India at the
Paralympics
Flag of India.svg
IPC codeIND
NPCParalympic Committee of India
Websitewww.paralympicindia.org.in
Medals
Ranked 57th
Gold
9
Silver
12
Bronze
10
Total
31
Summer appearances

India made its Summer Paralympic debut at the 1968 Games, competed again in 1972, and then was absent until the 1984 Games. The country has participated in every edition of the Summer games since then. It has never participated in the Winter Paralympic Games.[1]

India's first medal in Paralympics came in 1974 Games, with Murlikant Petkar winning a gold medal in swimming. India's best finish yet has been in the 2020 Games, at 24th place with a medal haul of 19 medals (5 gold, 8 silver and 6 bronze).

History

India's first medal, and also the first individual gold medal, was won in 1972 Games, when Murlikant Petkar swam the 50 meters freestyle in a world record time of 37.331 seconds. India finished at 25th rank in those games. In 1984, Joginder Singh Bedi won silver at the Men's Shot Put and followed it up with a pair of bronze winning performances in the Discus and Javelin throws. Thus, Joginder became the first multi-medallist Paralympian from India. Bhimrao Kesarkar also won a silver medal in Javelin in 1984 Games. India finished 43rd out of the 54 participating nations.[2]

India continued to participate in each Paralympic Games thereafter, but failed to make an impact until the 2004 Games when Devendra Jhajharia[3] won gold in javelin throw and Rajinder Singh Rahelu won bronze for powerlifting in the 56-kg category.

In 2016 Games, Deepa Malik won a silver medal in Shot Put to become the first Indian woman to win a Parlaympics medal.

The 2020 Games saw India's best-ever medal haul with a total of 19 medals (5 Gold, 8 Silver and 6 Bronze). This result was better than the medal haul of 12 medals of all previous Paralympics appearances combined. The games also had India's best ever participation yet with 54 athletes (40 men, 14 women) across nine sports. It was India's best performance by an overall ranking of 24 (among 162 nations; including Refugee Paralympic Team and Russian Paralympic Committee).

Shooter Avani Lekhara won two medals - gold in 10m Air Rifle SH1 and bronze in 50m Rifle 3 Positions SH1. Thus, she became the first Indian woman to win an individual gold medal and first woman multi-medalist. Shooter Singhraj Adhana also won two medals - silver in 50m Pistol SH1 and bronze in 10m Air Pistol SH1 categories. Para-badminton player Suhas Lalinakere Yathiraj became the first civil servant to win a Paralympic medal, a silver in SL4 category.[4]

In 2020 Games, Vinod Kumar initially clinched a bronze medal in the men's discus throw F52 category event. However, other competitors raised questions about his disability and was subsequently designated as "Classification not Completed". His performance was disqualified, resulting in the loss of his medal.[5]

Medals

See also: All-time Paralympic Games medal table

Medals by Summer Games

Games Athletes Gold Silver Bronze Total Rank
Italy 1960 Rome Did Not Participate
Japan 1964 Tokyo
Israel 1968 Tel Aviv 10 0 0 0 0 -
Germany 1972 Heidelberg 10 1 0 0 1 25
Canada 1976 Toronto Did Not Participate
Netherlands 1980 Arnhem
United Kingdom/United States 1984 Stoke Mandeville/New York 5 0 2 2 4 37
South Korea 1988 Seoul 2 0 0 0 0 -
Spain 1992 Barcelona 9 0 0 0 0 -
United States 1996 Atlanta 9 0 0 0 0 -
Australia 2000 Sydney 4 0 0 0 0 -
Greece 2004 Athens 12 1 0 1 2 53
China 2008 Beijing 5 0 0 0 0 -
United Kingdom 2012 London 10 0 1 0 1 67
Brazil 2016 Rio de Janeiro 19 2 1 1 4 43
Japan 2020 Tokyo 54 5 8 6 19 24
Total 9 12 10 31 55

Medals by Summer Sport

Games Gold Silver Bronze Total
Athletics pictogram (Paralympics).svg
Athletics
4 9 5 18
Shooting pictogram (Paralympics).svg
Shooting
2 1 2 5
Wheelchair badminton pictogram (Paralympics).svg
Badminton
2 1 1 4
Swimming pictogram (Paralympics).svg
Swimming
1 0 0 1
Table tennis pictogram (Paralympics).svg
Table tennis
0 1 0 1
Archery pictogram (Paralympics).svg
Archery
0 0 1 1
Powerlifting pictogram (Paralympics).svg
Powerlifting
0 0 1 1
Total 9 12 10 31

Medalists

Medal Name/Team Games Sport Event
Gold medal Paralympics.svg
Murlikant Petkar (India's first Paralympic gold medalist) [6] Germany 1972 Heidelberg
Swimming
Swimming
Men's 50m Freestyle 3
Silver medal Paralympics.svg
Bhimrao Kesarkar United Kingdom / United States 1984 Stoke Mandeville/New York
Athletics
Athletics
Men's Javelin L6
Silver medal Paralympics.svg
Joginder Singh Bedi
Athletics
Athletics
Men's Shot Put L6
Bronze medal Paralympics.svg
Joginder Singh Bedi
Athletics
Athletics
Men's Javelin L6
Bronze medal Paralympics.svg
Joginder Singh Bedi
Athletics
Athletics
Men's Discus Throw L6
Gold medal Paralympics.svg
Devendra Jhajharia Greece 2004 Athens
Athletics
Athletics
Men's Javelin F44/46
Bronze medal Paralympics.svg
Rajinder Singh Rahelu
Powerlifting
Powerlifting
Men's 56 kg
Silver medal Paralympics.svg
Girisha Nagarajegowda United Kingdom 2012 London
Athletics
Athletics
Men's High Jump F42
Gold medal Paralympics.svg
Mariyappan Thangavelu Brazil 2016 Rio de Janeiro
Athletics
Athletics
Men's High Jump F42
Gold medal Paralympics.svg
Devendra Jhajharia
Athletics
Athletics
Men's Javelin Throw F46
Silver medal Paralympics.svg
Deepa Malik
Athletics
Athletics
Women's Shot Put F53
Bronze medal Paralympics.svg
Varun Singh Bhati
Athletics
Athletics
Men's High Jump F42
Gold medal Paralympics.svg
Avani Lekhara Japan 2020 Tokyo
Shooting
Shooting
Women's 10m Air Rifle SH1
Gold medal Paralympics.svg
Sumit Antil
Athletics
Athletics
Men's Javelin Throw F64
Gold medal Paralympics.svg
Manish Narwal
Shooting
Shooting
Mixed 50m Pistol SH1
Gold medal Paralympics.svg
Pramod Bhagat
Badminton
Badminton
Men's Singles SL3
Gold medal Paralympics.svg
Krishna Nagar
Badminton
Badminton
Men's Singles SH6
Silver medal Paralympics.svg
Bhavina Patel
Table tennis pictogram (Paralympics).svg
Table Tennis
Women's Singles C4
Silver medal Paralympics.svg
Nishad Kumar
Athletics
Athletics
Men's High Jump T47
Silver medal Paralympics.svg
Yogesh Kathuniya
Athletics
Athletics
Men's Discus Throw F56
Silver medal Paralympics.svg
Devendra Jhajharia
Athletics
Athletics
Men's Javelin Throw F46
Silver medal Paralympics.svg
Mariyappan Thangavelu
Athletics
Athletics
Men's High Jump T63
Silver medal Paralympics.svg
Praveen Kumar
Athletics
Athletics
Men's High Jump T64
Silver medal Paralympics.svg
Singhraj Adhana
Shooting
Shooting
Men's 50m Pistol SH1
Silver medal Paralympics.svg
Suhas Lalinakere Yathiraj
Badminton
Badminton
Men's Singles SL4
Bronze medal Paralympics.svg
Sundar Singh Gurjar
Athletics
Athletics
Men's Javelin Throw F46
Bronze medal Paralympics.svg
Singhraj Adhana
Shooting
Shooting
Men's 10m Air Pistol SH1
Bronze medal Paralympics.svg
Sharad Kumar
Athletics
Athletics
Men's High Jump T63
Bronze medal Paralympics.svg
Avani Lekhara
Shooting
Shooting
Women's 50m Rifle 3 Positions SH1
Bronze medal Paralympics.svg
Harvinder Singh
Archery
Archery
Men's Individual Recurve Open
Bronze medal Paralympics.svg
Manoj Sarkar
Badminton
Badminton
Men's Singles SL3

Multiple Medalists

Athlete Games Sport
Gold medal Paralympics.svg
Gold
Silver medal Paralympics.svg
Silver
Bronze medal Paralympics.svg
Bronze
Total
Devendra Jhajharia Greece 2004 Athens
Brazil 2016 Rio de Janeiro
Japan 2020 Tokyo
Athletics
Athletics
2 1 0 3
Mariyappan Thangavelu Brazil 2016 Rio de Janeiro
Japan 2020 Tokyo
Atletics
Athletics
1 1 0 2
Avani Lekhara (first Indian women to win Gold at Paralympics[7]) Japan 2020 Tokyo
Shooting
Shooting
1 0 1 2
Joginder Singh Bedi United Kingdom / United States 1984 Stoke Mandeville/New York
Athletics
Athletics
0 1 2 3
Singhraj Adhana Japan 2020 Tokyo
Shooting
Shooting
0 1 1 2

2012 Games Village Controversy

During the 2012 Summer Paralympics it was reported that coaches and escorts of the Indian Team were denied accommodation in the Games Village because their permits were being used by officials of the Paralympic Committee of India.[8] The Team's 10 athletes were to be assisted by six coaches and five escorts, but only two escorts were given passes; Paralympic Committee General Secretary Ratan Singh confirmed that he had brought his son, that the Committee president had brought his wife, and the treasurer had brought his wife and daughter.[9]

See also

References

  1. ^ India at the Paralympics on paralympic.org
  2. ^ "The lesser-known Olympics". blogger. 2012-08-08. Retrieved 2012-10-13.
  3. ^ "Never before shown: A gold medal winner from India". paralympic village. 2004-12-19. Retrieved 2011-05-10.
  4. ^ Noida DM Suhas LY is World No. 3 para shuttler and Asian champion as well | Other Sports News | Zee News
  5. ^ "Tokyo Paralympics 2021: Vinod Kumar loses bronze, declared ineligible in classification reassessment". espn.com. 30 August 2021. Retrieved 30 August 2021.
  6. ^ "How a war hero won India's first Paralympics gold in 1972 | Mumbai News - Times of India". The Times of India.
  7. ^ "Shooter Avani Lekhara becomes first Indian woman to win gold at Paralympics". The Hindu. September 2021.
  8. ^ "Not provided with escort, alleges Paralympics athlete". thehindu.com. The Hindu. September 3, 2012. Retrieved September 6, 2012.
  9. ^ Kumar, Nandini (September 2, 2012). "Officials ditch special athletes at Paralympics". epaper.timesofindia.com. Mumbai Mirror, re-published online by e-paper. p. 22. Retrieved September 6, 2012.