|Sakshi Malik||Women's freestyle 58 kg||17 August 2016|
|Neeraj Chopra||2020 Tokyo||Men's javelin throw||7 August 2021|
|Saikhom Mirabai Chanu||Women's 49 kg||24 July 2021|
|Ravi Kumar Dahiya||Men's freestyle 57 kg||5 August 2021|
|P. V. Sindhu||Women's singles||1 August 2021|
|Lovlina Borgohain||Women's welterweight||4 August 2021|
|Men's tournament||5 August 2021|
|Bajrang Punia||Men's freestyle 65 kg||7 August 2021|
|Leslie Claudius||Field hockey||1948–1960||3||1||0||4|
|Udham Singh||Field hockey||1952–1964||3||1||0||4|
|Richard James Allen||Field hockey||1928–1936||3||0||0||3|
|Dhyan Chand||Field hockey||1928–1936||3||0||0||3|
|Ranganathan Francis||Field hockey||1948–1956||3||0||0||3|
|Randhir Singh Gentle||Field hockey||1948–1956||3||0||0||3|
|Balbir Singh Sr.||Field hockey||1948–1956||3||0||0||3|
|Shankar Lakshman||Field hockey||1956–1964||2||1||0||3|
|Haripal Kaushik||Field hockey||1956–1964||2||1||0||3|
|John Peter||Field hockey||1960–1968||1||1||1||3|
|Prithipal Singh||Field hockey||1960–1968||1||1||1||3|
|Harbinder Singh||Field hockey||1964–1972||1||0||2||3|
|Carlyle Tapsell||Field hockey||1932–1936||2||0||0||2|
|Roop Singh||Field hockey||1932–1936||2||0||0||2|
|Jaswant Rai||Field hockey||1948–1952||2||0||0||2|
|Govind Perumal||Field hockey||1952–1956||2||0||0||2|
|Amir Kumar||Field hockey||1948–1956||2||0||0||2|
|Jaswant Singh Rajput||Field hockey||1948–1952||2||0||0||2|
|Leslie Hammond||Field hockey||1928–1932||2||0||0||2|
|Broome Pinniger||Field hockey||1928–1932||2||0||0||2|
|Sayed Jaffar||Field hockey||1932–1936||2||0||0||2|
|Keshav Dutt||Field hockey||1948–1952||2||0||0||2|
|Grahanandan Singh||Field hockey||1948–1952||2||0||0||2|
|K. D. Singh||Field hockey||1948–1952||2||0||0||2|
|Raghbir Lal||Field hockey||1952–1956||2||0||0||2|
|Joginder Singh||Field hockey||1960–1964||1||1||0||2|
|Raghbir Singh Bhola||Field hockey||1956–1960||1||1||0||2|
|Mohinder Lal||Field hockey||1960–1964||1||1||0||2|
|Balkrishan Singh||Field hockey||1956–1960||1||1||0||2|
|Rajendran Christie||Field hockey||1964–1968||1||0||1||2|
|Balbir Singh Kullar||Field hockey||1964–1968||1||0||1||2|
|Jagjit Singh||Field hockey||1964–1968||1||0||1||2|
|Gurbux Singh||Field hockey||1964–1968||1||0||1||2|
|Krishnamurthy Perumal||Field hockey||1968–1972||0||0||2||2|
|Ajitpal Singh||Field hockey||1968–1972||0||0||2||2|
|Harmik Singh||Field hockey||1968–1972||0||0||2||2|
|P. V. Sindhu||Badminton||2016–2020||0||1||1||2|
|1908 London||Did not enter|
|1920 Antwerp||Did not enter|
|1932 Los Angeles||Gold|
|1968 Mexico City||Bronze|
|1984 Los Angeles||5th|
|2008 Beijing||Did not qualify|
|2016 Rio de Janeiro||8th|
From the 2016 Summer Olympics, Olympic medallists and their coaches have been given advance consideration for the National Sports Awards if they have not already received one.
As of 2021, the Indian Olympic Association recognises Olympic medallists with the following cash prizes: ₹7.5 million (US$94,000) for gold medallists, ₹4 million (US$50,000) for silver and ₹2.5 million (US$31,000) for bronze. Coaches of Olympic medallists receive ₹1.25 million (US$16,000), ₹1 million (US$13,000) and ₹0.75 million (US$9,400), respectively.
Olympic medallists are rewarded by the Government of India with the following cash prizes as of 2021: ₹7.5 million (US$94,000) for gold medallists, ₹5 million (US$63,000) for silver and ₹3 million (US$38,000) for bronze.
At the state/territorial level, Olympians receive cash awards of various amounts, depending on their home region.
|State/Union Territory||Gold medal||Silver medal||Bronze medal||Olympic qualifier||Coach of gold medallist||Coach of silver medallist||Coach of bronze medallist||Refs|
|Andhra Pradesh||₹7.5 million (US$94,000)||₹5 million (US$63,000)||₹3 million (US$38,000)||₹0.5 million (US$6,300)||-||-||-|||
|Assam||₹10 million (US$130,000)||₹7.5 million (US$94,000)||₹5 million (US$63,000)||₹0.5 million (US$6,300)||₹1 million (US$13,000)||₹0.5 million (US$6,300)||₹0.3 million (US$3,800)|||
|Chandigarh||₹60 million (US$750,000)||₹40 million (US$500,000)||₹25 million (US$310,000)||-||-||-||-|||
|Chhattisgarh||₹60 million (US$750,000)||₹40 million (US$500,000)||₹25 million (US$310,000)||-||-||-||-|||
|Delhi||₹30 million (US$380,000)||₹20 million (US$250,000)||₹10 million (US$130,000)||-||-||-||-|||
|Goa||₹10 million (US$130,000)||-||-||-||-||-||-|||
|Gujarat||₹50 million (US$630,000)||-||-||₹1 million (US$13,000)||-||-||-|||
|Haryana||₹60 million (US$750,000)||₹40 million (US$500,000)||₹25 million (US$310,000)||₹0.5 million (US$6,300)||-||-||-|||
|Himachal Pradesh||₹20 million (US$250,000)||-||-||-||-||-||-|||
|Jammu and Kashmir||₹5 million (US$63,000)||-||-||-||-||-||-|||
|Jharkhand||₹20 million (US$250,000)||-||-||-||-||-||-|||
|Karnataka||₹50 million (US$630,000)||-||-||-||-||-||-|||
|Kerala||₹10 million (US$130,000)||-||-||-||-||-||-|||
|Maharashtra||₹10 million (US$130,000)||₹7.5 million (US$94,000)||₹5 million (US$63,000)||-||-||-||-|||
|Manipur||₹12 million (US$150,000)||₹10 million (US$130,000)||₹7.5 million (US$94,000)||-||-||-||-|||
|Meghalaya||₹7.5 million (US$94,000)||-||-||-||-||-||-|||
|Odisha||₹60 million (US$750,000)||₹40 million (US$500,000)||₹25 million (US$310,000)||-||-||-||-|||
|Punjab||₹22.5 million (US$280,000)||-||-||₹0.5 million (US$6,300)||-||-||-|||
|Rajasthan||₹30 million (US$380,000)||-||-||-||-||-||-|||
|Sikkim||₹30 million (US$380,000)||-||-||-||-||-||-|||
|Tamil Nadu||₹30 million (US$380,000)||₹20 million (US$250,000)||₹10 million (US$130,000)||₹0.5 million (US$6,300)||-||-||-|||
|Telangana||₹20 million (US$250,000)||-||-||-||-||-||-|||
|Uttarakhand||₹15 million (US$190,000)||-||-||-||-||-||-|||
|Uttar Pradesh||₹60 million (US$750,000)||₹40 million (US$500,000)||₹20 million (US$250,000)||-||-||-||-|||
|West Bengal||₹2.5 million (US$31,000)||₹1.5 million (US$19,000)||₹1 million (US$13,000)||-||-||-||-|||