Capital punishment is retained in law by 55 UN member states or observer states, with 140 having abolished it in law or in practice. The most recent legal executions performed by nations and other entities with criminal law jurisdiction over the people present within its boundaries are listed below. Extrajudicial executions and killings are not included. In general, executions performed in the territory of a sovereign state when it was a colony or before the sovereign state gained independence are not included. The colours on the map correspond to and have the same meanings as the colours in the charts.

Africa

# Country Last execution date Name Crime Method
 Algeria August 1993[1] seven unnamed Islamic terrorists terrorism firing squad
 Angola 1977[2] Nito Alves and many of his supporters treason firing squad
 Benin 23 September 1987[3] murder
 Bophuthatswana 13 December 1990[4][5] Alpheus Sekoboane murder hanging
 Botswana 11 June 2021[6] Phemelo Botogeleng murder hanging
 Burkina Faso 1988[3] murder
 Burundi 2000[7] 2 soldiers murder
 Cameroon 9 January 1997[8] Antoine Vandi Tize murder firing squad
 Cape Verde 1835[9]
 Central African Republic January 1981[10] six unnamed officials firing squad
 Chad 29 August 2015[11] Mahamat Mustapha and nine unnamed men terrorism firearm
 Ciskei
 Comoros 29 May 1997[12][13] Mohamed Saidali armed robbery firing squad
 Congo October 1982[14] 2 men murder firing squad
 Djibouti none since independence on 27 June 1977[15]
 DR Congo 2003[16] unnamed soldier firearm
 Egypt 14 June 2023[17] Mohamed Adel murder hanging
 Equatorial Guinea January 2014[18] 9 unnamed people firearm
 Eritrea
 Eswatini 2 July 1983[4] Philippa Mdluli murder hanging
 Ethiopia 6 August 2007[19] Major Tsehaye Woldesellasie murder firearm
 Gabon 11 August 1985[20] Alexandre Mandja Ngokouta coup attempt firing squad
 Gambia 24 August 2012[21][22] Lamin B. Darboe, Alieu Bah, Lamin Jarju, Dawda Bojang, Abubacarr Yarboi, Malang Sonko, Lamin F. Jammeh, Gibril Bah and Tabara Samba treason and murder firearm
 Ghana 12 July 1993[4] 12 men murder and robbery firearm
 Guinea 21 April 2001[3][23] 3 people robbery firearm
 Guinea-Bissau 18 July 1986[24] Paulo Correia, Viriato Rodrigues Pā, Benhancaren Na Tchanda, Pedro Ramos, Braima Bangura and N'Bunhe Sanbu coup attempt firearm
 Ivory Coast none since independence on 7 August 1960[3]
 Kenya 9 July 1985[4] Hezekiah Ochuka and Pancras Oteyo Okumu treason hanging
 Lesotho 1995[25] hanging
 Liberia 2000[26] hanging
 Libya 30 May 2010[27] 18 unnamed men murder firearm
 Madagascar 1958[28]
 Malawi 26 September 1992[4][29] hanging
 Mali 21 August 1980[3][30] Mamadou Keita and Karuba Coulibaly murder firearm
 Mauritania 1987[3] 3 armed forces officers treason firing squad
 Mauritius 10 October 1987[4] Eshan Nayeck murder hanging
 Morocco 5 September 1993[31] Mustapha Tabet rape firing squad
 Mozambique May 1986[4]
 Namibia May 1988[4] Sagarias Ariseb murder hanging
 Niger 1976[3] Bayéré Moussa, Sidi Mohamed, and Ahmed Mouddour treason
 Nigeria 23 December 2016[32] Ogbomoro Omoregie, Apostle Igene and Mark Omosowhota murder and armed robbery hanging
 Rwanda 24 April 1998[33] Froduald Karamira and at least 21 others genocide firing squad
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic 1976
 São Tomé and Príncipe none since independence on 12 July 1975[34]
 Senegal 15 June 1967[35][36] Moustapha Lô treason (attempted murder of the president) firing squad
 Seychelles none since independence on 29 June 1976[34]
 Sierra Leone 19 October 1998[4] 24 soldiers (23 men, 1 woman) high treason public firing squad
 Somalia 19 November 2023[37] Abdisalan Ali Ahmed murder public firing squad
 Somaliland 1 November 2023[38] five unnamed convicts murder firing squad
 South Africa 14 November 1989[4] Solomon Ngobeni murder hanging
 South Sudan 7 January 2022[39] Babu Emmanuel Lokiri triple murder hanging
 Sudan 9 February 2021[40] Eliza Aban Othu murder hanging
 Tanzania October 1994[4] 7 unnamed men, 1 unnamed woman
 Togo 1978[3] M. Adjata Koffi murder
 Transkei
 Tunisia 17 November 1990[41] Naceur Damergi murder hanging
 Uganda 2005[42] firing squad
 Venda 31 January 1991[4] John Tsakani Chauke hanging
 Zambia October 1997[4] Abraham Kasongo, Nelson Ngindano, Dennis Chembe, Robert Mulumbi, David Kapunga, John Gombo, Joe Chilada and Christopher Oldfield murder hanging
 Zimbabwe 22 July 2005[43][44][45] Stephen Chidhumo and Edmund Edgar Masendeke murder hanging

Americas

# Country Last execution date Name Crime Method
 Antigua and Barbuda 2 February 1991[4] Tyrone Nicholas murder hanging
 Argentina 12 June 1956[46] Juan José Valle treason firing squad
 Bahamas 6 January 2000[4] David Mitchell murder hanging
 Barbados 10 October 1984[4] Noel Jordan, Melvin Inniss, and Errol Farrell hanging
 Belize 19 June 1985[4] Kent Bowers murder hanging
 Bermuda 3 December 1977[4] Erskine Burrows and Larry Tacklyn murder hanging
 Bolivia 30 August 1973[47] Melquiades Suxo murder shooting
 Brazil 28 April 1876[48] Francisco murder hanging
 Canada 11 December 1962[4] Ronald Turpin and Arthur Lucas capital murder hanging
 Chile 29 January 1985[49] Carlos Topp Collins and Jorge Sagredo murder firearm
 Colombia 5 May 1907[50] Manuel Saturio Valencia arson firing squad
 Costa Rica 1859
 Cuba 11 April 2003[51][52] Lorenzo Enrique Copello Castillo, Bárbaro Leodán Sevilla García and Jorge Luis Martínez Isaac hijacking firing squad
 Dominica 8 August 1986[4] Frederick Newton murder resulting from attempted coup hanging
 Dominican Republic 1966
 Ecuador 1884[53]
 El Salvador 1973[54]
 Grenada 17 October 1978[4] Charles Ferguson murder hanging
 Guatemala 20 June 2000[55] Amílcar Cetio Pérez and Tomás Cerrate Hernández aggravated murder lethal injection
 Guyana August 1997[4] Michael Archer and Peter Adams murder hanging
 Haiti 1972[56]
 Honduras 1940[57]
 Jamaica 18 February 1988[4] Nathan Foster and Stanford Dinnal murder hanging
 Mexico 1961[58] (military)
1957 (civilian)[59]
Isaías Constante Laureano
Juan Zamarripa and Francisco Ruiz Corrales
murder
infanticide
firing squad
 Nicaragua 1930[60]
 Panama 1903[61]
 Paraguay 1 December 1917[62] Gastón Gadin multiple murders shooting
 Peru 20 January 1979[63] Julio Alfonso Vargas Garayar espionage firing squad
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 19 December 2008[64] Charles Laplace murder hanging
 Saint Lucia 17 October 1995[4] Joseph Solomon murder hanging
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 13 February 1995[4] Douglas Hamlet, Franklin Thomas and David Thomas murder hanging
 Suriname 13 March 1982[65][66] Wilfred Hawker treason firing squad
 Trinidad and Tobago 28 July 1999[4] Anthony Briggs[4] murder hanging
 Uruguay 25 September 1902[67] Manuel Paes and Aurelio González multiple murders shooting
 Venezuela never used

United States

Main article: Capital punishment in the United States

This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources in this section. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.Find sources: "List of most recent executions by jurisdiction" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (October 2021) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
# Jurisdiction Last execution date Name Crime Method
 United States Federal Government 16 January 2021[68] Dustin John Higgs aggravated murder lethal injection
 United States military 13 April 1961 John A. Bennett child rape and attempted murder hanging
 Alabama 25 January 2024[69] Kenneth Eugene Smith aggravated murder nitrogen hypoxia
 Alaska Never used[70]
 American Samoa 24 November 1939[71] Imoa of Fagatogo murder hanging
 Arizona 16 November 2022[72] Murray Hooper aggravated murder lethal injection
 Arkansas 27 April 2017[73] Kenneth Dewayne Williams aggravated murder lethal injection
 California 17 January 2006[74] Clarence Ray Allen aggravated murder lethal injection
 Colorado 13 October 1997[75] Gary Lee Davis aggravated murder lethal injection
 Connecticut 13 May 2005[76] Michael Bruce Ross aggravated murder lethal injection
 Delaware 20 April 2012[77] Shannon M. Johnson aggravated murder lethal injection
 Florida 3 October 2023[78] Michael Duane Zack III aggravated murder lethal injection
 Georgia 29 January 2020[79] Donnie Cleveland Lance aggravated murder lethal injection
 Hawaii Never used[80]
 Idaho 12 June 2012[81] Richard Albert Leavitt aggravated murder lethal injection
 Illinois 17 March 1999[82] Andrew Kokoraleis aggravated murder lethal injection
 Indiana 11 December 2009[83] Matthew Eric Wrinkles aggravated murder lethal injection
 Iowa 6 September 1962[84] Charles Edwin Kelley murder hanging
 Kansas 22 June 1965 George York and James Latham murder hanging
 Kentucky 21 November 2008[85] Marco Allen Chapman aggravated murder lethal injection
 Louisiana 7 January 2010[86] Gerald James Bordelon aggravated murder lethal injection
 Maine 21 November 1885 Daniel Wilkinson murder hanging
 Maryland 5 December 2005[87] Wesley Eugene Baker aggravated murder lethal injection
 Massachusetts 9 May 1947[88] Philip Bellino and Edward Gertson murder electric chair
 Michigan Never used[89]
 Minnesota 13 February 1906[90] William Williams murder hanging
 Mississippi 14 December 2022[91] Thomas Edwin Loden Jr. aggravated murder lethal injection
 Missouri 1 August 2023[92] Johnny A. Johnson aggravated murder lethal injection
 Montana 11 August 2006[93] David Thomas Dawson aggravated murder lethal injection
 Nebraska 14 August 2018[94] Carey Dean Moore aggravated murder lethal injection
 Nevada 26 April 2006[95] Daryl Linnie Mack aggravated murder lethal injection
 New Hampshire 14 July 1939 Howard Long murder hanging
 New Jersey 22 January 1963 Ralph Hudson murder electric chair
 New Mexico 6 November 2001[96] Terry Douglas Clark aggravated murder lethal injection
 New York 15 August 1963 Eddie Lee Mays murder electric chair
 North Carolina 18 August 2006[97] Samuel Russell Flippen aggravated murder lethal injection
 North Dakota 17 October 1905[98] John Rooney murder hanging
 Ohio 18 July 2018[99] Robert J. Van Hook aggravated murder lethal injection
 Oklahoma 30 November 2023[100] Phillip Dean Hancock aggravated murder lethal injection
 Oregon 16 May 1997[101] Harry Charles Moore aggravated murder lethal injection
 Pennsylvania 6 July 1999[102] Gary Michael Heidnik aggravated murder lethal injection
 Puerto Rico 15 September 1927 Pascual Ramos murder hanging
 Rhode Island 13 February 1845 John Gordon murder hanging
 South Carolina 6 May 2011[103] Jeffrey Brian Motts aggravated murder lethal injection
 South Dakota 4 November 2019[104] Charles Russell Rhines aggravated murder lethal injection
 Tennessee 20 February 2020[105] Nicholas Todd Sutton aggravated murder electric chair
 Texas 28 February 2024[106] Ivan Abner Cantu aggravated murder lethal injection
 Utah 18 June 2010[107] Ronnie Lee Gardner aggravated murder firing squad
 Vermont 8 December 1954 Donald DeMag murder electric chair
 Virginia 6 July 2017[108] William Charles Morva aggravated murder lethal injection
 Washington 10 September 2010[109] Cal Coburn Brown aggravated murder lethal injection
 Washington, D.C. 26 April 1957[110] Robert E. Carter murder electric chair
 West Virginia 3 April 1959 Elmer Bruner aggravated murder electric chair
 Wisconsin 21 August 1851 John McCaffary murder hanging
 Wyoming 22 January 1992[111] Mark Allen Hopkinson aggravated murder lethal injection

Asia

# Country Last execution date Name Crime Method
 Afghanistan 26 February 2024[112] Nazar Mohammad murder public execution by shooting
 Bahrain 27 July 2019[113] Ali Mohammed al-Arab, Ahmad Issa al-Mulla and 1 unnamed man terrorism firing squad
 Bangladesh 27 July 2023[114] Mia Mohammad Mohiuddin and Md Jahangir Alam murder hanging
 Bhutan 1974[115]
 Brunei none since independence on 1 January 1984[4]
 Cambodia 1989
 China 4 February 2024[116] Zhang Keping murder firearm
 East Timor none since independence on 20 May 2002[34]
 Hong Kong 16 November 1966[117][118] Wong Kai-kei[119] robbery-murder hanging
 India 20 March 2020[120] Akshay Thakur, Mukesh Singh, Pawan Gupta and Vinay Sharma gang rape and murder hanging
 Indonesia 29 July 2016[121] Freddy Budiman, Seck Osmane, Michael Titus Igweh and Humphrey Ejike drug offences firing squad
 Iran 21 February 2024[122] Ahmad Esmaili drug offences hanging
 Iraq 25 August 2023[123] Ghazwan al-Zawbaee and two unnamed men terrorism hanging
 Israel 31 May 1962 Adolf Eichmann crimes against humanity, crimes against the Jewish people hanging
 Japan 26 July 2022[124] Tomohiro Katō murder hanging
 Jordan 4 March 2017[125] 15 unnamed men murder and terrorism hanging
 Kazakhstan 2003
 Kuwait 27 July 2023[126] 5 men terrorism, murder and drug offences hanging
 Kyrgyzstan none since independence on 25 December 1991
 Laos 1989[127]
 Lebanon 17 January 2004[128][129] Badih Hamadeh, Remi Antoine Zaatar and Ahmed Mansour murder firing squad, hanging
 Macau 19th century[130]
 Malaysia 24 May 2017[131] Yong Kar Mun and another unnamed man armed robbery / murder hanging
 Maldives none since independence on 26 July 1965[4]
 Mongolia 2008[132][133]
 Myanmar 23 July 2022[134] Kyaw Min Yu, Zayar Thaw, Hla Myo Aung and Aung Thura Zaw terrorism, murder hanging
   Nepal 1979[135]
 North Korea January 2022[136] Unnamed man and woman (A and B) watching and distributing “South Korean videos public firing squad
 Oman 2021[137]
 Pakistan 24 November 2019[138] Brigadier Raja Rizwan espionage and high treason hanging
 Palestine 4 September 2022 (Gaza Strip)[139][140]
July 2005 (Palestinian Authority)[141]
5 men (N. A., Kh. S., A. E., M. Z. and J. Q.)
unnamed prisoner
espionage and murder (5 men)
murder (unnamed prisoner)
public firearm and hanging (5 men)
unknown method (unnamed prisoner)
 Philippines 4 January 2000[142] Alex Bartolome child rape lethal injection
 Qatar 21 May 2020[143] Anil Chaudhary murder firing squad
 Saudi Arabia 28 February 2024[144] Hassan Fatini, Ibrahim Ali, Abdullah Darwish, Abdullah Majari and Hamoud Shuai murder public beheading
 Singapore 28 February 2024[145] Ahmed Salim murder hanging
 South Korea 31 December 1997[146] 23 people including Kim Yong-je, Lee Sang-su and Lee Young-gil murder, terrorism hanging
 Sri Lanka 23 June 1976[4] Chardradasa Jayasinghe murder hanging
 Syria 2 February 2022[147] Mohammed murder hanging
 Taiwan 1 April 2020[148] Weng Jen-hsien arson / murder firearm
 Tajikistan April 2004[149] Rachabmurod Chumayev, Umed Idiyev, Akbar Radzshabov and Mukharam Fatkhulloyev mass murder firing squad
 Thailand 18 June 2018[150] Theerasak Longji robbery murder lethal injection
 Turkmenistan 1997[34]
 United Arab Emirates 2021[137] unnamed man hanging
 Uzbekistan 1 March 2005[151] Akhrorkhoja Akbarkhojayevich Talipkhojaev single firearm
 Vietnam 23 September 2023[152] Lê Văn Mạnh murder, child rape and robbery lethal injection
 Yemen 8 February 2024[153] Salman Ibrahim Suleiman Ali murder firearm

Europe

# Country Last execution date Name Crime Method
 Albania 29 June 1995[citation needed] murder hanging
 Andorra 18 October 1943[154][155] Pere Areny murder firing squad
 Armenia 30 August 1991[154] unnamed man murder single firearm
 Austria 24 March 1950[154] Johann Trnka murder hanging
 Azerbaijan 1993[156] single firearm
 Belarus 16 July 2022[157] Viktar Skrundzik murder firearm
 Belgium 9 August 1950[154] Philipp Schmitt war crimes firing squad
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 1977 (as a republic of Yugoslavia) Dušan Prodić[158] murder firing squad
 Bulgaria 4 November 1989[154] Georgi Alinski[159] sabotage firing squad
 Croatia 29 January 1987 (as a republic of Yugoslavia)[154] Dušan Kosić[160] murder firing squad
 Cyprus 13 June 1962[154] Hambis Zacharia, Michael Hiletikos and Lazaris Demetriou murder hanging
 Czech Republic 2 February 1989[154] (as a republic of Czechoslovakia) Vladimír Lulek murder hanging
 Denmark 20 July 1950 Ib Birkedal Hansen war crimes firing squad
 East Germany 26 June 1981[154] Werner Teske treason single firearm
 Estonia 11 September 1991[154] Rein Oruste murder single firearm
 Finland 3 September 1944[154] three Soviet infiltrators war crimes firing squad
 France 10 September 1977[154] Hamida Djandoubi torture murder beheading by guillotine
 Georgia 1995[154] murder single firearm
 Germany 18 February 1949[154][161]
11 May 1949
Richard Schuh
Berthold Wehmeyer (West Berlin)
murder beheading by guillotine
 Gibraltar 11 January 1944[154] Luis López Cordón-Cuenca and José Martín Muñoz treason/sabotage hanging
 Greece 25 August 1972[154] Vassilis Lymberis murder firing squad
 Hungary 14 July 1988 Ernő Vadász torture murder hanging
 Iceland 12 January 1830[154] Agnes Magnúsdóttir and Friðrik Sigurðsson [is] murder public beheading
 Ireland 20 April 1954[154] Michael Manning murder hanging
 Italy 5 March 1947[162] Aurelio Gallo, Emilio Battisti and Aldo Morelli war crimes firing squad
 Kosovo 20 November 1987 (as a province of Yugoslavia) Ahmet Paqarizi[163] murder firing squad
 Latvia 26 January 1996[154] Rolands Laceklis-Bertmanis murder single firearm
 Liechtenstein 26 February 1785[154] Barbara Erni theft public beheading
 Lithuania 12 July 1995[154] Boris Dekanidze murder single firearm
 Luxembourg 24 February 1949[154] treason firing squad
 Malta 5 July 1943[154] Karmnu Zammit and Guiseppi Zammit murder hanging
 Moldova none since independence[34]
 Monaco 1847[154] murder beheading by guillotine
 Montenegro 29 January 1981 (as a republic of Yugoslavia) Dragiša Ristić[164] murder firing squad
 Netherlands 21 March 1952[154] Artur Albrecht, Andries Jan Pieters war crimes firing squad
 Northern Cyprus never used
 North Macedonia 29 March 1988 (as a republic of Yugoslavia) Malje Zeqiri[165] murder and rape firing squad
 Norway 28 August 1948[154] Ragnar Skancke treason firing squad
 Poland 21 April 1988[154] Andrzej Czabański murder hanging
 Portugal 16 September 1917 (military)
22 April 1846 (civilian)
[154]
João Augusto Ferreira de Almeida
José Joaquim[166]
desertion
murder
firing squad
hanging[167]
 Republic of Artsakh never used
 Romania 25 December 1989[154] Nicolae Ceauşescu and Elena Ceauşescu genocide, crimes against the state firing squad
 Russia June 1999 (in Chechnya)[168][169]
2 August 1996 or 2 September 1996 (mainland Russia, disputed)[170]
Salan Bakharchiyev (in Chechnya)
Sergey Golovkin (mainland Russia, 2 August), unnamed man (mainland Russia, 2 September)
murder (Bakharchiyev)
murder, rape, dismemberment, torture (Golovkin), unknown crime (unnamed man)
single firearm
 San Marino 1468[154] or 1667[171] hanging
 Serbia 14 February 1992 (as a republic of Yugoslavia)[154][172] Johan Drozdek[172] murder firing squad
 Slovakia 8 June 1989[154] (as a republic of Czechoslovakia) Štefan Svitek murder hanging
 Slovenia 30 October 1959 (as a republic of Yugoslavia) Franc Rihtarič[173] murder firing squad
 South Ossetia never used
 Spain 27 September 1975[154] José Humberto Francisco Baena Alonso [es], Ramón García Sanz [es], José Luis Sánchez-Bravo Sollas [es], Juan Paredes Manotas [es] and Angel Otaegui Echevarría [es] murder firing squad
 Sweden 23 November 1910[154] Johan Alfred Andersson Ander murder beheading by guillotine
  Switzerland 7 December 1944[154] Hermann Grimm and Walter Laubscher[174] treason firing squad
 Transnistria never used
 Turkey 25 October 1984[154] Hıdır Aslan murder hanging
 Ukraine 11 March 1997[154] unnamed man murder single firearm
 Vatican City 9 July 1870[154] (as the Papal States) (never used as Vatican City, established 11 February 1929)[175] Agabito Bellomo murder beheading by guillotine


United Kingdom

# Country Last execution date Name Crime Method
 England 13 August 1964[154] Peter Anthony Allen and Gwynne Owen Evans capital murder hanging
 Guernsey 10 February 1854[154] John Tapner murder hanging
 Isle of Man 1 August 1872[154] John Kewish patricide hanging
 Jersey 9 October 1959[154] Francis Joseph Huchet murder hanging
 Northern Ireland 20 December 1961[154] Robert McGladdery murder hanging
 Scotland 15 August 1963[154] Henry John Burnett murder hanging
 Wales 6 May 1958[154] Vivian Teed murder hanging

Oceania

# Country Last execution date Name Crime Method
 Cook Islands none since self-government on 4 August 1965
 Micronesia none since independence on 3 November 1986[176]
 Fiji none since independence on 10 October 1970[4]
 Kiribati none since independence on 12 July 1979[4]
 Marshall Islands none since independence on 21 October 1986[177]
 Nauru none since independence on 31 January 1968[4]
 New Zealand 17 February 1957[4] Walter James Bolton murder hanging
 Niue never used
 Palau none since independence on 1 October 1994[34]
 Papua New Guinea none since independence on 16 September 1975[4][178]
 Western Samoa none since independence on 1 January 1962[4]
 Solomon Islands none since independence on 7 July 1978[4]
 Tonga 7 September 1982[4] Haloti Sole, Livingi Sole, and Fili Esau murder hanging
 Tuvalu none since independence on 1 October 1978[4]
 Vanuatu none since independence on 30 July 1980[4]

Australia

# State Last execution date Name Crime Method
 Government of Australia 11 June 1951 Takuma Nishimura war crimes hanging
 Australian Capital Territory never used
 New South Wales 24 August 1939[4] John Kelly murder hanging
 Northern Territory 7 August 1952[4] Jaroslav Koci and Jan Novotny murder hanging
 Queensland 22 September 1913[4] Ernest Austin murder hanging
 South Australia 24 November 1964[4] Glen Sabre Valance murder hanging
 Tasmania 14 February 1946[4] Frederick Thompson murder hanging
 Victoria 3 February 1967[4] Ronald Ryan murder hanging
 Western Australia 26 October 1964 Eric Edgar Cooke murder hanging

See also

References

  1. ^ "Algeria's laws prescribe the death penalty for a range of crimes including ordinary crimes" Archived 2011-05-24 at the Wayback Machine, 2019-01-01, handsoffcain.info, accessed 2008-08-08.
  2. ^ "Nito Alves 1945-1977". 18 May 2005. Archived from the original on 2014-12-10.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Amnesty International, "West Africa: Time to Abolish the Death Penalty", 2003-10-10, amnesty.org, accessed 2008-08-08.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at "Capital punishment in the Commonwealth", capitalpunishmentuk.org, accessed 2008-08-08.
  5. ^ Amnesty International, "Bulletin Peine de Mort: Résumé des événements relatifs à la peine de mort et initiatives en vue de son abolition partout dans le monde", 1991-02-01, accessed 2008-08-12.
  6. ^ Executions in June 2021.
  7. ^ "Burundi: Crimes punishable by death are: premeditated murder..." Archived 2011-05-24 at the Wayback Machine, 2008-01-01, handsoffcain.info, accessed 2008-08-08
  8. ^ Amnesty International (16 September 1997). "CAMEROON: Blatant Disregard for Human Rights" (PDF). Amnesty International. Archived (PDF) from the original on 28 April 2022. Retrieved 28 April 2022.
  9. ^ "Capital Punishment Worldwide". Archived from the original on 2009-11-01.
  10. ^ Central African Republic: Capital crimes include: aggravated murder... Archived 2011-05-24 at the Wayback Machine, 2008-01-01, handsoffcain.info, accessed 2008-08-08.
  11. ^ Executions in August 2015.
  12. ^ "Comoros: Aggravated murder, treason and spying are capital crimes" Archived 2011-05-24 at the Wayback Machine, 2008-01-01, handsoffcain.info, accessed 2008-08-08.
  13. ^ United Nations Economic and Social Council (19 December 1997). "Question of the Violation of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms in Any Part of the World, with Particular Reference to Colonial and Other Dependent Countries and Territories: Extrajudicial, Summary or Arbitrary Executions" (PDF). RefWorld. Retrieved 4 September 2021.
  14. ^ "Congo: Murder, treason, spying and offences against the State are capital crimes" Archived 2011-05-24 at the Wayback Machine, 2008-01-01, handsoffcain.info, accessed 2008-08-08.
  15. ^ "Djibouti abolished the death penalty for all crimes in 1995" Archived 2011-05-24 at the Wayback Machine, 2008-01-01, handsoffcain.info, accessed 2008-08-08.
  16. ^ ""The Death Penalty in Democratic Republic of the Congo"". Archived from the original on 2018-10-13. Retrieved 2017-05-11.
  17. ^ Shereif Barakat (June 14, 2023). "Egypt Executes Mohamed Adel, Who Murdered University Student Nayera Ashraf in 2022". Egyptian Streets. Archived from the original on June 15, 2023.
  18. ^ "Equatorial Guinea". World Coalition Against the Death Penalty.
  19. ^ "Executions in August 2007". www.capitalpunishmentuk.org.
  20. ^ "LE CAPITAINE MANDJA CONDAMNÉ POUR COMPLOT A ÉTÉ EXÉCUTÉ". Le Monde.fr. August 13, 1985 – via Le Monde.
  21. ^ Staff, the CNN Wire. "Report: Gambia executes first inmates in about 30 years - CNN". ((cite news)): |first= has generic name (help)
  22. ^ pressure_mounts_on_gambia_to_stop_executions/1497767.html Pressure mounts on Gambia to stop executions
  23. ^ "Guinea: Capital crimes include aggravated murder, spying and armed robbery" Archived 2011-05-24 at the Wayback Machine, 2008-01-01, handsoffcain.info, accessed 2008-08-08.
  24. ^ "1987 report" (PDF). Amnesty International. 1987. p. 58.
  25. ^ "The Death Penalty in Lesotho". www.deathpenaltyworldwide.org. Archived from the original on 2018-10-12. Retrieved 2017-05-10.
  26. ^ ""The Death Penalty in Liberia"". Archived from the original on 2018-10-13. Retrieved 2017-05-10.
  27. ^ Executions in May 2010.
  28. ^ "The last executions in Madagascar were carried out under French colonial rule in 1958" Archived 2011-05-24 at the Wayback Machine, 2008-01-01, handsoffcain.info, accessed 2008-08-08.
  29. ^ "Malawi: The offences for which capital punishment either can or must be applied are murder" Archived 2011-05-24 at the Wayback Machine, 2008-01-01, handsoffcain.info, accessed 2008-08-08.
  30. ^ "Death sentences are given in Mali for serious crimes such as assassinations" Archived 2011-05-24 at the Wayback Machine, 2008-01-01, handsoffcain.info, accessed 2008-08-08.
  31. ^ El Azizi, Abdellatif. "Tabit. La vraie histoire" [Tabit. The true story]. TelQuel (in French). TelQuel Media S.A. pp. 52–60. Archived from the original on 2007-11-11.
  32. ^ "Lawyer: 3 Nigerian death row inmates secretly executed - Salon.com". www.salon.com. Archived from the original on 30 December 2016. Retrieved 11 January 2022.
  33. ^ "Rwanda is the first African country in the Great Lakes region to abolish the death penalty" Archived 2011-05-24 at the Wayback Machine, 2008-01-01, handsoffcain.info, accessed 2008-08-08.
  34. ^ a b c d e f Roger Hood and Carolyn Hoyle (2008, 4th ed.). The Death Penalty: A Worldwide Perspective (Oxford: Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-922847-7) app. 1.
  35. ^ Elimane Fall, "La démocratie à l'épreuve", Jeune Afrique, no. 1760, 5 October 1994
  36. ^ Amnesty International and a number of other sources report that Lô was executed in 1965 and that Abdou N'Daffa Faye's was the most recent execution in Senegal. This information is incorrect and contradicted by other sources; Lô was executed on 15 June 1967 for the attempted assassination of Léopold Sédar Senghor, which took place on 22 March 1967.
  37. ^ "Military Court execute Abdisalan Ali Ahmed after he was found guilty of murder in Guriceel". Mustaqbal Media. November 19, 2023. Archived from the original on November 21, 2023.
  38. ^ "Somaliland executes 5 convicts by firing squad". Somali Guardian. November 1, 2023. Archived from the original on November 2, 2023.
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