I Paralympic Games
Host cityRome, Italy
Events57 in 8 sports
Opening18 September
Closing25 September
Opened by
Camillo Giardina
StadiumAqua Acetosa
1960 Summer Olympics
A black and white photo of a large track and field stadium with spectator stands and flags flying on the left hand side and trees in the background. A large procession of people in wheelchairs goes round the track with a sign being held at the front reading "Italia". The team is led by a walking man carrying the Italian flag.
Italian Team at the Opening Ceremony

The 9th Annual International Stoke Mandeville Games, retroactively designated as the 1960 Summer Paralympics, were the first international Paralympic Games, following on from the Stoke Mandeville Games of 1948 and 1952. They were organised under the aegis of the International Stoke Mandeville Games Federation.[1] The term "Paralympic Games" was approved by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) first in 1984,[2] while the International Paralympic Committee (IPC) was formed in 1989.

The Games were held in Rome, Italy from September 18 to 25, 1960, with the 1960 Summer Olympics. The only disability included in these Paralympics was spinal cord injury. There were 400 athletes from 23 countries.[2][3][4][5][6]


Dr. Ludwig Guttmann, the founder of the Stoke Mandeville Games along with Antonio Maglio, head of the Spinal Centre in Rome organised the event which was the first Stoke Mandeville Games to be held outside the UK.[7][8]

Black and white photograph showing a boulevard with trees and streetlamps lined with white houses on stilts.
Paralympic Athletes' Village 1960


Medal table

Main article: 1960 Summer Paralympics medal table

The top 10 NPCs by number of gold medals are listed below. The host nation, Italy, is highlighted.

  *   Host nation (Italy)

1 Italy*29282380
2 Great Britain20152055
3 West Germany156930
4 Austria1181130
5 United States117725
6 Norway93416
7 Australia36110
8 Netherlands3609
9 France3317
10 Argentina2316
Totals (10 entries)1068577268

Participating delegations

The number in parentheses indicates the number of participants from each NPC.[9][10] Canada, Cyprus, Denmark, Egypt, Greece, India, Lebanon, Pakistan, Portugal, Turkey and Uruguay sent only officials.


  1. ^ "Summer Games Governance 1960 to 1992", IWAS
  2. ^ a b Rome 1960, International Paralympic Committee (IPC)
  3. ^ "Beijing Paralympics factsheet", BBC, July 11, 2008
  4. ^ "Participation Numbers: Rome 1960 Paralympic Games", International Paralympic Committee
  5. ^ IPC searchable database
  6. ^ "Paralympic Games History", Channel Four Paralympics
  7. ^ "Rome 1960". International Paralympic Committee. Retrieved 2023-02-25.
  8. ^ "Paralympics: Where Heroes Come - Chapter 2". 2010-06-11. Archived from the original on 2010-06-11. Retrieved 2023-02-25.((cite web)): CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  9. ^ Paralympic Games Open At Rome Olympics Site, St. Petersburg Times, September 19, 1960, Google News Archive Search
  10. ^ https://www.paralympic.org/sdms4/hira/web/participantNumbers/rome-1960[dead link]
  11. ^ a b "Gevonden in Delpher - Trouw".
New sporting event Summer Paralympics Rome I Paralympic Summer Games (1960) Succeeded byTokyo