Jason and the Argonauts
Theatrical release poster
by Howard Terpning
Directed byDon Chaffey
Written byBeverley Cross
Jan Read
Based onThe Argonautica
3rd century BC
by Apollonius Rhodius
Produced byCharles H. Schneer
Starring
CinematographyWilkie Cooper
Edited byMaurice Rootes
Music byBernard Herrmann
Production
company
Morningside Productions
Distributed byColumbia Pictures
Release date
  • June 13, 1963 (1963-06-13)
Running time
104 minutes
CountriesUnited States[1]
United Kingdom[2]
LanguageEnglish
Budget$3 million[3]
Box office$2.1 million (rentals)[4]

Jason and the Argonauts (working title: Jason and the Golden Fleece) is a 1963 independent fantasy adventure film distributed by Columbia Pictures. It was produced by Charles H. Schneer, directed by Don Chaffey, and stars Todd Armstrong, while co-starring Nancy Kovack, Honor Blackman, and Gary Raymond.

Shot in Eastman Color, the film was made in collaboration with stop-motion animation visual effects artist Ray Harryhausen and is known for its various legendary creatures, notably the iconic fight scene featuring seven skeleton warriors. Although it was a box-office disappointment during its initial release, the film was critically acclaimed and later became a cult classic.

The film score was composed by Bernard Herrmann, who had partnered with Harryhausen on The 7th Voyage of Sinbad (1958), The 3 Worlds of Gulliver (1960) and Mysterious Island (1961).

Plot

Pelias usurps the throne of Thessaly, killing King Aristo. A prophecy states that one of Aristo's children will avenge him. Aristo's infant son Jason is spirited away by one of Aristo's soldiers. Pelias slays one of Aristo's daughters after she seeks sanctuary in the temple of the goddess Hera. Because the murder has profaned her temple, Hera becomes Jason's protector. She warns Pelias to beware of "a one-sandaled man".

Twenty years later, Jason saves Pelias from drowning in a river, an "accident" orchestrated by Hera, losing his sandal in the process. Pelias recognizes his enemy. Jason intends to seek the legendary Golden Fleece to rally support against Pelias. The king, who hopes Jason will die in the quest, encourages him to set forth.

Hermes takes Jason to Mount Olympus to speak with Zeus and Hera. Zeus decrees that Hera can help him only five times, the same number of times that Jason's murdered sister called on her for protection. She directs him to search for the Fleece in the land of Colchis. Zeus offers aid, but Jason declines.

He sets out to build a ship and recruit a crew. Men from all over Greece compete for the honor of joining his quest. Because their ship is named the Argo after its builder, Argus, the crew are dubbed the Argonauts. Among them are Hercules, Hylas, and Acastus, who was secretly sent by his father Pelias to sabotage the voyage.

When Jason runs low on supplies, Hera guides him to the Isle of Bronze, warning him to take nothing but provisions. However, Hercules steals a brooch pin the size of a javelin from a building filled with treasure and surmounted by a gigantic bronze statue of Talos. The statue comes to life and attacks the Argonauts. Jason again turns to Hera, who tells him to open a large plug at the back of Talos's heel to release the giant's ichor. Talos falls to the ground, crushing Hylas and hiding his body. Hercules refuses to leave until he ascertains the fate of his friend. The other Argonauts are unwilling to abandon Hercules, so Jason calls upon Hera again. She informs them that Hylas is dead and that Zeus has other plans for Hercules.

Jason battles the Hydra.

She directs Jason to seek out Phineus, who has been blinded and is tormented by harpies for misusing Zeus's gift of prophesy. After the Argonauts capture and cage the harpies, Phineus tells them how to reach Colchis, by sailing between the Clashing Rocks. He also gives Jason an amulet of the sea god Triton. The Argonauts see another ship trying to pass through the other way, only to be crushed and sunk when the Clashing Rocks smash together. When the Argo tries to row through, the ship appears doomed as well. In despair, Jason throws Phineus's amulet into the water, whereupon Triton rises up and holds the rocks apart long enough for the Argo to pass. Upon clearing the rocks, the Argonauts rescue several survivors from the other ship, including Medea, high priestess of Colchis.

Finally nearing Colchis, Acastus challenges Jason's authority and fights him. Disarmed, Acastus jumps into the sea and disappears. Jason and his men land and accept an invitation from King Aeëtes to a feast. Unknown to them, Acastus has warned Aeëtes of Jason's quest for the Golden Fleece. Aeëtes has the unwary Argonauts imprisoned, but Medea, having fallen in love with Jason, helps him and his men escape.

Acastus tries to steal the Fleece first, but is killed by its guardian, the Hydra. Jason kills the beast and takes the Fleece. Medea is mortally wounded by an arrow, but Jason heals her with the Fleece. Aeëtes then sows the Hydra's teeth and prays to the goddess Hecate. Seven armed skeletons, the "children of the Hydra's teeth", emerge from the ground. Jason, Phalerus and Castor, hold them off, while Medea and Argus escape back to the Argo with the Fleece. After a prolonged battle, in which his companions are killed, Jason escapes by jumping into the sea.[5] Jason, Medea, and the surviving Argonauts begin their voyage home to Thessaly. On Olympus, Zeus tells Hera that he is not done with Jason.

Cast

Production

Film score

The film is one of the mythically-themed fantasies scored by Bernard Herrmann. Apart from being the composer's fourth collaboration with Ray Harryhausen (The 7th Voyage of Sinbad, The 3 Worlds of Gulliver, and Mysterious Island, made in 1958, 1960, and 1961 respectively), Herrmann also scored the science fiction films The Day the Earth Stood Still (1951) and Journey to the Center of the Earth (1959).[6][7]

Contrasting with Herrmann's all-string score for Psycho, the film's soundtrack was made without a string section. This leaves the brass and percussion to perform the heroic fanfares, and the woodwinds along with additional instruments (such as the harp) to dominate in the more subtle and romantic parts.

In 1995, Intrada released a re-recording of the original score. The new version was conducted by American composer/conductor Bruce Broughton, and performed by the Sinfonia of London.

Differences from classical mythology

Athena helps build the Argo, Roman moulded terracotta plaque, first century AD

The film differs in some ways from the traditional telling in Greek mythology:

Reception

The film had its world premiere on June 13, 1963, at the Texas Theatre in San Antonio, Texas.[14] It saw a same-day release Wichita Falls, Texas,[15] Honolulu, Hawaii,[16] and Fort Worth, Texas.[17]

Critical response

The film received critical acclaim and is now considered a classic. On review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes, the film holds an approval rating of 89% based on 45 reviews, with an average rating of 7.5/10. The website's critical consensus reads, "Don Chaffey's Jason and the Argonauts is an outlandish, transportive piece of nostalgia whose real star is the masterful stop-motion animation work of Ray Harryhausen."[18] On Metacritic, the film received a score of 69 based on 10 reviews.[19]

Variety magazine wrote: "The $3 million film has a workable scenario and has been directed resourcefully and spiritedly by Don Chaffey, under whose leadership a colorful cast performs with zeal". [20]

Ray Harryhausen regarded the film as his best.[21][22] Previous Harryhausen films had been generally shown as part of double features in "B" theatres. Columbia was able to book it as a single feature in many "A" theatres in the United States.

Accolades

At the special ceremony for the Academy Award for Technical Achievement held three weeks before the 1992 Academy Awards, Ray Harryhausen was honored with a lifetime-achievement award. The ceremony's host, actor Tom Hanks, remarked: "Some people say Casablanca or Citizen Kane. I say Jason and the Argonauts is the greatest film ever made".[23]

In 2008, the American Film Institute nominated the film for its Top 10 Fantasy Films list.[24]

In April 2004, Empire magazine ranked Talos as the second-best film monster of all time, after King Kong.[25]

Home media

Columbia released the film on Blu-ray (for regions A, B, and C) on 6 July 2010. The disc's special features include two new audio commentaries, one by Peter Jackson and Randall William Cook, and the other by Harryhausen in conversation with his biographer Tony Dalton.[26]

Comic book adaptation

The five-issue comic book miniseries Jason and the Argonauts: The Kingdom of Hades (2007) from TidalWave Productions' Ray Harryhausen Signature Series, continued the story. It was followed by Jason and the Argonauts: Final Chorus (2014).

See also

References

  1. ^ "Jason and the Argonauts (1963)". Archived from the original on August 17, 2016. Retrieved 16 March 2018.
  2. ^ Clayton, Wickham (2015). Style and Form in the Hollywood Slasher Film. Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 978-1-137-49646-1.
  3. ^ Harryhausen, Ray (20 December 2003). "Ray Harryhausen on making Jason and the Argonauts". the Guardian. Retrieved 16 March 2018.
  4. ^ "Top Rental Features of 1963", Variety, 8 January 1964, p. 71.
  5. ^ It took Ray Harryhausen well over three months to animate the skeleton sequence.
  6. ^ "Bernard Herrmann | Biography, Movie Highlights and Photos". AllMovie.
  7. ^ "Bernard Herrmann". BFI. Archived from the original on February 13, 2016.
  8. ^ Both shared a common mother, the beautiful Tyro; King Aristo's father was Cretheus, the lawful husband of Tyro and Pelias' father was the god Poseidon.
  9. ^ In some accounts, it is King Aristo (Aeson) who Medea rejuvenates.
  10. ^ Argonautica, book II; Ovid XIII, 710; Virgil III, 211, 245
  11. ^ The Odyssey, Book XII, 80
  12. ^ Tim Burton Sits Down With Ray Harryhausen
  13. ^ In an interview with John Landis, John said "I noticed you left out Medea"; Ray responded "We had to"
  14. ^ "Travel Knits Go Everywhere". San Antonio Express and News. June 2, 1963. p. 82.
  15. ^ "Last 2 Days". Wichita Falls Times. June 11, 1963. p. 14.
  16. ^ "'Sword, Sandal' Spectacles Due This Week". Honolulu Star-Bulletin. June 11, 1963. p. 30.
  17. ^ "On June 13... the Mighty Ones Take Over Texas!". Fort Worth Star-Telegram. June 12, 1963. p. C-5.
  18. ^ "Jason and the Argonauts (1963)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved 13 July 2022.
  19. ^ "Jason and the Argonauts (1963)". Metacritic. Retrieved 13 July 2022.
  20. ^ Variety Staff (1 January 1963). "Jason and the Argonauts". Variety.
  21. ^ Jason and the Argonauts. Culver City: Columbia TriStar Home Video, 1998.
  22. ^ Ray Harryhausen bio Archived 2007-11-30 at the Wayback Machine. rayharryhaussen.com
  23. ^ Lyons, Patrick J. (May 7, 2013). "Ray Harryhausen, Whose Creatures Battled Jason and Sinbad, Dies at 92". The New York Times.
  24. ^ "AFI's 10 Top 10 Nominees" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-16. Retrieved 2016-08-19.
  25. ^ "King Kong tops movie Monster poll". BBC. April 3, 2004.
  26. ^ "Resident Evil: Retribution – Umbrella Goes Public". Dread Central. September 6, 2012.
  27. ^ "GCD :: Series :: Jason and the Argonauts". www.comics.org.