Part of the Municipal Airport industrial complex, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
Part of the Municipal Airport industrial complex, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

An industrial park (also known as industrial estate, trading estate) is an area zoned and planned for the purpose of industrial development. An industrial park can be thought of as a more "heavyweight" version of a business park or office park, which has offices and light industry, rather than heavy industry.

The Oriketo industrial zone in Turku, Finland
The Oriketo industrial zone in Turku, Finland

Benefits

Industrial zone in Dakar (Senegal)
Industrial zone in Dakar (Senegal)
Industrial zone in Trier-Zewen, (Germany)
Industrial zone in Trier-Zewen, (Germany)

Industrial parks are usually located on the edges of, or outside, the main residential area of a city, and are normally provided with good transportation access, including road and rail.[1] One such example is the large number of industrial estates located along the River Thames in the Thames Gateway area of London. Industrial parks are usually located close to transport facilities, especially where more than one transport modes coincide, including highways, railroads, airports and ports. Another common feature of a North American industrial park is a water tower, which helps to hold enough water to meet the park's demands and for firefighting purposes, and also advertises the industrial park and locality, as usually the community's name and logo are painted onto its surface.[2]

This idea of setting land aside through this type of zoning has several purposes:

Benchmarking

For the manufacturing companies located in industrial parks, the performance of industrial park operators is important, as the costs for infrastructure and services charged by the industrial park operator is a serious factor for the competitiveness of the manufacturing companies.[6] [7]

Criticism

Different industrial parks fulfill these criteria to differing degrees. Many small communities have established industrial parks with only access to a nearby highway, and with only the basic utilities and roadways. Public transportation options may be limited or non-existent.

Industrial parks in developing countries such as Pakistan face a myriad of additional difficulties. This includes the availability of a skilled workforce and the clustering together of radically different industrial sectors (pharmaceuticals and heavy engineering, for example), which often leads to unfavorable outcomes for quality centered industries.

Variations

An industrial park specializing in biotechnology is called a biotechnology industrial park. It may also be known as a bio-industrial park or eco-industrial cluster.

Flatted factories exist in cities like Singapore and Hong Kong, where land is scarce. These are typically similar to flats, but house individual industries instead. Flatted factories have cargo lifts and roads that serve each level, providing access to each factory lot.

See also

References

  1. ^ Industrial park scheme 2008 "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-12-03. Retrieved 2009-06-11.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ Ferebee, Johanna (20 August 2019). "New water tower to serve Brunswick-Columbus industrial parks gets design funding". PortCityDaily. Retrieved 9 October 2019.
  3. ^ Industrial Park land and infrastructure http://www.ground57.com/land-and-infrastructure/
  4. ^ Industrial Park Benefits "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-11-23. Retrieved 2009-06-04.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ List of Approvals & Withdrawals under the Industrial Park Schemes, 1999 & 2002 "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-21. Retrieved 2009-06-11.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ Festel, Gunter; Würmseher, Martin (May 2014). "Benchmarking of energy and utility infrastructures in industrial parks". Journal of Cleaner Production. 70: 15–26. doi:10.1016/j.jclepro.2014.01.101.
  7. ^ Festel, Gunter; Würmseher, Martin (2014-09-30). "Benchmarking of industrial park infrastructures in Germany". Benchmarking: An International Journal. 21 (6): 854–883. doi:10.1108/BIJ-01-2013-0015. ISSN 1463-5771.

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