North Korea at the
Olympics
Flag of North Korea.svg
IOC codePRK
NOCOlympic Committee of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Medals
Ranked 48th
Gold
16
Silver
17
Bronze
24
Total
57
Summer appearances
Winter appearances
Other related appearances
 Korea (2018)
North Koreans head for lodging at the Rio 2016 Olympic Village.
North Koreans head for lodging at the Rio 2016 Olympic Village.

The Democratic People's Republic of Korea (commonly known as North Korea) first participated at the Olympic Games in 1964. The National Olympic Committee for North Korea is the Olympic Committee of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, and was created in 1953 and recognized in 1957.

History

North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of Korea) first participated at the Olympic Games in 1964, appearing only in the Winter Olympic Games that year. Eight years later in 1972, the nation first participated at the Summer Olympic Games. Since then, the nation has appeared in every Summer Games, except when North Korea joined the Soviet-led boycott of the 1984 Summer Olympics, when they boycotted the 1988 Games in Seoul, South Korea, and in 2020, citing COVID-19 concerns.[1]

North Korea's attendance at the Winter Games has been sporadic; eight of the last thirteen Games have included a North Korean team.

During the 1998-2007 Sunshine Policy era, North Korea and South Korea symbolically marched as one team at the opening ceremonies of the 2000,[2] 2004, and 2006 Olympics, but competed separately.

North Korea sent 22 athletes to compete in five sports at the 2018 Winter Olympics in Pyeongchang, South Korea. As in 2000 and 2004, North and South Korean athletes marched together at the opening ceremonies. A unified women's ice hockey team included players from both North and South Korea. North Korean athletes also competed in alpine skiing, figure skating, short track speed skating and cross-country skiing.[3]

Alongside the 22 athletes, North Korea sent a delegation of 400 supporters to the 2018 games. This delegation, led by North Korea's ceremonial head of state Kim Yong-nam, included cheerleaders, taekwondo practitioners and an orchestra.[4]

North Korean athletes have won a total of 57 medals, two of which were won at the Winter Games. Government funding plays a major role in Korea's success. Elite athletes often enjoy highly developed facilities and luxurious lifestyles, compared with their peers.[1]

In 2018, the United Nations, due to conflicts, rejected an exemption to sanctions for sporting equipment to help athletes prepare for the 2020 Summer Olympics being sent to North Korea.[5]

On 6 April 2021, North Korea announced it would not participate in the 2020 Summer Olympics due to COVID-19 concerns.[6] Accordingly, on 8 September 2021, the International Olympic Committee made a decision to suspend North Korea from its activities until the end of 2022 and ban participation in the 2022 Winter Olympics in Beijing.[7]

Medal tables

See also: All-time Olympic Games medal table

Medals by Summer Games

Games Athletes Gold Silver Bronze Total Rank
1932–1936 as part of  Japan (JPN)
West Germany 1972 Munich 37 1 1 3 5 22
Canada 1976 Montreal 38 1 1 0 2 21
Soviet Union 1980 Moscow 57 0 3 2 5 26
United States 1984 Los Angeles did not participate
South Korea 1988 Seoul
Spain 1992 Barcelona 64 4 0 5 9 16
United States 1996 Atlanta 24 2 1 2 5 33
Australia 2000 Sydney 31 0 1 3 4 60
Greece 2004 Athens 36 0 4 1 5 57
China 2008 Beijing 63 2 2 2 6 34
United Kingdom 2012 London 51 4 0 3 7 20
Brazil 2016 Rio de Janeiro 31 2 3 2 7 34
Japan 2020 Tokyo did not participate
France 2024 Paris future event
United States 2028 Los Angeles
Australia 2032 Brisbane
Total 16 16 23 55 46

Medals by Winter Games

Games Athletes Gold Silver Bronze Total Rank
Austria 1964 Innsbruck 13 0 1 0 1 13
France 1968 Grenoble did not participate
Japan 1972 Sapporo 6 0 0 0 0 -
Austria 1976 Innsbruck did not participate
United States 1980 Lake Placid
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia 1984 Sarajevo 6 0 0 0 0 -
Canada 1988 Calgary 6 0 0 0 0 -
France 1992 Albertville 20 0 0 1 1 19
Norway 1994 Lillehammer did not participate
Japan 1998 Nagano 8 0 0 0 0 -
United States 2002 Salt Lake City did not participate
Italy 2006 Turin 6 0 0 0 0 -
Canada 2010 Vancouver 2 0 0 0 0 -
Russia 2014 Sochi did not participate
South Korea 2018 Pyeongchang 10 0 0 0 0 -
China 2022 Beijing did not participate
Italy 2026 Milan–Cortina future event
Total 0 1 1 2 45

Medals by summer sport

SportGoldSilverBronzeTotal
Weightlifting58518
Wrestling32510
Gymnastics3003
Boxing2338
Judo2248
Shooting1023
Table tennis0134
Volleyball0011
Totals (8 entries)16162355

Medals by winter sport

SportGoldSilverBronzeTotal
Speed skating0101
Short track speed skating0011
Totals (2 entries)0112

List of medalists

Summer Olympics

Games Medal Name Sport Event
West Germany 1972 Munich  Gold Ri Ho-jun
Shooting pictogram.svg
Shooting
Mixed 50 metre rifle, prone
 Silver Kim U-gil
Boxing pictogram.svg
Boxing
Men's light flyweight
 Bronze Kim Yong-ik
Judo pictogram.svg
Judo
Men's 63 kg
Ri Chun-ok
Kim Myong-suk
Kim Zung-bok
Kang Ok-sun
Kim Yeun-ja
Hwang He-suk
Jang Ok-rim
Paek Myong-suk
Ryom Chun-ja
Kim Su-dae
Jong Ok-jin
Volleyball pictogram.svg
Volleyball
Women's tournament
Kim Gwong-hyong
Wrestling pictogram.svg
Wrestling
Men's freestyle 52 kg
Canada 1976 Montreal  Gold Gu Yong-ju
Boxing pictogram.svg
Boxing
Men's bantamweight
 Silver Ri Byong-uk Men's light flyweight
Soviet Union 1980 Moscow  Silver Jang Se-hong
Wrestling pictogram.svg
Wrestling
Men's freestyle 48 kg
Li Ho-pyong Men's freestyle 57 kg
Ho Bong-chol
Weightlifting pictogram.svg
Weightlifting
Men's 52 kg
 Bronze Han Gyong-si Men's 52 kg
Ri Byong-uk
Boxing pictogram.svg
Boxing
Men's light flyweight
Spain 1992 Barcelona  Gold Choi Chol-su
Boxing pictogram.svg
Boxing
Men's flyweight
Pae Gil-su
Gymnastics pictogram.svg
Gymnastics
Men's pommel horse
Kim Il
Wrestling pictogram.svg
Wrestling
Men's freestyle 48 kg
Ri Hak-son Men's freestyle 52 kg
 Bronze Kim Yong-sik Men's freestyle 57 kg
Ri Gwang-sik
Boxing pictogram.svg
Boxing
Men's bantamweight
Ri Pun-hui
Yu Sun-bok
Table tennis pictogram.svg
Table tennis
Women's doubles
Ri Pun-hui Women's singles
Kim Myong-nam
Weightlifting pictogram.svg
Weightlifting
Men's 75 kg
United States 1996 Atlanta  Gold Kye Sun-hui
Judo pictogram.svg
Judo
Women's 48 kg
Kim Il
Wrestling pictogram.svg
Wrestling
Men's freestyle 48 kg
 Silver Kim Myong-nam
Weightlifting pictogram.svg
Weightlifting
Men's 70 kg
 Bronze Jon Chol-ho Men's 76 kg
Ri Yong-sam
Wrestling pictogram.svg
Wrestling
Men's freestyle 57 kg
Australia 2000 Sydney  Silver Ri Song-hui
Weightlifting pictogram.svg
Weightlifting
Women's 58 kg
 Bronze Kim Un-chol
Boxing pictogram.svg
Boxing
Men's light flyweight
Kye Sun-hui
Judo pictogram.svg
Judo
Women's 52 kg
Kang Yong-gyun
Wrestling pictogram.svg
Wrestling
Men's Greco-Roman 54 kg
Greece 2004 Athens  Silver Kim Song-guk
Boxing pictogram.svg
Boxing
Men's featherweight
Kye Sun-hui
Judo pictogram.svg
Judo
Women's lightweight
Kim Hyang-mi
Table tennis pictogram.svg
Table tennis
Women's singles
Ri Song-Hui
Weightlifting pictogram.svg
Weightlifting
Women's 58 kg
 Bronze Kim Jong-su
Shooting pictogram.svg
Shooting
Men's 50 metre pistol
China 2008 Beijing  Gold Hong Un-jong
Gymnastics pictogram.svg
Gymnastics
Women's vault
Pak Hyon-suk
Weightlifting pictogram.svg
Weightlifting
Women's 63 kg
 Silver O Jong-ae Women's 58 kg
An Kum-ae
Judo pictogram.svg
Judo
Women's lightweight
 Bronze Pak Chol-min Men's lightweight
Won Ok-im Women's lightweight
United Kingdom 2012 London  Gold An Kum-ae
Judo pictogram.svg
Judo
Women's 52 kg
Om Yun-chol
Weightlifting pictogram.svg
Weightlifting
Men's 56 kg
Kim Un-guk Men's 62 kg
Rim Jong-sim Women's 69 kg
 Bronze Ryang Chun-hwa Women's 48 kg
Kim Myong-hyok Men's 69 kg
Yang Kyong-il
Wrestling pictogram.svg
Wrestling
Men's freestyle 55 kg
Brazil 2016 Rio de Janeiro  Gold Ri Se-gwang
Gymnastics pictogram.svg
Gymnastics
Men's vault
Rim Jong-sim
Weightlifting pictogram.svg
Weightlifting
Women's 75 kg
 Silver Om Yun-chol Men's 56 kg
Choe Hyo-sim Women's 63 kg
Kim Kuk-hyang Women's +75 kg
 Bronze Kim Song-guk
Shooting pictogram.svg
Shooting
Men's 50 m pistol
Kim Song-i
Table tennis pictogram.svg
Table tennis
Women's singles

Winter Olympics

Medal Name Games Sport Event
 Silver Han Pil-hwa Austria 1964 Innsbruck
Speed skating pictogram.svg
Speed skating
Women's 3000 metres
 Bronze Hwang Ok-sil France 1992 Albertville
Short track speed skating pictogram.svg
Short track speed skating
Women's 500 metres

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Taylor, Adam (3 January 2018). "Why the Olympics matter when it comes to North Korea". The Washington Post. Retrieved 7 January 2018.
  2. ^ North Korea Handbook 2002, p. 488.
  3. ^ "Winter Olympics 2018: North Korea will send 22 athletes to Pyeongchang". BBC News. January 20, 2018. Retrieved February 10, 2018.
  4. ^ "North Korea at the Winter Olympics: All you need to know". BBC News. February 8, 2018. Retrieved February 10, 2018.
  5. ^ Butler, Nick (2018-08-09). "IOC disappointed after UN reject demand for sporting equipment to be sent to North Korea". insidethegames.biz. Retrieved 2021-10-18.
  6. ^ Choe, Sang-hun (6 April 2021). "North Korea, citing the pandemic, will skip the Tokyo Olympics". The New York Times. Retrieved 5 April 2021.
  7. ^ "North Korea suspended from IOC after Tokyo no-show". Reuters. Reuters. 8 September 2021. Retrieved 8 September 2021.

Works cited