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Institute of the Incarnate Word
FormationMarch 25, 1984; 39 years ago (1984-03-25)
TypeCatholic religious institute
HeadquartersPiazza San Píetro, 2
  • Segni, Roma, Italia
Superior General
Fr. Gustavo Nieto, IVE
Key people
Carlos Miguel Buela - Founder

The Institute of the Incarnate Word (IVE) (Spanish: Instituto del Verbo Encarnado) is a Catholic religious institute founded in Argentina by Fr. Carlos Miguel Buela on March 25, 1984. It is a religious institute of diocesan right.[1] The institute is the male branch of the Religious Family of the Incarnate Word, a union of religious institutes founded by Buela; the other two branches are the female religious community known as the Servants of the Lord and the Virgin of Matará (SSVM) and the Secular Third Order.


Members of the Institute profess the vows of chastity, poverty and obedience. In addition, a fourth vow of Marian slavery is professed following the practice of St. Louis-Marie Grignion de Montfort.[2]



Fr. Carlos Miguel Buela, IVE celebrates Mass for missionaries of the Institute of the Incarnate Word in Canada.

Fr. Carlos Miguel Buela founded the Institute of the Incarnate Word in Argentina on March 25, 1984, on the Solemnity of the Annunciation with the approval of Bishop León Kruk in the Diocese of San Rafael.

A few years later, in 1988, Fr. Buela founded the female branch, the Servants of the Lord and the Virgin of Matará, with the same charism and mission. After passing almost two decades in the initial stages as a new religious community, the IVE became a religious congregation of diocesan right on May 8, 2004[3] under the guidance of resident diocesan Bishop Andrea Maria Erba of the Diocese of Velletri-Segni near Rome, Italy, the site of the institute's main house.[4] At the same time the Constitutions also received official approval by a competent authority of the Church. Mons. Erba had previously received the institute's General House in the year 2000.

On March 25, 2009, the Institute celebrated its 25th anniversary.[5] A year later saw the election of a new General Superior, Fr. Carlos Walker, IVE.


After the denunciation of seminarians accusing the founder of the Institute, Don Carlos Miguel Buela, of sexual abuse, a decree[6] of the Congregation for Institutes of Consecrated Life, signed by Cardinal Gardin in 2010, judged these accusations to be plausible and found Don Buela guilty of inappropriate behavior with adults.[7] He then had to leave Argentina and retire to the Abbey of La Pierre-qui-Vire in France. In 2016, he moved to Genoa, Italy.[8] The Institute of the Incarnate Word continues on its website to refer to its founder,[9] honors him following his death,[10] and remains silent on abuses. Several articles detail a persistent dispute with the Holy See,[11] and a "shadow government" denounced by Cardinal Santos Abril, the Pontifical Commissioner of the congregation, which forbids any homage to the founder, who was dismissed by the Vatican under Benedict XVI.[12][13]

Specific locations

United States

The first IVE priests to come to the United States arrived in New York in December 1989, the SSVM sisters arriving shortly thereafter.

Several years later, given its rapid growth, the IVE officially established the Province of the Immaculate Conception which includes the United States, Canada, Mexico, and Guyana. The Institute began its American novitiate (St. Isaac Jogues & Companion Martyrs Novitiate) in 1998, its seminary (the Ven. Fulton Sheen House of Formation) in 1999, and a high school seminary (Bl. Jose Sanchez del Rio High School Seminary) in 2008. That same year in Guyana, the IVE also started a residence for boys who aspire to the priesthood. In the province there are currently[when?] 40 priests and about 75 young men in formation.


Main article: Roman Catholicism in Tajikistan

John Paul II entrusted The Mission sui iuris in Tajikistan to the care of the Institute on September 29, 1997. As the Holy See indicates, a mission sui iuris is a special missionary territory which is not part of any diocese, vicariate, or apostolic jurisdiction.[14] Thus, to provide an organized structure to such a territory, the Pope appoints a religious superior as the highest-ranking Church authority within its boundaries. As of 2005 Tajikistan had only 245 Catholics being tended to by five priests, all of whom belong to the institute.[15]


Missionary Priest of the Institute of the Incarnate Word
A priest of the Institute of the Incarnate Word makes a pastoral visit to a village in Papua New Guinea.

As members of the Institute are under the auspices of the local bishops, members of the Institute may assist them in the local Churches, providing formators for the seminaries, or accepting parochial[16] and school assignments.[17] Thus, in addition to managing houses of formation in Argentina, Brazil, Ecuador, Peru, Italy, Taiwan, the United States, and the Philippines, the Institute provides formators and professors for diocesan seminaries and universities in Italy, Peru, the Holy Land, Papua New Guinea, Kazakhstan, Ukraine, and the United States.[18]

As of 2018 the congregation was divided into 14 Ecclesiastical Jurisdictions of the Roman Rite and various Eastern Rites. Each jurisdiction is under the governorship of a provincial superior; the Superior General of the institute is Fr. Gustavo J. Nieto, IVE.

Religious Family of the Incarnate Word

Servants of the Lord and the Virgin of Matará

Founded on March 19, 1988, by Fr. Buela, the Servants of the Lord and the Virgin of Matará (SSVM) is the female branch of the Religious Family of the Incarnate Word. Sharing the same founder, charisma and spirituality, they are canonically independent from the Institute of the Incarnate Word. As of 2018 there were approximately 1,000 members in 35 mission areas. They have their own houses of formation and a contemplative branch.

Third Order

The Secular Third Order or the lay order of the Family of the Incarnate Word is an association of lay faithful who live in the world while belonging to the religious family.

Contemplative Branch

Contemplative life in the Institute of the Incarnate Word
A contemplative monk of the Institute of the Incarnate Word at the Monastery of Our Lady of El Pueyo, Spain.

Fr. Buela founded the contemplative branch of the Institute of the Incarnate Word in December 1988. Ever since, the monks of the Institute have dedicated themselves to prayer, living in community under the same monastery roof and subjecting themselves to a rule and an abbot.

The monks live a fraternal life during times of recreation. As a sign of poverty they wear a simple monastic habit: white sackcloth, a cowl, a leather belt, and a white scapular onto which the shield of the institute is embroidered.

As of 2018 the institute has six monasteries, one each in Argentina, Italy, Israel, and Tunisia, and two in Spain.


The Institute of the Incarnate Word considers its specific end to be the evangelization of the culture, to work "through the power of the Gospel, to transform mankind's criteria of judgment, determining values, points of interest, lines of thought, sources of inspiration, and models of life" (Evangelii Nuntiandi, 19). The constitutions states that its purpose is to extend the Incarnation 'to all men, in the whole man, and in all of the manifestations of man,' all in accordance with the teachings of the Magisterium of the Catholic Church.

Fr. Buela wanted the institute to be named "of the Incarnate Word" to honor the "first and fundamental mystery of Jesus Christ," in the words of Pope John Paul II.[19] From the mystery of the Incarnation, the member is called "to reestablish all things in Christ," (Eph 1:10).

Priestly Identity

From the institute's Constitutions and Directories, there are 14 essential traits that must characterize a priest of the IVE. Within the institute, itself, they are known as the "non-negotiable" elements of its identity as a religious congregation.[20] The "non-negotiables" are:

Priests of the Institute of the Incarnate Word celebrate Mass
Priests of the Institute of the Incarnate Word celebrate Mass for seminarians on a mountaintop during a summer hiking trip in the United States.
  1. He prolongs the Incarnation of Christ
  2. He professes vows of chastity, poverty, obedience and Marian slavery
  3. He intensely practices the virtues of self-denial
  4. He celebrates the Holy Mass with dignity
  5. He practices a serious (and not a sentimental) spirituality
  6. He is docile to the living Magisterium of the Church of all times
  7. He adheres to the teaching of St. Thomas Aquinas[2]
  8. He possesses a missionary and apostolic creativity
  9. He lives a strong community life with authentic joy
  10. He "sinks his teeth into reality"
  11. He chooses the mission no one else wants
  12. He practices works of mercy, above all with the handicapped, etc.
  13. He has a providential outlook on life
  14. He lives through Mary, with Mary, in Mary, and for Mary

Missionary Spirit

The Institute places a high priority on sending missionaries to places deemed to have a greater need, either because of a lack of missionaries or because the faithful are in urgent need of them.[21] For example, since 2014, priests and religious of the Institute of the Incarnate Word and the Servants of the Lord and the Virgin of Matara have played important roles in caring for the displaced Christian refugees fleeing the threat of ISIS attacks in Baghdad[22] and in Syria.[23]

The institute also has an eastern branch in accord with John Paul II's call for the Church to breathe with "two lungs," Eastern and Western.[24]


Image of Our Lady of Luján from the IVE seminary in Washington, DC.

Venerated as the beloved Patroness of Argentina, Our Lady of Luján is also considered the Patroness of the institute. Her image is on the walls of the rectories, convents, houses of formation, and all the other foundations common to the Religious Family.

As patroness of the missionaries of the Religious Family of the Incarnate Word, Our Lady of Luján continues to journey to foreign lands.


Youth Festival of the Institute of the Incarnate Word
The Institute of the Incarnate Word annually hosts a weekend-long "Youth Festival" for high school aged youth at their retreat center in Upstate New York.

Members of the Institute devote themselves specially to preaching. They study scripture, theology, and in the liturgy; they teach it to youth; and they preach it in the forms of popular missions[25] (intensive pastoral missions) and the Spiritual Exercises (retreats conducted according to the method of St. Ignatius of Loyola).

The institute is also involved in works of charity with those most in need abandoned children, the disabled, the sick, and the elderly—in various houses of charity throughout the world.[26][27]

Members of the Institute publish articles in journals, periodicals, essays, books, etc.

Government of the Institute

See also


  1. ^ "Approvazione | IVEroma - Istituto del Verbo Incarnato". Archived from the original on 2015-08-16. Retrieved 2015-11-12.
  2. ^ a b Constitutions and Directory of Spirituality. New York: IVE Press. 2013. p. 317. ISBN 9781939018274.
  3. ^ "Ente | Vicariatus Urbis". Retrieved 2015-11-12.
  4. ^ "Diocesi Suburbicaria Velletri - Segni". Retrieved 2016-04-05.
  5. ^ "Instituto argentino del Verbo Encarnado celebró sus 25 años de fundación". Retrieved 2016-04-15.
  6. ^ 1. Decreto CIVCSVA 2010. Pena Del P. Buela Por Abusos ( ITA SPA).
  7. ^ "La Iglesia admite que el fundador de una congregación cometió abusos". Retrieved 2023-05-07.
  8. ^ "Abusò dei seminaristi, don Carlos si nasconde in una chiesa di Genova". la Repubblica (in Italian). 2017-04-07. Retrieved 2023-05-07.
  9. ^ "Acerca de nosotros – IVE Argentina" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2023-05-07.
  10. ^ In Memoriam - Fr. Carlos Miguel Buela, IVE, retrieved 2023-05-07
  11. ^ "Nuevo varapalo de Santos Abril al IVE: "Se ha obrado sin mi conocimiento en una lista de actuaciones ilegales interminable"". Religión Digital (in European Spanish). 2023-04-26. Retrieved 2023-05-07.
  12. ^ "El cardenal Santos Abril denuncia «un gobierno en la sombra» en el Instituto del Verbo Encarnado". | Español - valores con alma para vivir feliz (in Spanish). 2022-10-10. Retrieved 2023-05-07.
  13. ^ "Concerns about the Institute of the Incarnate Word (IVE)". Retrieved 2023-05-12.
  14. ^ Annuario Pontificio 2005. Citta del Vaticano: Librería Editrice Vaticana. 2005. p. 1073.
  15. ^ "Argentine Priests Aiding the Flock in Tajikistan – ZENIT – English". 17 March 2004. Retrieved 2016-02-16.
  16. ^ "Хабаровские католики встретили праздник Пасхи". Archived from the original on 2016-03-29. Retrieved 2016-04-03.
  17. ^ "A Gift for New York - Archdiocese of New York". 4 August 2005. Retrieved 2016-03-17.
  18. ^ "The Roman Catholic Diocese of Columbus - Resources - Diocese of Columbus Directory - Catholic Colleges". Retrieved 2015-11-12.
  19. ^ "Ángelus, 6 de septiembre de 1981 | Juan Pablo II". Retrieved 2015-11-12.
  20. ^ Constitutions and Directory of Spirituality. New York: IVE Press. 2013. pp. 29, 107–122, 133, 203–317. ISBN 9781939018274.
  21. ^ Constitutions and Directory of Spirituality. New York: IVE Press. 2013. p. 100. ISBN 9781939018274.
  22. ^ "In Baghdad's 'Camp Virgin Mary,' Displaced Iraqi Christians Get Their Own Chapel – ZENIT – English". 10 December 2015. Retrieved 2016-02-16.
  23. ^ "Christians Struggle to Rebuild Their Lives in Syria – ZENIT – English". 10 October 2014. Retrieved 2016-02-16.
  24. ^ "Ut Unum Sint (25 May 1995) | John Paul II". Retrieved 2015-11-12.
  25. ^ "Evangelizing Prospect Heights - The Tablet". The Tablet. 17 July 2013. Retrieved 2016-02-16.
  26. ^ "L'Osservatore Romano" (PDF). Breath of Mercy. April 8, 2016. Retrieved April 10, 2016.
  27. ^ "The Breath of Mercy". First Things. Retrieved 2016-04-10.
  28. ^ "Evocan los 25 años de la tragedia de los Andes". La Nación. 29 November 1997. Retrieved 2016-12-03.
  29. ^ a b Agenzia Fides (2007-07-28). "Nuove, piccole e grandi realtà della Chiesa". p. 18. Retrieved 2016-12-04.
  30. ^ "El caso Próvolo reavivó denuncia de abuso en el sur". 2016-12-02. Retrieved 2016-12-05.
  31. ^ "Verbo Encarnado: su funcionamiento continuará". 2010-07-17. Retrieved 2016-12-07.
  32. ^ "Cambia la dirección del IVE y se confirma la condena al P. Buela por abusos". 2016-08-05. Retrieved 2016-12-04.
  33. ^ "IVE General Chapter – The Election of New Authorities". 2016-07-14. Retrieved 2016-12-04.
  34. ^ "Ente | Vicariatus Urbis". Retrieved 2016-12-07.