Underground missile bases
Missile Cities
پایگاه های موشکی زیرزمینی ایران
Unknown, multiple locations in Iran
TypeMissile bases
Heightzero, 500 m deep
Site information
OperatorIRGC Aerospace Force

According to Iranian authorities, Iranian underground missile bases or silos (Persian: پایگاه های موشکی زیرزمینی ایران), also known as the Missile Cities (Persian: شهرهای موشکی) exist in all provinces and cities of Iran.[1][2][3] The bases contain road-mobile transporter erector launcher trucks, along with other hardware, and, due to the lack of adequate ventilation, could not be as far underground as claimed by Iranian sources.[4] A video from one of the missile sites was released for the first time on 14 October 2015 by Brigadier General Amir Ali Hajizadeh, commander of Aerospace Force of the Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution.[5] This was just a few days after news of the testing of a new-generation medium-range ballistic missile, the Emad, was broadcast by the state media of Iran.[6] Amir Ali Hajizadeh stated that: "Iranian missiles of varying ranges are ready to be launched from underground bases once Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei orders to do so," adding that "Iran created missile bases in all the provinces and cities throughout the country at a depth of 500 meters."[2]

Bases were again displayed on TV on January 5, 2016, amid heightened tensions with Saudi Arabia following the execution of Shi`ìte cleric Nimr al-Nimr.[7] The second-in-command of the Revolutionary Guards boasted that Iran's depots and underground facilities were so full that it didn't know where to store new missiles.[8]

Analysis

The release of the footage of the Iranian underground missile bases provided the situation for the lawmakers to show that the July nuclear deal had not weakened the military of Iran and it was a show of strength by Iran in response to the western powers, especially the US, speaking of military options against Iran in spite of the nuclear deal, according to The Guardian.[2] Hajizadeh said that Iran was not seeking to start a war but "if enemies make a mistake, missile bases will erupt like a volcano from the depth of earth."[9]

According to Tal Inbar a senior Israeli defense expert and head of the Space Research Center at the Fisher Institute for Air and Space Strategic Studies in Herzliya, this missile base "enables the Islamic Republic to store and covertly fire surface-to-surface missiles." He described the underground facility, whose location is unknown, as a "complex system of enormous tunnels". He also added that those bases could be used by Iran for "a surprise barrage missile attack".[10]

List of coordinates of TEL or tunnel berms & mountain peaks

(IRGC Aerospace Force) list of above ground missile bases

Missile base Coordinates
Hemmat and Bakeri Underground Missile Plant[11][12] 35°41′11″N 51°36′38″E / 35.686354°N 51.610583°E / 35.686354; 51.610583
Isfahan/Esfahan Underground Centrifuge Manufacturing Facility[13][14][15]
32°35′27″N 51°48′55″E / 32.590781°N 51.815219°E / 32.590781; 51.815219
Khormoj Underground Missile Base

   • 580 meter peak[16]

28°40′20″N 51°26′55″E / 28.672323°N 51.448512°E / 28.672323; 51.448512
Parchin Underground Enrichment Facility and Missile and Fuel Plant[17][18]

   • 1380 meter peak[19]

35°31′00″N 51°45′18″E / 35.516537°N 51.754920°E / 35.516537; 51.754920
Shiraz Underground Missile Plant

TEL parking space 1 of 3 with 2 additional covered tunnel entrances[20]

29°34′16″N 52°22′41″E / 29.571062°N 52.378168°E / 29.571062; 52.378168

The Ayatollah's game of chicken

Estimates of potential casualties for 475 kiloton yield nuclear targets in Iran
Target Estimated fatalities[21] Estimated injuries[22]
Hemmat and Bakeri[23][24] 1,510 83,190
Isfahan[25][26][27] 4,300 23,590
Khormoj[28] 210 12,150
Parchin[29][30] 22,360 58,110
Shiraz[31] 50 16,580
Total: 28,430 Total: 193,620
Estimates of potential casualties for 12 kiloton yield nuclear targets in Israel[32]
Target[33] Estimated fatalities Estimated injuries[34]
Tel Aviv 51,320 101,700
Haifa 22,770 44,560
Rishon Le Zion 8,770 43,800
Petah Tikva 65,610 71,400
Ashdod 75,720 65,850
Netanya 31,600 38,400
Beersheba 41,320 58,400
Bnei Brak 42,140 77,020
Total: 339,250 Total:501,130

See also

References

  1. ^ "Iran's Elite Revolutionary Guard Showcases Secret Underground Missile Base". HaAretz. Retrieved 14 October 2015.
  2. ^ a b c "Iran reveals huge underground missile base with broadcast on state TV". The Guardian. Agence France-Presse. 15 October 2015. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  3. ^ "Iran broadcasts footage of underground missile base". The National, Abu Dhabi Media. Retrieved 14 October 2015.
  4. ^ "Iran's underground missile base". janes.com. Retrieved 12 November 2015.
  5. ^ "Iran Unveils Massive Underground Missile Base + VIDEO". Al Alam International News Channel, Teheran. Retrieved 14 October 2015.
  6. ^ Ford, Dana (16 October 2015). "Iran broadcasts rare images of underground missile bases". CNN. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  7. ^ "Iran Offers A Rare Peek At An Underground 'Missile City'". NPR. Jan 7, 2016. Archived from the original on January 8, 2016.
  8. ^ "Iran unveils second underground missile, likely to irk U.S." Reuters. Jan 5, 2016. Archived from the original on January 6, 2016.
  9. ^ Berenson, Tessa (15 October 2015). "Iran Reveals Secret Underground Missile Base". Time. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  10. ^ Lappin, Yaakov (16 October 2015). "Iranian underground missile bases enable 'surprise launches'". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  11. ^ "US penalises companies linked to Iran missile programme". bbc.com. 4 January 2022. Retrieved 22 March 2022.
  12. ^ "[Iran] Special Weapons Facilities". fas.org. Federation of American Scientists. 1998. Retrieved 22 March 2022.
  13. ^ David Albright; Sarah Burkhard; Spencer Faragasso (16 February 2022). "Where are Iran's new centrifuge manufacturing capabilities?". isis-online.org. The Institute for Science and International Security. Retrieved 22 March 2022.
  14. ^ "Iran's key nuclear sites". bbc.com. London. 14 July 2015. Retrieved 22 March 2022.
  15. ^ Federation of American Scientists 1998
  16. ^ Google maps, Map type Terrain, 2022
  17. ^ "Iran-Nuclear: Exile Says Iran Expands Tunnels for Nuclear Work". National Council of Resistance of Iran. Paris. 17 September 2005. Retrieved 22 March 2022.
  18. ^ Federation of American Scientists 1998
  19. ^ Google maps, Map type Terrain, 2022
  20. ^ Federation of American Scientists 1998
  21. ^ Alex Wellerstein. "NUKEMAP". nuclearsecrecy.com/nukemap. Retrieved 25 March 2022.
  22. ^ NUKEMAP 2022
  23. ^ BBC 2022
  24. ^ Federation of American Scientists 1998
  25. ^ The Institute for Science and International Security 2022
  26. ^ BBC 2022
  27. ^ Federation of American Scientists 1998
  28. ^ Google maps, Map type Satellite, 2022
  29. ^ National Council of Resistance of Iran 2005
  30. ^ Federation of American Scientists 1998
  31. ^ Federation of American Scientists 1998
  32. ^ Grossi, Rafael (3 March 2022). "IAEA Board Report: Verification and monitoring in the Islamic Republic of Iran in light of United Nations Security Council resolution 2231 (2015), 3 March 2022". iaea.org/newscenter/focus/iran/iaea-and-iran-iaea-reports. GOV/2022/4. IAEA Director General. IAEA. ¶48. Retrieved 26 March 2022. [...] 182.1 kg of uranium enriched up to 20% U-235 (+68.3 kg); and 33.2 kg of uranium enriched up to 60% U-235 (+15.5 kg).
  33. ^ Largest cities in Israel
  34. ^ NUKEMAP 2022