Ishikozume (Japanese: 石子詰め) was a ritual method of execution performed in ancient Japan by the Yamabushi, hermetic practitioners of the Shugendō religion. The ritual is characterized by waist high burial in earth followed by lapidation (death by stoning).[1]


  1. ^ Earhart, H. Byron (August 1966). "Ishikozume Ritual Execution in Japanese Religion, Especially in Shugendō". Numen. 13 (1): 116–127. doi:10.1163/156852766X00077. JSTOR 3269418.