I Paralympic Games
ISMG 1960 & 1964.jpg
Host cityRome, Italy
Nations23
Athletes~400
Events57 in 8 sports
Opening18 September
Closing25 September
Opened by
Camillo Giardina
StadiumStadio Olimpico
1960 Summer Olympics

The 9th Annual International Stoke Mandeville Games, retroactively designated as the 1960 Summer Paralympics (Italian: Giochi paralimpici estivi del 1960),[1] were the first international Paralympic Games, following on from the Stoke Mandeville Games of 1948 and 1952. They were organised under the aegis of the International Stoke Mandeville Games Federation.[2] The term "Paralympic Games" was approved by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) first in 1984,[1] while the International Paralympic Committee (IPC) was formed in 1989.

The Games were held in Rome, Italy from September 18 to 25, 1960, with the 1960 Summer Olympics. The only disability included in these Paralympics was spinal cord injury. There were 400 athletes from 23 countries.[1][3][4][5][6]

Sports

Medal table

Main article: 1960 Summer Paralympics medal table

The top 10 NPCs by number of gold medals are listed below. The host nation, Italy, is highlighted.

  *   Host nation (Italy)

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Italy*29282380
2 Great Britain20152055
3 West Germany156930
4 Austria1181130
5 United States117725
6 Norway93416
7 Australia36110
8 Netherlands3609
9 France3317
10 Argentina2316
Totals (10 nations)1068577268

Participating delegations

The number in parentheses indicates the number of participants from each NPC.[7][8] Canada, Cyprus, Denmark, Egypt, Greece, India, Lebanon, Pakistan, Portugal, Turkey and Uruguay sent only officials.

References

  1. ^ a b c Rome 1960, International Paralympic Committee (IPC)
  2. ^ "Summer Games Governance 1960 to 1992", IWAS
  3. ^ "Beijing Paralympics factsheet", BBC, July 11, 2008
  4. ^ "Participation Numbers: Rome 1960 Paralympic Games", International Paralympic Committee
  5. ^ IPC searchable database
  6. ^ "Paralympic Games History", Channel Four Paralympics
  7. ^ Paralympic Games Open At Rome Olympics Site, St. Petersburg Times, September 19, 1960, Google News Archive Search
  8. ^ https://www.paralympic.org/sdms4/hira/web/participantNumbers/rome-1960[dead link]
  9. ^ a b "Gevonden in Delpher - Trouw".
New sporting event Summer Paralympics Rome I Paralympic Summer Games (1960) Succeeded byTokyo