2004 Summer Olympics medals
LocationAthens,  Greece
Highlights
Most gold medals United States (36)
Most total medals United States (101)
The Olympic flame burns in the Athens Olympic Stadium cauldron, during the opening ceremonies of the 2004 Summer Olympics.
The Olympic flame burns in the Athens Olympic Stadium cauldron, during the opening ceremonies of the 2004 Summer Olympics.

The 2004 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXVIII Olympiad, were a summer multi-sport event held in Athens, the capital city of Greece, from 13 to 29 August 2004. A total of 10,625 athletes from 201 countries represented by National Olympic Committees participated in these games, competing in 301 events in 28 sports. Kiribati and Timor Leste competed for the first time in these Olympic Games.[1]

Athletes from 74 countries won at least one medal. The United States won the most gold medals (36), the most silver medals (40) and the most medals overall (101). China finished second on the International Olympic Committee medal table (though third in terms of total medals), the country's best performance until the 2008 Beijing Olympics. Russia finished third, (second in total medals), and also won the most bronze medals (38). Host nation Greece finished fifteenth, with six gold, six silver, and four bronze medals,[1] in its best total medal haul since 1896.

Australia became the first nation to improve their gold medal total at the Games immediately after hosting a Summer Olympics. The United Arab Emirates, Paraguay and Eritrea won their first ever Olympic medals. Israel, Chile, Dominican Republic, Georgia, Chinese Taipei and United Arab Emirates won their first Olympic gold medals.[1][2]

Medal table

See also: Olympic medal table

The medal table is based on information provided by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) and is consistent with IOC convention in its published medal tables.[1] By default, the table is ordered by the number of gold medals the athletes from a nation have won (in this context, a nation is an entity represented by a National Olympic Committee). The number of silver medals is taken into consideration next and then the number of bronze medals. If nations are still tied, equal ranking is given and they are listed alphabetically.

In boxing and judo, two bronze medals were awarded in each weight class, so the total number of bronze medals is greater than the total number of gold and silver medals.[1]

Key


  *   Host nation (Greece)

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 United States363926101
2 China32171463
3 Russia28263690
4 Australia17161750
5 Japan1691237
6 Germany13162049
7 France1191333
8 Italy10111132
9 South Korea912930
10 Great Britain991230
11 Cuba971127
12 Hungary86317
13 Ukraine85922
14 Romania85619
15 Greece*66416
16 Brazil52310
17 Norway5016
18 Netherlands49922
19 Sweden4217
20 Spain311620
21 Canada36312
22 Turkey33511
23 Poland32510
24 New Zealand3205
25 Thailand3148
26 Belarus25613
27 Austria2417
28 Ethiopia2327
29 Iran2226
 Slovakia2226
31 Chinese Taipei2215
32 Georgia2204
33 Bulgaria21912
34 Denmark2158
35 Jamaica2125
 Uzbekistan2125
37 Morocco2103
38 Argentina2046
39 Chile2013
40 Kazakhstan1438
41 Kenya1427
42 Czech Republic1359
43 South Africa1326
44 Croatia1225
45 Lithuania1203
46 Egypt1135
 Switzerland1135
48 Indonesia1124
49 Zimbabwe1113
50 Azerbaijan1045
51 Belgium1023
52 Bahamas1012
 Israel1012
54 Cameroon1001
 Dominican Republic1001
 United Arab Emirates1001
57 North Korea0415
58 Latvia0404
59 Mexico0314
60 Portugal0213
61 Finland0202
 Serbia and Montenegro0202
63 Slovenia0134
64 Estonia0123
65 Hong Kong0101
 India0101
 Paraguay0101
68 Colombia0022
 Nigeria0022
 Venezuela0022
71 Eritrea0011
 Mongolia0011
 Syria0011
 Trinidad and Tobago0011
Totals (74 nations)301300326927

Changes in medal standings

See also: List of stripped Olympic medals

During the Games the following changes in medal standings occurred:

Since the conclusion of the 2004 Games, doping scandals have resulted in the revocations of medals from numerous athletes, thus affecting the medal standings.

List of changes in medal standings
Ruling date Sport/Event Athlete (NOC) 1st place, gold medalist(s) 2nd place, silver medalist(s) 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Total Comment
20 August 2004 Weightlifting
Men's 62 kg
 Leonidas Sabanis (GRE) DSQ –1 –1 Greece's Leonidas Sabanis was stripped of his bronze medal and expelled from the Games after he tested positive for excess testosterone.[4]
 Israel José Rubio (VEN) +1 +1
3 December 2004 Equestrian
Team jumping
 Ludger Beerbaum (GER) DSQ –1 +1 0 In the team jumping event, German equestrian Ludger Beerbaum was disqualified, after his horse Goldfever tested positive for the illegal substance betamethasone.[5] This led to the gold medal being awarded the second-placed American team Chris Kappler, Beezie Madden, McLain Ward, and Peter Wylde, and the silver medal to third-placed Peder Fredericson, Rolf-Göran Bengtsson, Peter Eriksson, and Malin Baryard of the Swedish team.[6] Christian Ahlmann, Marco Kutscher, and Otto Becker of the German team retained a medal, as they were able to earn the bronze medal without Goldfever's results.[7]
 - (USA) +1 –1 0
 - (SWE) +1 –1 0
27 March 2005 Equestrian
Individual jumping
 Cian O'Connor (IRL) DSQ –1 –1 Irish equestrian Cian O'Connor was stripped of his gold medal in individual jumping, due to the doping of his horse, Waterford Crystal, resulting in the title being awarded to Rodrigo Pessoa of Brazil, the silver medal to Chris Kappler of the United States, and the bronze medal to Marco Kutscher of Germany.[8]
 Rodrigo Pessoa (BRA) +1 –1 0
 Chris Kappler (USA) +1 –1 0
 Marco Kutscher (GER) +1 +1
10 August 2012 Cycling
Men's road time trial
 Tyler Hamilton (USA) DSQ –1 –1 US cyclist Tyler Hamilton in men's road time trial confessed that he used doping during the Olympics. His gold medal was reallocated to Viatcheslav Ekimov from Russia, US cyclist Bobby Julich was awarded the silver medal, and Australian Michael Rogers received bronze.[9]
 Viatcheslav Ekimov (RUS) +1 –1 0
 Bobby Julich (USA) +1 –1 0
 Michael Rogers (AUS) +1 +1
5 December 2012 Athletics
Men's hammer throw
 Ivan Tsikhan (BLR) DSQ –1 –1 Four Athletes were stripped of their medals on 5 December 2012 after drug re-testings of their samples were found positive.[10][11]

In first two cases medals were not reallocated, as the athletes who were supposed to receive them, tested for doping themselves.
On 5 March 2013, the International Olympic Committee sent a statement to the Spanish Olympic Committee, taking the decision to reallocate the medals in the men's shot put, due to exclusion of Ukrainian Yuriy Bilonoh, gold medalist at the time, by doping. Based on this decision, the new owner of the gold medal will be with the second-placed U.S. athlete Adam Nelson, the silver medal will be with the third-placed Danish Joachim Olsen, and bronze medals will be with fourth-placed Spanish Manuel Martínez.[12][13]
On 30 May 2013, during the meeting of the IOC Executive Board there were three new decisions of the reallocated medals. In athletics, Executive Board confirmed the reallocation of medals in men's shot put. In athletics, the athlete Věra Pospíšilová-Cechlová (Czech Republic) will be the new bronze medalist proof of the Women's discus throw. In Weightlifting, the athlete Reyhan Arabacıoğlu (Turkey) be the new bronze medalist proof in the Men's 77 kg.[14]

Athletics
Women's shot put
 Svetlana Krivelyova (RUS) DSQ –1 –1
5 March 2013 Athletics
Men's shot put
 Yuriy Bilonoh (UKR) DSQ –1 –1
 Adam Nelson (USA) +1 –1 0
 Joachim Olsen (DEN) +1 –1 0
 Manuel Martínez (ESP) +1 +1
30 May 2013 Athletics
Women's discus throw
 Iryna Yatchenko (BLR) DSQ –1 –1
 Věra Pospíšilová-Cechlová (CZE) +1 +1
30 May 2013 Weightlifting
Men's 77 kg
 Oleg Perepetchenov (RUS) DSQ –1 –1 On 12 February 2013 the International Olympic Committee stripped Russian weightlifter Oleg Perepetchenov of his bronze medal in the Men's 77 kg after both probes were retested and showed traces of anabolic steroids.[15]
During the meeting of the IOC Executive Board, on 30 May 2013, it was decided that athlete Reyhan Arabacıoğlu (Turkey), originally fourth, would be the new bronze medalist proof in the Men's 77 kg.[14]
 Reyhan Arabacıoğlu (TUR) +1 +1
- Athletics
Women's 4 × 400 metres relay
 Crystal Cox (USA) DSQ 0 0 In 2010, Crystal Cox, who only ran for the U.S. team in the prelims, admitted to using anabolic steroids from 2001 to 2004. As a result, she forfeited all of her results from that time period, and agreed to a four-year suspension, until January 2014.[16][17] In 2013, both the IAAF and the IOC announced that the result would stand and the American squad (except Cox) would be allowed to retain their gold medals due to the fact that, according to the rules of the time, a team should not be disqualified because of a doping offense of an athlete who didn't compete in the finals.[18]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e "Athens 2004". International Olympic Committee. Archived from the original on 4 October 2009. Retrieved 9 March 2010.
  2. ^ "Windsurfer wins Israel's first gold". ESPN. Associated Press. 25 August 2004. Retrieved 5 May 2008.
  3. ^ "Ancient Olympia's First Female Winner Stripped of Medal". USA Today. Associated Press. 23 August 2004. Archived from the original on 30 September 2008. Retrieved 5 May 2008.
  4. ^ "Report: Greece's Sampanis Tests Positive for Drugs". The Washington Post. 21 August 2004. Retrieved 22 July 2012.
  5. ^ "Athens 2004: Decision on German Olympic Medication cases". Fédération Équestre Internationale (FEI). 3 December 2004. Archived from the original on 12 December 2004. Retrieved 15 August 2012.
  6. ^ "Germany to lose showjumping gold". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC). 8 January 2005. Retrieved 15 August 2012.
  7. ^ "History of equestrian events at the Games of the XXVIII Olympiad" (PDF). Fédération Équestre Internationale (FEI). Retrieved 15 August 2012.
  8. ^ "O'Connor loses Olympic gold medal". Raidió Teilifís Éireann. 27 March 2005. Retrieved 5 May 2008.
  9. ^ "US cyclist Tyler Hamilton stripped of Athens gold after confession". BBC Sport. 10 August 2012. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
  10. ^ "IOC disqualifies four medallists from Athens 2004 following further analysis of stored samples". IOC. 5 December 2012. Retrieved 5 December 2012.
  11. ^ "Olympic drug tests: Four athletes stripped of 2004 Athens medals". BBC Sport. 5 December 2012. Retrieved 5 December 2012.
  12. ^ "El COI concede a Manolo Martínez la medalla de bronce de peso de Atenas". Marca. Spain. 5 March 2013. Retrieved 6 March 2013.
  13. ^ "Manolo Martínez, bronce olímpico". COE. 5 March 2013. Retrieved 6 March 2013.
  14. ^ a b IOC Executive Board meeting in St. Petersburg. 30 May 2013.
  15. ^ "IOC disqualifies Russian weightlifter from Athens 2004 following further analysis of stored samples". IOC. 12 February 2013. Retrieved 12 February 2013.
  16. ^ "Jamaica gains Athens Olympics women's 4x400m silver". The Jamaica Observer. 16 March 2010. Retrieved 3 July 2011.
  17. ^ Grohmann, Karolos (27 August 2004). "Cox loses Athens gold, U.S. lose Sydney medal". Reuters. Retrieved 16 October 2015.
  18. ^ MacKay, Duncan (31 May 2013). "USA allowed to keep Athens 2004 4×400m relay gold medals following a ruling". BBC Sport. Retrieved 16 October 2015.