Unified Team at the
The Unified Team used the Paralympic symbol
in place of a national flag
Summer appearances
Winter appearances
  • 1976
  • 1980
  • 1984
  • 1988
  • 1992
  • 1994
  • 1998
  • 2002
  • 2006
  • 2010
  • 2014
  • 2018
  • 2022
Other related appearances
 Soviet Union (1988)
 Estonia (1992–)
 Latvia (1992–)
 Lithuania (1992–)
 Belarus (1994–)
 Kazakhstan (1994–)
 Russia (1994–2014)
 Armenia (1996–)
 Azerbaijan (1996–)
 Kyrgyzstan (1996–)
 Moldova (1996–)
 Ukraine (1996–)
 Turkmenistan (2000–)
 Tajikistan (2004–)
 Uzbekistan (2004–)
 Georgia (2008–)
 Neutral Paralympic Athletes (2018)
 RPC (2020)

The Unified Team was the name used for the sports team of eleven[citation needed] former constituent republics of the Soviet Union[1] (excluding Estonia, Georgia, Latvia, and Lithuania) at the 1992 Winter Paralympics in Albertville[2] and the 1992 Summer Paralympics in Barcelona.[3] The IOC country code was EUN, after the French name, Équipe Unifiée.

The Paralympic Flag was used in place of a national flag at the Opening Ceremony and at medals ceremonies, and the Paralympic Hymn was played for gold medallists. Unlike the Unified Team at the Olympics, the Summer Paralympic team paraded in the opening ceremony with no special procedure (no placard displayed the names of the individual countries, the announcers did not announce the names of the individual countries, and the athletes did not carry flags of the individual countries).[4]


For details of the Unified Team's participation, see:

Participating countries

The Unified Team's participating countries in the Summer games and the IOC codes used by them in subsequent Paralympics[citation needed]
Country (former
Soviet republic)
IOC code
 Armenia ARM
 Azerbaijan AZE
Belarus BLR
 Kazakhstan KAZ
 Kyrgyzstan KGZ
 Moldova MDA
Russia RUS
Tajikistan TJK
Turkmenistan TKM
 Ukraine UKR
 Uzbekistan UZB


(Note, however, that the International Paralympic Committee (IPC) does not officially recognise national medal totals.)


Athletes competing for the Unified team at the 1992 Summer and 1992 Winter Paralympic Games.[5]

Summer Games


Winter Games


See also


  1. ^ a b Tigns-Alvertville 1992 Archived 2010-05-25 at the Wayback Machine, Canadian Paralympic Committee
  2. ^ 1992 winter paralympics participants
  3. ^ Barcelona Paralympics participation
  4. ^ "Opening Ceremony of the Barcelona 1992 Summer Paralympic Games". YouTube.
  5. ^ Athlete Search Results, International Paralympic Committee (IPC)