Interstate 85 Business
Route of Business 85 highlighted in green
Route information
Maintained by NCDOT
Length29.8 mi[1] (48.0 km)
Existed1984–present
Major junctions
South end I-85 / I-285 / US 29 / US 52 / US 70 in Lexington
Major intersections
North end I-85 / US 29 / US 70 in Greensboro
Location
CountiesDavidson, Randolph, Guilford
Highway system

Interstate 85 Business (commonly referred to as Business 85) in the U.S. state of North Carolina is a 29.8-mile-long (48.0 km) business loop of Interstate 85 (I-85) which serves several cities in the Piedmont Triad.

Route description

Business 85, which completely runs concurrently with US 29 and US 70, begins at a partial Y interchange with I-85 (exit 87) in Lexington. Heading north for 4.4 miles (7.1 km), along with I-285 and US 52, it goes through another partial Y interchange (exit 87) before leaving the freeway. Changing to a semi-limited expressway, it serves as a northern bypass of downtown Lexington, briefly running concurrently with US 64.[2] After leaving the city limits, Business 85 heads in a northeast direction in parallel to I-85 further south. After it travels through Thomasville, it enters the city of High Point in DavidsonRandolph county line.[3] Briefly in Randolph County for 1.6 miles (2.6 km), it enters Guilford County.[4] East of downtown High Point, Business 85 shares a unique three-level diamond interchange with I-74/US 311 before leaving the city limits.[5] At the Greensboro city limit, Business 85 completes its 30.7-mile (49.4 km) journey with a trumpet interchange with I-85 (exit 118).[6]

History

I-40/I-85 Business overhead sign
I-40/I-85 Business overhead sign

Established in 1984 as redesignation of Temp I-85, Business 85 traveled from Lexington to Greensboro, in a complete concurrency with US 29 and US 70, when I-85 was completed on a more southern parallel routing.

In May 2005, I-85 was redirected southeast around Greensboro along the Greensboro Urban Loop; its old routing through Greensboro became an extension of Business 85, extending it from 29.8 miles (48.0 km) to 43 miles (69 km).[7][8] The extension included a hidden two-mile (3.2 km) concurrency along I-85 (between exits 118-120A) before splitting off again with US 29 and US 70. In merging onto I-40 (exit 219), it continued easterly before meeting back with I-85 (exit 227) near McLeansville. For a brief period in 2008, I-40 was also decommissioned through Greensboro and rerouted around the Urban Loop, with its old routing replaced by Business 40, but its former in-town route was eventually restored, resulting once again in a regular and Business Interstate sharing the same alignment. In October 2018, Business 85 was reverted to its original 29.8-mile (48.0 km) alignment, ending near Jamestown. The justification was to eliminate a redundant route and decrease the number of routing shields and overhead signs through Greensboro.[9][10]

Temporary Interstate 85

Temporary Interstate 85

LocationLexingtonGreensboro, NC
Length30.8 mi[11] (49.6 km)
Existed1961–1984

Temporary Interstate 85 (Temp I-85) was established by 1961 as a temporary designation that directed travelers along US 29/US 70, from the Yadkin River to Greensboro.[12] In 1977, a flyover bridge was completed (dubbed "bridge over nothing," it later became part of I-85 exit 87), truncating Temp I-85 south-end near Lexington.[13][14] In 1984, I-85 was completed on new primary routing between Lexington and Greensboro; Temp I-85 was replaced by I-85 Business.

Future

On October 5, 2019, the North Carolina Department of Transportation (NDCOT) submitted an application to the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) and received approval, for to decommission I-85 Business along its entire route,[15] as well as to re-route US 70 to continue along Wendover Avenue westbound through Greensboro to North Carolina Highway 68 (NC 68, Eastchester Drive) in High Point, and then onto NC 68, southbound from High Point to Thomasville.[16] Under the state plan, all I-85 Business and US 70 signs will be removed from the freeway stretch traveling southwesterly from I-40 in Greensboro to NC 68 in Thomasville, and the freeway will remain US 29. The state's justification for this is that the route changes will provide a single continuous route as an alternative (US 70 will take on more direct routing through town), simplify overhead signage on the freeway (eliminate confusion between the I-85 bypass and I-85 Business), and remove traffic from Interstate concurrencies in order to improve safety and regional connectivity.[17]

Junction list

CountyLocationmi[1]kmDestinationsNotes
DavidsonLexington0.00.0 I-85 south / I-285 end / US 29 south / US 52 south / US 70 west – Salisbury, CharlotteContinuation as I-85/US 29/US 52/US 70; southbound exit and northbound entrance
0.60.97
NC 47 east to I-85 north
US 52 exit 84; to Davidson County Airport
1.52.4Green Needles RoadUS 52 exit 85
2.84.5Salisbury Road – Downtown LexingtonUS 52 exit 86
3.76.0 I-285 north / US 52 north – Winston-SalemUS 52 exit 87; north end of I-285/US 52 overlap; northbound exit and southbound entrance
4.77.6Old US 64
5.28.4 US 64 west – MocksvilleWest end of US 64 overlap
6.210.0 NC 8 (Winston Road) – Lexington, Winston-Salem
7.111.4 US 64 east – AsheboroEast end of US 64 overlap
Thomasville14.323.0Lexington Avenue – ThomasvilleNorthbound exit and southbound entrance
16.726.9 NC 109 (Salem Street) – Thomasville, Winston-Salem
18.429.6 NC 68 (National Highway) – Thomasville, West High PointTo Piedmont Triad International Airport
RandolphHigh Point19.531.4Old Thomasville Road – High Point
Guilford20.332.7Prospect Street
21.334.3West Green Drive
22.135.6Surrett Drive
22.836.7Main Street – High Point
24.038.6 I-74 / Brentwood Street – Winston-Salem, AsheboroBrentwood Street has a separate exit northbound; three-level diamond interchange
25.240.6Baker Road
26.242.2Kivett Drive – East High Point
Greensboro28.846.3Vickery Chapel Road / Guildford College Road – Jamestown
29.848.0 I-85 / US 29 north / US 70 east – Charlotte, GreensboroNorth end of US 29 and west end of US 70 overlap
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

References

  1. ^ a b Google (December 21, 2018). "Interstate 85 Business (North Carolina)" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved December 21, 2018.
  2. ^ North Carolina Department of Transportation (October 2018). Davidson County, North Carolina (PDF) (Map). Raleigh: North Carolina Department of Transportation. Sheet 2 of 8. Enlarged Municipal and Suburban Areas inset. Retrieved December 18, 2018.
  3. ^ North Carolina Department of Transportation (October 2018). Davidson County, North Carolina (PDF) (Map). Raleigh: North Carolina Department of Transportation. Sheet 5 of 8. Enlarged Municipal and Suburban Areas inset. Retrieved December 18, 2018.
  4. ^ North Carolina Department of Transportation (December 2018). Randolph County, North Carolina (PDF) (Map). Raleigh: North Carolina Department of Transportation. Sheet 3 of 5. Enlarged Municipal and Suburban Areas inset. Retrieved December 18, 2018.
  5. ^ North Carolina Department of Transportation (September 2018). Guilford County, North Carolina (PDF) (Map). Raleigh: North Carolina Department of Transportation. Sheet 8 of 10. Enlarged Municipal and Suburban Areas inset. Retrieved December 18, 2018.
  6. ^ North Carolina Department of Transportation (September 2018). Guilford County, North Carolina (PDF) (Map). Raleigh: North Carolina Department of Transportation. Sheet 9 of 10. Enlarged Municipal and Suburban Areas inset. Retrieved December 18, 2018.
  7. ^ North Carolina Department of Transportation (May 2, 2005). "Route Change (2005-05-02)" (PDF). Raleigh: North Carolina Department of Transportation. Retrieved December 18, 2018.
  8. ^ Google (December 21, 2018). "Interstate 85 Business (North Carolina) 2005–2018" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved December 21, 2018.
  9. ^ North Carolina Department of Transportation (October 31, 2018). "Route Change (2018-10-31)" (PDF). Raleigh: North Carolina Department of Transportation. Retrieved December 18, 2018.
  10. ^ North Carolina Department of Transportation (October 31, 2018). "Route Change (2018-10-31B)" (PDF). Raleigh: North Carolina Department of Transportation. Retrieved January 16, 2019.
  11. ^ Google (April 17, 2014). "Temporary Interstate 85" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved April 17, 2014.
  12. ^ North Carolina Department of Transportation (1970). North Carolina Official Highway Map (PDF) (Map). Scale not given. Raleigh: North Carolina Department of Transportation. Retrieved April 17, 2014.
  13. ^ Baughn, James. "US29&70/I-85 BUS LP over I-85". BridgeReports.com. Retrieved April 17, 2014.[self-published source]
  14. ^ North Carolina Department of Transportation (1979). North Carolina Transportation Map & Guide to Points of Interest (PDF) (Map) (1979–1980 ed.). c. 1:823,680. Raleigh: North Carolina Department of Transportation. Retrieved April 17, 2014.
  15. ^ North Carolina Department of Transportation (July 2019). "High Point Urban Area MPO:Removal of "Business 85"". Raleigh: North Carolina Department of Transportation. Retrieved January 16, 2020.
  16. ^ North Carolina Department of Transportation (October 2019). "AASHTO 2019 Annual Meeting: Re-Routing of US-70" (PDF). Raleigh: North Carolina Department of Transportation. Retrieved January 16, 2020.
  17. ^ North Carolina Department of Transportation (July 2019). "AASHTO 2019 Annual Meeting: Re-Routing of US-70" (PDF). Raleigh: North Carolina Department of Transportation. Retrieved January 16, 2020.

Media related to Interstate 85 Business (North Carolina) at Wikimedia Commons

Route map: